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hang'd a man for the getting a hundred bastards, he would have paid for the nursing a thousand: He had some feeling of the sport; he knew the service, and that instructed him to mercy.

Duke. No might nor greatness in mortality Can censure 'scape; back-wounding calumny The whitest virtue strikes: What king so strong, Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue? But who comes here?

Duke. I never heard the absent Duke much detected* for women; he was not inclined that


Lucio. O, Sir, you are deceived.
Duke. 'Tis not possible.

Lucio. Who? not the duke? yes, your beg gar of fifty ;—and his use was, to put a ducat in her clack-dish: the duke had crotchets in him: He would be drunk too; that let me inform you.

Enter ESCALUS, PROVOST, BAWD, and Officers.

Escal. Go, away with her to prison.

Bawd. Good my lord, be good to me; your honour is accounted a merciful man: good my lord.

Escal. Double and treble admonition, and still forfeit* in the same kind? This would make

mercy swear, and play the tyrant.

Duke. You do him wrong, surely.

Prov. A bawd of eleven years continuance, may it please your honour.

Lucio. Sir, I was an inward of his: A shy fellow was the duke: and, I believe, I know the cause of his withdrawing.

Duke. What, I pr'ythee, might be the cause? Lucio. No, pardon;-'tis a secret must be lock'd within the teeth and the lips: but this can let you understand,-The greater filet of the subject held the duke to be wise.

Bawd. My lord, this is one Lucio's information against me: mistress Kate Keep-down Was with child by him in the duke's time, he promised her marriage; his child is a year and a quarter old, come Philip and Jacob: I have kept it myself; and see how he goes about to


abuse me.

Duke. Wise? why, no question but he was. Lucio. A very superficial, ignorant, unweighing fellow.

Escal. That fellow is a fellow of much licence:-let him be called before us.-Away with her to prison: Go to; no more words. [Exeunt BAWD and Officers.] Provost, my broDuke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or ther Angelo will not be alter'd, Claudio must mistaking; the very stream of Lis life, and the die to-morrow: let him be furnished with dibusiness he hath helmed, must, upon a war-vines, and have all charitable preparation: if ranted need, give him a better proclamation. Let him be but testimonied in his own bringings my brother wrought by my pity, it should not forth, and he shall appear to the envious, a Prov. So please you, this friar hath been scholar, a statesman, and a soldier: Therefore, with him, and advised him for the entertainyou speak unskilfully; or, if your knowledgement of death. be more, it is much darken'd in your malice.

be so with him.

Lucio. Sir, I know him, and I love him. Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, and knowledge with dearer love.

Lucio. Come, Sir, I know what I know. Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you know not what you speak. But, if ever the duke return, (as our prayers are he may.) let me desire you to make your answer before him: If it be honest you have spoke, you have courage to maintain it: I am bound to call upon you; and, I pray you, your name?

Escal. Good even, good father.
Duke. Bliss and goodness on you!
Escal. Of whence are you?

Duke. Not of this country, though my chance
is now

To use it for my time: I am a brother
Of gracious order, late come from the see,
In special business from his holiness.


Escal. What news abroad i' the world? Duke. None, but that there is so great a fever on goodness, that the dissolution of it must cure it novelty is only in request; and it is as dangerous to be aged in any kind of course, as it is virtuous to be constant in any undertaking. There is scarce truth enough alive, to make societies secure; but security enough, to make fellowships accurs'd: much upon this riddle runs the wisdom of the world. This news is old enough, yet it is every day's news. I pray you, Sir, of what disposition was the duke?

Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio; well known

to the duke.

Duke. He shall know you better, Sir, if I may live to report you.

Lucio. I fear you not. Duke. O, you hope the duke will return no more; or you imagine me too unhurtful an opposite. But, indeed, I can do you little harm: you'll forswear this again.

Escal. One, that, above all other strifes, contended especially to know himself.

Lucio. I'll be hang'd first: thou art deceived in me, friar. But no more of this: Canst thou tell, if Claudio die to-morrow, or no?

