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of Augsburg, by the noble Protes- discourse on the Humiliation of tants of Germany, in 1530. It con- Christ, and the subsequent proofs sists of 21 articles, evidently the and corroborations. prototypes of those, and of the Ca
• "1. The state of humiliation in which nons, which were adopted for the it pleased the Eternal Son of the Most Church of England.
High to effect the redemption of the The first of the three volumes fallen race of Adam, commenced doubt. before us, is divided into two parts; less with his Incarnation. All the cirof wbich, the former consists of cumstances of his life, some of which were seven chapters: 1. Of Religion and most painful and distressing, exhibited the
absolute submission which He had imthe Scriptures; 2. Of the Nature
posed og himself, as necessary to the perand Attributes of God; 3. Of the formance of the mighty work he had unTrinity; 4. Of God the Father; dertaken; and it appears that froin the 5. Of Creation ;. 6. Of Providence; Manger to the Cross, every incident of 7. Of the Fall of Man and Original his life concurred, either directly or indiSin. The latter, of six ; 1. Of the rectly, to fill up the measure of bis afflic.
tions, Covenant of Grace; 2. Of Jesus
“9 As the ministry of our Lord drew Christ the Son of God; 3. Of the
towards its close, he went up for the last Incarnation of Christ; 4. Of the
time to Jerusalem, at the Feast of the Names and Offices of Christ; 5. Passover. At his entry into the Holy Of the Humiliation of Christ ; 6. City on this occasion, he allowed himself Of the Exaltation of Christ.
to be greeted as a sovereigu. Still the The second volume is also di. humble style and unostentatious retinue of vided into two parts. the former of the meek and lowly Jesus, were sufficient
· evidence that lois kingdom was not of this which consists of eleven chapters :
world, and that it was the triumph of a 1. Of the Holy Ghost; 2. Of Pre. Spiritual, and not a temporal potentate. destination, Election, and Repro- The first act of anthority which he exer. bation ; 3. Of Vocation ; 4. Of the cised, was to drive from the Court of the Gospel: 5. Of Faith : 6. Of Justi- Temple those who had dared to dishonour fication ; 7. Of Adoption ; 8. Of and defile it. Sanctification ; 9. Of Good Works;
" 3. The first stage of his humiliation
may here be supposed to end; and the 10. Of Repentance ; 11. Of Perse
second, that of more intolerable suffering, verance. The latter, of four; 1. Of and far deeper degradation, to begin. the Church ; 2. Of the Sacraments; Having celebrated the Passover with his 3. Of Baptism, Regeneration, and disciples, he went into the Garden of Renovation : 4. Of the Lord's Sup. Gethsemane, where the first scene of his ver.' The third volume is divided Pussion was completed. His agony of into three parts, the first of which
• soul was such as to produce the most
violent effect on his corporeal frame, even consists of eleven chapters: 1. Of so tbat the blood forcing itself through the Moral Law, and the remaining the distended veins, mingled with the ten of tbe Commandments in suc. sweat which fell in large drops from his cession; the second, of two; 1. Of throbbing brow. This Passion of our Prayer; 2. Of the Form of Prayer; Redeemer, as it proved that he was sub. and the third, likewise of two ; 1. ject to corporeal infirmities anıl pains, to Of the Resurrection and Last Judge
mental anguish, grief, and apprehepsions,
affords us assurance that he is touched ment; 2. Of Eternal Life.
with the feeling of our infirmities.' Each of these subjects is dis- 4. Betrayed by Judas, he was concussed at such considerable length, ducted to the palace of the High Priest, that if we were to admit one entire and declared to be guilty of blasphemy, in article, we must exclude all men- asserting bimself to be the Son of God. tion of the rest. We shall there.
The Jews were not permitted, in conse
quence of their subjection to the Romans, fore give an abbreviated extract
to put any man to death. Jesus was from each volume, as a fair speci
Therefore sent to Pontius Pilate the Romen of Dr. B.'s plan and its execu. man Procurator, who ordered him to be tion, selecting from the first, his scourged, to be arrayed in the cprigns of REMEMBRANCER, No. 42.
