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proper, or as a method of recommending the pamphlet to English readers, to alter the simple title of the original, and to be anxious not only to preserve, but to increase, the strength of the epithets bestowed by the author on the head of the French nation. We also wish that he had included in this selection M. Arndt's view of Great Britain. It is worth our attention to hear what a man of experience and knowlege, whose sentiments concerning our enemy coincide so fully with our own, thinks of our situation and our actions ; and we may feel inclined to attach some value to the judgment of our fellow champion, though we are too proud to listen to our antagonist.

We cannot omit on this occasion to adiert to M. Arndt's opinion respecting the means by which, be thinks, Bonaparte may and will yet be conquered; because the same ideas seem to be not uncommon in this country, and to be approved by some who have considerable infnence in our national councils. Napoleon,' he says, • will be conquered as soon as he shall be assailed with his own weapons.' These weapons are a violation of all faith, disregard of bloodshed and human misery, &c. Independently of the horror which must be excited in every feeling mind, by the idea of such a contest between the worst principles of human action, it must evidently be attended with the utmost danger, when the horrid weapons are not wielded by very powerful and skilful hands. The case of nations will ever resemble that of individuals. Even weakness finds a strong shield in truth and justice : but the ruin of the ferble will be unavoidable, and they will fall unpitied, detested, and be made accountable for all tlie miseries which both they and their more powerful adversaries have occasioned, when they attempt to enter the lists in conjunction with injustice and cruelty. Even prudence, therefore, advises a most careful estimation of the powers which are to take up against Bonaparte his own weapons ; and we fear that they have on some occasions been employed against him without sufficient consideration. When we reflect how apt human beings are to over-rate their abilities, and how little even the rulers of states are exempt from this weakness of our nature, we cannot help being anxious that at least Great Britain should not be made, in future, to sacrifice the prospects of certain advantages from an honest policy, to the vain expectations of greater or more speedy success in the adoption of the system, which, under the direction of our powerful enemy, has so greatly contributed to extend his sway. Art. 31. Ecclesiastical Topography. A Collection of one Hundred

Views of Churches in the Environs of London. From Drawings expressly taken før this Work; accompanied with Descriptions from the best Sources, both MS. and printed.

Vol. I. 4to. 21. 128 6d. Large Paper 4l. 48. Boards. Cadell and Da. vies, &c.

In consequence of their public use, their antiquity, and the peculiarity of their architecture, Ecclesiastical Buildings are generally viewed with considerable interest: to accommodate, therefore, and gratify such persons as have not leisure and opportunities for visiting the Churches in the vicinity of the Metropolis, this work presents them

with perspective views : and for their farther information, it also con rains short topographical, antiquarian, and descriptive accounts of the structures, of the more curious monumental inscriptions, and the names of the Patrons and Incumbents. In order to shew the manner in which this latter department is executed, we shall extract an Account of the Church of Carshalton, in the county of Surrey : premising, however, that several of the other descriptions are larger and somewhat more particular:

"CARSHALTON. • The Church of Carshalton, placed about the middle of the vil. lage, upon a rising ground, consists of a chancel, nave, and two ailes, with a square tower of stone nearly in the centre. It ie dedicated to All Saints.

« The greater part of the structure seems to have been erected toward the latter end of the reign of Richard the Second. Vincent's visitation of Surrey, 1623, mentions several coats which were formerly in a window of the north aile, belonging to the families of Burley, Sarnesfield, and the Earl of Somerset, which are only mentioned here to corroborate the opinion'. The pillars of the nave, howev may fairly be referred to a remoter period : and are perhaps the remains of the church which is mentioned in the conqueror's survey:

• Vincent 3 and Aubrey * have preserved several inscriptions which are now either lost or mutilated. The only curious one that remains is for Nicholas Gaynesford and his family, toward the latter part of the fifteenth century; the figures above which have been gilt and coamelled. It is placed against the north wall of the chancel.

Mr. Lyson says, " In the registry at Winchester is a commission dated 1324, for reconciling the church of Carshalton, which had been polluted by the death of Thomas Grutons."

• The benefice, which was anciently a Rectory, appears to have been given to Merton Abbey in the reign of Henry the Second by Pharamos of Bolognia"; and became appropriated before the 29th of Edward the first, 1301, when it was presented to as a vicarage? It is in the deanery of Ewel, and diocese of Winchester.

* At the dissolution of monasteries, it was granted by Edward the Sixth to William Goringa. It afterwards came to the Fromonds : and from them by inheritance to the Baynes : one of whom at the beginning of the last century restored the great tithcs, and re-endowed the church as a rectory .

• Rectors since 1700.–1703. William Hollin ~1779. William Rose.

"! Compare Lysons's Environs of Lond. Vol. i. p. 127.
"?“ AULTONE, Ibi Ecclà” Domesd.
13 Visit. among the Harleian Manuscripts in the Muscum.
• 4 Hist. of Surrey, Vol. ii. p. 175-178.
os Environs of London. Vol. i. p. 126.
"O See Mon. Ang. Vol. ii. p. 135:
• Mahning's History of Surrey. Vol. i. Introd. p. xiv.
• Lyson's Env. of Lond. Vol. i. p. 135.

• In Pope Nicholas' Taxation', the rectory called Ecclesia de Kerssauton, stands 21 marks, the vicarage at 41. 38. 4d.'