Duke. What pleasure was he given to? Escal. Rather rejoicing to see another merry, than merry at any thing which profess'd to make

Duke. Why should he die, Sir?

But leave we him to his events, with a prayer they may prove prosperous; and let me desire to know how you find Claudio prepared. I am made to understand, that you have lent him

Lucio. Why? for filling a bottle with a tun-him rejoice: a gentleman of all temperance. dish. I would, the duke, we talk of, were return'd again: this ungenitur'd agent will unpeople the province with continency; sparrows must not build in his house-eaves, because they are lecherous. The duke yet would have dark deeds darkly answer'd; he would never bring them to light: would he were return'd! Marry, this Claudio is condemn'd for untrussing. Farewell, good friar; I pr'ythee, pray for me. The duke, I say to thee again, would eat mutton on Fridays. He's now past it; yet, and I say to thee, he would mouth with a beggar, though she smelt brown bread and garlic: say, that I said so. Farewell. [Exit. The majority of his subjects. Guided. li Opponent.



Duke. He professes to have received no sinister measure from his judge, but most willingly humbles himself to the determination of justice: yet had he framed to himself, by the instruction of his frailty, many deceiving promises of life; which I, by my good leisure, have discredited to him, and now he is resolvedt to die. Escal. You have paid the heavens your func

* Transgress

† Satisfi

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you well.

tion, and the prisoner the very debt of your forbearance a little ; may be, I will call upon calling. I have labour'd for the poor gentle- you anon, for some advantage to yourself. man, to the extremost shore of my modesty; Mari. I am always bound to you. [Erit. but my brother justice have I found so severe, Duke. Very well met, and welcome. that he hath forced me to tell him, he is indeed What is the news from this good deputy? -justice.

Isab. He hath a garden circummur'd* with Duke. If his own life answer the straitness

brick, of his proceeding, it shall become him well; Whose western side is with a vineyard back'd; wherein, if he chance to fail, he hath sentenced And to that vineyard is a planchedt gate, himself.

That makes his opening with this bigger key : Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner : Fare This other doth command a little door,

Which from the vineyard to the garden leads; Duke. Peace be with you!

There have I made my promise to call on him, [Exeunt Escalus and Provost. Upon the heavy middle of the night.

Duke. But shall you on your knowledge find He, who the sword of heaven will bear,

this way? Should be as holy as severe ;

Isab. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't; Pattern in himself to know,

With whispering and most guilty diligence, Grace to stand and virtue go;

In action all of precept, he did show me More nor less to others paying,

The way twice o'er. Than by self-offences weighing,

Duke. Are there no other tokens Shame to him, whose cruel striking

Between you 'greed, concerning her obseryKills for faults of his own liking!

ance? Twice treble shame on Angelo,

Isab. No, none, but only a repair i' the dark; To weed my vice, and let his grow!

And that I have possess'df him, my most stay O, what may man within him hide,

Can be but brief: for I have made him know, Though angel on the outward side!

I have a servant comes with me along, How may likeness,* madet in crimes,

That staysg upon me; whose persuasion is, Making practice on the times,

I come about my brother. Draw with idle spiders' strings

Duke. 'Tis well borne up. Most pond'rous and substantial things !

I have not yet made known to Mariana Craft against vice I must apply:

A word of this :

-What, ho! within! come With Angelo to-night shall lie

forth! His old betrothed, but despis'd ; So disguise shall, by the disguis'd,

Re-enter MARIANA. Pay with falsehood false exacting,

I pray you, be acquainted with this maid : And perform an old contracting. (Exit. She comes to do you good. ACT IV.

Isab. I do desire the like.

Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I reSCENE 1.- A Room in MARIANA's House.

spect you? MARIANA discovered sitting ; a Boy singing. Mari. Good friar, I know you do; and have Song.

found it. Take, oh take those lips away,

Duke. Take then this your companion by That so sweetly were forsworn;

the hand, And those eyes, the break of day,

Who hath a story ready for your ear:
Lights that do mislead the morn:

I shall attend your leisure; but make haste; But my kisses bring again,

The vaporous night approaches. bring again.