mock majesty, and to be crucified. At vants whom thou hast redeemed with thy length, he was led forth, bearing his cross, precions blood, &c. 80 long as his tender frame could sustain “ APOSTLES' CREED. I believe ... in it, to the Hill of Calvary. There he un- Jesus Christ... who ... suffered under Ponderwent the most painful and ignominious tius Pilate was crucified, dead, and bua death which even the Roman law per- ried ; He descended into Hell, &c. mitted. So lingering and cruel was the “ CREED OF ST. ATHANASIUS. For death by crucifixion, that the Romans in- as the reasonable soul and flesh is one flicted it only on the vilest malefactors. man, so God and man is one Christ; .... Having endured for six hours, from pine .“ Who suffered for our salvation, deo'clock in the morning till three in the scended into Hell, &c. . . afternoon, the ineffable torments of mind “ LITANY. By thy Baptism, Fasting, and body, to so great an extreme was he and Temptation. depressed by submission to the penal “ By thine Agony and bloody sweat; wrath of his heavenly Father as to exclaim by thy Cross and Passion, by thy precious • My God, my God, why last thou for- Death and Burial, &c." saken me? His precious death was announced by supernatural phenomena, by
From the Collects for the first the restoration io life of certain bodies Sunday in Advent, and in Lent, &c. of saints which slept,' and by the rending the Nicene Creed, and sundry other of the great veil of the temple.
parts of the Communion Service, · 66 5. In order, that the body of Jesus from the PUBLICK BAPTISM OF might not remain on the cross during the ensuing sabbath, the Jews begged of Pi
INFANTS, the CATECHISM, and
i late that it might be taken down as soon
VisitATION OF THE Sick: 3dlv. as it was ascertained that he was dead. A from the Thirty-nine Articles, II. soldier pierced the side of Jesus with a apd III. ; 4thly, from three of the spear, and from the wound flowed blood Homilies which treat of the Misery and water, physically demonstrating that of Mankind, their Salvation, and of death had taken place, Joseph of Aria
the Passion ; 5thly, from the SUM mathea, with Nicodemus, having requested
AND CONTENT OF HOLY SCRIPthe body, wrapped it in fine linen and spices, according to the custom of the TURE, viz.. richer Jews, and laid it in his own sepub- 66 In the New Testament therefore it chre, newly hewn out of a rock. A great
is most evidently declared that Jesus stone closed the entrance to the tomb, and
Christ, the true Lamb and Host is come, the Jews set a watch to prevent the access • of any person to the spot. The burial was
to reconcile us to the Father, &c." pot permitted, till Pilate had been con. Sixthly, from Cranmer's Catevinced that he was really dead, and had chism. viz. thus afforded unquestionable evidence of this most insportant fact.
« For seeing that Christ was that most 6 6. The soul of Jesus Christ, thus innocent lamb, that never was blotted separated from his mortal body, descended with any spot of sin, and yet he suffered into hell, the invisible place of departed for us as a sinner, it is evident hereby that spirits."
he died not for himself, but took upor
him our sins, and bore for us the burthea Of these facts and all the circum.
which we should have borde.". stances attending them, follow first the proofs from Scripture, in sec. Seventhly, from King Edward tions numerically referring to the the Sixth's Catechism, from which above, copiously and industriously we find it more difficult to extract collected from all parts of the old a specimen than any other part of and New Testament: secondly, ex- the work, 90 quaint and obsolete tracts from the Book of Common are the fornis of expression between Prayer, viz.
the Master and the Scholar, though
doubtless the doctripe be sound "MORNING PRAYER. Te Deum. Wheo and hlamelesa.
and blameless. thou hadst overcome the sharpness of death, thou didst open the kingdom of beaven to all believers.
thou hast said arc most true. Now, there“We therefore pray thee, help thy ser. fore, let us go forward to those his doings, wherein lieth our salvation and conquest, soul, after death, but following our head against that old serpent.
shall rise again with souls and bodies at “ Scholar. It shall be done, good the last judgment." master. After that Christ Jesus had delivered in charge 10 his apostles, that most
The next specimeu we shall offer joyful, and in all points heavenly doctrine, is from the second volume. But the Gospel, which in Greek is called Evo we must considerably abbreviate it, angelion, in English, good tidings, at presenting only the leading subjects length was he sore scourged, mocked of the seval sections. It is intitled, with pointing, scorning, and spitting in
On the Sacraments.
On the Sacramente his face: Jast of all, his liands and feet bored through with uails, and he fastened " . The word Sacrament, meaning to a cross,&c."
originally an oath of allegiance, is now re
stricted to certain consecrated matter orEighthly, from JEWELL'S APO- dained by our Saviour to be an outward LOGY FOR THE CHURCH, viz. visible sign of an inward and spiritual “We say that inan is born and does
grace. 2. Sacraments are the signs and
seals of grace. 3. They are the signs live in sin, and that no man can truly say
and seals of the New Covenant, and mehis heart is clean, that no mortal can be
morials both to God and man, by which justified in the sight of God by his own
each signifies his adherence to his part of deserts, and therefore our only refuge and
the covenant established; a mutual act, safety is in the mercy of God the Father
by which, God binds himself to impart by Jesus Christ, and in the assuring our selves, that he has pacified all things by
salutary grace, and man promises to fulfil
the terms on which it is conferred. Thus the blood of his cross. Now, if there be
are God and man united by a mutual any who think that this sacrifice is not
pledge! 4. Sacraments are outward sufficient, let us go and find out a better.
