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• Faith and hope benefit indeed our excellent Liturgy) « and of all the individual possessors of these virtue, without which, whosoever graces, but Charity benefits others; liveth, is counted dead before God.” faith and hope rest on God; Charity Neglect not then, I beseech you, would imitate him. The time sball as you value your everlasting salcome, when faith shall be lost in vation, to cherish this sacred prin. sight; for we shall behold our Lord ciple within your breasts; bapish, as He is; and hope swallowed up by God's grace, every rancorous, in enjoyment, for we shall be in hea- and revengeful, and selfish feelven ; but love shall then become ing-and“ put on, as the elect of more lovely, for we shall be in the God, holy and beloved, bowels of presence of the Beloved-of Hini, mercies” towards the poor kindwho is the God of Love, and who ness” towards all men," humblehas loved us with an everlasting ness of mind,”-“meekness" under love, and we shall be ourselves knit every provocation," long-suffertogether, with angels and archangels, ing" however offended ; “ forbearing in one indissoluble and everlasting one another, and forgiving one anobond.
ther" “ if any man have a quarrel I have thus endeavoured, by a against any; even as Christ forgare careful induction of particular pas- you, so also do ye." sages out of the discourses of our “ And above all things put on blessed Lord, and the writings of Charity, which is the bond of perbis Apostles, to establish and en- fectness; and let the peace of God force the peculiar importance at- rule in your hearts, to the which tached, in the Holy Scriptures to also ye are called in one body in the gift of Charity, “the very bond Christ Jesus our Lord." of peace" (to adopt the language of
the gift of the Holy Sportance and
To the Editor of the Remembrancer. and fill you full of all iniquities and
bring you to destruction both of Sir,
body and soul.” You will probably think, that it is
It is the plain import of these
words, that if a person comes to a refined and fastidious scruple,
the Lord's table without the neceswhich I have often felt in reading
sary preparation of repentance, bis the allusion to the case of Judas in the first exhortation in the Com
unworthy celebration will open munion Office. I am free to own
passage by which the Devil may that it is an objection, with which
enter into him, and fill him full of P
all iniquities, and bring bim to I am not aware that others have
destruction both of body and soul. been perplexed, and which I should
It is a sentence of strong and earnest therefore have concealed within my
admonition on the great peril of the own bosom, if I was not persuaded
unworthy receiving of the Lord's after mature consideration, that it
Supper ; but does the allusion to is capable of a satisfactory solution.
the case of Judas imply that he is It is on the following words that
an example of the sin and danger my objection is grounded : " Repent
of such unwortby celebration, or you of your sins or else come not
not that the Devil entered into him, to that holy table, lest after the taking of that holy Sacrament the Devil
because he partook of the bread and
tbe wine at the last Supper, of wbich enter you as he entered into Judas, in
ILI Judus, be was unworthy to partake?
The words in question before the being a partaker of Christ, Satan . last Revision, formed part of the third did enter into bim; but Satan enexhortation at the time of the cele tered into him before the institution bration, but although their position of the Lord's Supper; and it is yet is changed, their meaning was always to be proved that Judas was present the same, and they were always at that Supper, and that he could liable to the same objection.
in any sense be a partaker of Christ, Comber after many just observa. with reference to that Supper. Dr. tions on the discipline of the Church, Bennet, as he is quoted by Bishop and the necessity of exact and ri. Mant in his useful Annotations on gorous caution in warning and de. the Common Prayer, proceeds with terring impeniteat offenders, adverts more caution, and leaving it un. to the history of Judas and to the certain whether Judas did partake awful example wbieb his history of the Supper of the Lord, mainexhibits.
tains that our Church does not com. “ We appeal to every man's con pare Judas and the unworthy Com. science, and set before them the munieant as Communicants, but in danger of coming with wicked pur. the etfect produced upon the aggrapurposes for so they imitate Judas, vated sinfulness of each. His words who notwithstanding that plain are: caution, Matt. xxvi. 24. set down “ The Church does not here with a heart full of treachery and affirm, that the Devil entered into covetousness; Jobo xiii. 26, 27. but Judas after he had received the instead of being a partaker of Christ, holy Eucharist, but only that he Satan did enter into him and con. entered into Judas, whether be firmed his wicked purposes, so that received the holy Eucharist or not: he came to destruction both of body and she exhorts her members to and soul. Repent lberefore you take care, that their anworthy par. profane wretches being warned by ticipation do not cause the Devil so terrible an example or else your to enter into them. The circumjudgment is inevitable; for if you stance of receiving therefore is no continue in these damnable sins you part of the comparison, for the die, and if you think to find favour comparison goes no further, than by laying hold of Christ's body you the entering in of the Devil.” are mistaken, for you profane the This appears to be the true means mystery, violate God's covenant, ing of the Church, the order of trample on the blood of Christ, to whose words would otherwise have which you have no right, so long as been, “ lest the Devil enter into you live in open defiance to his you as he entered into Judas, after laws; and if you come thus, you receiving that holy Sacrament." gire Satan more power over you, As the exhortation is at present both to corrupt you and to ruin ended, the taking of the Sacrament, you; yet if you stay away you is the peculiar offence of the un. cannot escape unless you do re, wortby Communicant; the entrance pent; and if you would do that, and energy of the Devil are alone after awhile you might be received: common to him and to Judas. However we have delivered our This may be shewn to be the true souls by giving you this warning, order of the Evangelical History. do not cast away yours by despising Bishop Sandford in his “ Lectures
upon the history of the Week of the In this paraphrase the learned Passion of our Lord and Saviour Commentator affirms, that Judas Jesus Christ, which at this season
esat down," as he unquestionably will engage and reward the attention.' ded to the feast of the Passover, of the Christian Scholar, thus are and he insinuates that instead of ranges in, correspondence with Dr..
