« PreviousContinue »
prophecy respecting the coming of Christ's very class of society, tlie children of which kingdom, we may especially apply to the you are here training up in piety, and influence of Christian education that say. order, and submission to anthority, and in ing, that “the desert shall rejoice and grateful attachment to their benefactors : blossom as the rose.' (Isaiah xxxv. 1.) and many of whom apless by such means we
“ But the benefits, which snch an insti- take care to have them with us, will, in tution confers, are not confined to the any hour of trial, almost certainly be individuals, for whoin they are immedi. against us: to shut them out from all ately intended : the State will be a gainer knowledge, if it were your policy, is not in every instance, in which your labours within your power : such policy, indeed, iu love shall not have been wholly ineffec- could hardly be reconciled to any liberal tual. On this point, indeed, I am well or humane feeling: but we have not the aware, that the fears of some, and those means of adopting it: the children of the too, good and enlightened men, will not class, to which I refer, will acquire a allow them to concur with me withont knowledge and a power of evil, if we considerable reservation, at least in the train them not in a knowledge of good. circunstances of India : it is, however, in Causes are in operation, over which we those circumstances especially, that I have no other control, and the question would plead the cause of education. It is seems to be whether when our bark is said indeed, and truly said, that knowledge launched into the ocean, and the tempest is power; but is it necessarily hostile begins to blow, we shall endeavour to power? and further, may we not expect, steer the vessel through all dangers, or let even if we withhold knowledge, that power it drive. You are adopting the former will still exist; and that too decidedly and course: you give knowledge, indeed, inveterately hostile to those interests, which is power: it is the force which imwhich we are most solicitous to maintain? pels the vessel, and without which it were To the former of these questions it may be stationary and useless : but you labour to answered, that the power conveyed by conduct it to the haven where it should knowledge is not necessarily hostile: mere be, by placing religion at the lielm. knowledge, indeed, unaccompanied with B ut there is one other view, in which any principles, which shall regulate or your labours may be regarded, and which restrain it, is a tremendous implement of should be briefly noticed. You do not evil; and how to convey these principles probably consider yourselves as directly is the problem, which perplexes us with advancing the Christian cause among the regard to the education, or more properly, idolaters around you : directly, indeed you the instruction of the natives ; for educa. are not; but indirectly, I conceive, and tion is a different thing : we can give them largely are you contributing to this desiknowledge, but we are for the present rable and blessed end; and in a way too, precluded from giving them religion. But to which the most cautious and timid canthis difficulty applies but very partially to not possibly object: you are reforming the the present institution : in these Schools lower order of Europeans; and it cannot religion and useful knowledge are blended be doubted, that the habits of Europeans together: the mischiefs attendant on mere of the lower class, as well as those of their knowledge are neutralized: they are more, superiors, have had a considerable effect I trust; knowledge in minds, which have in retarding the progress of the Gospel. been trained in Christian principles, consti How, indeed, can we expect, that the tutes a power which will generally be subser- heathen will forsake their idols, overvient to good. But even if we withhold know. powered by the beauty of the Christian ledge, will not power be created without system, wliere they see it disfigured, and our aid? and what will be its character? distorted, and rendered almost disgusting? we know that at this moment the most with what consistency or common sense noxious opinions, as they relate to religion, can we attempt to persuade them to beto morals, and to politics, the very opi- lieve in Christ, when professed believers nions, which threaten to subvert our con- are acting, as if they were the most harstitution at home, are disseminated through dened of infidels? Or how shall we gain a every part of India : and on what class hearing for the evidences of our faith, of persons are they calculated more imnie- while we are strengthening, as much as diately to operate? Not surely upon edu. we can, the prejudices against its truth? cated English gentlemen; nor, in the first In the early ages, it was not by preaching instance, upon the natives; for they are alone, even after the cessation of the mihardly in a state at present to enter into raculous powers, that Paganism was induced sach discussions, though they are advancing to take up the cross of Christ. It was by to it; but primarily and directly upon that observing the surprising effects produced
by the Gospel in the hearts and lives, not been to promote the cause of Christian merely of eminent saints and preachers, faith and Christian charity. Conscious but of the lowest among those, who had that truth in general lies not in extremes, embraced it: the Christians had a distip- and that our holy religion was never ingnishing eharacter : they believed in tended to furnish matter for idle speculaCbrist, and they bore in their habits the tion, or fruitless controversy, but to imimpress of their faith: they were more prove the heart and regulate the manners, honest, more temperate, more peaceable, I have anxiously endeavoured to exbibit in than the Pagans, with whom they were the following Sermops that sober and pracliable to be compared : men were not, in- tical view of the doctrines of Christianity deed, thns to be immediately converted: which the peculiar complexion of the times but the tide of prejudice was turned, and seems imperatively to require, and which they were ready to listen at least to the I am persuaded the authority of the Sacred advocates of the Gospel, and to listen fa. Writings will abundantly confirm. This vourably: the inference was natural and view I conceive is equally removed from just, that what was thus excellent in its enthusiasm on the one hand, and from effects, might probably be true : we shall lukewarmness on the other; and of its have canse to bless God, if the day arrive, correctness in the main I derive a strong when the same presumption shall operate assurance from finding in the ranks of its in favour of the Gospel in India: we may advocates and supporters, the venerable then presume to hope, that the redemp. names of those great and good men, a tion of his people draweth nigh."" Bishop Barrow, a Tillotson, a Secker, and a of Calcutta's Sermon, p. 15.
