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half. Suppofing the number of purchafers, and the quantity of commodities purchased, to remain the fame as at prefent, he obferves that the retailers who fold thofe commodities would, one with another, have double the bufinefs; confequently if they now can live upon their profits, they would then live equally well were they to lower their profits one-half; and in the fame proportion that thofe profits were lowered, would the purchasers have commodities cheaper. Therefore, fuppofing the fum total of the retailer's annual profits to be ten millions, were their number diminished one-half, they would be just as rich with an annual profit of five millions, and the community would be eafed of an annual burden of five millions.
Our author's opinion, that the number of fhopkeepers throughout the kingdom is too great, we believe, will not be difputed; but we cannot fo readily agree with him, when he imputes the dearnefs of commodities in the country univerfally to this caufe. For we are of opinion, that in many parts, this dearness proceeds from the want of competition. With refpect to the political operation of the retail-tax, in the light in which it is viewed by the author, there appears no probability that it can prove, in any degree, fo efficacious as he has endeavoured to reprefent; and we think, that should it tend to the immediate production of thofe effects which he confiders as its natural refult, the tax might justly be deemed yet more oppreffive than it has hitherto been confidered, even by its warmest opponents. The reduction of the number of retailers in the capital, and in large cities, provided that no immediate diftrefs enfaed, and population was not ultimately affected, might, we doubt not, prove an advantage to the public. But we fhudder to think of the confequence which the author fuppofes, that one hundred thoufand perfons, accuftomed, as he reprefents, to habits of idlenefs, and unacquainted with the practice of any manual art, fhould be driven from their fhops, where they have hitherto maintained their families, to feek for fubfiftence by a recourse to occupations of which we muft fuppofe them to be incapable. Our author's idea of the operation of the tax, however, we can only confider as a hypothetical fpeculation in politics. Its immediate efficacy towards the purpose he mentions would affect fo great a number of individuals as to prove a national calamity; and if retailers can at prefent live by the profit of their fhops, the opinion feems not very probable, that any great diminution of this clafs of inhabitants will enfue, as a neceffary confequence of the tax in question.
Speech of George Dallas, Efq. Member of the Committee appointed by the British Inhabitants refiding in Bengal, for the Purpose of preparing Petitions to his Majefty and both Houses of Parliament, praying Redress against an Act of Parliament, c. 8vo. 15. 6d. Debrett.
This Speech was delivered at a meeting held at the Theatre, in Calcutta, on the 25th of July laft. Mr. Dallas is a member
of the committee appointed by the British inhabitants refiding in Bengal, for the purpofe of preparing petitions to his majefty and both houfes of parliament, praying redrefs against the late act relative to the affairs of India. He defcribes this act as pregnant with mifchief of the moft alarming nature with regard to the liberty and property of British subjects, who return with fortunes from the Eaft. That it is even a direct violation of Magna Charta, and tends to the establishment of a defpotism equally odious with that of the ftar-chamber. After painting, this fubject in ftrong colours, Mr. Dallas proceeds to fuggeft the pernicious confequences which may refult from the operation of the act, fhould it not be repealed. But he profeffes to entertain the utmost confidence that the British legislature will comply with the prayer of the petition; and for this purpose, he is not a little flattering in his encomiums on fome of the principal characters in the nation. The Speech is undoubtedly plaufible and animated; but difcovers a juvenility of declamation, intermixed with claffical apoftrophes not perfectly fuitable, we may fuppofe, to a promifcuous audience in the East Indies.
Subjoined is an Appendix, containing the Proceedings of the Meeting held at the Theatre in Calcutta ; with the Speech of Philip Yonge, Efq. the Sheriff, to the fame purpose as that of Mr. Dallas; and the Refolutions which were proposed, and unanimously agreed to, for carrying the object of the meeting
Translation of Huntingford's First Collection of Monoftrophics. 8.vo. 15. 6d. Dilly.
We cannot compliment this gentleman on the fuccess of his undertaking. The laft poem is thus rendered:
'O Greece! in ancient times fo much admir'd,
Who both in arms and arts have borne the sway;
Who foster'd heroes with thy genial ray: Favour'd of heav'n! blefs'd land! I thee adore; Accept my fong-farewell-Ifay no more.' Surely there never was a more lame and impotent conclu fion.' Yet, flat and infipid as the two laft lines are, the preceding ones have no right to triumph over their affociates' de fects. The first has no kind of excellency to boast of, the fecond is ungrammatical, the third not quite intelligible (as we know not who were infpir'd), and the fourth nonfenfical; for to 'fofter heroes with a ray' is a fimilar abfurdity to that in the Rehearsal, of grafping a ftorm in the eye of reafon.' Moft of the poems are undoubtedly rendered in a ftyle rather fuperior to that we have quoted, but not in fuch a manner as to confer any additional celebrity on the Monoftrophics.
The Exodus, a Poem. By the Rev. Samuel Hayes, M. A.
