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Mr. Brereton died on the 8th of September, 1798, in the eighty-fourth year of his age, and was interred in St. George's Chapel, Windsor. His wife was sister of Sir Thomas Whitmore, K. B. Mr. Brereton lived happily with her more than fifty years. They had five children, who all died young; he bequeathed the rents of his estates to her during her life, and after her decease (which happened in 1799), to his relations; the only son of the late General Trelawney, of Soho-Square, and the second son of the Rev. Sir Harry Trelawney, Baronet, of Trelawne, in Cornwall.
The Premiums usually proposed by the Society have, during this Session, undergone a minute investigation: seve ral are discontinued; and many, relative to objects in Planting, Husbandry, &c. offered, for some succeeding years, in the last Volume of Transactions, still remain open to Claimants, until the
times there noted are expired, though not particularised in the present Vo lume.
Modifications of them, or other Premiums expected to answer the purpose better, will probably succeed them, as occasion may require.
New Premiums will be found introduced, under the Articles Comparative Tillage; Rotation of Crops; Preserving of Turnips, Cabbages, Carrots, Parsnips, Beets, and Potatoes; inventing ThrashingMachines; manufacturing Tallow-Candles ; Preparation of Tan; Preparations of Red and Green Colours for printing on Cotton-Cloth; artificial Ultramarine; Stroke Engravings; Chintz and Copper-Plate Designs for Calico-Printers; Engravings on Wood; Bronzes; improved Ventilation ; Cultivation of Hemp in Canada, and curing Herrings in the Dutch method.
The Society will attend to any informations respecting such matters, as may be proper objects for further Premiums;
and invite the Public to furnish them with such Communications, addressed to the Secretary.
On perusal of the present Volume, it will be seen that a long detail of Certificates, which formed a considerable part of the former Volumes, has been contracted, in order to admit a greater number of subjects; by which means the present Volume contains twelve more articles of intelligence than any preceding one, all of which it is hoped will be found interesting to the Public.
The Papers and Communications are disposed in the order heretofore observed; a few remarks are here made, in addition to the Accounts introduced, as they follow in rotation.
In the Class of Agriculture it will be found that Henry Vernon, Esq. of Hilton Park, amongst a variety of other Trees, disposed with much taste and judgment, has planted a great number of English Elms, which are likely to form
form good timber. From subsequent accounts we have been informed, that the whole of his plantations are flourishing and picturesque.
The variety of uses to which Osiers are applied, renders their culture desirable. Mr. Thomas Selby, of Otford Castle, in Kent, has made very considerable plantations of them, and much improved Land which was naturally wet and barren.
The very extensive plantations of Timber-Trees, by Thomas Johnes, Esq. of Hafod, in Cardiganshire, demand particular attention. This Gentleman, by his excellent discrimination, and by exertions perhaps unparalleled, has converted a Desert to a Paradise; and in a wild uncultivated part of Wales, has raised such enchanting scenes, as afford inexpressible pleasure to every spectator. Mr. George Cumberland, whose taste and judgment have been displayed in several publications, made the following observations
observations on seeing Hafod, in the year 1796. "So many are the delights af"forded by the scenery of this place "and its vicinity, to a mind imbued "with any taste, that the impression on "mine was increased after an interval "of ten years from the first visit, em"ployed chiefly in travelling among the Alps, the Appennines, the Sabine"Hills, the Tyrolese, along the shores "of the Adriatic, over the Glaciers of "Switzerland, and up the Rhine, where, though in search of beauty, I never saw any thing so fine; never so many pictures collected in one point of "view."
Every person will feel a pleasure on being informed that, since the above description, very considerable improvements have been made there, particularly very lately, in the farms; that the additions in this line, and fertilizing Waste Ground, take place every year; that the number of Trees planted on Hafod