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chronicles. Her son, when he became of


claimed the inheritance of the earldom ; but the king refused it, by the advice of his judges, and according to the principles of feudal law. The objection probably was, that the earldom was then vested in his mother. Thus Ela's entrance into the profession of a recluse may possibly have partaken of a worldly motive, as being likely to facilitate her son's admission to his hereditary dignity ; but if so, it was still unsuccessful. In consequence of her protracted life, the earldom of Salisbury continued dormant; and as she survived both her son and grandson, it was never revived in the house of Longspé.

Ela was permitted to exercise in person the office of Sheriff of Wiltshire, and Castellane of Old Sarum. Her great seal, an elegant work of art, is extant, and represents her noble and dignified deportment, and her gracefully simple costume: 'her right hand is on her breast; on her left stands a hawk, the usual symbol of nobility; on her head is a singularly small cap, probably the precursor of the coronet; her long hair flows negligently upon her neck on each side; and the royal lions of Salisbury appear to gaze upon her like the lion in Spenser on the desolate Una!'

We at length reach the time of the foundation of Lacock Abbey. When,' says the Book of Lacock, Ela had survived her husband for seven (six ?) years in widowhood, and had frequently promised to found monasteries pleasing to God, for the salvation of her soul and that of her husband, and those of all their ancestors, she was directed in visions

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(per revelationes) that she should build a monastery in honour of St. Mary and St. Bernard in the meadow called Snail's Mead, near Lacock. This she did on April 16, 1232, although the requisite charters bear prior dates.

Among the earliest coadjutors with the pious Ela was Constance de Legh, who assisted by giving her whole manor.' Ela had likewise founded a monastery of Carthusian monks at Hinton, in Gloucestershire, in which, as also at Lacock, she is supposed to have fulfilled the intentions of her husband; indeed, the profits of his wardship of the heiress of Richard de Camville were assigned to the foundation at Hinton by the Earl's last will.

The first canoness veiled at Lacock was Alicia Garinges, from a small nunnery in Oxfordshire, which was governed under the Augustine rule, the discipline to be adopted at Lacock. In the transcripts from the Book of Lacock another person is mentioned, either as abbess or canoness, during the eight years which elapsed after the foundation, and before Ela herself took the veil as abbess of her own establishment, in the year 1238, in the fifty-first year of her age; she 'having, in all her actions and doings, been constantly dependent on the counsel and aid of St. Edmund, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and other discreet men.'

The records of Ela's abbacy are neither copious nor numerous. Among them is a charter, dated 1237, in which the king grants to the Prioress of Lacock, and the nuns there serving God,' a fair to last for three days,-namely, on the eve, feast, and morrow of St. Thomas the Martyr. In

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Five years baie be death me rale of be mundo sacer, arta Ya? abbess sandBeatrice, of Kend To Falsal more beats for the abher from the king oth in the seventy-search year of her age, August 24, 1201, viening up her soul in peace, Ela rested in the land, and was mus honourably buried in the choir of the monastery. Aubrey has this strange entry in his Vasarind Human og gerir 11 * Ela Countess of Salisbury, daughter to Longspe was foundress of Lacock Abbey, where she ended her dans being above a hundred years old: she outlived her under standing. This I found in an old ms. called Chrwache Lacock in Bibliotheca Cottoniana.' Now, the chronicle 1e ferred to was burnt in 1731, and the extracts preserved from it do not confirm Aubrey's statement, but place Ela's death in her seventy-fourth year.

Ela had been deprived by death of her son and grand son, and her daughter Isabella, Lady Vesey; and in the last year of her life she was preceded to the tomb by her

and Lady Jane, 396–401 ; Lines by Lady Jane, 401, 402 ; Burial of Lady Jane, 401, note; Prison in the Tower, 404 ; Lines on Bradgate, 405.


STOURTON. Stourton, in Wiltshire, 407; The Hartgills of Kilmington, 407; Lady

Elizabeth Stourton, 407 ; Affray in Kilmington Church, 408, 409 ; Lord Stourton committed to the Fleet, 409; The Hartgills attacked by Lord Stourton's Men, 410; Star Chamber business, 411; Affray in the Church, 412; The Murder, 413, 414; Trial of Lord Stourton and four of his Servants, 415; Execution at Salisbury, 416; The Stourton Family, 416.


Dispute in the Temple Garden, 418; Badges of York, 418; Rose

Tenure, 419; Clifford Castle, 419, 420.


Peerages per saltum, 421; ‘Bell the Cat,' 423.

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ABOUT thirteen miles east of Bath, and nearly

half-way between the towns of Chippenham

and Melksham, in a spacious and level meadow, surrounded by elms, and watered by the Avon, rise the walls and tall spiral chimneys, and arches hung with ivy, of the ancient Nunnery of Lacock. The site, it may be supposed, was originally a solitary glade, adjoining the village or town of Lacock. The name is derived from Lea and Lay, a meadow, and Oche, water; and here, in the Avon, Aubrey found large round pebbles, “the like of which he had not seen elsewhere.' Lacock was, in the Saxon times, of greater importance than at present ; for in an ancient record, quoted by Leland, we read that Dunvallo founded three cities, with three castles, Malmesbury, Tetronberg ? Troubridge), and Lacock. We need scarcely remark, that what might have been then called


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