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moral in the work before us, is not lefs clear than falutary; and the inftructions are perfectly proper.

Tour to Ermenonville. 12mo. 25. Becket.

This pamphlet bears strong intrinfic marks of having been written as a catch-penny; but it may, nevertheless, afford fome entertainment to thofe readers who take pleasure in the moft trivial anecdotes relative to the celebrated Rouffeau, concerning which it is employed.

A Claffical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue. 8vo. 45. Hooper.

The materials of this extraordinary Lexicon could be collected only from the mouths of the vulgar; and to the criticifm of fuch we must confign it.

Pocket Vade Mecum through Monmouthshire and Part of South Wales. 12mo. 11, 6d. Bew.

A dull, fuperficial itinerary, having neither description nor information to recommend it.

The Trial of Ifaac Prefcot, Efq. Svo. 2s. 6d. Lifter.

This Trial was held in the Confiftory Court at the Doctors Commons, and relates to fuch barbarous treatment, received by a wife from her husband, as is, perhaps, fcarcely to be exceeded by any inftance in the annals of domestic life. This highly injured lady, it feems, is the daughter of the Rev. Mr. Walter, who was chaplain to the Centurion during the celebrated voyage of commodore Anfon. It would only wound the humanity of our readers, to recite the favage cruelty which is confirmed by the evidence in this Trial; and we fhall, therefore, conclude with a congratulation, that a fentence of divorce has put a period to fuch unmanly and execrable tyranny.

A Natural Method of teaching the French Language. By M. Manbach. 8v0. 35% Hookham.

Monf. Maubach, by his own acknowledgement, has not ftudied to adapt himself to the capacity of children; but, on the contrary, to rife above the common method of teachers, by rendering their inftructions a kind of introduction to the fciThis plan is doubtless well intended; but we much fear, that by adding to the difficulty of acquiring the language, it might retard the progrefs of the learner.

ences.

The Surveyor's Appointment and Guide. 4to. 6d. T. Payne. In this little tract, the author has concifely tranflated, out of ftatute language, the duty of a furveyor of the highways. The production, we own, is not without its ufe; for of every fpecies of compofition, that of the legislative authors, in this country, is the most exceptionable, and even difgraceful, both in point of grammar and common sense.

An

An Authentic Account of Forgeries, and Frauds of various Kinds committed by that moft confummate Adept in Deception, Charles Price, otherwife Patch, many Years a Lottery Office Keeper in London and Westminster. 8vo. IS. Kearfley.

Those who have any curiofity for the account of a most accomplished impoftor, may be gratified by this pamphlet, in which we doubt not the facts are genuine, though we cannot much applaud the attempt that is made at an imitation of the humour of Fielding. The account is ornamented with a plate, exhibiting Price's figure, both in his usual drefs and his difguife.

• He was about five feet fix inches high, and a compact neatmade man, rather fquare fhoulders, and fomewhat inclined to corpulency, his legs firm and well-fet; but, by nature, his features made him look much older than he really was, which was forty-five. His nofe was what we call a parrot's nofe, his eyes fmall and grey; his mouth stood very much inwards, with very thin lips, his chin pointed and prominent, with a pale complexion: but what contributed as much as any thing to favour his difguife of fpeech, was his lofs of teeth. He walked exceed ingly upright, was very active and quick in his walk, and was, what we defcribe a man to be, when we call him a dapper-made man.'

This was his natural appearance; but how different, in his dif guife, will be seen from the following short extract:

• In October, 1780, which was about the lottery time, Mr. Price put an advertisement into the paper, in which he required a fervant who had been used to live with a fingle gentleman, and the direction was to C. C. Marlborough Coffee-house, Broad-freet, Carnaby-market. An honeft young man, and who then lived with a musical instrument-maker in the Strand, whofe name, for very obvious reafons, we keep fecret, not being much wanted by his master, and having been defired by that mafter to look into the papers for a place, happened to read Mr. Price's advertisement, and accordingly fent a letter to the Marlborough Coffee-houfe, as directed. He heard nothing further of this for a week, when one evening, just as it was dusk, a coach drove up to his master's door, and the coachman enquired for the man who had answered the advertisement, at the fame time saying there was a gentleman over the way in a coach wanted to speak with him. On this the young fellow was called, and went to the coach, where he was defired to ftep in. There he faw an apparent old man, a foreigner, gouty, wrapped up with five or fix yards of flannel about his legs, a camblet furtout buttoned up over his chin, ciofe to his mouth, a large patch over his left eye, and every part of his face fo hid, that the young fellow could not fee any part of it, but one eye, his nofe, and a small part of his cheek. To carry on the deception ftill better, Mr. Price

thought

thought proper to place the man on his left fide, on which eye the patch was, fo that the old gentleman could take an afkaunce look at the young man with his right eye, and difcover then only a very small portion indeed of his face. He appeared by this dif guife to be between fixty and feventy years of age; and afterwards, when the man faw him ftanding, not much under fix feet high, owing to boots or fhoes, with heels very little less than four inches. Added to this deception, he was fo buttoned up and straightened as to appear perfectly lank.”

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The Life of that extraordinary Character, Mr. Charles Price; wherein are minutely defcribed the various Artifices he made ufe of in circulating his Forgeries on the Bank. 8vo. Ridgeway.

