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pupils; but finding it above the understanding of very young children, he has, in this, attempted to form a Foot-step, to lead them to Mrs. Trimmer's more improved work.'.

Strictures on Ecclefiaftical Abuses. Addressed to the Bishops, Clergy, and People of Great Britain. 800. Is. Dilly.

This inflammatory declaimer has advanced upon his eight topics-Ordination-Non Refidence-Prefenting to Livings Bonds of Refignation-Pluralities-Parfonage- Houfes-Ecclefiaftical Sinecures and Indolence of the Clergy-all that common-place invective, and nothing more, which is ufually infpired by an averfion to the payment of tythes, and that zealous fpirit of reformation, which the recovery of ecclefiaftical dues, on the part of fome fortunate incumbent, has not unfrequently produced. We will charitably hope this writer has been influenced by better motives.

That evils exist in the church, as they do, and must do, in all extenfive establishments, cannot be denied; but the present obferver has undoubtedly viewed them through a multiplying medium, which, we are fomewhat inclined to believe, has been held up to his mind's eye, by prejudice or paffion.

A certain want of precifion and elegance in thefe Strictures, furnish reason to imagine the fubject of them has been taken up by a perfon whofe education has not qualified him for very exact investigation; which, on topics of this nature, cannot be too nice, nor fuccessfully conducted, without coolness and candour,

Effay on the Rewards of Eternity. 4to. Is. Johnfon.

This discourse obtained the annual prize, inftituted by Mr. Norris, in the university of Cambridge. As we meet in it with nothing uncommon, we cannot but fuppofe that the productions of the other candidates must have been very deficient in merit. Sermons adapted to the Family and Clofet. By the late Rev. J. Webb. 4s. in Boards. Buckland.

We are informed, in a Preface to thefe Sermons, that the peculiar modefty of Mr. Webb prevented him from publishing any thing during his life. "Tis pity that the judgment of the editor did not co-operate with the author's diffidence, and fupprefs the publication of thefe Sermons after his decease.

The Duties of the Parochial Clergy of the Church of England confidered, in a Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Diocese of Bangor, in 1784. By John, Lord Bishop of Bangor. 4to. 25. Davis.

This is a fenfible, ufeful, and unaffected difcourfe, becoming the character of the refpectable prelate who delivered it. In an Appendix to it are directions concerning the inftruments proper to be brought for obtaining orders, &c.

DRA

DRAMA

TIC.

The Romp: a Mufical Entertainment, in Two Acts; altered from Love in the City. 8vo. Is. Lowndes.

The merits of this mufical entertainment will not bear the examination of criticifm; and nothing but the comic powers of Mrs. Jordan could have procured it a repetition upon the fage.

N O V E L S.

The Gamefters. A Novel. In Three Vols. 12mo. 75. 6d. fewed. Baldwin.

Though we trace our author in the footsteps of fome of her predeceffors, we muft ftill allow her confiderable merit. The characters are not lefs diftinguished by their bold and faithful outlines, than by a warmth of colouring, and spirited attitude. In fome refpects they are fuperior to their originals; for they rife to a distorted caricature, though fomewhat removed from real life. The language is animated and easy; frequently elegant: the pathos is well managed, and properly contrafted. We would not, however, be understood too generally the story has faults in its conduct, and, in fome instances, improbability; nor are its merits, even when perfpicuous, always unalloyed; but, while we cannot be blind to its faults, we ought to praife its excellencies; and when the latter are fo numerous they will, in the eye of every candid critic, leffen or obfcure the former.

The Liberal American. A Novel. In a Series of Letters. By a Lady. 2 Vols. I 2m0. 6s. Lane.

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We often fufpect thefe profeffional ladies, when the title is not fupported by internal evidence. The only proof in the work before us, is the number of marriages. The author, like Mrs. Centlive, fairly puts all characters to bed.' As to the fentiments, language, and fituations, we can fay little in their favour. It is a dull, infipid narrative, related in unin terefting letters.

POETRY.

Poems and Plays. By William Hayley, Efq. Small 8vo. 6 Vols. 17. 15. Cadell.

Having already expreffed the high opinion we entertain of Mr. Hayley's poetical genius, it is unneceffary for us to make any other obfervation on the prefent edition of his works, where the only new piece we meet with is an Ode to the Countess de Genlis, in which the author compliments her, in an elegant frain, on the ingenuity and moral tendency of her writings.

The

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The India Guide; or a Journal of a Voyage to the Eaft Indies, in the Year 1780. In a Poetical Epiftle to her Mother, by Mifs Emily Brittle. Small 8vo.

Printed at Calcutta.

This work is dedicated to Mr. Anftie, of whofe ingenious Bath Guide it has been evidently intended as an imitation; but, like most of the productions founded in an attempt at fimilitude, falls extremely fhort of the original. It confifts of feveral epiftles, written on board the Eaft-Indiaman, in which mifs Brittle failed from the Cape of Good Hope, and from Madras; defcribing her difagreeable fituation at fea, the characters of the officers and paffengers, the manners of the Dutch at the Cape, with her reception at Madras, and the ftate of fociety in that quarter. In this Epiftle, fhe must not be denied all pretenfions to merit; and the fcenes being exotic, are calculated to afford entertaintainment by their novelty.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Hydrometrical Obfervations and Experiments in the Brewery. 8vo. 25. Robinfon.

We are pleased to see that obfervations of this kind are widely diffufed, and that fcience is extending her connection with arts ufually accounted practical. Thefe rules and experiments are clear and perfpicuous; perhaps more intelligible to the common brewers than the Statical Eftimates' which we lately reviewed: at the fame time the authors do not effentially differ

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Our prefent author ufes, or at least seems to use, the common hydrometer: Mr. Richardfon employed one somewhat different. The alteration, in Mr. Baverftock's opinion, is not advantageous, and may, by being frequently employed, become ineffectual. But this must be decided by obfervation.

