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u distinguished whig. His spiritual isting laws: 'and laws cannot be anpulled advisers, however, had long solaced by one branch only of the legislature. The themselves with the anticipation of no with the anticination of 34th canon is my warrant for an examina
tion in the articles. My questions consti: its efficacy, and Lord Dacre con
tute an examination in the articles. And sented to surrender bis historical
whether I propose for that purpose the knowledge, and his constitutional questions which I now employ, or introjealousy of the prerogative, in or- doce another set as circumstances may reder to silence Bishop Marsh. The quire, is a matter wbich must depend on Bishop, in ten sentences, proved the my own discretion, and in which no one scheme to be absurd, couvinced
Convinced bas a right to dictate.
« My lords, I do not deny, tbat bishops, Lord Dacre that the address would
as well as other men, may abuse their an. be a waste of powder and shot, and thority. With such an abuse of authority compelled him to substitute a IRO- I am charged in the present petition : but tion for a committee. This had whether truly or not must depend on the been Lord King's plan a year ago. truth or falsehood of the allegations. My A profound knowledge of ecclesias
lords, I have sifted those allegations ta
the bottom. I have proved, that the first tical law enabled his lordship (see
allegation contains a direct falsehood; Christian Remembrancer, Vol. iii.
that the second is a misrepresentation; P. 486.) to recommend the House of that the third allegation, in which the pe Lords to go into a committee on the titioner contends for an abuse of authority, Bishop of Peterborough's Questions, is dependent on the two former, and conor in other words, to do nothing at sequently devoid of truth. I have further all. Lord Dacre canié forward proved that his fourth and fifth allegations
exhibit other deviations from the truth; under happier auspices, but in the
while his attempt to excinde the Latargy course of one short half hour he as a standard of faith, betrays à creed, was constrained to change his tack, which ill deserves the protection of your and to steer, in some confusion, for lordships.“ Of the remaining allegations, the old port? The learned Prelate as far as they have any reference to the had the magoanimity to pity his si pretended abuse of authority, I have tuation, and to lay before hiin (whats
hi Ghat shewn, that they are altogether fallacious.
4. I ask then your lordships, will you none of the evangelical privy.coug
accede to the prayer of a petition, which cil bad discovered) a mode in which is founded in sophistry and falsehood? the object of the petitioner might That the noble lord who has preseüted it be obtained,
was not aware of its sophistry and false
hood, when he yielded to the solicitations, .“ My lords, I now come to the prayer with wbich I know, that he was earnestly of the petition, in which is proposed an pressed, I am well assured, or be would address to his Majesty as Head of the have rejected those 'solicitations with disChurch, to enforce the royal declaration. dain. The noble lord could not saspect, But the enforcing of the royal declaration that any man would dare to affront the will, for reasons already stated to your house of fords by the tender of unfounded Jordships, defeat rather than promote the allegations. : purpose of the petitioner. That purpose, 6 My lords, before I conclade, 'I beg if answered by an address to the throne, permission to say a few words conceming cau be answered only by an address ini- myself. Whatever be the fate of the ploring his Majesty to issue his royal man- questions, I have no personal interest at date to the Bishop of Peterborough, and stake. I shall be no personal loser, if they protribit the questions, of wlrich the peti- are wholly abandoned. I bave no other tiuner complains. My lords, if his Majesty desire to retain them, than what arises could be induced to issue such a mandate, from the belief, that they have contributed I wonld bow in obedience to the royal to the welfare and security of the Charek. commands. But before your lordships The voice of faction has been raised against concur in a motion to that effect, it is ne- them, and in the ontcry episcopal ankliocessary to consider, wbether such an ex- rity has been treated with insolence, and ercise of the royal prerogative would be ecclesiastical discipline has been set at consistent with the constitution in Church naught. But, tuy lords, this very oppeand state. In the ase of those questions sítion, when viewed in its true ligbt, way I exercise a riglit, which I enjoy ender ex- be regarded as an argument in their fl
vour. . From assurances, which I still pos. I have been compelled to relinquish it. sess, I kaow that they were approved by At my last Ordination the Examination learned and orthodox divines : and if that Questions were answered at Peterborouglı: approbation has been lately checked, it is and so they will be iu future." P. 12, the infirmity of human nature, which re... coils at the approach of danger,” , P. 36.