Mari. Will't please you walk aside? Seals of love, but seaľd in vain,

Exeunt MARIANA and ISABELLA. seal'd in vain.

Duke. place and greatness, millions of Mari. Break off thy song, and haste thee

Are struck upon thee ! volumes of report quick away;

Run with these false and most contrarious Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice Hath often still’d my brawling discontent.-

quests || (Exit Boy.

Upon thy doings ! thousand 'scapes of wit

Make thee the father of their idle dream, Enter DUKE.

And rack thee in their fancies - Welcome! I cry you mercy, Sir; and well could wish

How agreed?
You had not found me here so musical :
Let me excuse me, and believe me so,-

My mirth it much displeas'd, but pleas'd my Isab. She'll take the enterprise upon her,

If you advise it.

[father, Duke. 'Tis good: though music oft hath such Duke. It is not my consent, a charm,

But my entreaty too. To make bad, good, and good provoke to harm. Isab. Little have you to say, I pray you, tell me, hath any body inquired for i When you depart from him, but, soft and low, me here to day? much upon this time have I Remember now my brother. promis'd here to meet.

Mari. Fear me not. Mari. You have not been inquired after : I Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at have sat here all day.

He is your husband on a pre-contráct: [all : Enter ISABELLA.

To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin ; Duke. I do constantly believe you :-The Sith** that the justice of your title to him time is come, even now. I shall crave your

false eyes


* Walled round.

Planked, wooden.

1 Informed. * Appearance.

ll Inquisitions, inquiries. Sallies.

** Since.



Doth flourish the deceit. Come, let us go; Our corn's to reap, for yet our tithe'st to gow. [Exeunt.

Prov. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio:
One has my pity; not a jot the other,
Being a murderer, though he were my brother.

SCENE II-A Room in the Prison.
Prov. Come hither, sirrah: Can you cut off

a man's head?

Cle. If the man be a bachelor, Sir, I can : but if he be a married man, he is his wife's head, and I can never cut off a woman's head.

Prov. Come, Sir, leave me your snatches, and yield me a direct answer. To-morrow morning

are to die Claudio and Barnardine: Here is in

our prison a common executioner, who in his office lacks a helper: if you will take it on you to assist him, it shall redeem you from your gyves; if not, you shall have your full time of imprisonment, and your deliverance with an unpitied whipping; for you have been a noto-I rious bawd.


Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy death:
Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to-morrow
Thou must be made immortal. Where's Bar-

Clo. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, time out of mind; but yet I will be content to be a lawful hangman. I would be glad to receive some instruction from my fellow-partner.

Prov. What ho, Abhorson! Where's Abhorson, there?

Claud. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltless

When it lies starkly* in the traveller's bones:
He will not wake.

Prov. Who can do good on him?
Well, go, prepare yourself. But hark, what
[Knocking within.
Heaven give your spirits comfort!


Abhor. Do you call, Sir?

Prov. Sirrah, here's a fellow will help you to-morrow in your execution: if you think it meet, compound with him by the year, and let him abide here with you; if not, use him for the present, and dismiss him: He cannot plead his estimation with you; he hath been a bawd. Abhor. A bawd, Sir? Fie upon him, he will discredit our mystery.

Prov. Go to, Sir; you weigh equally; a [Exit. feather will turn the scale.

Clo. Pray, Sir, by your good favour, (for, surely, Sir, a good favour you have, but that you have a hanging look,) do you call, Sir, your occupation a mystery?

• Gild, or varnish over. Tilth, land prepared for sowing.

By and by :

hope it is some pardon, or reprieve, For the most gentle Claudio.---Welcome,father. Enter DUKE.

Envelope you, good Provost! Who call'd here of late?

Abhor. Ay, Sir; a mystery.

Clo. Painting, Sir, I have heard say, is a mystery; and your whores, Sir, being members of my occupation, using painting, do prove my occupation a mystery: but what mystery there should be in hanging, if I should be hang'd, I cannot imagine.

Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery.
Clo. Proof.

Abhor. Every true** man's apparel fits your thief: If it be too little for your thief, your true man thinks it big enough; if it be too big for your thief, your thief thinks it little enough: so every true man's apparel fits your thief.