Another variation in opinion occurs in the method of forming average and standard gravities. Mr. Richardfon makes his trials on worts in the copper, and eftimates the quantity to be boiled away Mr. Baverftock thinks this an useless labour, and prefers delaying the examination till the whole is put into the cooler. The latter is more eafy and certain, if we wifh only to know the actual ftrength; but the former appears to be neceffary, if we wish to bring the wort to a given strength. Each method will probably have its peculiar advocates, and each will be employed according to the intention and defign of the brewer. On the whole, this work is written with clearness and precifion, and deferves commendation.

Flora Cantabrigienfi Supplementum, Auctore Richardo Relban, A. M. Collegii Regalis Capellano. Svo. 15. Cadell.

The labours of the induftrious are always rewarded. Our author has refumed his tafk; and added confiderably to his

Flora.

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Flora. The additions are chiely different fpecies of grafs, and fome fpecies of the clafs of cryptogamia. We find the fame diligence and attention which we formerly commended: the additional references are to Bauhine and to Dickfon. We fincerely hope that the impediments which the author hints at will be removed; and that he will be enabled to persist in an office, for which he is well qualified.

Elements of English: being a new Method of teaching the whole
Art of Reading, both with Regard to Pronunciation and Spelling.
Part the Fift. By Thomas Sheridan, A. M. 12mo.
Dilly.

IJ.

Mr. Sheridan's abilities in this branch of fcience are fo well known, that to praise them would be equally fuperfluous and impertinent. This litte work is clear, comprehenfive, and fatisfactory. In fome instances, as in his Dictionary, we fee traces of a provincial pronunciation; but this fubject is fo Beeting and uncertain, that perhaps no one can properly criticife the pronunciation of another. In general, thofe whofe ears are accurate, and whofe companions are among the learned of higher rank, will agree in pronouncing many words; but a iw will always remain, where a difference is not only obvious, but the various opinions on the fubject will be ftrenuously defended.

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None go juft alike, but each believes his own."

A high fenfe of the importance of his work (for every man thinks that work important in which he has been long engaged) has led Mr. Sheridan into fome ludicrous remarks. If they occur in the following fpecimen, we hope our readers will not confider it as chofen to leffen him in the public estimation, fince few eltimate him more highly than ourselves; but we have fubjoined it, as containing a good reason for what many have thought a fanciful innovation.

• Children ought not to be taught to found the confonants in the promiscuous manner in which they are found in the alphabet. The natural order is firft to begin with the labials, as those are the first founds uttered by all the children in all parts of the globe; on which account the words baba, papa, mama, are the names given to parents in almoft all languages. The reafon is, that the lips of the infant, being conftantly employed in the action of fucking, become ftrong and active fooner than the other organs of speech. To thefe fucceed the dentals; and the next founds uttered by children are da and ta, or the fame founds doubled, as da-da, ta-ta; and this arifes from the tongue's being conftantly exercifed about the gums, to alle viate the pain while they are cutting their teeth. The laft and hardeft founds are the palatines, which requiring that the tongue fhould be drawn back, an action to which it had not been accustomed, are the most difficult to attain ; but by found

ing them frequently with the vowel before, as eg, ek, will foon be caught. Children fhould never be urged to pronounces any words containing letters whole founds they had not firit mastered; for in that cafe, they either wholly omit thofe letters, or change them to others which they were able to pronounce before. Thus, for lady, they either fay, ady or dady; for, coach, toach; for go, do; and fo on. Now, from this method, oft permitting children to attempt all words alike, before they can pronounce all the letters contained in them, bad habits afe often contracted, which are not easily changed.'

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49700 An Introduction to Reading and Spelling. Written on a new Plan, and defigned as a Spelling Book for the Use of Schools. By the Rev. J. Hewlett. 8vo. 15. Johnfon..

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If Mr. Hewlett purposes only to teach children, he has done too much if he aims at inftructing foreigners, or correcting provincial pronunciation, too little. The child cannot learn every word in his elements; he should be taught a few, and, in the rest, inftructed to teach himself. On the other hand, the great fault of the foreigner and the provincial is in tone, or rhythm, which no rules can teach. Yet, on the whole, as this work is executed with care and attention, its redundance can be no great fault. A judicious mafter can omit what may be fuperfluous; and the foreigner fhould not be difgufted at the preliminary obfervations, and fome of the grammatical dis ftinctions, fuitable only for children. We fhould not perhaps have expected that this little work was intended to have reached beyond the limits of the reading-fchool, if the author had not pointed out its numerous advantages.

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Fabulous Hiftories defigned for the Inftruction of Children, refpe&t= ing their Treatment of Animals. By Mrs. Trimmer. 10-1 12mo. 25. 6d. Robinsons.

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3.300

There is much good sense, and useful inftruction, in this little volume; but the vehicle is fo very childish, that we fear the author's purpose will be defeated. In this, however, we may be mistaken; for to mean well, and to labour affiduously in fupport of well-meant defigns, will deck even imperfections with fuch pleafing colours, that we shall often mistake them for excellencies. May this lady's good intentions be rewarded with the fuitable improvement of her pupils.

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The Happy Family; or, Memoirs of Mr. and Mrs. Nortony Intended to fhew the delightful Effects of Filial Obedience. Small 12mo 6d. Marshall.

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his little book is free from the imperfections which we lately pointed out in the Village School, and the Rotchfords; but the fentences are too complicated, and the fentiment frequently, obfcured by too many words. There are few talks more difficult than to write proper books for children, and there are few more carelessly and exceptionably executed. The

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