Such is the Bishop of Peterbo- A Sermon preached before the Ina rough's triumphant defence, and corporated Society for the Prowe are heartily glad that it has pagation of the Gospel in Foreign been published, because we con.. Parts ; at their Anniversary sider the attacks upon his Lordship, Meeting in the Parish Church of as parts of a system for governing St. Mary Le Bow, on Fridav. by merace and intimidation. Feb. 15, 1822. By the Right Rev. Whenever a clergyman" opposes or William, Lord Bishop of Llandaff displeases certain parties, they it is impossible to do justice to this threaten him with Mr. Wilkes and discourse by a mere analysis of its a prosecution, or Lords Dacre, contents, or by selecting one or two Holland, King, &c. and a Petition of its
of its principal paragraphs. The to Parliament. The effect thus whole is so well conceived, and produced is greater than it ought ablu executed, that those who have to be. But in the case before us a due sense of the importance of the Bishop of Peterborough has Christian Missions, and are desirdone justice to himself and his ous of seeing cause and at the same time has the Church, should lose no time in afforded that degree of explanation making themselves acquainted with which was desired, and is deemed this excellent Anniversary Sermon. satisfactory by real churchmen.-- His Lordship comniences by One instance we have already no. shewing that St. Paul's conduct and ticed a second is contained in the language both to Jew and Genfollowing passage, which is added tile was suited to the peculiar cirto the work as a note, and which cumstances of each. With respect acquaints us with all the alteration to the Jews, he indulged them in which has been produced by the their regard for the Mosaic law, and incessant, and virulent invectives of endeavoured to convince them out his Lordship’s opponents.
of the Scriptures that Jesus was the "My original object in sending the Christ. To the Gentiles, while he Examination Questions to Candidates for
treated them in a different manner, Orders, before they appeared personally
he spoke different languages. in the Ember week, has been greatly mis-, understood: and that which was intended " It is evident that such reasoning as, as an act of kindness, has been represented this would liave been altogether misplaced is an act of harshness, I sent the Ques, in preaching to the Gentiles.' To impress tions, that the Candidate might have time them with any reverence for the Jewisla to consider them, and answer thein at his Scriptures, an entirely different process leisure ; that if his answers were found to, would be necessary; and to give them avy. be at variance with the doctrines of the adequate conceptions of the nature and Established Church, I might have an op- desigu of Christianity, or of its Divine portnoity of writing to him, and explain- pretensions, not only much preparatory ng in what respect lie deviated from the instruction would be requisite, but an ai. doctrines of the Church ; and lastly, that most total change in their religious views f he persevered in doctrines which were and sentiments. How, then, did St. Paul rreconcileable with the Liturgy and Arc condact himself in this most arduous part icles, he might be refused without under of his office? going the public disgrace of a rejection in " When the ignorant multitude at Lysthe Ember Week. But my conduct in tra, astopisued at the miracle wrought by his respect has been so misunderstood, l'aul and Barnabas, would bave done saind the openness with which I have acted crifice to thein as Gods, what arguments nas by many persons been so abused, that do the Apostles ise to dissuade theu from REMEMBRANCER, No. 45.
such wretched impieties? They' exhort natürė, nor the former. by the law of Mow them to turn from these vanities to the ses. On this ground, he establishes the living God, which made heaven aod earth, necessity of redemption, of jastification, and the sea, and all things that are there and of sanctification, through some other in,' and who had never 'lefthimself without means; and then brings forward the proofs, witness, in that he did good, and gave that these bad been accomplished by des them rain from heaven, and fruitful sea. 818,the Author and Finisher of our faith.' sons, filling their hearts with food and His argument is conducted sometimes with gladness! These were proofs, from the reference to the prond pretensions of Heaworks of Creation and Providence, level then philosophy, or the gross delusions of even with the grossest understandings, Heathen superstition; sometimes, with when set before them in their true and considerations more directly adapted to proper light...... . .. the Jewish worshipper." P. 11. .
