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ing in height, and with a slightly undu- perfect pentagonal or hexagonal pillars, lating surface, having the appearance of in clusters and unequal lines, as if the huge columns, and now and then split porticoes and projections of a hundred into wide fissures. Into one of these Grecian temples had been suddenly clefts we were rowed, and found ourselves thrown together by the fantastic archiin a cavern some hundred yards in depth, tecture of Nature. And this is gradually the basaltic sides running into a point at lost in the ocean's depths, forming, in all the top at a height of ninety feet, and probability, a connection with Fingal's giving an appearance not unlike that of Cave in Staffa, and the similar formaa Gothic entrance. This basalt, of which tions on the Scottish coast. The colthe coast for twenty miles is formed, is umns, as every one knows, are found dia very close-grained, heavy stone, of a vided at intervals of four or five inches, dark gray color, at times approaching to each of which divisions is found, on sepablack. Its principal component parts ration, to fit into the one above it like a are iron and fint, and it is susceptible of ball into its socket. a beautiful polish. In many places it Passing around the Causeway, we enhas a degree of natural polish which tered a little opening in a side of the gives it a brilliant appearance when light- mole, where the water was comparatively ed up. The aspect of the Giant's Cave, smooth; and where, ascending a pair of as we entered its dark recesses, was tru- stairs, which had been formed by removly beautiful. The sun's rays, just peep- ing portions of columns, we found ouring in at the mouth, caused a delicate selves on a comparatively even surface tint to be reflected along the natural vault- at the top. The rolling of the sea had ing, and as the sea broke from one side made me sick, and this was a great relief. of the entrance to the other, we could As an additional remedy, the guide adnow and then in looking back discover a vised me to drink some whiskey at the rainbow in the spray so formed. The Giant's well, a curious spring issuing gun was now brought into use, and echo from the joints of the columns, near the repeated its report some half-dozen times uppermost part of the Causeway. An with what seemed a kind of ringing- old woman was sitting there to deal out metallic sound.
the favorite liquor, with which an IrishComing out of the cave, we returned inan so well loves to flavor his water. to the place from which we started, and She was, in appearance, a sort of medilanded the man with the gun, who, by ate creation between Meg Merrilies and way of eliciting a larger fee, told me that Norna of the Fitful-Head. She wore he had a wise and seven children to sup- a red flannel petticoat, above which a port by his business as echo-maker. man's coat of the largest size was held Putting out again, we rounded a sort of together by buitons of various colors and promontory, and came in full sight of the kinds. Over this was fastened an old red long projecting mole forming the Cause. cloak of coarse stuff, with a hood attachway. As is almost always the case ed, which had fallen back. Her long with objects of which we have heard so half-gray hair was brought round from much, the first sensation was that of dis- behind her ears in two strands, and tied appointment. I had heard it compared in a knot under her chin, in a kind of hangto a great stone-yard or quarry full of man's cravat. A pair of capacious feet, hewn rock; and at a litile distance the in Nature's shoes, peeped out from under comparison holds good. But as you ap- her gown. She was very tall, and her proach, it has more the appearance of a whole appearance, from a distance, might huge castle or fortification, portions of have led one to believe her a descendant which have fallen down; and when you of the traditional builders of the Causeare directly in front of it, the comparison way and the Giant's Cave. When we first ceases entirely, for it looks like nothing saw her she was walking about with a that I have ever seen. Thousands of stick in her hand, scolding two or three columns rise one above another from the boys for some matter of offence. The látheight of one foot to sixty, over a space terdemalions seemed to have been on of perhaps five acres. In the back the look-out for strangers, tumbling forground you may see the palisades of the wards in a body to sell me their crysHudson,-gradually changing from a tals and spars, while Meg herself prorough to a smooth surface, in which long ceeded to uncork her bottle and wash the lines, as it were, of columns in embryo, are tumbler, all the while vociferating; “ Take to be traced—and finally breaking into a dhrop of potheen! take a dhrop of potheen! It's good, and no desait nor acted upon by peculiar magnetic forces; mixin'."
and by constant pressure against each I accepted the proffered tumbler. It other, while yet in a soft state, and the had a most unpleasant taste of smoke and tendency of flint and iron to crystallizasoot, which with the Irish is a great re- tion, they might gradually assume the commendation. I threw her a sixpence, form of oblong prisms. This view is however, which, of course, called forth a not without its difficulties, but it has shower of blessings, and walked away. more arguments in its favor than most When I afterwards looked back and saw others, though, as we are not writing for her with hood on head and cane in hand, the scientific, we shall not enter into the I could not resist the idea that there was merits of the question. The learned something supernatural about the old professor of geology at Yale College incrone, and half expected to see her walk formed the writer that there are similar down to where the Giant's pavement has formations to be seen at Mount Tom, sunk beneath the sea.
near Northampton, in Massachusetts, We went on to inspect the more curi- where every thing indicates former volous formations. Columns are to be found canic action; but at no place are they of almost every prism, though the greater so numerous or perfect as at the Giant's part are five and six sided. The dif- Causeway. ferent clusters are distinguished by va- We now returned to the boat, where rious names-such as the Giant's Or- we found the men taking their comfort gan, the Giant's Chair, and other Titanic with lighted pipes. We directed our titles. The guide took great pains to course towards another small headland, point out every part to me, and seemed east of the Causeway. It required the apprehensive that I would be disappointed. utmost exertions of the oarsmen to make
* It's only by these close inspaictions, much headway against the heavy billows, sir, that a gintleman can understand the for it was now high tide, and the sea wondherful nathur ov the work."
