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foreign nations will not take off the daty on our commodities imported into their respective countries, he propofes to conti nue the duty on goods imported, which he thinks will be nearly adequate to defray all expences, civil and military, in time of peace.

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Such is the plan fuggefted by lord Newhaven for reducing the national debt; a plan, we must confefs, not lefs bold and interefting in the conception, than apparently difficult of being enforced to the extent propofed by the noble author. In order to be adopted, there feems reafon to think it would require an univerfal apprehenfion of danger the moft imminent to the state, and fuch as threatened the extinction of government. At least,

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appears to be fo arduous in the execution, that it could only be accomplished by unparalleled alacrity, and a general fpirit of patriotism, that has fometimes, indeed, blazed forth, in war, among a people in the most defperate circumstances, but which there is little hope of ever being kindled by the profpect of any civil emergency, not immediately destructive of public freedom. The propofal, however, affords a proof of his Jordthip's zeal for the public interefts; and we fincerely with that his meritorious example might excite that ardour which it ought to in fpire in all the true lovers of their country. ebo Se elama pasidar £ (→ 19 m bw je An Addrefs to the Landed, Trading and Funded Interests of Engisland on the Prefent State of Public Affairs 8vo. is. 6d. Stockdale.ogg, ana swild! 972

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This author takes an extenfim excurfion than with any

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the nation; but rather by a precife and accurate enquiry. In every department which he confiders, he meets with objects which excite his apprehenfion, Our fpecie is drained out of the kingdom, in annual payments to foreigners, who have property in the public funds; the landed interest is groaning under infupportable burdens; and the national debt is accumulated to fo extreme a degree that it threatens to become fatal. For remedying thefe difafters the author propofes an equal reprefentation of the commons in par liament, and a total abolition of duties at the cullom-house. The effect of the former of these measures, towards removing the evil complained of, our author has not thought proper to explain; and how the extinction of the cuftom-houfe duties, while fo great a part of the public revenue is neceflary for paying the intereft of the national debt, fhould reftore our pospe fity, is a propofition which, we muft own, appears not very Compatible with found argument. We are inclined, however, to impute the motives of this addrefs entirely to the author's impartial fentiments; for, though not a profound politician, he appears to be a candid writer, and to with well to the interefts of the nation.

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'Tis all my Eye. Svo. 15. Wilkie.

This pamphlet is addreffed to Archibald Macdonald, efq. on account of its relating to the police of Weftminster, concerning which, a motion was made by that gentleman during the laft feffion of parliament. The author makes fome just obfervations on particular topics; but he feems to be no friend to the establishment of a new jurifdiction; contending, that a proper enforcement of the exifting laws are fufficient for the prefervation of order. Should we admit this to be really the cafe, it must follow, that the remiffnefs of the magiftrates in the dif charge of their duty deferves the fevereft reprehenfion.

Collection of Acts paffed in the State of Massachusetts Bay, relative to the American Loyalifts and their Property. 8vo. 15. Stockdale.

The wisdom and policy of thefe laws can be no object of attention to our readers; and it is, therefore, fufficient for us to obferve, that the work appears to be authentic.

MEDICAL.

Medical Cautions, for the Confideration of Invalids; thofe efpecially who refort to Bath. By James Makittrick Adair, M. D. 8vo. 35. 6d. in Boards. Dilly.

It is rare to fee a volunteer ftart up from among the difcharged invalids; but our author tells us that he is independent of bufinefs, and a volunteer' in fome of its branches. We think, however, that he has been well employed in publishing this work, which contains good fenfe, juft reasoning, fome humour, with little novelty, and a few occafional errors.

His obfervations on Fashionable Diseases, are acute and humorous; on the Effects of hot crowded Rooms, and noxious Air, folid and judicious. The Effay on Regimen, and the Enquiry into the Propriety of ufing other Remedies during a Courfe of Mineral Waters, contain many useful obfervations, which, with a few exceptions, we would ftrongly recommend. The Effay on Empiricism also deferves great attention; but empiricifm is now the fashion, and, like Antæus, will only raile, with fresh ftrength, from every attempt to overthrow it. We cannot refrain from extracting the following fpirited, and, we fear, well founded cenfure.

When phyficians (I do not mean quack doctors) adopt extraordinary modes of obtruding themfelves and their wonderful abilities on the notice of the public, it would be no breach of charity to place them on the fame form with noftrummongers; and the fimilarity is more obvious, as, in both inftances, the merits of the regular doctor and his brother quack are always much exaggerated; whilft that public, to which the L 3

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appeal is made, is equally unqualified to judge of either. It is with regret, mingled with indignation, that I thus animad. vert on the conduct of fuch of my brethren as have justly incurred this cenfure. In the preceding effay I took notice of their illiberal treatment of the Bath phyficians; and it may fairly be prefumed, that they are of the number of thofe, who, confcious of deficiency in perfonal merit, endeavour to compenfate for that deficiency by cultivating, moft affiduoufly, the good graces of apothecaries, midwives, nurses, abigails, toad-eaters, and puffing gofips. But, not contented with this indirect attack on their brethren, they generally proceed to direct hoftilities, and by the dark and malignant infinuations of themselves or their emiffaries, endeavour to blaft the reputations of all their competitors. This ferious charge may, by fome of my readers, be deemed incredible; but it is not lefs true, Such ungentlemanly arts may reasonably be confidered as truly empirical, and thofe who practise them as fwindlers of reputa tion, and therefore greater pets of fociety than fwindlers of property; infomuch as they, in a great degree, deprive the public of the fervices and talents of modeft men, who are generally as much their fuperiors in ability as in urbanity. That I may, in fome degree, qualify the severity of this stricture, I take, with pleasure, this opportunity of dealaring, that as I confider my profeffion as a moft ufeful and refpectable science, fo I have a moft fincere and affectionate attachment to all fuch of my brethren as difcharge their duty with honour and integrity,'