Re-enter PROVOST.

Duke. The best and wholesomest spirits of the night

↑ Fetters. **Ready.

Prov. None, since the curfew rung. Duke. Not Isabel?

Prov. No.

Duke. They will then, ere't be long.
Prov. What comfort is for Claudio?
Duke. There's some in hope.
Prov. It is a bitter deputy.

Duke. Not so, not so; his life is parallel'd Even with the stroke and line of his great justice;


He doth with holy abstinence subdue That in himself, which he spurs on his power To qualifyt in others: were he mealdt With that which he corrects, then were he ty[come.But this being so, he's just.-Now are they [Knocking within.-PROVOST goes out. This is a gentle provost : Seldom, when The steeled gaoler is the friend of men.How now? What noise? That spirit's pos sess'd with haste,

That wounds the unsisting postern with these


Prov. Are you agreed?

Clo. Sir, I will serve him; for I do find, your hangman is a more penitent trade than your bawd; he doth oftener ask forgiveness.

Prov. You, sirrah, provide your block and your axe, to-morrow four o'clock.

Abhor. Come on, bawd; I will instruct thee in my trade; follow.

Clo. I do desire to learn, Sir; and, I hope, if you have occasion to use me for your own turn, you shall find me yare :tt for, truly Sir, for your kindness, I owe you a good turn.

PROVOST returns, speaking to one at the door.

Prov. There he must stay, until the officer Arise to let him in; he is call'd up.

Duke. Have you no countermand for Claudic But he must die to-morrow?


Prov. None, Sir, none.

Duke. As near the dawning, Provost, as it is, You shall hear more ere morning.

Prov. Happily,

[comes You something know; yet, I believe, there No countermand; no such example have we : Besides, upon the very siege|| of justice, Lord Angelo hath to the public ear Profess'd the contrary.

Enter a MESSENGER. Duke. This is his lordship's man. Prov. And here comes Claudio's.pardon. Mess. My lord hath sent you this note; and by me this further charge, that you swerve not from the smallest article of it, neither in time, matter, or other circumstance. Good morrow. for, as I take it, it is almost day. * Stiffly. ↑ Moderate. Perhaps.

1 Defiled. 11 Seat.


Prov. I shall obey him. [Exit MESSENGER. Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and will Duke. This is his pardon ; purchas'd by such discover the favour.* sin,

Aside. Duke. O, death's a great disguiser : and you For which the pardoner himself is in : may add to it. Shave the head, and tie the Hence hath offence his quick celerity, beard; and say, it was the desire of the peniWhen it is borne in high authority:

tent to be so bared before his death: You know, When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended, the course is common. If any thing fall to you That for the fault's love, is the offender friend- upon this, more than thanks and good fortune, Now, Sir, what news?

(ed. by the saint whom I profess, I will plead against Prov. I told you: Lord Angelo, be-like, it with my life. thinking me remiss in mine office, awakens me Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is against with this unwonted putting on:* methinks, my oath. strangely; for he hath not used it before. Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the Duke. Pray you, let's hear.

deputy? Prov. (Reads.] Whatsoever you may hear to Prov. To him, and to his substitutes. the contrary, let Claudio be executed by four of Duke. You will think you have made no ofthe clock; and, in the afternoon, Barnardine : fence, if the duke avouch the justice of your for my better satisfaction, let me have Claudio's dealing? head sent me by five. Let this be duly performed ; Prov. But what likelihood is in that? with a thought, that more depends on it than we Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. must yet deliver. Thus fail not to do your office, Yet since I see you fearful, that neither my as you will answer it at your peril.

coat, integrity, nor my persuasion, can with What say you to this, Sir?

ease attempt you, I will go further than I Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be meant, to pluck all fears out of you. Look executed in the afternoon?

you, Sir, here is the hand and seal of the duke. Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed up You know the character, I doubt not; and the and bred: one that is a prisoner nine years old.t signet is not strange to you.

