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Art. 17. A Treatise on Inflammation, and other Diseases of the Liver,
commonly called Bilious ; including the Synochus Bilios 2; Cholera Morbus ; Torpor; Schirrous ; Biliary Calculi; which is preceded by a short Description of the Structure of the Liver, and the different physiological Opinions respecting the Use of the Bile. Lastly, is added a monthly List of Diseases, from the ist of June, 1866, to the zoth of June, 1807, with the State of the Weather and Thermometer. By W. White, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, &c. Svo, 5s. Boards. Printed at Bath; and sold in London by Cadell and Davies. iSos.
In his preface, Mr.White informs us that his particular object in the composition of this volume is to give an account of a disease which he thinks has not been duly noticed byother writers, and to which he assigns the name of Synochus biliosa. This, however, ire can scarcely regard as a sufficient apology for the undertaking, should it be found to require an apology, because Mr. White has already published a distinct treatise on this very disease : but he seems to regard his present work. as a complete view of all the complaints to which the liver is subject ; and he particularly points out the arrangement which he has formed of them, which he flatters himself • will appear sinple to the young practitioner, and afford him some assistance in discriminating the diferent morbid affections of the liver.' The merits of this arrangement we shall endeavour to appreciate.
Before he enters on the diseases of the liver, Mr. White gives some account of the structure of that organ itself, the secretion of the bile, its component parts, and the opinions which have been entertained respecting its uses in the animal economy. We had proceeded through a small part only of this introductory matter, when we diocovered that Mr White's method of writing consists almost entirely in making quotations from other authors, and even from such as are the best known and are in the most general circulation. He pursues this mode, indeed, without any desire of concealment, since his inverted Cimmas fairly point out to the eye of his readers in how large a proportion of his pages he is indebted to the libours of his predecessors. Thus, on the structure of the liver, he very compendiously sets to work by quoting about half a dozen pages from Dr. Saunders's publication ; and in treating on the use of this organ, he does little more than transcribe from that author, from Rush, and from others who have entered into these speculations.
Mr. W's arrangement of the diseases of the liver is, however, certainly, original, and we shall give it in his own words :
Hepatitis, or Sthenic Inflammation. Hepatitis Chronicus, Synochus Biliosa. Cholera Morbus. Periodical Cholera. Remarks on the indiscriminate use of Purgatives. Torpor, or Paralysis. SchirTous, Biliary Calculi.'
Our readers will probably be not less surprized than we were with the novelty of the oth of these discases; and, indeed, we are at a total loss to know to what genus in nosology we are to refer' remarks on the indiscriminate use of Purgativez.' The word schirrous, as used substantively, we apprehend must be considered as an error of Rev. Oct. 1809. P
the press ; though it is repeated in the same form, and is not mea. tioned among the errata. We rather wondered at not finding jaundice in a list which purported to contain all the diseases of the liver : but the author informs us that he did not include it, because he re. gards it always as a symptomatic affection. The correctness of this opinion may, we think, be justly called in question : but, without entering farther into the discussion, we would ask Mr. White whether here are not many cases in which jaundice is the direct subject of medical treatment? This, we think', is a much more valid reason for including it among the diseases of the liver, than any conjecture re. specting its symptomatic nature can form for omitting it. Before we leave this topic, we must notice one of the occasional causes of this disease that is pointed out ; calculi in the parenchema (parei. chyma) of the liver.' This is another specimen of Mr. White's originality.