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Another Narrative, in fome parts copied, in others abridged, from the fame materials, to gratify the public curiofity on this temporary fubject. This is confiderably lefs extensive than the preceding; and instead of the two contrasted figures, at full length, contains only a portrait of the unhappy man in the dress in which he ufually appeared abroad.

CORRESPONDENCE.

WE acknowlege the receipt of the Old Planter's Letter, and can only add that our opinion on that work is established by the decifions of the ableft judges. As we have not the Philofophical Tranfactions at prefent near us, we cannot particularly refer to the paper. It is in French and English; and that which we allude to, is far from being fo partial in its object as our correfpondent reprefents: we recollect many parts of it very di tinctly.

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HAVING, at the clofe of our account of Mr. Fell's Anfwer to Mr Farmer, mentioned the fimilarity which Mr. Fell endeavours to prove between the ideas of Mr. Farmer and those of Mr. Hume and lord Bolingbroke, on the fubject of Miracles, we expreffed our hopes that Mr. Farmer would favour the world with thofe exceptions which he wishes to maintain in behalf of the miracles of holy writ. A correfpondent informs us that this is what Mr. Farmer had already done in the moft explicit and fa tisfactory manner, in a paffage immediately following Mr. Fell's laft quotation. See his Differtation on Miracles, p. 77-80.

A NOTE, apparently in the fame hand-writing, affures us, that nothing was farther from the intention of the Editor of Dr. Johnfon's Life of Dr. Watts, with Notes, &c." than to make the public believe the whole of the work to be Dr. Johnson's."

THE

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For MARC H, 1786.

The Hiftory of Ancient Greece, its Colonies, and Conquefts; from the earliest Accounts till the Divifion of the Macedonian Empire in the Eaft. Including the Hiftory of Literature, Philofophy, and the Fine Arts. In Two Volumes. By John Gillies, LL.D.. 4to. 21. 2s. in Boards. Cadell.

WHerever learning diffufes its influence, the tranfactions

of ancient Greece will continue to be regarded as the most interesting in the annals of human kind. So great is the fplendour which illuminates this department of history, that it has excited the admiration of all fucceeding ages of the world. Nor even at prefent, when the subjects of historical narrative are multiplied beyond the example of former times, feems any to be more happily adapted to the purposes of lite-. rary gratification. Both in our own and in foreign coun-. tries, the hiftory of Greece has lately employed the exertion: of feveral writers; and we now behold an additional candidate for the public favour, in this gymnafium, if we may use fuch a term, of historical abilities.

On a subject so often treated, however, it would be vain to expect any novelty from a writer, the most induftrious in his refearches. If he draws his materials from authentic fources of information; if, in dubious circumftances, he weighs with judgment the clashing teftimony of different hiftorians; if he arranges the various parts of the fubject with order and perfpicuity; if he preferves a juft proportion in the delineation of the feveral objects, and animates the whole with a uniform vigour of ftyle and fentiment; he performs whatever can af ford gratification to the most inquifitive reader of hiftory, or is neceffary to obtain the approbation of impartial criticism. VOL. XI. March, 1786.

M

Pr,

Dr. Gilliés commences his history with A View of the Pro grefs of Civilization and Power in Greece, preceding the Trojan War. It is not furprising, that on a fubject of so remote antiquity we should meet with little fatisfactory information, when, after a lapfe of feveral centuries from this period, all the efforts of the diligent Thucydides proved infufficient to investigate, with any precifion, the ftate of his country, during a long revolution of ages antecedent to the time in which he lived. Our author obferves in a note, and the remark cannot be invalidated by any pofitive authority, that, admitting the common chronology, there is reafon to believe that the fcattered fragments of Grecian hiftory were preferved during thirteen centuries by oral tradition. With the use of alphabetic writing, compofitions in profe began not earlier than about fix centuries preceding the Chriftian æra; and though before this time, many tranfactions might be celebrated by the bards, who are known to have been numerous in ancient Greece, yet thofe rhapsodies, however founded in atchievements which had really exifted, were too much blended with fiction ever to be received implicitly as documents for hiftorical narrative. But, dark as is the cloud which hangs over this portion of Grecian hiftory, the materials, it is cer tain, are more copious than confiftent; and to reduce them to order and perfpicuity, is what thofe who are beft acquainted with the difficulty and drynefs of the fubject, will admit to be not an enviable tafk.

After reciting the hiftory of the Trojan war, the author takes a concife view of the religion, government, arts, manners, and character of the ancient Greeks; and in the fame chapter he makes fome obfervations on the rank of women in the heroic ages, concerning which we think his remarks are well founded.

Two circumftances chiefly have rendered it difficult to explain the rank and condition of women in the heroic ages. The Greek word denoting a wife, is borrowed from a quality which equally applies to a concubine, and the fame term is ufed indif ferently to exprefs both. But the women who in ancient Greece fubmitted to the infamy of prostitution, were generally captives taken in war, who were reduced by the cruel right of arms to the miferable condition of fervitude. Hence it has been erroreoufly inferred, that in ancient Greece, wives as well as concubines were the flaves of their husbands. This mistaken notion it has been attempted to confirm, not only by infifting on the humiliating condition of the fair fex in the later ages of Greece, but by expressly afferting, that, in ancient times,

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