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And th' heart-bred lustre of his worth,
Him while fresh and fragrant time
Enough now (if thou can'st) pass on-
Passenger, (whoe'er thou art)
THE WIDOW'S MITES.
Two mites-two drops-yet all her house and land
ST. MARK XII.
(And to God....) ,
THE AUTHOR'S MOTTO.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The Unambitious Views of the Church Gospel, both equally encourage in the few,
of Christ : a Sermon preached at a contempt of the many. Spiritual pride the Anniversary Meeting of the
is the parent of spiritual ambition; and spiris Stewards of the Sons of the Clergy,
tual ambition never yet confined itself to
the future hopes and prospect of mankind, in the Cathedral Church of St.
but has always established an ascendancy Paul, on Thursday, May 17, over them in their present and political re1821. By the Rev. Thomas Ren- lations : in the objects which it pursues and nell, B.D.F.R.S. Vicar of Ken. in the intuence which it exercises, its sinóton. Svo pp. 24. Riving.' kingdom is of this world. P.7. tons. 1822.
• " It is upon the principle of a general
co-operation in the cause of the Gospel, This discourse contains a forcible
that for the Clergy of every Christian
country such a political station and estaand eloquent defence of the Church
blishment ought to be provided, as may Establishment and the Clergy; and best promote the interest and cherish the the reader who peruses the following growth, not of a secular, but of a spiritual paragraphs, will be able to form an kingdom. That they who preach the Goss estimate of the spirit with wbich pel, should live by the Gospel, is a propoMr. Rennell has executed his task.
sition in itself so just and fair, as scarcely to
require the sentence of Revelation for its “ One evident mark of the unambitious support. But in what proportion and acviews of the Christian Dispensation, is the cording to what principles this station and union which it forms of higb and low, rich this provision ought to be framed and reguand poor, learned and ignorant in one lated, must depend upon the ends to be faith, one baptism, one God and Father of answered, and the objects to be obtained. all, who is above all, and in all, and through To make the State in spiritual matters inall: Had the kingdom of Christ been of dependent of the Church, is to strike a fatal this world, badany temporal influence been blow against that unity of religions faith, the object of his Church, its higher privi- which however it may be violated by the caleges at least would have been confined to price and perversity of man, is notwithstanda chosen body, who by their initiation into ing the basis of Christ's religion, and the main certain mysteries either of doctrine or spring of social happiness. To make the practice, might have established a controul Church in temporal matters independent of over their weak and igóorant brethren. the State, is to grant a privilege subversive Equality of privilege and community of at once of Christian discipline and political knowledge, are the strongest barriers which order. It is not therefore to give the can be erected against the encroachnients Clergy a domineering ascendancy in matof priestcraft and enthusiasm. Of all the ters beyond their province that, as in our corruptions indeed, with which the perver. own country, the establishment of the sity of man lias disgraced the Gospel of Church is united with the establishment of God, the leading feature appears to be a the State. What is true of the Laity and limitation of the graces and privileges of the Clergy individually, is trne also collec: Christian kingdom to a selected few. By tively: the closer then the bands of mutual this limitation, let it assuine what shape it fellowship and interest are drawn, the less may, the heavenly character of the kingdom apprehension will there be of spiritual am: of Christ is gradually lost, temporal viewsbition or craft. The more intimately a and secular motives are introduced, a spirit pure and Apostolic Church is mixed up with of domination is excited, a system of per. the great mass of the State, the less will be secution is established, and under the mask the danger of any undue influence, which of the Gospel the worst passions which agi. a separate interest miglit cherish or create, tate the world are called into a dangerous “ That the doctrines of Christianity may and a destructive action. Such is the source by unauthorised additions be converted both of Papal usurpation and of Calvinistic into instrtments of secular ambition, the presumption : for however opposite in ap- history of the Church universal too surely pearance these two extremes may be, the informs us; and whenever by too great an principle and the tendency of both is uiti- exaltation on the one hand, or by too great mately the samé. Both equally limit the a depression on the other, the level ground privileges and mystify the doctrines of the upon which the Clergy and the Liity ought
to stand, is disturbed, such a consequence the final doom of usurpation and tyranny. will generally follow. There is as much All the genuine and legitimate influence danger indeed to be apprehended from the which the Gospel and its appointed minisone extreme as from the other. Thongh ters can exercise over the heart of man, is the ministration of Religion be degraded an influence highly propitious to the cause below its native dignity and its social right, of civil freedom. A country without Chrisit is not thereby secured from the inroads tianity, is a country formed for profligacy, of worldly ambition or the desire of secu- and its consequent slavery. A country lar ascendancy. If a due independency in mited in the faith of one pure and commou point of professional rank avd emolument Church, firm in the principles of Christian be not assigned to the Clergy, temptations morality, with passions disciplined, and of the strongest nature will be held out to laws obeyed, neither was, nor will be the raise themselves into consequence, by country, npon which the foot of tyranny means nnworthy the religion of Christ. either foreign or domestic can ever tram. Deprived of those snpports which make ple. The kingdom which is not of this the Clerical profession honourable and ef. world, is the surest