We shall not follow the author through his observatious on the two kinds of hepatitis ; nor in his ' remarks on the term inflammationi, and also on the remote and proximate cause of this disease,' since we find nothing that deserves our attention, and much that is common. place and uninteresting. We therefore pass on to the Synochus biliosa': but Mr.White's account of this complaint, as we have before stated; is to be regarded as little more than a re-publication of his former work on the same subject ; which, indeed, he very candidly avows. Notwithstanding that he inust have had ample time for the correction of his first ideas on this point ; his account of the disease still appears to us so extremely confused, that we are absolutely unable to form a distinct conception of what it is that he proposes to designate by it. According to his description, it assumes cvety variety of morbid action to which the human frame is liable. Sometimes it is disguised under the form of dyspepsia, and at other times under that of rheumatismi; sometimes it resembles palsy; and at others it produces suppurations it the larger joints, hæmorrhages from the lungs, stomach, and intestines, or suppression of urine. Then we are told, in one place, that it is • a distinct genus of fever ;' we are afterward informed that it differs only in degree from cholera s and a third opinion given respecting it is that it is only a diminutive species of the bilions, or yellow fever, which occurs in hot climates.' * The reader, we trust, will' excuse lis, if we do not consume his time in examining what the anthor says respecting the treatment of so indefinite and incomprehensible a disease.
The small part of this work which professes to be original is de fective in correctness of expression, and in accuracy of arrangement; exhibiting a total want of that lucid order without which observa. tions, even although faithfully recorded, present only a rude beap of uninteresting facts.
NOVELS. Art. 18. Sketches of Character, or Specimens of real Life. 12mo.
. Vols. 158. Boards. Longman and Co. This Novei contains so many heroines and so little plot, that, as a 810:y, it cannot excite much interest ; and we do not think that the
want of the usual succession of adventures and misfortunes is compen-
. '9. Les Querelles de Famille. Par Auguste la Fontane Tra.
We were pleased to m-et with another novel from the prolific pen of Augustus la Fontaine ; an author who has the talent of interesting us in all the adventures and even in most of the little details which he introduces, and with whose hero the reader goes side hy side, as a friend, to the end of the story. The present is a picture of domestic life, painted with more sober colouring ihan is generally adopted by the German novelists: the dialogue is natural; and the naivelé of youth is well represented. These authors have, however, the same fondness for minutive which debases the works of the Flemish painter; and in les Querelles de Famille this fault is often visible. When Hermann pays a visit to his rival, he does not suffer his friend to remain ignosant as to what coat he put on, but writes thus ; · Que je suis enfant ! J'ai revêtu ma superbe uniforme ;' and when he is in despair on losing his mistress, and relates his narrow escape from falling down a precipice, he makes his regret at the preservation of his life almost ridiculous by a repetition of this exclamation, ‘Bb! pourquoi cette intera valle de deux pouces !' - We lament the more this burlesque descent to trilles beneath attention, because, when it does not occur, we meet with passages of real feeling and touching expression. The denouement of this tale is rather forced, and the actions of the personages are by po means consistent with their characters. That of Minette is noble, but many of her proceedings are unworthy of her. She obtains the confidence of Marie by introducing herself as another person ; and she learns the engagements of her lover by reading the letters which lie open on his bureau: then she plans an heroic sacrifi:e of her own peace 10 his happiness, and effects it by telling twenty falsehoods. Such actions as these, when committed without contrition, and related without censure, furnish a dangerous and dishonourable example to the youthful reader.– A fond father is also made to persist in mar.. rying his child to a man whom he considers as unworthy of her ; and the daughter, through a long cour; ship, though she despised the lover who was chosen for her, cacha soigneusement à son père combiers il lui etoit désagréable,' for no reason that we can discover, but that the novel might be terminated by a Coup de Theatre. P2
Celia in Search of a Husband. By a Modern Antiques Evo.
Boards. Newman and Co. 1809. • I would not attempt (says this writer.) to pourtray a Cælebs ; neither my vanity, nor my own experience in ia be le passion could draw such a portrait : I would rather use my pen to trace a natura! character: I believe the cause of mora ily to be more faithfully served in offering a possible point for our emulation, than in any ideal perfections that fancy, however sublime, could imagine.' The whole of the novel before us is conducted on this principle. Calia, though displaying moral as well as personal charms of no ordinary occurrence, is not absolutely out of nature. She acts up to the principles of religion, without any of the modern cant ; with a mind perfectly feminine, she is bold enough to let reason take the lead ; and, in a world of levity, she sets an example which the young of her sex in the present day would do well to imitate. To ladies and gentlemen, this Modern Antique (as the lady calls herself, if a lady it be who is the author,) Teads a very instsuctive lecture. All the fashionable absurdities of the day are neatly satirized ; and the modern London-fine-world is here drawn with exactness, and exhibited, as it ought to be, not as an object of envy, but of disgust; for life in London is, indeed, wasted, not used. Yet it is the wish of all females, educated on the present plan, to shine in this atmosphere of folly, and to display their naked. ness (a new term for dress) “at midnight dances and the public shew."
