Crossed Swords: Pakistan, Its Army, and the Wars Within
Based on 30 years of research and analysis, this definitive book is a profound, multi-layered, and historical analysis of the nature and role of the Pakistan army in the country's polity as well as its turbulent relationship with the United States. Shuja Nawaz examines the army and Pakistan in both peace and war. Using many hitherto unpublished materials from the archives of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the General Headquarters of the Pakistan Army, as well as interviews withkey military and political figures in Pakistan and the United States, he sheds light not only on the Pakistan Army and its US connections but also on Pakistan as a key Muslim country in one of the world's toughest neighborhoods. In doing so, he lays bare key facts about Pakistan's numerous wars with India and its many rounds of political musical chairs, as well as the Kargil conflict of 1999. He then draws lessons from this history that may help Pakistan end its wars within and create a stablerpolitical entity. Visit http://www.shujanawaz.com for more information about Shuja Nawaz.
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In 1902, for example, according to the 1901 census of India, the literacy rate for
the Punjab (including the NWFP) was only 64 per 1,000 persons less than one-
half that of Madras.27 Even in the Punjab, the recruitment centred on the rural ...
Kissinger felt that the centrifugal forces in West Pakistan would be liberated, with
Balochistan and the NWFP taking off on their own.56 The CIA appeared to
support this view, having received a report from a 'reliable source' the day before
the NWFP and Balochistan. This gave Bhutto some time to strengthen his
position before challenging them. But even at that time, suspicion ran deep.
Among others, the Baluch tribal leader, Sardar Khair Baksh Marri did not trust
Bhutto at all, ...
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - danoomistmatiste - LibraryThing
This country had the markings of a failed state right from the start. Midwifed by England and nurtured since then by the US, the country has never been able to get out of the rut it has dug itself and ... Read full review
wow at last the factsUser Review - shahid nawaz janjua - Borders
Excellent portrait of a country in the middle of the unfolding drama in south east Asia. When, why,who, and how it all started and where it will take us all. Most comprehensive facts about Pakistan ... Read full review
List of Photographs
List of Acronyms
Preface and Acknowledgements
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