marks, by which Christians are distin. But as for us, because we know this is the
guished from all who are not inembers of pnly sacrifice, we are contented with it
Christ's body. 5. It is necessary to a alonę, nor do we expect any other; and
Christian Sacrament that it should be because it was only once to be offered,
ordained by Christ himself. 6. Christ we do not enjoin the repetition of it; and
has also appointed the persons by whom because it was full, and in all its members
the Sacraments are to be administered, and parts perfect, we do not substitute
to those who are duly ordained to preach to it the perpetual successions of our own
the word, the ministers of the Gospel. sacrifices."
7. The first of the two parts of which a It is impossible to read this last Sacrament consists, is the outward visible sentence, without observing its di
sign. 8. The second part is the spiritual
grace, or the thing signified. *9. The rect denial of the perpetual sacri- thing signified is not inherent in the sign: fice in the mass. .
it is only relative and sacramental, the Ninthly, from NOWELL'S CATE- sign being the object of the senses, and CHISM. Which likewise consists of the thing signified, of faith. 10. The a Dialogue between a Master and outward sign is accompanied by the inStudent; and lastly, from the Re
. ward grace, but is not the efficient cause
of it. 11. The dispositions necessary to FORMATIO LEGUM, in which oc
the due reception of the Sacraments are curs a chapter of the Death or Sleep Pailh and Repentance. To those wlio of Souls, and of the Resurrection, do not rightly use them, the Sacraments thus commented on.
are vain and fruitless. 12. The Church
of England ackpowledges only two Sa" Some impiously philosophize, that the craments, Baptism, and the Lord's Supsonls of men departing this life, when per.” once they have left the body, are either “Confirtnatory Texts from Scripture." immersed in sleep, or return to nothing, “ A portion of the Catechism." til the day of the last judgment, and they The 25th and 26th of the Thirty-nine will be aroused from sleep, or rise from Articles." death with their own bodies.... For in « The Ninth Homily." like manner as Jesus Christ was recalled “ King EdwARD TÆE Sixth's Care. to life in an entire, true, and perfect body, CUJSM, in which the Sacraments are denor did his soul perish or fall asleep; so fined to be certain customary, revereat we who are members of Christ live in the doings and ceremonies ordained by Christ
that by them he might put us in remem- who is preparing himself for the brance of his benefits, &c.'”
sacred office, as well as to those " Jewell's APOLOGY OF THE CHURCH,
who have entered the threshold, in which they are called sacred signs
and wish to look back upon, and and ceremonies, which Christ commanded us to use, that he might thereby represent contemplate the sacred bases of to our eyes the mysteries of our salva.
their Faith, and the coincidence of tion.""
their established formularies, with “ NOWELL'S CATECHISM, which de the doctrines of our immortal re. scribes them to be an ontward testifying formers, who drew from the living of God's good will and bountifulness to
fountains their streams of health, wards us, through Christ, by a visible sign, representing an invisible and spiritual
unmixed with the extraneous matter grace.' ” And the
which had for so many ages pol“ REFORMATIO LEGUM, which affirms luted it. that “Great is their thoughtlessness, who Neither must the Introduction 80 indervalue the Sacraments, that tbey pass without our commendation. wish them to be considered as mere naked To those who would obtain a corsigns and external tokens oply, by which
rect knowledge of the gradual steps the religion of Christians may be kuown from others. A Sacrament is a visible
by which the Reformation was acsign instituted by God, by which the complished, from its earliest dawn grace derived to us from the promises under the wavering auspices of and merits of Christ, and the remission Henry VIII., to its completion under of sins set forth in these promises, are Elizabeth, together with much biblisealed.'”
cal information on the same subject, Our last specimen is from the the Introduction will prove a valu. third volume, the article
But a principal merit of this work, « Of The MORAL LAW. 1. What is consists in the excellence of its meant by the Divine Laws in general. author's intentions. %. It is necessary to distinguish those precepts which are peculiarly Mosaic from “ He who writes on common topics, those which belong to the Law of Nature. has at stake his character for literary at3. The Mosaic Laws of three kinds, Mo- tainment or scientific research,-he has to ral, Ceremonial, and Judicial. 4. Signi. dread the lash of criticism, which may fication of the word Decalogue. 5. The justly, perlaps, inflict a severe punishDecalogue obligatory on all Christians. ment for ignorance, or for folly and pre6. Certain Rules in interpreting the De- sumption, in attempting to teach to others calogue. 7. Tables of the Law. 8. Sub- that with which he himself is unacquainted, stance of the Ten Commandments.” -he has to apprehend the mortification This is followed as before, by
of observing, that his volumes mildew on
the shelf, unhecded or thrown aside by correspondent sections, containing those for whose improvement they were extracts of confirmation from every designed. In addition to these causes for part of Scripture, from the Book of anxiety, a heavy burthen is laid on him Common Prayer, from the Com. who trusts himself to handle religious submandments, the Baptism of Infants, jects: he has a mnch njore arduous cause the Catechism, the Seventh Article,
before him, in proportion as the weight
of bis responsibility is incomparably the Fifth Homily, Cranmer's, Ed.