safeguard and the best fective, the ministration will - rapidly pass protection against the dominions of the into the bands of men, who for the promo- earth and the powers of darkness." P. 17. tion of their own ends may be tempted to " At no time has the Church of England corrupt its faith and to prostitute its doc- songht to aggrandize itself at the expence trines. The ignorance and the inferiority of the State, or to establish a separate and of those who preach the Gospel, is no se independent interest. Of the revenues, curity agajnst the perversion of the Holy with which from the earliest ages of its exScriptures, or against the establishment of istence it has been endowed, in our own a spiritual tyranny. Ambition and interest days at least, it is not afraid to render an descend very low in the scale of rank and account. No mass of income is returned attaivment; and there are none perhaps so agaiu into the conntry from which itsprings, capable-none perhaps so desirous — of with more political advantage, none is carleading astray the great mass of the lower ried into a inore beneficial and wholesome orders, as those who are but just raised circulation, than the revenues of the Estaabove their level. The doctrines of the blished Church. Of no income, though Gospel will, in such a case, either be so divided among so large a body of' meu, is strained, as to favour the creation of an less expended iu idle extravagance, less undne influence, or so lowered, as to bow amassed in sordid avarice, or more bestowto the prejudices, and flatter the passions ed in the great works both of public and of the hearers. From a feeling either of private charity. In this respect at least, dependence or of interest, this latter course we trust that the kingdom of our English has too often been adopted, to the preju. Church is not of this world. dice alike of the Gospel and of its faith. “ Ifto have maintained the principles of When the pastor shall follow, whither his national order and of public justice—if to Aock may choose to lead the way, the order have resisted the voice of clamour and the of all religions ministration is inverted, the blandishments of popular applause if this kingdom of Christ becomes the kingdom of be the reproach of onr Church, well may worldly passion, popularity and gain."- we, in the language of the Apostle, .glory P. 12.
in our infirmities.' To wlatever obloquy " By systaining again, the dignity and or insult they may be exposed, the Sacred the worth of the Church and its ministry, Order, I trust, will never sacrifice the line we advance the cause of permanent, pure, of conduct which the Gospel has marked and Christian freedom. The strongest bar- out, to meet the ebbs and flows of worldly ‘rier and the amplest security against the opinion or the suggestions of secular ininroads of arbitrary power, is the unity of terest. a primitive and Apostolic faith. It is not “ How soon indeed the Providence of by preserving, but by corrupting the reli- God may call us to severer trials than gion of a nation, that despotism and ty. these, he only knoweth. It is thus that, ranny promote their sway. Eradicate from at once in severity and love, he warns both a people the fear of God, and you prepare Churches collectively and ministers indivithem for subjection before the footstool of dually, that his kingdom is not of this man; loosen the bands of national religion, world. Instead of this angust and solemo sabvert the foundations of Christian mora- assembly, uniting the most exalted, both lity, teach them that they are amenable to of Church and State in one pious feeling, no will, but their own, and you lead themone holy service, and one labour of love; through the fearful stages of clamour and soon perhaps the ways of Zion may Jicentiousness, rebellion and bloodshed, to mourn, because none come to her sołema
feasts—all her gates may be desolate- pendir. To which is prefixed, a 'her priests may sigh, her virgins be af.. Memoir of his Life, by William flicted, and she herself may be in bitter Russell, B.D. Fellow of Magdaness *
len College. 392 pp. Riving., " Whether these and other trials it may please the Almighty in his wisdom to send,
tous. 1821. or in his mercy to avert, still in the goverty and destitution with which the family of
THERE are two circumstances which many a minister of the Gospel is now visi
el is now visi entitle this volume to candid and ted, is the Redeemer pleased most nne- favourable consideration; its intrinquivocally to shew, that neither his king sic value, and the design in its pubdom, nor his reward, are of this world.” lication of assisting the family of a P. 19.
near relation of the Prelate whose These extracts present us with a works it contains. defence of the Church Establish- Doctor Hough's early life does ment peculiarly adapted to the pre• not appear to have been distinsent age. The mass of idle readers guished by any literary acquirewill not consent to study the volu- ments; and his name might probamninous treatises of former days. bly have passed unheeded down the They hear the Church abused by its stream of time, but for the conspinumerous enemies, as often as the cuous part which he was called to orator is at a loss for a period, or act, in defending the privileges of the scribbler is perplexed by an his society, and in resisting the asempty coruer in his newspaper. But sumed and arbitrary authority of the viudication is too generally ne- the second James. glected, from a supposition that it
" At the end of March, 1687, the Preis already complete ; and that no
sidentship of Magdalen College became thing new can be advanced upon so
vacant, and was to be filled up thirteen thread-bare a subject. Mr. Rennell
days after by an election, of which statui. however has shewn, that the defence table police was issued. King James the of our Establishment, may at least Socopd, who, in his zeal for Popery and be put in a new shape, adapted to absolute rule, had already stretched his the comprehension and feelings of a
prerogative beyond law, and to acts of
violence in civil and ecclesiastical matters, modern congregation, and pressed
availed himself of this occasion for putting upon their understandings, solidly, to the test that passive obedience, wuiola briefly, and unanswerably.
