Community Interventions and AIDS
Edison J. Trickett, Willo Pequegnat
Oxford University Press, Sep 1, 2005 - Psychology - 320 pages
As news headlines report staggering numbers of people infected with HIV or AIDS across the globe and as stereotypes of typical AIDS patients become less and less specific to particular sexual orientations and ethnic backgrounds, the AIDS pandemic shows little sign of relenting. AIDS crosses geopolitical and social barriers, and social and behavioral scientists are confronted with the new challenge of developing scientific inquiry and corresponding interventions around participatory, community-based, and community-focused methods. These interventions are increasingly targeting the contextual influences on individual behavior, such as peer groups, social networks and support systems, and community norms. Community-level interventions also draw on local resources and are respectful of sociocultural circumstances and traditions. This book articulates how the social and behavioral sciences can respond to HIV/AIDS. It is written for all who have a stake in AIDS research, stimulating discussion and debate about the natures of community research and intervention broadly across such disciplines as public health, community health education, urban planning, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and philosophy of science. The book proposes alternative perspectives on means of ascertaining knowledge about the HIV/AIDS pandemic and the inclusion of community collaboration in interventions.
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African American AIDS Education Altman American Journal analysis approach behavior change bisexual collaboration community impact community interventions Community Psychology communitybased organizations communitylevel HIV prevention communitylevel interventions condom context cultural DiClemente diffusion diffusion of innovation disease Education and Prevention effects epidemic ethnographic evaluation example Hartford Model highrisk Hispanic Health Council HIV infection HIV intervention HIV prevention interventions HIV/AIDS identify implementation individuallevel individuals influence injection drug users institutions involvement issues Journal of Public Kelly Latino Latkin longterm methods multiple narrative needle network members norms organizational outcomes paradigm participants participatory action research partners Patton perspective population potential prevention programs problems Public Health qualitative randomized rapid assessment relationships response risk reduction role safer sex sampling Schensul sex workers sexual sexually transmitted diseases Singer social capital social networks strategies structure sustainability syndemic target technology transfer theory trials Trickett women York