Page images
PDF
EPUB

lation merely human have such difficulties beterogeneous substances in the bowels of ever been proposed for solution? still less the earth, the Geologist attests the break. can it be said that they have been solved ing up of the vast deep in times remote, if upon principles at once so coherent, and at he yield not implicit faith to the Scriptures : the same time so sublime in their objects, and here, in like manner, does the Chris. so simple in their operation, and so effec. tian trace indubitable evidence of that tual in their result. The greatness of the wreck and ruin of the moral world, which Deity and the misery of man had been the the same Scriptures record : the best quatheme of sages from the earliest times: but lities or tendencies of our nature and their who had ever suggested, as among things opposite defects are found in immediate possible, a theory, by which, wbile God contact : the fear without the knowledge should be vindicated, man should be God ;-courtesy without brotherly love; saved?" P.14.

profuseness without public spirit; - lowli

ness without humility ;-a consciousness of In treating of the second question

sin without the want of a Saviour;-fortisuggested in the text, “ Why should

tude without feeling or resignatiou ;---and the manifold wisdom of God be pro a contempt of death without a tbought of claimed to the Heathen?" the Bishop immortality ;- these are among the inconconfines himself to the argument sistencies and perversions of original goodwhich the Apostle uses. The edi.

Dess, which every day's observation may

exhibit to our notice ; and who can confication, however, of the heavenly

template these appearances and not lament Spirit by the preaching of the Gos.

them ? or who that laments them, can be pel here on earth, is an argument,

backward to employ the remedy I mean which does not readily present itself not, of course, in any way but that of affecto the mind. Nor is it at the first tionate and Cbristiao solicitude, and by sight sufficiently familiar to us, teaching and persuading the things conwhose intercourse is with God or cerning the kingdom of God.' (Acts xix.

P. 18. men; yet when presented, and duly 8.)" weighed, it must be allowed to be The conclusion of this part of the well fitted to call forth our warmest discourse is occupied by a satisfacexertions for the conversion of the tory reply to those prejudices, which Heathen. For, whatever tends to have been, and may even yet be en. unfold the wisdom and goodness of tertained by certain, against all enGod, must lead to the increase of deavours to disseminate Christianity his glory, which is the legitimate end among the Hindoos. Those prejuof true zeal. And that, whereby dices, which are purely political, are the very Angels, those superior lo. very briefly and properly dismissed telligences that surround the throne with this pious and just remark, that of God, shall become wiser, must all policy is, to say the least of it, surely be needful in a tenfold degree very questionable, when it is mani. to man in his present state of weak- festly opposed to the purposes of ness and ignorance. And,

Him, “ who ruleth in the kingdom of « Where, (asks the Bishop with reference men, and giveth it to whomsoever He to the East), shall the energies of this zeal will.” (Dan. iv. 17.) And the quesbe excited, if they are dormant in the land tion is thus reduced to the very simwhich we now inhabit? In what other re. ple one, whether the temporal and gion of the known world is the glory of God eternal good, one or both of them, more effeclually obscured, and His truth,

of the nations of the East would not to allude to the Apostle's saying, more palpably • turned into a lie?' (Rom, i. 25.)

om i be promoted by a gradual developeThe case of ruder nations furnishes no an- ment to their minds and hearts, of swer to this question : refinement when the truths of the Gospel? We say corrupted, may be worse than barbarism; with the Bishop gradual; for he, and system has a power of evil beyond sim- who should attempt or expect more · plicity. Where else too, we may ask, do than this would in

do than this, would in the attempt do we find more evident vestiges of that fall

mischief, and in the expectation from primeval nprightness, which the Gosvel was designed to repair ? From the dis- evince little knowledge of the actual located strata and confused position of state of things.