the university in a public declaration had We trust that this sermon will ex. just before professed. He therefore sent cite the attention which it merits, a royal mandate, through Lord Sunderand which Mr. Rennell is so well land, President of the Council, recomentitled to command. It cannot be
mending the fellows of the college to
elect Mr. Antony Farmer, and containread without pleasure and advan.
jug a dispensation of any statute or custage, and promises to be of essen
tom which stood in his way. To these tial and permanent service to the letters a temperate and loyal answer was community at large.
returned, stating, withont any allusion to the king's dispensing power, the unfituess and incapability of Mr. Farmer for the office, by reason of their statutes, and
praying, either to be left to their coile Sermons and Charges, by the Right
science, or for the recommendation of a Rev. John Hough, D.D. Presi. more serviceable person. The election dent of St. Mary Magdalen Col. was postponed for two days, that a reply lege, Orford, in the Reign of might be received, but none being made, James II, and successively Bishop except that the king expected obedience, of Oxford, Lichfield and Coven.
chfield and Cover Mr. Hough was, on the fifteenth of April, try, and Worcester : with an Ap
chosen and pronounced president with the usual solennities; two only of the senio
rity, with whom the election ultimately ,* Lamentations i. 4.
rested, declaring viva voce for Mri Fariner,
one of whom was in the following reign Penn, to one of the senior fellows, executed for high treason. He was, with representing the extremity of the out loss of time, presented to the college
llege risk which the college incurred un
ich visitor, Dr. Mears, the Bishop of Winchester, confirmed by him, and installed
der this process; and intimating, afterwards in due form in the chapel of that the violation of a single statute the college.” P. viii.
might forfeit the grant of the col
lege, and lay it open to the king's It was in vain that the society disposal. The college replied in an defended the choice which they had
rad able argument to this letter, and to made; or that they argued before a series of questions, sent from the king's commissioners for eccle- Windsor with the same intent of siastical causes, the moral and sta.
. producing submission to the plea. tutable disqualifications of Mr. Far.
I sure of the court. A final, but not mer. The election was annulled,
more effectual attempt to stop these and another royal mandate was is.
arbitrary proceedings, was made, in sued, requiring the election of Dr. a conférence held at Windsor, be. Parker, a creature of the court, and tween Penn and a deputation from an open professor of Popery. The
the college, headed by Dr. Hough, society resisted the order with equal
in which he exhibited “ in an emifirmness and decision, reiterating
nent degree his ardent zeal towards the inviolability of their oaths and
the reformed Church of England, statutes, and affirming the actual
his integrity and sense of duty." It possession of Dr. Hough.
was now resolved to visit the college « The interview indeed between the
by a royal commission, consisting king and the fellows, who had been sum- of Cartwright, Bishop of Chester, moned to meet him at Christ Church, the Chief Justice · Wright, and Baron Deanery of which was held by Dr. Parker, Jenner, and a citation was issued together with the Bishoprick of Oxford, for the appearance of the « pre. served to shew in stronger colours the tended” president and fellows. This virtuous zeal and higli sense of duty, which commission “ brought into full play restrained the one from an act of deliberate perjury, and the intemperate and that intrepidity, courage, prudence, tyrannical spirit of the other which would and temper, which has endeared the oblige them to it. A petition, conched in memory of Dr. Hough to the latest the most humble and loyal terms, was posterity." tendered to his majesty by the fellows, on their knees, which he would not accept, .." The affair was opened by a speech accompanying his refusal with the most from the Bisliop of Chester, the design of gross threats and unjustifiable language.” which was by promises of royal favour P. xi.
and threats of punishment hereafter, as
well as here, to induce compliance. But William Penn, the Quaker, who the three doctrines which he urged, that from bis character and abilities had unconditional and unlimited obedience at this time acquired considerable was a tenet of the Church of England, influence with the sectaries, the that colleges and other corporations were esteem of all men, and the confi- the creatures of the crown, and that it was
insolence to bring forward local statutes dence of the king, was present at
in contempt of the kivg, by whose anthothis interview, at the conclusion of rity they were made, prove of themselves which he attempted to persuade thé the spirit by which he was animated. . fellows to a compliance with the “ The greater part of both days was royal will; and also wrote to the occupied in an examination chiefly of Dr. king, that such mandates were a Hongh, in a variety of points arising ont force on conscience. The king was
of the past transactions, the tone of whose
answers was thronghout temperate but unmoved, and proceeded against
inflexible; nor conld the arbitrary and the college by a writ of Quo War
overbearing conduct of the commissioners ranto; when an anonymous letter prevent him from declaring, that they was addressed, as is supposed by would subunit to their visitation no farther