ut When, again, at Athens, he found “Corinth was the head-quarters of vohimself surrounded by a more enlightened luptuousness, vice, and false philosophy, audience, the learned frequenters of the In opposition to there, and especially to Areopagus, and the teachers of philosopliy the last, St. Paul descants upon the insof and morals, be opened his commission inficiency of human koowledge as a guide a similar way;- declaring' that' UNKNOWN to spiritual truth. He contends, that the Gon;' wliom they ignorantly worship world by wisdom knew pot God; and that ped;' setting forth His power as Creator, what the Heathen philosopbers deemed His spiritual nature, and His providential weakness and foolishness in those who and moral government of the world; de- preached the Gospel, bad proved to be ducing froin these, by'an obvions and easy wiser and stronger thau, their efforts to inference, the absurdity of that idolatrous overthrow it, being snpported by tle sig. worship which even these men of wisdom nal power of God. This is the substance either embraced or connived at; and then of the earlier part of the Epistle. Towards openly asserting that momentons truth the latter part, liis mode of illustrating which they were wont to ridicule, the Re, the doctrine of a Resurrection of the Dead surrection of the Dead." P. 8.
affords another instance of this appropria The Bishop then comments upon ate mode of teaching. The objections to
the doctrine are refuted, partly by phy. the Apostle's writings, and shews in
sical, partly by moral evidence, as well as masterly summaries of the principal by insisting upon the established fart of epistles, that the rule already men-, our Lord's Resurrection t. To the Jews, tioned is strikingly, exemplified in there was no: nécd of urging such consiall of them. We extract his Lord. derations as these ; since all, except the ship's remarks upon the Epistles to Sadducees, admitted the truth of the docthe Romans and the Corinthians,
trine ; and the Sadducees our Lord himself
had silenced, not by philosophical proofs, and his proof that the same system
but by an appeal to the Books of Moses, was always observed in the disseini which they professed to believe t." P. 14. nation of divine truth. , , “ The răle, then, which the Apostle laid
" The great question discussed in the down for his own observance, in the words two former of these Epistles, is that which of the text, was strongly exemplified in relates to the connection between the Law every part of his conduet. In addressing and the Gospel;-how far they were, the Jews, he invariably assumes ibo first either or both of them, necessary to salva principles of religion in general, and ever tion, and compatible with each other. some of the main doctrines of revealed Two opposite parties felt an interest in religion, as already known and admitted this question ;-the Jews, who held that on their part, In arguing with the Gentiles, none could be saved but by the law of be begins with laying down the most simMoses;-the Heathen, who believed the ple and obvions maxims of moral and relilight of nature to be sufficient, without gious truth, and from thence leads on his either Moses or Christ. Although the ar- hearers or bis readers to the plainest evigament, therefore, appears principally to
dences of the Gospel, and gradually to its concern the Jews, yet St. Paul, in writing
sublimest mysteries, Nor was this mode to those wlio lived among the Heathen, of teaching peculiar to St. Paul, It was found it necessary to adapt his reasoning
characteristic of his fellow-labourers in to both. He shews, that all had sinned, the same cause : it was characteristic of both Jews and Gentiles; and that peither their heavenly Master limself: it was cha could the latter be justified by the law of
• 1 Cor. i. 18—28. + Ibid. XC. * Acts xiv. 15–17. .