Porteus." We have before us another sermon
This appeal would not have been of his Lordship, preached in the
made by any man who was not conCathedral Church of Calcutta, which
scious of endeavouring to be useful we must reserve for a future Number.
in his vocation and ministry: and The very brief notice which our
the appeal thus founded in the conlimits would allow us to take of it
sciousness of earnestness and zeal, at present, would be neither re
is confirmed by a numerous, list of spectful to its merits, nor satisfac
subscribers, principally resident in tory to ourselves or our readers.
the author's neighbourhood, and capable of appreciating his pastoral
vigilance and ability. The subjects, Sermons, Doctrinal, Practical, and
also, and the style of the Sermons, Occasional. By the Rev. W.
attest the purity and excellence of
the author's intentions. Snowden, Perpetual Curate of
is clear and perspicuous; the docHorbury, near Wakefield. pp. 394. Richardson. 1820.
1. trine is sound and uncorrupt; the
matter is judiciously adapted to poThese are Sermons which appear pular edification; and from the speunder very considerable recommen- cimens of occasional Sermons, which dations. The author appeals, in a are printed, we are led to suppose, neat dedication to his patron, the that there is no occasion which the Reverend Samuel Sharp, Vicar of preacher suffers to pass unnoticed, Wakefield:
or without offering appropriate in“ The disinterested liberality you have
struction to his congregation, on
their duties as good subjects and evinced in appointing me to the situation which I now hold, and the exemplary zeal
good Christians. In times of layou have uniformly discovered in advancing mentable disaffection to the governthe high interests of religion and loyalty, ment ip Church and State, and in leave me no room to hesitate under whose
the midst of the tumultuous scenes sanction it would be the most congenial which have been exhibited in the to my feelings to usher into the world this
author's neighbourhood, it required volume of Plain Discourses. Whatever defects may mark the execution of the a spirit of nonest maependence, and work, it will yet, I hope, be manifest to of manly resolution in the discharge every candid reader that my design las of duty, to take advantage of poli.
REMEMBRANCER, No. 37.
tical occurrences, and to cherish lated to fulfil the important ends for which affections of loyalty and true pa the commandment was given. triotism withouřadonting the decla. “ Such, therefore, being the vast immations, or exciting the rude pas
na portance of this duty of cbarity, taken in
connexion with those excellent principles sions of a partizan. But whether it
1 with which it stands united in the text, let was necessary to publish these Ser- us apply for this Christian grace at the mons, after the events to which they throne of mercy, with great earpestness relate had passed away, and men and sivcerity, in the devout language of had formed their feelings and their our excellent Liturgy : “ Almighty and judgments concerning them ; and
everlasting God, give unto ns the increase whether Sermons on more general
of faith, hope, and charity; and that we
may obtain that which thou dost promise, topics might not liave beea more
veeu more make us to love that which thou dost useful to the private circles to which command, through Jesus Christ our Lord.'” the press may ivtroduce them, are P. 31. questions which we will not fastidi.
Sermon III. « On the Example ously examine. We are persuaded that it was an act of ministerial
of Christ,” a subject always most
interesting and important, is here usefulness to preach these Sermons, when the reader has been made ae
contemplated as it is exhibited, 1, quainted with their substance, he
in the instructions of our Lord, and shall judge whether it was expedient
2. in his perfect example and active to print them.
charity. The volume contains twenty Ser “ Thus did our divine Master exercise mons.
his benevolence by adapting it to the Sermon I. « On the Profitable. diversified wants and circumstances of ness of Religion.” It is an excellent
mankind; and this not occasionally or by
accident; not to those who might be sapDiscourse, shewing whence and
posed to have some especial claim upon what is piety, and what is its influ. his bounty, on the contrary, it was his ence on men of all sorts and con. constant employment, bis sole aim, to find ditions, in all circumstances, and in outfit objects of his merey and beneficence, all ages of life.