" With respect to the qnëstion of tempo- to be the Church,—the one Catholic ral advantage, it is difficult, (remarks the and Apostolic Church of Christ, deBishop,) to reply to objections, which as- signated by St. Paul in another place sume no fixed or tangible form : we hear it, indeed, sometimes binted, that these

as “ the pillar and ground of the people are already in a condition, which truth,” and here as the appointed perhaps may be deteriorated, but cannot channel for diffusing through the easily be improved. If, however, the pre- earth the blessings of light and the valence of liberal knowledge, habits of in- tidings of salvation. dustry, mutual confidence in the transactions of life, a respect for the basis of all

“ To this Church, then, of which there moral integrity, I mean truth, the absence

are many branches, . abiding in Christ, the of those social distinctions, which serve true Vine,' as we trust, and bearing frait, only to depress the great mass of the spe

(John xv. 5.) it cannot be questioned by cies, the elevation of the female part of any, who hold to the Apostolic model, that society to their proper dignity and influence the Church of England pre-eminently beand the possession of that liberty, where

longs : her government is primitive, being with Christ hath made men free, (Gal. v. 1.) of the form, which alope was recognized and which is really the principle, however

during the early ages; her doctrines are overlooked, of all national greatness and

Scriptural, her Liturgy breathing throughprosperity in modern times,- if these seve

out the purest spirit of the Gospel; and fal particulars enter largely into the theory her Worship is at once reasonable, decent, of the well-being of any people, it were

orderly, and edifying, removed alike from surely too much to abandon all established

childish and superstitious pageantry, and maxims and the dictates of our common

from irreverence and rude familiarity to. feelings, in mere courtesy to supposed in

wards the Creator: she has, indeed, beeb terests or secret predilections." P. 20.

admitted even by those, whom local cir

comstances have fixed in other CommuFrom this the Bishop passes on nions, to be the Queen of Protestant to the great spiritual advantages at.

Churches and the bulwark of the Protestant

Cause: I would add, that no Chiorch can tendant on, and confined to an ac.

be better adapted to receive and to retain tual belief in Christ; he enforces, as Converts in the Eastern world, when once an additional motive to exertion, ibe their minds shall have been brought to be universality professedly intended and satisfied with the simple decencies, which promised to the faith of Christ; a are the proper garb of Truth. Nor ought principle moreover, which is justly it to be overlooked, in a view of the quescharacterised as a distinguishing

tion, which may hereafter be found impormark of a Divine Revelation.

tant, that her principles are those of order

and attachment to our National Establish“ It is a triumphant consideration, that ments. Strange indeed would be an indifChristianity not only professes to be de. ference as to the political prepossessions of signed for universal acceptance, but more

those, who undertake to be the Teachers of over is fitted, without any accommodation

the People ; especially in an Empire so or sacrifice of its purity, to be the Religion circumstanced as the British Empire in of the civilized world : that it humanizes, India. . where it does not find humanity; and that

" It cannot, then, be imagined, that in allowing for and retaining a difference of the work prescribed to the Church of usages in things indifferent, it is adapted Christ, that Branch of it, to which we beto combine in one xcheme of faith and hope long, has no part, nor even a subordinate the whole family of man. As St. Paul ex. part to fill. It should seem, indeed, if her presses it, there is neither Greek nor Jew, duties are to be measured by her means and circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barba- opportunites, that no Church since the days rian, Scythian, bond nor free ; but Christ

of the Apostles has been called to such is all, and in all.' (Col. iji. 11.)” P. 24.

high destinies. To what fortuitous coinci

dence shall we impute it, that at this moUnder the last bead the Bishop

ment her Clergy are exercising their ministreats of the appointed means by

try in every quarter of the Globe? In

America flourishing Churches leave grown which the glory of God is to be ad

up entirely under her patronage. In Africa vanced upon earth, and indeed, as

a Colony has been planted, by which her has been shewn, in heaven. This is doctrines and discipline are brought into stated on the authority of the Apostle contact with the superstitions of ignorant

and barbarous tribes. In New South Wales means will still be requisite to give to such she has a field before her nearly equal in a Plan all the effect, of which it is natuextent to the whole of Europe. And what rally capable ; nothing perhaps equally comshall we say of Asia? A vast Empire has prehensive has yet been attempted by any been given us, or rather imposed upon us : Protestant Church : yet I doubt not that and wherefore i He who can reconcile the members of our own, wherever dissuch a consummation even to philosophical persed, will be really to afford it their ago views of the ways of God, without refer, sistance, and more especially in India. ence to the purposes of His manifold wis. With a degree of impatience, for which the dom as revealed in Scripture, and can be motive is an ample excuse, some have lieve it to have been brought about merely wished that the Established Church would for the gratification of our avarice or vanity, shew herself more prominently in the great cannot have advanced very far in the know- work of diffusing the light of the Gospel ledge, which sound Philosophy might teach through the Eastern World. This duty, him : it is not merely unchristian; it is nn. thougb not hitherto so fully discharged, as philosophical, it is unreasonable to believe may bave been desired, has never been forthat God ever works in vain, or even brings gotten. In the present endeavour she avails about migbty revolutions with a view to herself of meaps aud opportunities, which results comparatively mean and trivial.” until now had been withholden. For their P. 26.

