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curura, which is situated in the con- (accompanied with intolerable sharp fines of Egypt and Syria, in a barren pain) issues out with them. Here. place, destitute of all manner of upon the sick person so tears bimprovision. All the country round self in pieces with his own nails, about is full of salt and brackish that he sighs and groans most laponds, and the wells within the walls mentably; and while he is thus afford but very little water, and scratching himself, the lice come that stinking and very bitter. And pouring out in such abundance, one he sent them to this place on pur- after another, as out of a vessel pose that they might not for the full of holes, and thus they misefuture do any more hurt, nor lie rably close and end their days. lurking and unknown among other Diod. Sic. B. iii. c. 2. men. But being banished to such

Exodus, viii. 2. a barren place, void almost of all things necessary for the support of “ I will smite all thy borders with frogs." man's life (men naturally contriving The people called Autariats, were all kind of arts to prevent starving) forced by frogs bred in the clouds, they wittily found out a way to sup- which

which poured down upon them inply their wants: for they cut up

stead of rain, to forsake their counout of the neighbouring fields, reeds,

try and fly to those parts where and slit them in several pieces, and

now they are settled.- Diod. Sic. made long nets of them, and placed them several furlongs all along upon the shore, with which they catch the

WILD ASSES. quails (which came flying over sea in great flocks ), and by that means

Job xxxix. 5, 6, 7. sufficiently provided for themselves. " Who hath sent out the wild ass free? -Diod. Siculus. B. I. c. v. p. 31. or who hath loosed the bands of the wild THE PLAGUE OF LICE.

« Whose house I have made the wilder

ness, and the barren land his dwellings. Exod. viii. 16.

. “He scorneth the multitude of the city, “ And the Lord said unto Moses, say

neither regardeth he the crying of the

driver." unto Aaron, stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become In our journey from the Shekha. lice throughout all the land of Egypt.” wut frontier to Poogal, a distance

In Diodorus Siculus there is re- of one hundred and eighty miles, ference to the destructive effects was a perfect desart over hills and produced by lice on the body. vallies of loose and heavy sand. Of Talking of the Acridophages, he wild animals in some parts we found says, as the manner of their death antelopes, the desart rat in great is strange and wonderful, so it is abundance, and the Goorkhur, or sad and miserable. For when they wild ass. This animal is sometimes grow old, winged lice breed in their found alone, but oftener in herds. flesh, not only of divers sorts but of It resembles à mule rather than an horrid and ugly shapes. This plague ass, but is of the colour of the lat. begins first at the belly and breast, ter : it is remarkable for its shy. and in a little time eats and con- ness, and still more for its speed, sumes the whole body. He that is at à kind of shuffling trot peculiar seized with this distemper, first to itself, it will leave the fleetest begins to itch a little, as if he had horse behind.- Elphinstone's Jour. the scab, pleasure and trouble ney from Delhi to Caubul, p. 7. being united. But afterwards, when The sun was just rising over the the lice begin to break out in the summits of the Eastern mountains, skin, abundance of putrid matter when my greyhound suddenly darted


off in pursuit of an animal, which the striking portrait drawn by the my Persians said, from the glimpse author of the book of Job. I was they had of it, was an antelope. I informed by the Mehmander, who instantly put spurs to my horse and had been in the desert when making followed the chase. After an un- a pilgrimage to the shrine of Ali, relaxed gallop of full three miles, that the wild ass of Irak Arabi dif. we came up with the dog, who was fers in nothing from the one I had then within a short stretch of the just seen. He had observed them creature he pursued; and to my often, for a short time, in the possurprise, and at first . vexation, 1 session of the Arabs, who told him saw it to be an ass. But, on a mo. the creature was perfectly untamement's reflection, judging from its able. It is called Gour by the Perfleetness it must be a wild one, a sians, and is usually seen in herds, species little known in Europe, but though often single, straying away, which the Persians prize above all as the one I first saw, in the wanother animals as an object of chase, tonness of liberty. Sir R. Ker I determined to approach as near to Porter's Travels in Persia. it as the very swift Arab I was on would carry me. But the single

HARE Unclean. instant of checking my horse to consider, had given our game such a

Levit. xi. 6. head of us, that, notwithstanding

" And the hare because he cheweth the all our speed, we could not recover cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unour ground on him. I however hap- clean unto you." pened to be considerably before my companions; when, at a certain dis- Game abounds in the neighbourtance, the animal in its turn made a hood of Thebes, but they have a pause, and allowed me to approach remarkable prejudice, which as it within pistol shot of him. He then also characterized the antient indarted off again with the quickness habitants of Greece, and is still uniof thought; capering, kicking, and versal, ought to be mentioned. sporting in his flight, as if he were They will neither eat a hare nor not blown in the least, and the chase touch it after it has been killed; and were his pastime. The prodigious so powerful is their aversion from swiftness and peculiar manner with this animal, that no Albanian ser. which he fled across the plain, co. vant can be prevailed upon to take incided exactly with the description the skin from a bare, or even to rethat Xenophon gives of the same main in the house where it is dressanimal in Arabiá (vid Anabasis, 5.1). ed. Clarke's Travels, Part II. s. ü. But above all, he reminded me of p. 75.

