Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology

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Springer Netherlands, Dec 10, 2011 - Philosophy - 176 pages

The "Cartesian Meditations" translation is based primarily on the printed text, edited by Professor S. Strasser and published in the first volume of Husserliana: Cartesianische Meditationen und Pariser Vorträge, ISBN 90-247-0214-3. Most of Husserl's emendations, as given in the Appendix to that volume, have been treated as if they were part of the text. The others have been translated in footnotes.
Secondary consideration has been given to a typescript (cited as "Typescript C") on which Husserl wrote in 1933: "Cartes. Meditationen / Originaltext 1929 / E. Husserl / für Dorion Cairns". Its use of emphasis and quotation marks conforms more closely to Husserl’s practice, as exemplified in works published during his lifetime. In this respect the translation usually follows Typescript C. Moreover, some of the variant readings n this typescript are preferable and have been used as the basis for the translation. Where that is the case, the published text is given or translated in a foornote.
The published text and Typescript C have been compared with the French translation by Gabrielle Pfeiffer and Emmanuel Levinas (Paris, Armand Collin, 1931). The use of emphasis and quotation marks in the French translation corresponds more closely to that in Typescript C than to that in the published text. Often, where the wording of the published text and that of Typescript C differ, the French translation indicates that it was based on a text that corresponded more closely to one or the other – usually to Typescript C. In such cases the French translation has been quoted or cited in a foornote.

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About the author (2011)

Edmund Husserl wird 1859 als Sohn einer judischen Tuchhandlerfamilie in Prossnitz geboren. Er nimmt nach dem Abitur das Studium der Mathematik, Astronomie, Physik und Philosophie in Leipzig auf, das er ab 1878 in Berlin fortsetzt. Es folgt die Promotion in Wien und - angeregt durch den Einfluss Franz Brentanos - die Habilitation mit einer psychologisch-mathematischen Arbeit bei Carl Stumpf in Halle. Nach verschiedenen Lehrtatigkeiten erhalt Husserl 1906 eine Professur in Gottingen. Die beruhmtesten Werke erscheinen in grossen Abstanden, davon zu Lebzeiten zwei unvollstandig: die Ideen zu einer reinen Phanomemologie (1913) und die Krisis der europaischen Wissenschaften (1936). Diese programmatischen Einfuhrungen in die Grundprobleme der Phanomenologie werden zeitlebens durch unveroffentlichte Analysen erganzt, die Husserl auf etwa 45.000 Seiten in Gabelsberger Stenographie niederschreibt. 1916 folgt er dem Ruf an die Universitat Freiburg, wo Martin Heidegger sein wohl beruhmtester Schuler wird. Die Konversion zum Christentum schutzt die Familie Husserl nicht vor den Schikanen der Nazis, die sie 1937 aus ihrer Wohnung vertreiben. Husserl stirbt 1939 in Freiburg.

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