efficacy we trust in the Almighty : at the

same time beseecbing Him to put it into the In conclusion the Bishop makes

hearts of all, to whom the appeal shall be an appeal in favour of an institution made, to further and support an Institution now happily commenced, and in a having no object but His Glory, in making state of forwardness, the Bishop's known by the Churcb His manifold wisdom College. at Calcutta. Of this, to those who have the understanding (though already known, and duly ap- darkened, and are alienated from the life

of God.' (Eph. vi. 18.)” P. 48. preciated, by most of our readers) we cannot decline the insertion of the following description, with wbich the Bishop concludes.

u It is desigued to be strictly Collegiate Plain Reasons why Political Power in constitution, in discipline, and in cha should not be granted to Papists. racter : its object will be the Education of .

By Samuel Wix, A.M. F. R. & Christian youth in sacred knowledge, in sound learning, in the principal languages

A. S., Vicar of St. Bartholomew nsed in this country, and in habits of piety the Less, London. 8vo. pp. 16. and devotion to their calling, that they may Rivingtons. 1822. be qualified to preach among the Heathen: the attention of the learned persons con- The Socratic mode of reasoning, in nected with it will be directed to making which an artful disputant by drawaccurate Versions of the Scriptures, of the :

ing small concessions from an incauLiturgy, and other holy books; it will en deavour to disseminate useful knowledge tious adversary, at length reduces by means of Schools, under Teachers well him to the alternative of retracting educated for the purpose : and it will aim what he had previously allowed, or at combining and consolidating, so far as of assenting to a proposition, which may be, into one system, and directing in- in its full force and extent he would to the same course of sentiment and action, have no hesitation in denying, afthe endeavours which are here made to ad.

fords no unsuitable illustration of vance the Christian Cause. The favour and patronage of the Public in England have the popular argument in favour of been eminently displayed towards the Catholic emancipation as it is preprojected Institution : the King's Letter, posterously called. There were times granted to the Society for the Propagation in which many penal statutes were of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, has been in force against the Catholics, and productive beyond all former example : when they laboured under many and other Religious Societies and Publie . Bodies have munificently aided the work.

rigorous and severe restrictions, It will be evident, however, when the ob. These statutes have been repealed, jects are considered, that more abundant and these restrictions have beenie,

moved; and if either were still in sistency, and that its advocates force, the warmest advocates of the alone are inconsistent. Protestant ascendancy would feel no The Catholic peer has been ad. repugnance in seeing them mitigated mitted to the audience of his Soveand rescinded. But in the present reign, and thence it is inferred that day, the Catholic enjoys as full tole- he should be restored to his heredi. ration in his faith and worship, and tary seat in Parliament. It would is as secure in the possession of be as just to conclude, from these his property, as the most favour premises, that he should be eligible ed of his Protestant brethren. The to sit in the Privy Council, to which Catholic freeholder bas obtained the the present measure does not how. elective franchise; the Catholic peer ever propose to introduce him. But is permitted to approach his Sove with what consistency shall the Careign ; the highest offices in the tholic peer be admitted into ParliaArmy and the Navy are given as ment, wbile the commoner remains the rewards of Catholic valour and in his state of exclusion; for if the enterprize; and in the debate of the Catholic peer has been admitted to last year upon the Catholic question, the ear of his Sovereign, the Catho. it was intimated, with very little re- lic freeholder has been invested with serve, that the only offices which it the right of electing his represenis wished to retain exclusively in tative, though that representative Protestant hands, are the seats in may not be of the Catholic persua. Parliament, and in the Privy Council, sion, nor is it in contemplation to the office of the Judge, and the Co- remove the disqualification. It lonial Governments : nor is it impro would be useless to deny that there bable that a measure, conceding to are anomalies in these concessions the Catholic every privilege and im and exclusions, but they are such munity, which is enjoyed by the anomalies as will continue until an Protestant, with these few excep. emancipation, more complete than tions, would be suffered to pass in any which the Protestant advocate silence, or would be opposed with has hitherto been called to disclaim, out effect.