We first meet with fome good advice addreffed to ambitious monarchs, but fuch as has been given over and over again, to very little purpose, time immemorial. The only peculiar circumftance in this part of the poem is, that the riches of those kings is fuppofed to be chiefly employed in ornamenting their tables, and that their foldiers ftand around their thrones in order of battle.
Though wealth on wealth be in your coffers ftor'd,
While round your thrones the marshall'd legions fland,
Many rhetorical flowers are as confpicuous in the prefent as the laft* performance of Mr. Hayes. We are told that throughout the land Infectious vermin rankle,'
Miriam, watching Mofes wrapt in verdant fedge,' and obfervant of the Fates,' fees Thermutis going to bathe herfelf, or, according to the following elegant periphrafis,
in the refreshing flood
After we are told that the whirlwind fweeps along the sky,' we expect in the next line fome terrible inftance of its effects;
• And the parch'd duft diftorts the trembling eye.'
Inftead of houfes overthrown, or forefts laid wafte, the confequence is merely fuch as the traveller may experience any fummer day on the Illington turnpike; for we cannot fuppofe the eye would be more distorted' by Egyptian than English duft. Mofes
" -arins with faith the £uctuating sense.' His rod, inflead of affuming,
caught a ferpent's figure.' Pharaoh reprehends Aaron
It likewife breaks tyrannic force.'
for his vain parade of words, and worshipping not an ideal God, but an ideal name;' a mode of adoration not very intelligible.
Inftead of profcribing Mofes, he
-the bold offender's life proclaim'd.'
The Ifraelites are promis'd the hofpitable plains of Canaan,' a country of which they acquired poffeffion by force of arms. Notwithstanding thefe defects and blunders, there are feveral paffages in the poem of a better kind, though not of fufficient merit to intitle the author to a freehold on Parnaffus; but the long leafe he has taken of the Kiflingbury eftate will probably atone for that difappointment.
See Vol. lvii. p. 77:
Part the Second. 12mo. 15. 6d. Davies. A Second Part of thefe Criticifms are now collected from their fugitive ftate, and they appear with the fame advantages of fprightly wit, and acute difcriminated fatire, but are deformed with the fame virulence and ill-nature. We now lofe Merlin; but the Saxon drummer, the redoubtable fpoufe of Shiptonia, of the great mother of the Rollos, is fuppofed to poffefs in his dying moments, like all other dying heroes, the gift of prophecy. He defcribes a future houfe of lords, into which a future Rolle appears ambitious to gain admiffion. Every reader will understand the following lines.
Learn, thoughtless Debbeige, now no more a youth,
Or treafon lurk within the Dover coach:
This is fufficient for a fpecimen. Next follows a political eclogue called the Lyars, in which a claffical reader will perceive many paffages of Virgil's third Bucolic, parodied with much fpirit and wit: the political reader will treat it according to his own opinion of the parties; but every friend to propriety and decorum will be difgufted with the groffnefs of the abufe. It was plainly written before the laft New Year's Ode, or the following line would not have appeared:
' Or Warton's odes with juftice claim the bays.'
It is but juftice to acknowledge, that the ftrength, the fpirit, and true poetical ardour in Mr. Warton's laft production, have feldom animated a fimilar performance.
The Epithalamium on the Marriage of Mr. Elliot with lady Harriot Pitt, is fpirited, but, as ufual, too virulently fatirical. We fhall felect the leaft offenfive lines.
· Trio, by Lord Lonfdale, Lord Elliot, and the Duke of Northum
From boroughs, grand the things that grow;
Hail Liskeard, Appleby, and Launceston,
On the whole, we must repeat our regret, that brilliant talents are fo flagrantly mifapplied; but it will be fome compenfation, if difappointed ambition exhaufts its fury in thefe wordy wars,' and the fpirit which might destroy a kingdom, is contented with only abufing its governors.
Poems on various Subjects, by Ann Thomas. 4to. 35. Law. Mrs. Thomas, it seems, is the widow of an officer in the royal navy; and in feveral of her poems the celebrates events during the last war. He would be an ungenerous critic who should discover severity of remark towards the reli&t of an officer that fought in defence of his country.
The English Garden: a Poem: in Four Books. By W. Mafon, A. M. A new Edition, corrected. 8vo. 45. Dodsley.
To this elegant edition of the English Garden, are added a Commentary and Notes, by W. Burgh, Efq. and LL. D. The remarks and illuftrations are inftructive and entertaining, and cannot but prove acceptable to all who have a taste for the fubject.
Poems, by Robert Alves, A. M. 8vo. 45. Cadell.
Thefe Poems confift of odes and elegies, the former gay and ferious, the latter moral and defcriptive. If we except an Elegy on Time, they are not objects of praife; being generally debafed with barbarifms, obfcurity, and inharmonious "verfification.
Second Thoughts on the prefent Miniftry, or new Coalition. 4to. Is.
A poetical, and feemingly much interefted, but not very formidable opponent of the prefent administration.