and to persist in the exercise of his benign Sermon II. « On Christian Prac. disposition in despite of all the slander and tice as connected with Christian reproach with which malignity and ingra
titude could assail him. Principles,” exhibits the nature of a
« But pur divine Master might be truly charity, which, in the order of the said to go about doing good to the souls text, 1 Tim. i. 5. is deduced from of men by the example wliich he afforded and made to consist in purity of them. If piety and devotion, if humility heart, a good conscience, and faith and meekness, if patience and resignation, umfeigned: on each of which the if abstineace and self-denial, are no less
the duties of a Christian than active bene. preacher enlarges, and concludes:
ficence, where shall we find so amiable “ From what has been advanced, we and correct a pattern of these virtues as is may infer, that however excellent and afforded by the life of the Redeemer? however important may be the virtne of Seek we a lesson of gepuine piety? Let charity, yet it does not alone constitute us attend him in the mountain and the the whole of religion, nor comprize in it. solitude, where he spent whole nights in self the entire .system of our duty: No; prayer. Of devotion, attended with a charity is but a part, though a most essen- perfect acquiescence in the will of the tial part; it is but one feature, although Father? Let us follow him to Gethsemane, certainly a leading and prominent feature and listen to those pathetic words wbich at in the Christian character. But when this once bespoke the dark horrors which sur. divine virtue is founded on the basis of an ronnded bim, and the fervent piety which undissembled faith ; when it is attended sustained his soul :- Father, if it be posby purity of heart and uoblemished inte. sible, let this cup pass from me ; never grity of conduct-then, and only then, theless, not my will, but thine be done." does it attain to its proper stature,-then Would we extirpate the seeds of pride only is it perfect and complete, and calcu. and acquire a spirit of genuine humility?
Behold him engaged in the lowly office of represented to be an enemy to him. washing his disciples fect. Are we deficient self, to his family, and to the whole in patience or in ineekness? Every action
circle of his a
circle of his acquaintance, and to of his life furnishes the most amazing in. stances of both these graces. Reflect
endanger both his temporal and his upon the contradiction which he bore from spiritual welfare. The following sinners. Yet " when he was reviled, lie remarks will approve themselves to reviled not again; when be suffered he all who love English honesty and threatened not; but committed himself to plain dealing, and they will, perHim that judgeth - righteously. Lastly, haps, overlook or excuse the appliwould we resist the temptations of luxury, cation of the text of St. Paul with. and practise the severe lessons of abstinence and self-denial? Consider our Lord's
out strict reference to the context. behaviour in the wilderuess, where for the “ Since man is formed for social interspace of forty days be voluntarily endured course, and the comforts he enjoys are all the rigours of cold and hunger, firmly derived to him from others, he is imperarejecting the insidious proposals, and suc- tively called upon, as he would support cessfully repelling the malignant assaults good order and advance the general wel. of the Prince of darkness. Reflect, indeed, fare, tu yield a strict and habitual attenupon his whole behaviour, which exhibits tion to every social duty. He must be one unbroken series of acts of this kind; just as well as charitable to all, and take for though he was the Prince of Life and especial heed, that neither private indiviGlory, yet the circumstances which he duals, nor the public at large, sustain, chose were so marked with wretchedness, throngh his default, any loss or detriment. that he was led to exclaim, “ T'he foxes His deportment on all occasions must be have boles, and the birds of the air have egnitable, frank, and sincere ; founded on nests, but the Son of Man bath not where the solid basis of sincere love towards God, to lay his head.'” P. 46.
and accompanied with a lively and gene
rous concern for the happiness of his fellow Sermons IV. V. VI. " On the men. To contract debts, for instance, great Duties of Sobriety, Righteous- which there is little probability of our ever ness, and Godliness, as inculcated discharging ; to withhold from our creditin the Gospel ;" a series of very ors what is strictly due, when it is altogeuseful Discourses, the first of which
ther in our power to satisfy their claims; commences with a very just vindi.
in our commercial transactions to over
rate our own articles or conceal their decation of moral preaching, as pre. fects, whilst we depreciate the wares of scribed and exemplified by the others and exaggerate their faults ; to proApostles, and proceeds to treat of cure for our own merchandize by a little soberness in its larger and in its craft and artifice, au exorbitant price, or more restricted interpretation : the by dexterous management to obtain that of second is on righteousness in deed, oponese in deed others for an inferior consideration ; in
short, to take any undue advantage of the and word, and conversation : and
poverty, the ignorance, the generosity, or the third shows how faith, instructed
good nature of mankind, is to offend in the truth of revelation, and en. against that law of nature and of God, ployed upon all the dispensations which requires that we do to others as we of providence, leads to repentance, would be done by. St. Paul's exhortation and is accompanied with love, fear, conformable to this doctrine, is this ; ' Let prayer, praise, and thanksgiving.