Cælia is introduced to the circles of fashion only to despise them? Morality and religion are made her rules, not the usage of society, nor the custom of the world. She distinguishes between innocent and degrading conformity, and never suffers fashion to obliterate principle. She exhibits the effects of an education troly moral and sensible, in the course of a visit to her sister, Lady Townley; appears to great advantage when contrasted with the various characters which fill the splendid drawing-rooms at the west end of the town ; and shews her good sense as well in the offers which she rejects, as in the choice which she ultimately adopts. Our noblemen-coachmen, and our acked, pocketless, shoe-making* ladies may not be pleased with the ridicule which is here lavished on them: but they richly deserve it ; and if our modern fashionables were not ashamed of being considered as moral, the exhibition in these pages would lead to some reformation. Celebs attempted too much by endeavouring to make our fine people as religious as nuns and friars ; and perhaps the efforts of Cælia to infuse into them a little common sense may equally be thrown away. Can a lexurious capital be reformed by sermons,
poems, or novel: ?
Art. 21. The Cruiss; a Poetical Sketch, in Eight Cantos. By
Naval Officer. 8vo. PP. 474. los. 61. Boards Hatchard
* Our country readers may require to be apprized, that it has lately become the ton icr young ladies to be employed in making their own shoes. . .
Dr. Kirkpatrick's Sea Piece *, and Falconer's Shipwreckt, have long enjoyed established reputation. (though the former is not now perhaps so much kuown as the latter,) for the harmony of their poetry, the interest of their descriptions, and their just picture of a nautical life in a trading ship. We suspect, however, that they were not known to the author of the volume before us; though, perhaps, if they had been, he would not therefore have been induced to suppress his own composition, since its delineations relate entirely to the regime of a British ship of war, and his reflections are directed to the state of the British navy, at the present day. His design, therefore, is different ; and different, we must add, are his poetical claims : but while of these we cannot speak highly, the accuracy
of his representations may challenge cqual commendation, and the justice and liberality of his sentiments demand a similar tribute.
The preface states that this poem vas composed, as a source of amusement, during the leisure which the writer derived from the painful necessity of staying on shore to recruit an exhausted constitution; and that he conceived that it might not only be amusing to the young heroes of the navy, but instructive as developing their duty on service, and animating as exhibiting the gallant deeds of others. He has therefore given a description of the routine of duty in a cruizing frigate, of the incidents which arise from the variations of weather, and of the events of warfare in chace and in combat; relating, as we understand, such transactions as he himself has witnessed, though he has disguised the names of persons, ships, &c. His notes, also, besides giving a very proper explanation of all technical terms; contain a number of suggestions and reflections that will interest the professional reader. To such readers, we recommend the whole work; and to all others, who, besides the concern which every Briton must feel in his “ wooden walls,” is disposed to take a cruise in a frigate, without encountering the hardships of salt junk, the dangers of shipwreck, or the fatal effects of hustile bullets.
In adverting to Lord Nelson's attack on Copenhagen, the writer depicts the borrors of that dreadful battle as so overwhelming, that the crew of one of our ships were for a moment daunted. The anecdote is curious, since we take it from this author as a fact, and we quote the passage, which will also exemplify his style :
• It was on this day's sanguinary fight,
See Rev. Vol. ii. p. 257.
† Rev. Vol. xxvii. p: 197. † A “ Fifty-gun ship is the smallest class of two-deckers brought into the line, although they are not properly line of battle slips.'