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MALABARIC NEW TESTAMENT. In the month of November, 1705, To the Editor of the Remembrancer. Henry Plutschau, two young di.

Bartholoniew Ziegenbalgh, and • Sir,

vines, educated at the University PERHAPS the following notice of of Halle, in Germany, were sent an edition of the New Testament in forth by the king of Denmark on the Malabaric character, printed in the laudable design of propagating the beginning of the last century, the Gospel among the inhabitants may not be uninteresting to some of of the Malabar and Coromandel your readers.

coasts in the East Indies, and ar.

2 0 2


rived at the town of Tranquebar, many, proved so very large, that a Danish settlement,' in July of the they consumed abundance of paper: following year. Here having esta- to remove this inconvenience our blished themselves they proceeded letter-founder has, about two months to erect à church; founded two since, cast another type of a smalehurity-schools, preached, cate. ler size, wherewith we design to chized, and otherwise instructed print the remaining part of the New the children of the natives: and Testament.” P. 117. Ziegenbalgh having gradually made This remaining part was in faet himself master of the Tamul or Da. printed off soon afterwards with mulie language, turned his earnest the new type, and in 1719 the attention to the task of translating whole appeared together, under the the New Testament into that tongue. title, “ Novum Jesu Christi Tes In January, 1710, he had almost tamentum ex Originali Textu in finished the four Gospels ; but as usum gentis Malabaricæ in linguam the art of printing was unknown in Damulicam, vulgo Malabarica diethose parts, and the missionaries tam, versum, opera et studio Bar. were not yet provided with a press, tholomæi Ziegenbalg, et Job. Erhis translation could not be circu- nesti Grundler, serenissimi Daniæ dated among the natives as he de. Regis Frederici IV. ad Indos Orien. sired.

tales Missionariorum. Tranqueba. Towards the end of the year riæ in littore Coromandelivo, tye 1712, a printing press, and a fount pis Daroulicis Missionis Danicke, of Malabaric types were received Co Molhorin tones were received 1719."

. . from Germany, and in 1713 the But the account given abore, in press was set to work. A cate. the words of the missionaries them. chist and some small tracts were selves, is entirely silent regarding first printed by way of specimen, a very curious fact; namely, that and in the next year the four Gog- the metal, from which these smaller pels and the Acts appeared in an types were cast, was furnished by handsome quarto volume, bearing the leaden covers of some Cheshire the title, « Quatuor Evangelia et cheeses, sent over by the Society Acta Apostolorum ex Originali for Promoting Christian Knowledge; Textu in linguam Damulicam versa, and thus, by the wonderful direcin usum gentis Malabaricæ. Operá tions of Providence, a thing which et studio Barth. Ziegenbalg, et Jo. had merely been intended for the Ern. Grundler, serenissimi Daniæ service and luxury of the body, was Regis Friderici IV, ad Indos Orien- made the means of communicating tales Missionariorum.-- Tranqueba- to thousands the most healthful Rue ræ in littore Coromandelino, Typis triment of the soul.. Malabaricis impressit, G. Adler, As this anecdote seems to be 1714."

scarcely known, and is not recorded The title alone is in Latin, the by Chaufepie in his life of Ziegenrest of the volume in the Malabarie balgh, nor by La Croze in his character.

“ Histoire du Christianisme des In a letter addressed to the Indes*," I have ventured to comSociety for Promoting Christian municate it to your readers upon Knowledge, dated September 27, the authority of the following ma1714, and printed in the third part nuscript letter, addressed by the of a work, entitled “ The Propa. Secretary of the Society for Progation of the Gospel in the East," muting Christian Knowledge, te the missionaries observe, “ The scarcity of paper has hindered us

La Croze does indeed mention the froni pursuing the impression to the variety of type, but appears to know end of the Epistles. The Malabar nothing of the manner in which it wa types, which were sent from Ger. manufactured. See lis work, p. 559,

krchbishop Wake, which letter is rious circumstance, should the orilow preserved, within a copy of ginal letter which discloses, it' by he Malabaric New Testament, for any accident be defaced or lost. . nerly belonging to the Archbishop,

• H. COTTON. n the library of Christ Church, Oxford, Sept. 10, 1822. Dxford.'

. Epistles.