The general idea of this work is good ; and were views engraved of all the churches in the kingdom according to their respective counties, such a publication, although voluminous, would probably meet with patronage. With respect to the execution of this volume, however, we do not feel warranted to speak in terms of great commendation. Indeed, we think that neither the engravings are in a style of sufficient elegance, nor the accounts sufficiently particular, to accord with the importance which the work seems to assume. Had it been printed on a smaller scale, considerable expence would have been saved, and its objects equally attained. Our general opinion, therefore, is that it has not merit enough to aspire to the character of elegance ; and as a book of information or reference, which should be the primary objects of such publications, it is unnecessarily expensive. The design will be completed in two volumes, each containing fifty views.

SINGLE SERMONS.

Art. 32.

IS.

Preached before the Grateful Society, in All Saints' Church, Bristol, November 14, 1808, being the Anniversary of the Nativity of the late Edward Colston, Esq. By the Rev. Willam Shaw, D. D. Rector of Chelvey, Somerset. 8vo. Longman and Co.

Dr. Shaw thinks with correctness, and expresses himself with liberality : but some readers will call his orthodoxy in question, when he asserts that Charity, for any thing we know to the contrary, may be accepted without faith. The opinion of such critics, however, the preacher, if we read him rightly, will hold as cheap as dirt ; and he certainly has well pleaded the cause of charity. The whole amount of Edward Colston's benefactions is stated at 76,3251.! and the Grateful (why not well-disposed) Society is urged to imitate his patriotic example - Dr. Shaw's prayer before the sermon is an equal indication of his expanded mind. Art. 33. _Apostolical Directions concerning Female Education ; preached

at St. Thomas's Square, Hackney, January 8, 1809, to recommend a School of Industry founded in that Place. By S. Palmer. 12mo. 6d. Conder, &c.

With oratory which is evidently the result of good sense and good feeling, this preacher advocates the cause of that species of charity which is directed to the education of such poor females as are designed for 'the station of servitude. Mr. P. speaks from experience, in urging the plan which he here recommends ; and his observations must reach the mind and heart of every good Christian.

"! MS. in the King's Rememb. Office, Exch. fol. 208.'

CORRES

CORRESPONDENCE. W.M., who seems so partial to very long articles, that he even argues against the continuance of the Catalogue department of our Review, will perhaps be surprized at hearing us declare that we attach to it great importance. Without such a classification, a very slight view could be taken of the Literature of the age ; and at least ninety out of a hundred of the numerous books which issue from the press must be consigned to total oblivion. By the mode, there. fore, which we adopt in the Catalogue part of our Review, we bring many publications forwards, which would otherwise find no critic: and though our notices are necessarily short, they are preferable to total silence. By this process, about 5co authors annually appear at

our tribunal; whereas on the plan recommended by W. M. we should not be able to review more than 50 or 69. In the early part of our labours, we had no apprehension of being in arrears with the public : but, now, books and pamphlets are produced with such rapidity, that even with the contrivance of a catalogue we cannot make our vehicle large enough for those who apply for places.

Habeo desires to have a review of his publication speedily in. serted. He happens. for which it is impossible to account, to think better of his work than we can do ; and wben he sees the article now in our drawer which refers to it, we suspect that he will be angry with himself for being so impatient.

Y. Y. inquires after a volume of Sermons. He has touched on a sore subject. What an unnoticed pile presents itself to our view !! O that this pile were a “ false creation, and that we could wake and find it but a dream !

TO THE READER. *** It has been determined to reprint all the Numbers of the MONTHLY REVIEW which have so long been desiderata ; and as soon, therefore, as so large a quantity of matter can pass through the press, we shall be able to furnish our friends with such parts of the M. R. as they may want, to perfect their setts. A few complete copies of the whole work, also, with the General Indexes, will be thrown into the hands of the booksellers, for casual sale ; and an opportunity, which can never again occur, will thus be presented to the public, of obtaining setts, bound in every variety of manner, and made up uniformly at once from sheets.

T The Appendix to Vol. LIX. of the M. R. is published with this Number, and contains various articles of interesting and im vortant new FOREIGN PUBLICATIONS ; with the General Tille, Index, &c. for the Volume.

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THE

MONTHLY REVIEW,

For OCTOBER, 1809.

Art. I. Zoological Lectures, delivered at the Royal Institution in

the Years 1806 and 1807, by George Shaw, M.D. F.R.S &c. &c. with Plates from the first Authorities and most select Specimens, engraved principally by Mrs. Griffith. 2 Vols.

8vo. 21. 125. 68. Boards. Kearsley. 1809. FEW "Ew pursuits are more interesting, rational, and innocent

than the cultivation of the different branches of natural science ; and among them the study of Zoology, or of the habits, the characteristic differences, the powers, and the adaptations of the various animals by whom the chief animal Man is surrounded, may certainly be considered as holding a distinguished place. Yet, comparatively speaking, we seldom meet in society with individuals, male or female, who have directed a share of their attention to this object; and, excepting a superficial -acquaintance with those domestic creatures who are constantly before our eyes, and administer to our daily wants and pleasures, zoographical acquirements are mostly confined to men who professedly devote themselves entirely to the science of Natural History, or to those who render this knowlege subservient to the purposes of trade. Chemistry and Botany have of late gained much ground among us, as polite accomplishments; and we see no reason that should prevent the contemplation of the animal world from becoming equally prevalent. To facilitate a diffusion of this taste, it is known to our readers that Dr. Shaw has already done much ; and in the 'work now before us we have not only additional evidence of his labours, but, considering the place in which his discourses were delivered, additional cause for auguring well of their success.

The lectures are only twelve in number, and are intended to illustrate, in a short and popular manner, the history of animated nature, according to the Linnéan mode of arrangement; with such occasional deviations, or transpositions, as the recent state of knowlege has suggested. The object of the introductory part of the first lecture is to recommend the

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VOL. LX

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