Duke. How came it, that the absent duke Prov. I know them both. had not either deliver'd him to his liberty, or Duke. The contents of this is the return of executed him? I have heard, it was ever his the duke; you shall anon over-read it at your manner to do so.

pleasure; where you shall find, within these Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for two days he will be here. This is a thing, him: And, indeed, his fact, till now in the that Angelo knows not : for he this very day government of lord Angelo, came not to an receives letters of strange tenor; perchance, of undoubtful proof.

the duke's death ; perchance, entering into some Duke. Is it now apparent?

monastery; but, by chance, nothing of what Prov. Most manisest, and not denied by is writ. Look, the unfolding star calls up the himself.

shepherd: Put not yourself into amazement, Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in how these things should be : all difficulties are prison? How seems he to be touch'd? but easy when they are known. Call your

Prov. A man that apprehends death no more executioner, and off with Barnardine's head: dreadfully, but as a drunken sleep; careless, I will give him a present shrist, and advise him reckless, and fearless of what's past, present, for a better place. Yet you are amazed; but or to come; insensible of mortality, and des- this shall absolutely resolve you. Come away; perately mortal.

it is almost clear dawn.

[Exeunt. Duke. He wants advice. Prov. He will hear none : he hath evermore

SCENE III.-- Another Room in the same. had the liberty of the prison; give him leave

Enter Clown. to escape hence, he would not : drunk many times a day, if not many days entirely drunk. in our house of profession : one would think, it

Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was We have very often awaked him, as if to carry were mistress Over-done's own house, for here him to execution, and show'd him a seeming be many of her old customers. First, here's warrant for it: it hath not moved him at all.

Duke. More of him anon. There is written young master Rash; he's in for a commodity in your brow, Provost, honesty and constancy:

of brown paper and old ginger, ninescore and if I read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles seventeen pounds ; of which he made five marks, me; but in the boldness of my cunning, I will ready money : marry, then, ginger was not much lay myself in hazard. Claudio, whom here you Then is there here one master Caper, at the

in request, for the old women were all dead. have a warrant to execute, is no greater forfeit to the law than Angelo who hath sentenced suit of master Three-pile the mercer, for some hiva : To make you understand this in a mani

four suits of peach-colour'd satin, which now fested effect, I crave but four days respite ; for peaches him a beggar. Then have we here the which you are to do me both a present and young Dizy, and young master Deep-vow, a dangerous courtesy.

and master Copper-spur, and master StarveProv. Pray, Sir, in what?

lackey the rapier and dagger-man, and young Duke. In the delaying death.

Drop-heir that kill'd lusty Pudding, and master Prov. Alack! how may I do it? having the Forthright the tilter, and brave master Shoe-tie hour limited; and an express command, under the great traveller, and wild Half-can that penalty, to deliver his head in view of Angelo ? stabb'd Pots, and, I think, forty more ; all I may make my case as Claudio's, to cross this great doers in our trade, and are now for the

Lord's sake. in the smallest. Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant

Enter ABHORSON. you, if my instructions may be your guide. Let Abhor. Sirrah, being Barnardine hither. this Barnardine be this morning executed, and Clo. Master Barnardine! you must rise and his head borne to Angelo.

be hang'd, master Barnardine! * Spur, incitement. 1 Nine years in prison.

* Countenance.


Abhor. What, ho, Barnardine!

To save me from the danger that might come, Barnar. [Within.) A pox o' your throats ! If he were known alive? Who makes that noise there? What are you? Duke. Let this be done ;-Put them in secret Clo. Your friends, Sir; the hangman : You

holds, must be so good, Sir, to rise and be put to death. Both Barnardine and Claudio: Ere twice

Barnar. (Within.] Away, you rogue, away; The sun hath made his journal greeting to I am sleepy.

The under generation,* you shall find Abhor. Tell him, he must awake, and that your safety manifested. quickly too.

Prov. I am your free dependant. Clo. Pray, master Barnardine, awake till you Duke. Quick, despatch, are executed, and sleep afterward.

And send the head to Angelo. (Exit Provost. Abhor. Go in to him, and fetch him out. Now will I write letters to Angelo, [tents Clo. He is coming, Sir, he is coming; I hear The provost, he shall bear them,-whose conhis straw rustle.

