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action adopted Allen amendments appear applied appointed arising authority become body British called cause character Chipman civil claim common law congress considerable considered constitution continue convention course court decision departments depend direct duties effect England equally established examine executive exercise existence express fact force formed give governor grant hold important independent individuals influence instance institutions interests judges judicial justice knowledge land legislative legislature less letter limited manner means measures ment mind mode moral nature necessary never object obligation observed opinion parties passed person political practice present principles proper proposed question reason received relations remove representatives respect result rule senate sense situation social society soon sovereignty suppose supreme court taken term thing tion true union United Vermont whole write York
Page 190 - An elective despotism was not the government we fought for; but one which should not only be founded on free principles, but in which the powers of government should be so divided and balanced among several bodies of magistracy as that no one could transcend their legal limits without being effectually checked and restrained by the others.
Page 309 - The United States shall guaranty to every State in this Union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.
Page 241 - Commentaries remarks, that this law of Nature being coeval with mankind, and dictated by God himself, is of course superior in obligation to any other. It is binding over all the globe, in all countries and at all times; no human laws are of any validity if contrary to this, and such of them as are valid, derive all their force, and all their validity, and all their authority, mediately and immediately, from this original...
Page 189 - All the powers of government, legislative, executive, and judiciary, result to the legislative body. The concentrating these in the same hands is precisely the definition of despotic government. It will be no alleviation that these powers will be exercised by a plurality of hands, and not by a single one. One hundred and seventy-three despots would surely be as oppressive as one.
Page 300 - ... the people forming one aggregate political community ; that the Constitution of the United States is in fact a compact, to which each state is a party, in the character already described...
Page 356 - The said states hereby severally enter into a firm league of friendship with each other for their common defence, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pretence whatever.
Page 306 - States; to coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures ; to provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States ; to establish post-offices and...
Page 173 - Judicial offices, in point of duration ; and that so far from being blamable on this account, their plan would have been inexcusably defective, if it had wanted this important feature of good Government. The experience of Great Britain affords an illustrious comment on the excellence of the institution.
Page 176 - The judges of the Supreme Court of Errors, of the superior and inferior courts, and all justices of the peace, shall be appointed by the General Assembly, in such manner as shall by law be prescribed.
Page 175 - All judicial officers, duly appointed, commissioned, and sworn, shall hold their offices during good behavior, excepting such concerning whom there is different provision made in this constitution: provided, nevertheless, the governor, with consent of the council, may remove them upon the address of both houses of the legislature.