Hales, the events which accon. ceiving himself 'marked out to the panied the treachery of Judas, and whole company by this significant his conduct before the last Supper. act, rage and fear impelled him to
“ Jesus checked the impetuosity put his premeditated treachery into of Peter by predicting that ' before immediate execution. So he rose the cock should crow twice he would from the table, as we may conjecture deny bim thrice.' But · He who from our Lord's words to him, knew what was in man' had a heavier • What thou doest, do quickly.' and more mournful lesson still to Thereupon he immediately went out, teach them how false may sometimes ‘and it was- night.' But none of be the semblance of Enthusiasm. the disciples knew why Jesus thus • Verily, verily, I say unto you, that spake to him, and even John does one of you shall betray me,' were not appear to have collected, that words to moderate the ardour of the act of which our Lord had given profession and to mortify the con- notice was to be immediate. Thus fidence of courage yet untried! had the traitor full opportunity from They heard with deep dejection. the time at which he left the table, . Lord, is it I ?' was the only ques. and the absence of all suspicion in tion their anxious hearts suggested his brethren, to concert his plan or their trembling lips could frame. with the chief priests.” • And he answered and said unto “Judas being departed our Lord them; he that dippeth his hand proceeded to the third course of the with me in the dish, the same shall Paschal feast; but here he laid betray me.' Judas in his turn now aside the Jewish ritual and uncoasked, “Master, is it I?- Thou vering the bread, wbich as master hast said,' was the affirmative reply. of the family he had set apart be. But this was probably uttered in a neath the napkin, he was pleased low tone by Jesus, and not heard to institute the Sacrament, which by the other disciples. Thus far I was henceforth to supersede the follow the account 'given by St. typical and prefiguring observance, Matthew. St. John adds some fur- and by a commemorative representather circumstances, in which bis tion to preserve the memory of bis was the principal share. The precious death till he come again." disciples' he says, (probably not Lecture III. having heard the answer to Judas) This arrangement plainly agrees
looked on one another, doubting with the narratives of St. Matthew, of whom he spoke. Then Peter and more especially of St. John, gave a sign to John, whose situation and sufficiently shews that Judas at the table, next to Jesus, gave him was not present at the institution the opportunity of making the and first celebration of the Lord's inquiry, to ask who was intended. Supper, and that the Devil entered Jesus answered in an under voice, into him immediately after he had • He it is to whom I shall give a received the sop, and before our Lord sop when I have dipped it.' It was proceeded to establish the methe custom, at the second course, morial of his death. But can the which they were now eating, for absence of Iscariot be reconciled the 'master of the house to dip a with the record of St. Luke, in piece of unleavened bread into the whose Gospel our Lord is reported sallad of bitter herbs, and distribute to have said, as in a continuous to the guests. To Judas Iscariot speech : “ This cup is the New was the sop delivered. And after Testament in my blood, which is the morsel Satan entered into him shed for you, but behold the hand again, and took full possession of of him that betrayeth 'me is with his heart. For finding that he was me on the table." It is obvious to now detected by his master, and con- ask, how could the hand be present, if the person were absent ? For the properly printed in the Italic cha. resolution of this difficulty, it will tacter. St. Luke uses the interjecbe of importance to consider, in tion Bebold; to attract attention what sense St. John uses the word to something wonderful, and ex. immediately, when he says that traordinary; and his words literally Judas “ having received the sop translated are: Nevertheless, (or went out immediately,” and whe- furthermore) behold, the hand of ther there is a necessary depen. him that betrayeth me is with me ou dence and connexion in the words the table. Now if it shall be con. of St. Luke.