Luke xx. 37.
racteristic, moreover, of God's merciful phets and the Apostles. But there is the dealings with mankind, in every revelation same harmony also between them, as that has been made to them, from the be. Preachers of righteousness *,' and expoginning of time,
sitors of the Divine will. In both, mercy, ..“ Look at the whole course of the Di- and truth are met together, righteousness vine dispensations in preparing the world and peace have kissed each other t.' In for the coming of him who was 'THE neither, is God's free grace overlooked on DESIRE OF ALL NATIONS *';
"the one hand, or man's free will on the ." In the radest and earliest ages, gene, other. No where is unconditional sale ral intimations only were given of the ex, vation offered ; no where is Faith separat pected blessing. Gradually more and more ed, as to its saving effects, from the spiric light respecting it was diffused, as the of Obedience, and the endeavour to per, mental eye became able to bear it. Mat, fect holiness in the fear of God t ters of Faith were gradually and progres-i “ Once more ; let us look at the pattern sively unfolded.: Bat, in every age, the of teaching set before us, in Him who great practical rules of life were taught spake as never man spake g.'. aud, in fully, and clearly without reserve. lo Whom dwelt all the fullness of the Godevery nation,' wliere even a glimpse of re head bodilyll.' How did He open his velation appeared, it was understood, that instructions to mankind? What was His
he that feareth God and worketh righ- sermon on the mount, but a preliminary teonsness is accepied of Him t." This was series of exhortations and of precepts, by laid as the ground-work of the whole. For, which His hearers might be qualified to uptil men believed that there is a God, receive, in due time, a fuller revelation of and that He is a rewarder of them that the great purpose of His coming into the diligently seck Him ti' it had been in vain world? These were to fit them for enterto preach any of the more recondite truths iug into His kingdom, or, in other words, which revealed religion could set before for ernbracing the Christian Faith. In them.
the order of His teaching, the inculcating "Even the Mosaic law, with all its re- of moral truths preceded the gracious inqnisitions of faith and worship, was found- vitation, Come unto me all ye that ed on the broad principle of moral and re- are heavy laden, and I will give you rest;' ligious obedience. And what were its and that invitation was immediately fola numerous expiations and ablutions, but lowed by the admonition, "Take my yoke means to convicce, men of sin,' and to upon you . . shew them the necessity of Atonement and “In vain, then, with these authorities Redemption? What were all the lessons before ns, pay we hope for success in the of the Prophets, intermingled with their great work of spreading Evangelical Truth, predictions, but terrific denunciations a- if we invert this order of proceeeding; if 'gainst sip, and encouraging incitements to we derange and confound that method of virtue? What, too, was the special office instruction, wbich is no less necessary at of the Baptist, the immediate Forerunner one period than at another, because at all of our Lord, but to prepare the way of times in unison with human nature.” P. 17. the Lord' by making his paths strait ,' .. The application of this great and to sound in the ears of his followers
principle to the Missions of modern the necessity of repentance, and of bringing forth fruits meet for repentance || ,' that
days, is centained in the remainder they might be rendered fit for the recep
of the discourse ; and the Bishop tion of the Gospel ?
of Llandaff shews conclusively that 4 Trge it is, that the Law and the Pro- care is necessary in selecting proper phets failed not, together with this bigh persons for conducting thein, and
et me be that there is every reasonable prus. Jiever to that Fonptain of Grace and Mercy, whence alone he was to derive spiritual aid
pect of seeing that care exerted by
P · and comfort: and in highly figurative lao- the Society for the Propagation of guage the blessings of the Gospel were the Gospel.. shadowed out, to win the affections, and. “There can be little doubt, that one to animate the endeavours of those who cause of the frequent failure of Missionwonlu profit by their instructions., lo this aries, in their labours to convert Pagans · respect, there is a wonderful harmony be- to the Christian Faith, is the injudicious tween the Law and the Gospel, the Pro
2 Peter, ii. 5. + Psalm lxxxv. 10. * Haggai, ii. 7. + Acts, x. 35. I Heb. xi. 6. $% Cor. vii. 1. John yii. 46, Matt. ii. 3. Ibid, iii, 8. - # Cul, ii. 9. Matth. xi. 28,29.