When we recommended the treatife on Regimen, with fome exceptions, we meant not to avoid particulars. Butter, even in a melted state, is allowed by our author; and roasted meats are preferred to boiled. We fufpect that he is mistaken both in his reafoning and facts. There is fome empyreuma always contracted by melting butter; and the fat of roafted meat is often strongly empyreumatic. In thefe refpects, both muft be injurious to invalids; but we would refer to experiment, Hectical patients are more eafily and quickly affected by the leaft diforder in the ftomach, the leaft impediment in digeftion, than any others. With these we have always found melted butter and roafted meat produce a confiderable febrile exacerbation; and of course they have been generally forbidden, A meal of flesh meat has frequently occafioned lefs difturbance than melted butter with their vegetable food. Even butter, in its folid state, is not eafily affimilated,

In the table of foods, which are arranged according to their digeftibility, we alfo fine fome errors. Oysters, when fresh and fmall, are more eafily digefted than any other fhell-fish, or than any other animal food. We fpeak from frequent obfervation, and fufpect that our author has been misled by Sanctorius and Keil. Crabs are more digeftible than lobfters; and

flounders

founders than whitings. We would refer our author to the experiments annexed to the first volume of the tranflation of Spalanzani's Differtations, for fome farther corrections in his table. On the whole, we think this work may be highly beneficial; and it deferves our recommendation.

DIVINITY.

The Charader of Jefus Chrift: a Sermon, by George Skene Keith, 8vo. IS. Evans.

M. A.

In the first part of this difcourfe (for it is divided into two), we think fome points of our Saviour's character injudiciously reprefented, and that there was no reafon for exalting his miracles at fo much expence of thofe of Mofes and the Jewish prophets; for which conduct, we doubt whether the apology the author makes be fufficient. We are not always contented with Mr. Keith's ftyle. Inftances occur where it is too turgid; others, where it is too familiar. We are fufpicious that the following paffage aims at the fublime. Having told us, from St. John, that Jefus first groaned and wept, and then cried out with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth, our author adds That all Nature heard through all her works-Heaven heard and was aftonished-Earth heard and rejoiced-Hell heard and trembled -Death heard and fled the grave heard and opened-Lazarus heard and obeyed.' If our conjecture be well founded, we think Mr. Keith's fentiments on the fublime differ from thofe of Longinus.

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We would be understood to have fpoken only of the first part of this performance: we think the second far lefs exceptionable, and, on the whole, well written; and hope the author's volume of fermons, of which this is a fpecimen, will prove more nearly to refemble the latter than the former part.

An Enquiry into the Defign of the Chriftian Sabbath. By J. Symons, B. D. The Second Edition. Small 8vo. 1s. 6d. Dilly.

This valuable little tract being much enlarged, entitles it again to be mentioned. It was first noticed in our Review of November, 1779. All we faid then to its advantage is ftill due to its merit; and with pleasure we now obferve, that it is not more enlarged than improved. A proportionable addition to its price being now charged, former purchasers cannot complain.

This performance is inftructive, ferious, and perfuafive; but free from any tincture of gloom or fuperftition. It is written with fuch eafe, fimplicity, and correctness, that the most faftidious reader can fcarcely fail to be pleased with its flyle, at the fame time that the plaineft must always comprehend it.

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We are perfuaded that if the topics of the feveral fections had been expreffed in Italics on the margin of each, their contents would have been better calculated for recollection. But this defect may be well remedied, by that repeated perusal which the book deferves, and we gladly recommend.

We wish to advertife the zealous advocates and promoters of the Sunday fchools, that their eftablishments may in due time derive material advantage from this publication.

The Footftep to Mrs. Trimmer's Sacred Hiftory, for the Inftruction and Amufement of Little Children. 12mo. 1s. 8d. Marshall.

One of the most important, though not the moft brilliant, among the literary improvements of the prefent age, is the fuccefsful execution of feveral elementary performances for the use of children, from their earliest introduction to letters, till they become capable of higher inftruction. This province, humble as it may feem, requires more than ordinary talents; and the author of this little work has not undertaken it without the neceflary qualifications.

The principal hiftories of the Old Teftament are prefented with perfpicuity and neatnefs, in fhort stories, adapted to the comprehenfions and memories of almost the youngest readers; and through the whole are fcattered, with the utmoft plainnefs and brevity, fuch moral and religious fentiments, as are proper to make impreffion on the tendereft minds.

The Advertisement prefixed to the work will give those who are concerned in the early inftruction of the rifing generation, an adequate idea of the author's defign in its publication; and as we think this performance well calculated to answer the purpofe intended, we prefent this fhort preface to the public.

The following pages are, with great diffidence, offered to the world by a lady, who, fenfible of their imperfections, folicits the indulgent perufal of parents and teachers.-Nothing could have induced her to appear in public, but the wish to be ufeful to thofe dear children whom it has been her province to inftruct.

Being convinced, that the Scriptures ought ever to be the rule of our faith, and guide of our actions, the author wished her pupils to become acquainted with facred hiftory, and not finding any book of the kind that fuited her purpose, the felected the following ftories; which it is hoped will both amuse and inftruct. She has made it her ftudy to bring the language down to the confined understanding of a child; and to contract the ftories within the bounds of an eafy leffon.

The writer of thefe pages thinks fome apology due to Mrs. Trimmer, for making ufe of her name in the title to this publication. The high opinion fhe entertains of Mrs. Trimmer's Sacred Hiftory, made her wish to put it into the hands of her

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