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noble. irpage for a less noble one. The truth is, they would not stand together. Livery belongs to human grandeur -, wings to Jivine or xeltftiql. , So that, in Milton's very attempt, to su/pass his original, he jpUjt it out of his power .to employ the. cir. cupiftance that most recommended it..;. t.vjfle is not happier .op another occasion. Spenser had said, with his usual simplicity,
i * Virtue gives herself light thro' darkness for
\' rn. "to wadeL" ^ F.Q.B. %.
Mfltori ditched at tWis image, and has run 'it into a fort of paraphrase in those'fine lines,
"Virtue could fed to do what Virtue Would ** By her own radiant light, tho* Sun and Moon s: f* Were in the flat sea funk"—- Comus.
'*$a Spenser's line; we. J»av<' tjfiie'idea of Virtue dropt down into a world all over darkened with vice and error. Virtue excites. the light of Truth to fee all around fcaet^ and not only dissipate the neighbouring darkness, but to direct her course in . pursuing her victory, and driving her enemy ptJt.of it; the arduousness of which exploit is well expressed by?*- through darkness for to
* 'O t A WAPS, W.ade. On the contrary, Milton, in borrowing, substitutes the physical for ctie moral idea — by her own radiant light— and though Sun and Moon were in the flat sea sunk. It may be asked, how this happened? Very naturally. Milton was caught with the obvious imagery, which he found he could display to rnore advantage; and so did not enough attend to the noble sentiment that was couched under it,.. . • .t ..j ..... < i . 'rr^
...XIII. These are instances of a paraphrastical licence in dilating on a famous sentiment, or image. The ground is the lame, only flourished upon by the genius
_of the imitator. At times we find him practising a. different art; "not merely
. " spreading, as it were, and laying open
• " the fame sentiment, but adding to it, and
• " by a new and studied device improving '*** upon it." In this cafe we naturally con
'elude, that the refinement had not* been made, if the plain and simple thought had rhot preceded and given rife to it. You
will apprehend my meaning by what Sfbl..
• fows. .i • . i: ,..!! .; Vi'V.<J *
r i. Shakespeare had said of Henry IV'V
d¥q i ik'i tf A f i S f*. 20^
", • — He cajnnot> long hold out these pangs; .. The incessant care and labour of his mind Hath wrought the mure, that 'sliould confine it
: ;' in* i.h . .*' '. ;:s , .jbisvi . i ; So thin,.: that. .JL,ife..looks through, ;and will : break out. Hen. IV. A. iv.
i:. You have here the thought in its first .simplicity r ' It was not unnatural, after
speaking of the body as a cafe or tene.ttient of the foul, the mure that confines it, n6 fay, that, as. that cafe wears away and ^grows thm,JLife looks through, and.is ready 'rtbfcreak outw' . .i J..'. •< £
; Wda'niel, ?by refining on this sentiment, :if by nothing else, thews himself to be the
copyist. Speaking.of the fame Hemy4 he Yobservevili.it c':'.i c: t...i Jv ...
And Pain and Grief, inforcing more atod more, t't riBesiegM the holtl that could hot long' defend; i •TCbnsufairig fo all the refrstirigistore [ .-i•..'.' Of those; provisions Nature deign'd: t© leach, l. As tha* the walfc, Worn thin, permit the mind j. T» look out thorough, and his. frailty find.
'*; t^re* We^enot simply that Life is going ^to Break through ike irifir'rW arid raueh.wotfn, •"habitation* feut that the Mindtkiokfc through •and finds his frailty, that it discovers that
Life Life will soon make his escape. I might add, that the four first lines are of the nature of the Paraphrase considered in the last article; and that the expreffitm of the others is too much the fame to be original. But we are not yet come to the head of expression. And I choose to confine myself to the single point of view we have before US.;
Daniel's improvement then looks like the artifice of a man that would outdo bis JMaster. Though he fails in the attempt \ for his ingenuity betrays him into a false thought. The mind, looking through, does not find its own frailty, but the frailty of the holding it inhabits. However, I have endeavoured to rectify this mistake in my explanation.
The truth is, Daniel was not a man/Jo improve upon Shakespeare. But now Cooks a writer, that knew his business much better. He chuses to employ this well.worn image, or rather to alter it a little and thca employ it, for the conveyance of a. Vfrjr. new fancy. If the mind could look through a thin body, much more one that was