A B 2
mapner in which they obtrude upon igno- even in recent times, unwarrantable pre rant and debased minds, without any pre- tensions have too often been made to gifts vious moral cultivation, those doctrines of and outpourings of the Spirit opon every revealed religion which are most difficult emergency, and to marvellous effects of reception, and most repngnant to their wrought upon their hearers by these süppre-conceived opinions. To preach, for posed aids from above. But what, for the instance, Justification by Faith, and Sanc- most part, have been the results ? For tification by the Holy Spirit, before they one sincere and steady convert to the have been taught that perfect law of God, Faith, thousands probably scoff at the by a comparison with which their own doctrine, no less than at the preacher. conduct wonld render them self-condemn- They perceive nothing to command their ed, and shew them the necessity of re. belief, or their respect, because their demption and renovation,-is to proceed understandings are inconvinced, their in a manner unnatural, irrational, and hearts untouched, their 'sense of rectitude therefore the least likely to prodnce last. or of guilt unimproved : or if an impresing effect. To descant also upon the dan- sion be made on more susceptible minds, ger of self-rigliteousness, and the utter yet is it transient and unsubstantial as a worthlessness of good works, seems not to morning cloud, and as the early dew that be the most efficacious mode of bringing goeth away*.'" P. 25. those who are already dead in trespasses . “It is, I know, a prevalent opinion, and sins *,' to a better sense of duty, or to that conversions, of whatever kind, to the excite in them earnest endeavours to Christian Faith, are of paramount im • work out their salvation with fear and portance to any lesser discriminations of tremblingt.'
that Faith among those by whom it is pro• Supposing these doctrines, therefore, to fessed; and that provided the Gospel be be ever so capable of an exceptionable preached to the Heathen, we need not be explanation, and even 'to be essential to scrupulous as to the particular tenets of the Gospel system; yet what discerning the parties so employed. And were it a man would begin the work of conversion question, whether the Heathen should ree by preaching them to persons as yet ig- main in atter darkness, or receive but a norant of the difference between good partial and imperfect light, Christian phi. and evil; to persons, who know not God, lanthropy would not, perhaps, allow us or have no just conceptions of His nature to hesitate on the alternative. But where and perfections; who are unconscious that the question is, whether the work of comthey are trausgressors of the law, or have version should be confided to conpetent incurred its penalties?
or incompetent distributors of the word; “Another error of over zealous, though where we have the choice presented to well-meaning enthusiasts, is that of relying us, of carrying on a design of such onupon the expectation of extraordinary speakable magnitude, by the operation of inspirations from God, to further their persons trained according to cúr own undertaking, and to supply the place of well-gronnded persiasions of truth, or of mental cultivation and discipline. Far comnitting it to others in whom we can be it from is to depreciate the piety or place no such confidence ;- then the case sincerity of those who, devoting themselves is altered ; and we can no more, with a to the service of God with all their hearts, safe conscience, consent to blend together and souls, and minds, go forth under a these discordant materials in the work of strong impression that the Divine blessing foreign instruction, than in that of docannot but accompany their exertions. mestic culture. Yet, though we may admire and reverence “Unqnestionably, the most defective or the fervour, the conrage, the exalted piety, corrnpt forni of Christianity may be prewhich appear to prompt them to this ferable to absolute Infidelity;- Popery, poble enterprize; we must warn them, or Socinianism, to Judaism ;-Judaism to that it is a bazardous, if not a presump. Mahonetanisni ;-Mahometanism itself to tuous measure, to tempt the Most High Paganism. Popery recognizes most, if by rash adventures to execute ench a por. not all the essentials of Scripture Truth.
pose, where the qualifications most essen- Socinianism does not openly disavow the - tial to it are wanting. When the power authority of the Sacred Volume, Judaism
of miracles was withdrawu, with it was receives the Scriptures of the Old Testa· withdrawn also that of extraordinary in- ment. Mahometanism derives some of
spiration, itself a miracle. No evidence, its tenets from both the Old and New · at least, can now be given of the one, - Testaments. Paganism has nothing in where the other is not to be found. Yet, common witb any of these, except some ; :* Ephes. ii. 1. Phil, ii, 12.
* Hosea vi, 4.