shall be effected. Let the proscripBut what has been the effect of tions of a caste, as they are called, these liberal concessions ? The same be removed ; let the doors of the as is wont to follow the concessions Parliament and the Council be of the unwary adversary with the thrown open to the Catholic; let Socratic reasoner. His past con- him govern the Colonies, and ad. cessions are made the ground of minister the laws of England: the future demand, and the chief argu- anomaly will still exist. It will then ment which is urged in favour of the be asked, is it consistent to permit proposed admission of Catholic the Catholic to make and to adminisPeers to the Upper House, and ter the law, and as a responsible which has made but too much im. Minister to advise the Sovereign, pression on the minds of some men, and at the same time to be afraid is, that it is necessary for the pre- of the intrigues of a Catholic Conservation of consistency, to grant sort, to be alarmed by the visionary this inconsiderable favour; and that dangers of a Catholic succession, it is the height of inconsistency, or to give to every other person in after more important concessions the state free permission to choose bave been made, to refuse it. There and to change his religion, and to is little difficulty in repelling this bind the Sovereign alone in the argument, and in shewing, that at 'bonds of Protestantism. If it be least upon the present occasion, inconsistent to exclude any one perthe adversaries of the measure are son from exercising the offices of not justly chargeable with incon- the State, and if such exclusion con

[graphic]

veys an imputation on the character points to their Catholic brethren; of the Roman Catholic religion, the but while all history reminds them inconsistency will - not be abated of the intrusive and busy zeal of the without an unqualified admission of Papacy, there is no subtilty or ad, the Catholics to the highest as well dress which can bring them to con. as the lowest offices of the State, or sent to the main proposition, that in their strict exclusion from all the Protestant ascendancy is not offices, which involve the possession necessary as well as worthy to be of political power.

held fast; and that there is no danIn the English Constitution the ger in conveying political power to civil and military powers are en- Catholic administration. tirely distinct and separate : the If the adversaries of Catholic soldier is the servant, not the ruler emancipation are consistent in what of the State. No argument can they withhold, they are also liberal therefore be drawn from the un. in what they grant. They have conrestricted promotion of Catholic ceded and are willing to concede all officers, in the concession of which in which the great body of the Caall parties acquiesced in favour of tholics are concerned ;-the rights the ai nuission of Catholics to politi. of conscience, full security of person cal offices.

and property, and unlimited pre., - This ineasure does not therefore ferment in the army and navy, in implicate the consistency of the ad. which the merit of the humblest sol. versaries of Catholic emancipation, dier of fortune ought not to be or pledge them to complete the unrewarded. They wish to reserve work which has been begun. It is nothing but some few offices of not necessary to allege, that some political power, some few seats in of the measures which have been the Parliament and in the Council, carried, have been carried by majo- to which but very few can aspire, rities in Parliament, after vigorous and which none can compass withopposition and debate. With the out the advantages of education and exception, perhaps, of the elective a corresponding rank in life. But franchise, the adversaries of the what has been the conduct of the Catholic claims do not object to advocates of the Catholics ? On what has been done, or entertain one occasion they petulantly rethe most distant wish that any part nounced every thing which might should be superseded or repealed. have been obtained, because the They rejoice that their Catholic whole, in which the few only were brethren are protected in the public interested, was not conceded: and profession of their religion, and in on the present occasion, the ostenthe enjoymentof their private rights; sible object of pursuit is not to but in the recollection of the antient benefit the lower or the middle abuses of political power, in the classes of the Catholic population, hands of Catbolics, and in the full not to elevate the Catholic peasant, conviction of the peculiar advan. the Catholic trader, or the Catholic tages of a Constitution exclusively gentleman, but to throw open the Protestant, they are and ever have House of Lords to seven individuals, been consistent in the reservation of who alone have an hereditary claim, political power; nor can they con. and whose claims as they may seem template without alarm, the idea of to involve personal objections, than a Protestant King advised by Catho- which nothing can be more unjust, lic counsellors, or of the government it is most indelicate to discuss. It of a Protestant Church and nation is for such consistency and liberality by Catholic ministers and legisla. as this, that the adversaries of this tors. They are ready to concede, innovation on the Protestant Cop. and they bave conceded many minor stitution of England are to be REMEMBRANCER, No. 43.

3 K

« PreviousContinue »