ceded, that these words are not There can be no doubt, that the necessarily connected with those word immediately, may be used in which precede them, it may also a larger and a stricter sense; but in be admitted, that Iscariot was not the present case if it is not used in preseut when the former words were the strict sepse, it is altogether re- delivered, i. e. at the first celebradundant. The short interval be- tion of the Sacrament. If this con. tween the celebration of the Pass. nexion and dependence shall be over and the apprehension of our insisted upon, then the ellipsis of Lord, rendered it necessary, that the verb in the twenty-first verse Judas should quickly leave the may be supplied by a verb in the table; St. Johu is very distinct in past tense. Behold that at such a describing the time, saying, that he time, when I am shedding my went out immediately, that when blood for you, the hand of the he went out it was night, and that traitor: should have been at the when he was gone, Jesus used the table with me. And truly the Son remarkable words: “ Now is the of Man goeth, as was determined, Son of Man glorified, and God is but woe unto that man by whom the glorified in him.” The words of Son of Man is betrayed. In either St. John therefore I conceive must case, it is not necessary to infer, be strictly interpreted. . ! that Judas was present at the in
But is it lawful to separate the stitution of the Sacrament, or that words of St. Luke, so as to make he was a partaker of the mystical them harmonize with those of St. body and blood of Christ. . In the John, thus strictly interpreted. St. more exact method of St. Matthew, Luke is not remarkable for observing the words of the twenty-first verse & precise and distinct order in his were delivered before the institution report either of · discourses or of of the Supper: and the inquiry con. facts, of which his arrangement cerning the traitor, which in St. will be found to vary materially from Luke immediately follows the de. those of the other Evangelists. In livery of these words, is in St. the present text, he does not him. Matthew the occasion of introducing self connect the two sentences, them.' St. Luke's narrative will which he delivers in succession, by not therefore sustain the presence the conjunction and or but (xar, S, of Judas at the first Eucharist: nor Ti, or ama) but by the adversation can his presence be inferred from particle, nevertheless (many) which the words in which our Lord says Schleusner translates præterea. in reference to the number of his Clarke in bis paraphrase, separates Apostles, “ Ye shall sit upon twelve the twentieth and twenty-first ver, thrones judging the twelve tribes of ses, introducing the latter as a new Israel," for it is far more plain. paragraph. Neither does St. Luke that Judas fell from that office, in the latter verse use any verb, in- than that he was ever designed to dicative of time past, present, or fulfil it.. future: for the verb is in the autho. It is obvious to observe the cri. rized translation, is an interpolation tical exactness of our Churcb, in REMEMBRANCER, No. 42.
her cautious and general allusion in the blessed Trinity was a doctrine to the case of Judas: He is repre, contained, although obscurely, in sented not as an example of an un- the Old Testament. But the learned worthy communicant, but as an Bishop Horsley has delivered it as example of the aggravated guilt and his opinion, that by Michael the danger, and punishment of unre- Archangel in Dan. X. 13. the Mespented sin: as an example which siah himself is meant, in his “ chasuch as are unworthy to receive the racter of champion of his faithful Lord's Supper will improve, not people against the violence of the by absence from the table which apostate faction and the wiles of the he never polluted because he never devil.” “ Michael, one of the chief attended, but by avoiding in a princes, came to help me," are the spirit of sincere and earnest repent- words in Daniel: Michael was suance those judicial complications of perior to Gabriel, for be comes to sin, which were the consequences help him in the greatest difficulties; of his impenitence and hardness of “ one of the chief Princes, or one heart,
A. M. of the capital Princes, or one of the
Princes, that are the head of all; for this is the full, and not more
than the full import of the Hebrew To the Editor of the Remembrancer,
words. Now the princes, that are
first, or at the head of all, are clearly Sir,
no other than the three princes in
the Godhead. Michael, therefore, I KNOW not whether the following is one of them, and which of them, remarks on an obscure text, Jude v. ther
• there can be no doubt. ln perfect 9. will be thought worthy of inser- cong
consistence with this description of tion in your excellent Miscellany.
Michael in the book of Daniel is the “ Yet Michael the Archangel, when action assigned to him in the Apon coutending with the devil, he disputed calypse, in which we find him fight abont the body of Moses, durst not bring ing with the old Serpent, the deceiver against him a railing accusation, but said, of the world, and victorious in the the Lord rebuke thee.”
combat. That combat who was to Here is an allusion to Zech, iii. maintain ? in that combat, who was 1, 2.
to be victorious but the seed of the " And he shewed me Joshua the High. W
woman?" Such are the comments Priest standing before the angel of the of Bishop Horsley. If then the pas. Lord, and Satan standing at his right band sage in Jude be compared with Zech. to resist him. And the Lord said unto ii. 1, 2. and Dan, X. 13. as illustrated Satan, the Lord rebuke thee, O Satan: by these eminent commentators, a even the Lord, that bath chosen Jerusalem
very close parallelism between the rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked Propbet Zechariah and the Apostle out of the fire sau
may be traced: and could we venThe angel of the Lord, before ture to suppose, that for “ the body whom Joshua stood, and the Lord, of Moses," St. Jude originally wrote who spake unto Satan, are one and the body of Joshua, the reference to the same, namely, the Logos, the Zech. iii. 1, 2. would be very presecond person of the Trinity, men. cise. tioned Žech. i. 11. and it is well re But what interpretation is to be marked by Lowth, that by the words, given to the words, “ the body of « the Lord rebuke thee,” God the Moses?” The interment of the Jew. Father, the first person of the Tri. ish lawgiver is mentioned, Deut. nity is indicated; so that the text xxxiv. 6. is parallel with Gen. xix. 24. and “And he (the Lord) buried bim proves, that a distinction of persons in a valley in the land of Moab over