Shall witness to him, I am near at home;

And that, by great injunctions, I am bound Abhor. Is the axe upon the block, sirrah?

To enter publicly: him I'll desire

To meet me at the consecrated fount, Clo. Very ready, Sir.

Barnar. How now, Abhorson? what's the A league below the city; and from thence, news with you?

By cold gradation and weal-balanced form, Abhor. Truly, Sir, I would desire you to clap

We shall proceed with Angelo. into your prayers; for, look you, the warrant's

Re-enter Provost.

Prov. Here is the head; I'll carry it myself. Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all Duke. Convenient is it: Make a swift return; night, I am not fitted for't.

For I would commune with you of such things, Clo. O, the better, Sir; for he that drinks all That want no ear but yours. night, and is hang'a betimes in the morning, Prov. I'll make all speed.

[Erit. may sleep the sounder all the next day.

Isab. (Within.] Peace, ho, be here!
Enter DUKE.

Duke. The tongue of Isabel :-She's come to Abhor. Look you, Sir, here comes your If yet her brother's pardon be come hither :

know, ghostly father; Do we jest now, think you?

Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hear. But I will keep her ignorant of her good, ing how hastily you are to depart, I am come To make her heavenly comforts of despair, to advise you, comfort you, and pray with you.

When it is least expected. Barnar. Friar, not I; I have been drinking

Enter ISABELLA. hard all night, and I will have more time to Isab. Ho, by your leave. prepare me, or they shall beat out my brains Duke. Good morning to you, fair and grawith billets: I will not consent to die this day,

cious daughter. that's certain.

Isab. The better, given me by so holy a man. Duke. O, Sir, you must: and therefore, I Hath yet the deputy sent my brother's pardon? beseech you,

Duke. He hath releasd him, Isabel, from the Look forward on the journey you shall go. His head is off, and sent to Angelo. (world;

Barnar. I swear, I will not die to-day for any Isab. Nay, but it is not so. man's persuasion.

Duke. It is no other :

(patience. Duke. But hear you,

Show your wisdom, daughter, in your close Barnar. Not a word; if you have any thing Isab. 0, I will to him, and pluck out his eyes. to say to me, come to my ward; for thence will Duke. You shall not be admitted to his sight. not I to-day.

[Exit. Isab. Unhappy Claudio! Wretched Isabel ! Enter PROVOST.

Injurious world! Most damned Angelo! Duke. Unfit to live, or die: 0, gravel heart!

Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you a After him fellows; bring him to the block.

jot : (Ereunt ABHORSON and Clown. Forbear it therefore; give your cause to heaven. Prov. Now, Sir, how do you find the prisoner? Mark what I say; which you shall find Duke. A creature unprepard, unmeet for By every syllable, a faithful verity: death;

The duke comes home to morrow ;-nay, dry And, to transport him in the mind he is,

your eyes; Were damnable.

One of our convent, and his confessor, Prov. Here in the prison, father,

Gives me this instance: Already he hath carried There died this morning of a cruel fever

Notice to Escalus and Angelo; One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate,

Who do prepare to meet him at the gates, A man of Claudio's years ; his beard, and head, There to give up their power. If you can, pace Just of his colour; What if we do omit

your wisdom This reprobate, till he were well inclined;

In that good path that I would wish it go; And satisfy the deputy with the visage

And you shall have your bosomt on this wretch, of Ragozine, more like to Claudio ?

Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart, Duke. O, 'tis an accident that heaven pro

And general honour. vides;

Isab. I am directed by you. Despatch it presently; the hour draws on

Duke. This letter then to friar Peter give ; Prefix'd by Angelo: See, this be done,

'Tis that he sent me of the duke's return: And sent according to command; while I

Say, by this token, I desire his company Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die.

At Mariana's house to night. Her cause, and Prov. This shall be done, good father, pre- 1111 perfect him withal; and he shall bring you

, sently. But Barnardine must die this afternoon:

Before the duke; and to the head of Angelo And how shall we continue Claudio,

* The antipodes.

| Your heart's desire.

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