no man go beyond, or defrand luis brother
in any matter, for God is the avenger of The author's desire to be useful
all such.' Besides, let these several chasuffers him yot, in these Discourses,
racters suppose themselves for a moment to be content with unmeaning and placed in the situation of those whom they unaffecting generalities, without in- treat thus unworthily. Let them appeal sisting upon such particular duties to their own consciences, and honestly as require to be enforced in the avow what would be their feelings if midst of a manufacturing popula
nonula frandnlently dispossessed of their undoubt
ed rights, whether openly or secretly, tion, as soberness, commonly so
whether by fraud or violence. Would they called, and honesty in all transac. not experience a keen resentment of the tions between man and man. By injury sustained? Wonld not their indigpathe neglect of the former a man is tion kindle against the anthors of their wrongs? How then can they refuse to city for dwelling on matters of faith others the exercise of that justice, which as well as practice, for interpreting in their own case they admit to be so the Scriptures as well as enforcing reasonable? Why adopt a mode of conduct the
the rules which they teach. In conin their dealings with their neighbour,
formity with the text he explains which if applied to themselves they would reprobate as base and iniquitous in the ex- what it is to die in the Lord, how treme?” P. 80.
men are said to rest from their la
bours, and how their works do folSermon VII. « On the great Im- low them, and in the conclusion he portance of religious Instruction to exhibits some exemplary traits of the Poor;" occasional, preached at the character of Queen Charlotte. Horbury, in behalf of the Society Sermon XI. “ On the Veneration for promoting Christian Knowledge. due to a virtuous old Age, and the The education of man in humble happy Effects resulting to Society life was neglected till he was brought from the religious Example of its into notice by the benevolence of Rulers :" occasional, on the death the Gospel: but he still continues of George III. The title is an epito require instruction, which the tome of the Discourse, which is very Society for promoting Christian appropriate, and in the conclusion Knowledge is able to supply. This of which the preacher feelingly and is the substance of the Sermon; piously describes the condition of and we shall not be suspected of the good old King. doubting the expedience of preach
" In such dispensations presumptuous ing this, or any other Sermon in
man is ready to inquire, “Why are these behalf of the Society, or the bene
things so ? How can it be reconciled with fits resulting from parochial collec. the justice of God, that abandoned wicktions to the Society and to the com edness should so often triumph, whilst dismunity; but we will not assert, that tínguished virtue is abased so low? The it is always advisable to print these dispensations of heaven are veiled in Sermons.
shrouds of impenetrable mystery. “The Sermon VIII, “ The Friendship
ways of Omnipotence are not as our ways, of Jonathan contrasted with the
nor his thoughts like our thoughts.' Still
to our comfort be it ever remembered, Enmity of Saul towards David."
that though" clouds and darkness are Sermon IX. “ National Calamity round about him,' yet righteousness and and Call to Repentance:" occa judgment are the habitation of his throne.' sional, on the interment of the Prin- Mysterious and harsh as his dealings may cess Charlotte of Wales. The appear, we are assured, that at the final preacher dwells on the necessity of
issue and adjustment of things, God will
prove to the satisfaction of an assembled preparing to meet God, because the
we world, that all his ways are mercy and sentence is already past, the execu- truth, to them that fear him and seek his tion only is uncertain, and the con- testimonies. sequences are infinite and everlast- . “ But although the last nine years of the ing; and then adverts to the death life of his late Majesty presented little of the of the lamented Princess, from which sovereign, except the name, yet that splenhe infers the necessity of personal
did constellation of virtues which he had
formerly manifested, can never, never be and national repentance.
forgotten. His sincere piety and warm Sermon X "On the Happiness benevolence; his ardent love of freedom awaiting sincere Christians in a fu- and perfect hatred of tyranny; his firmness ture Life:" occasional, on the death on the one hand, and his affability on the of Queen Charlotte. In this Sermon other; in a word, these traits of character there is more of theological lore had long ago stamped on the hearts of his than is usual in Mr. Snowden's
people impressions which can never be
effaced ; had long ago conciliated towards Sermons; and his brief reference to
his sacred person a degree of loyalty and the doctrines of baptism and the affection, which his complicated sufferings intermediate state, proves his capa. did but deepen and increase," P. 213.