Middle Temple, 29th Juny. 1726. “MY LORD,

Remarks on the existence of am

biguous passages in the Sacred " I RECEIV'D yor Grace's letter

Writings; with an especial re'or the Missionarie. Mr. Schultze,

ference to certain principles advhich shall be forwarded in the

vanced by Mr. Belsham in his Derby, Capto Fitzhugh, for Fort

New Translation of St. Paul's St. George. “ The Society desire yo' Grace's

c \cceptance of a compleat copy of. As the Holy Scriptures are dehe N. Test. in Malabarick as signed to convey the tidings of salJound at Tranguebar with vellum vation to every nation under heaven, hat we send over to 'em: and I their correct translation into the hank your Grace for letting me several languages of the world is (now that the former copy was im- next in importance to their original perfect.

delivery. The composition of these - The character in wch the , 4 Sacred Writings was superintended Gospels, &c. were printed, was by the watchful Providence of God jent from hence being cast at inspiring his chosen servants to lalle, but took up so much paper, record his will and endowing them hat Mr. Adler a printer sent over with immunity from error; but the y Professor Franck made a new task of translation he has been etter at Trapquebar out of the pleased to leave to the study, diliovers of Cheshire cheeses sent gence, and fidelity of ordinary men. wer by the Society, to print the No one any longer expects to see Spistles and book of the Revela- realized the fable of Aristeas conion: Since this, the Society have cerping the seventy translators, nor urnish'd them with several hun does any Church, except that of Ired weight of lead and other ma- Rome attribute infallibility to the erials for making a proper metal authors of its established version. or as many types as they can The principal liability to error in a vant. And several Indians have translator of the New Testament, een instructed by Mr. Adler to do arises, as Bishop Watson justly rehe work so well, that though he marks • from the bias of precone dead, the Missionaries seem not ceived opinions. He sits down to lament the loss of him.

his task impressed with a conviction “ I am, my Lord,

that a certain system of opinions is “ Your Grace's

true ; that is may be deduced from

those very words which he is pre“ Most obed, bumble servant,

paring to interpret; and he naturally “ HENRY NEWMAN." wishes that other men should find My Lord Archbishop

in them the sense which he is per. of Canterbury."

suaded they convey. Without the

slightest dishonesty of intention but By inserting this account in the with every wish to uphold and dif. ages of the Christian Remembran- fuse the truth, how liable is a transer, you will be the means of pre- lator, thus situated, to misrepresent erving the knowledge of the ou- his author's sentiments? The mis. takes which ignorance may.commit out the assumption of such a licence, and credulity propagate are limited the system of Mr. Belsham could and unimportant, compared with not sustain itself for a single instant; those to which currency may be and in spite of the confidence with given by a translator competent to which he employs it, there yet rehis task in every other respect but main many intractable passages working at it by the light of his own which in the commentary upon his peculiar opinions. It seems that his New or Select Version he is comwisdom and honesty would best be pelled either to pass over in silence, shewn by a constant endeavour not or to offer very insufficient reasons to suffer the tinge of his own senti. for his innovation. In fact the inments to be communicated to the troduction of the word “ equally" original; and that to ensure fidelity into the passage just quoted, is a in his version, he must endeavour mere begging of the question. as far as is possible to divest him- Religious truth unquestionably is şelf of every such bias as may per. not demonstrable like the theorems vert his impartiality, or interfere of physical science; and texts may with his judgment. But this is a be found which previous to the mode of proceeding unsuited to the necessary enquiry allow room for disposition of the present age; it hesitation as to their import. But requires the exertion of calmness, since of all the senses which are patience, and dispassionate enquiry; attributed to them one only can be qualities which have almost ceased true, it is a critical question, to be to be considered as indispepsible to decided by competent judges, upon a theologian. In the “Improved,” fixed critical principles, which of or Unitarian “ Version of the New them shall be preferred. This Testament,” an attempt was made, point it is as much within the proand in Mr. Belsham's recent“ Trans. vince of criticism unbiassed by par. lation of St. Paul's Epistles" the tiality to determine, as, in formiog same attempt is renewed, to esta. a genuine text, it is to decide upon blish other laws of interpretation. a disputed reading; to weigh the “ Being persuaded” says Mr. Bel. evidence for each variety; and to sham, “ that the simple humanity fix upon that to which the laws of of Jesus Christ is the clear and in. sacred criticism require the pre. disputable doctrine of the New ference to be given. Concerning Testament, the author makes no by far the greater number of those hesitation in avowing that he trans- passages which the Unitarians seek lates passages, which admit equally to represent as of dubious construcof two senses, in that which is most tion we maintain that although by favourable to this plain and impor- ingenuity and contrivance a sense tant doctrine.” But upon what has been attributed to them which foundation can such a conviction in the words by possibility and withany individual rest, unless it be out relation to the context may be upon a perception of the true sense made to bear, yet that there are of Scripture derived either from our certain tests which may be applied, own acquaintance with the original, and which, without reference to disor from a correct translation exe- puted tenets, ought to be applied cuted by others who possess that for the purpose of deciding to which acquaintance? It is surely taking side the balance of evidence inclines, things in an inverted order to assume 'If no such appeal is to be allowed, a certain doctrine as “ clear and since every man will claim an equal indisputable,” and then to practise right to exercise his own judgment upon all those passages which are in making the Scriptures conform adverse to it until they are made, if to any hypothesis which he may not to support, at least not to op- assume, we shall never arrive at the pose the favourite tenet. Yet with natural limit of the system until

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