greater; as his freedom is more fettered; ward the Sixth's, and Nowell's Ca
as the path is oftep intricate and dark, and techisins.
as the danger of deviating from the one · The idea of this work is certainly right but narrow way, is rendered much new. We have never met with such more formidable, by the chance of drawe - an accumulation of authorities, sa
ing others with him into perplexity and cred and secular, collected in so peril. He writes pot for the entertainsmall a compass, confirming and amnaes' confirming and ment, but for the instruction of his fellow.
creatures; and assumes, therefore, in the elucidating the original doctrines.
nes. very act, that he has ability to teach It must therefore, of course, be them. He awaits the sentence not only highly useful to the young student of inap, but of God;. not oply of those who are his superiors in human learning Atonement, and of Grace, and of but of the Supreme Being. If he lightly Predestination, and the present state take in hand to explain the sacred text of of the sacred text, are points upon the word of God, to exhort his brethren, to lay down the principles of sound doc
which much doubt and misappretripe and good conduct, without having
hension are wont to prevail, and thoroughly inforined himself of all that is which should at all times be clearly necessary, he is not only blameable, but and rightly understood. They are he incurs no small risk of being accounted points which originally belong to sinfully presumptuous in vepturing to the investigation of the learned, by touch high and boly things without be- means of whose easy and familiar coming preparation, in daring to sully their parity with unconsecrated bands.
expositions, they may be accomBut more than this, he makes himself an modated to the capacities of un: swerable for an injury to the present and learned men, and may be generally eterpal peace of his fellow-creatures, which improved to the removal of objec. through want of information that he ought tions to a public conformity with the to have acquired, and of cautiou that he established Church, and to the adought to have exercised, he may be instru,
vancement of peace and consolation mental in producing. “ Under the influence of feelings arising
in the moments of private reflection. naturally ont of such reflections, deeply
These points are discussed by and solemnly impressed with the responsi: Mr.Strong in Six Discourses, preachbility which he incurs, and painfully sen- ed before the University of Oxford, sible of his own many deficiencies, the and now offered to the notice of anthor is aware that the work in which he well-educated men, to whose con. is engagéd is of no small importance, for formation in a Serintural faith they it embraces the entire scheme of human redemption, and the whole circle of reli
are well adapted, and by whom gious obligations; and of no inconsider they will not be less appreciated or able difficulty-for its province is cate approved, because Mr. Strong mogorically to affirm the truth with respect destly disclaims all pretensions to to questions, in which the wisest and the ingenuity, eloquence, or research. best of men have differed in opinion."
They are priucipally intended Dr. B. is so full of his subject, « To invite the attention of the younger as sometimes to press into his ser- clergy, and nore particularly of those wlio vice passages which have but a re are candidates for ordination, to some mote and slight bearing on the
matters of great conseqnence, which are
often seriously misunderstood; and to main point : but his anxiety to
warn them against certain errors, which leave nothing untouched which
have sometimes proved disgraceful to the might contribute to his purpose, clerical profession, and injurious to the may plead a very sufficient apo. Christian cause." logy. He has discharged his task with conscientious fidelity, and
The importance of the topics, the brought together documents ex
vehemence with which they are tremely interesting to those who
brought into the discussion of every are studious of our ecclesiastical
day, and the ease and perspicuity history.
with which they are treated by Mr. Strong, will render the present vo. lume an acceptable summary to all
who are entering upon the study of Six Discourses, preached before the
theology, and are desirous of acUniversity of 0.xford. By Tho
quiring a competent knowledge of mas Linwood Strong, B.D. of
Christian truth, and have not the Oriel College, Oxford, Chaplain
means of collecting, or the leisure to the Lord Bishop of Llandaff.
for consulting, more voluminous and
elaborate discourses. 158 pp. Rivingtons. 1821.
- The purpose of the first Discourse The unity and integrity of the is to shew, that no countenance Christiau taith, the doctrines of the is given in the Apostolical writ.