was breaking furiously over all the lower “ How do you suppose these columns columns, leaving a long line of foam and came here?”
spray at their base, that greatly height"Indade, sir, an' that 's more than I ened the effect, as we moved away, of the can tell, or any other man. Many jaol. vast, bold colonnades and the dark rock ogists and learned men has been here, above. I gazed with intense interest and puzzled their brains about it, but af- upon the columns, as they faded by disther all they can only say that God made tance, and at last became blended with it, and that's the troth."
the masses piled above; and, as we There is, indeed, a mystery about the rounded the point, it was with reluctance workings of nature here, which gives an that I bade adieu to this object, the last interest different from that with which appearance of which so much exceeded we view other objects far more impres- the first. There was a solemnity and sive to the eye. It is something so dif- wildness about the whole scene, which ferent from any thing we have ever seen absorbed all my thoughts, and led me to before ; so evidently natural, and yet so pay little attention to the constant comnear an approach to art, that the mind is ments of the guide upon the beauty of filled with speculation and astonishment; this or that particular point. He seemed and, when we have conned over all the at last to comprehend my feelings, extheories on the subject, there still seems claiming : to be so much that is unsatisfactory, that “Sure and ov little use is it for me to we are led to content ourselves with the be a talking to ye'r honor, when ye'r conclusion of the guide, that the Deity own reflaiction will sarve you betther made it, without undertaking to say than any tongue of mine could !" through the agency of what convulsion We were now out some quarter of a it was brought about.
mile from the shore, and had a fine view In justice to the geologists, however, of the coast for some miles, till cut off by it ought to be remarked, that they are the high bluff of Bengore Head, projectnot without a very plausible theory on ing into the sea. One continuous seathe subject. They have mostly agreed, wall here presented itself to the eye, all that this is an ancient torrent of lava, of dark basaltic rock, varying from one which, suddenly precipitated into the to five hundred feet high; in some places sea, would separate into spherical bodies presenting the appearance of a vast forwhile in the process of cooling, when tress, with its towers and pinnacles—in others, capped by cliffs and jagged points once? So he whirlt one up wid hís. formed by the falling out of the rocks horn, thin thrampled him all down whin below; here cut into terraces, or shelves, he fell wid both his feet, afore the cur on some of which a small quantity of "kim to his sinses. Thin he turned on earth and stunted vegetation had collect- the second and the second run awayed—and there, split into huge fissures, whist! how he run-and the bull afther through some of which, over piles of him and they wint it round and round in fallen rocks, a glimpse could be caught a circle, an' closer an' closer on the edge; of the country beyond ; and from others and the bull got dizzy and didn't mind a light cloud of spray arose, caused by his footin'-the crazy fool !-till over he the leaping of some light waterfall over wint, and the boys heard a dale of belthe giddy height. Flocks of sea-birds lerin' and a splash, but they couldn't see were flying into and out of the deep nothin', for 'twas too dim, faith, to see a crevices, but no other sign of life was church for to know it. And they wint seen, except a solitary cow chewing her home and told Dinnis his bull had gone cud above, and apparently watching our over the rocks; and the next mornin' progress. As if on purpose to add Dinnis came here, thinkin' he might get to the loneliness of the scene, a small out his boat and save the ould carcass, dark cloud had settled over this very for he tho't, in coorse, the crithur was spot. I remarked that it must be a bad dead; but what was his wondher when place for shipwrecks. This made the he see the bull solimnly standin' in whole crew eloquent at once. Each had the wather up to his neck, sufferin' no some story to tell of terrible disasters spacial inconvaniance exsaipt from the which had happened in this quarter-of dampness—and when it saw Dinnis it vessels which had gone to pieces at mid- looked up and bellered, as much as to night on the rocks, of shrieks heard say, 'Kim and hilp me, you spalpeen, through the tempest, and bodies found in who've been a slaapin' all night, while the morning strown along the foot of the I've been nigh drownin'!' And troth, crags. But they all talked together, sir, it was wondherfull how the crathur with every possible pitch of voice, and it had lighted on the only sandy standin'was not easy to make out any consecu- place there was amongst the rocks, where tive meaning
he would not have been knocked to Steering for a sort of cave or opening paices; but isn't it the more strange that in the bank, we ascended a steep hill he should have iver got down there with above the ocean.
the breath in him ?-and indade, Dinnis“Look here, sir," said the guide, point- said it was because he was dhrunk with ing to a place that jutted two hundred dizziness ; and you know dhrunken men feet over the sea. * Isn't that below a niver get hurt in a fall, sir! and faith, steep place ? And would ye think, sir, Dinnis himself's an example of that, for that any thing could go over there and he's dhrunk the bull's health tin times a kape the life in him?"
day, ever sinse! But it took the consait Hardly."
out of the bull—intirely !" “Well, sir, it's the troth I'm goin' to Such was the guide's story.
It will tell ye. There was Dinnis Slater, (he serve, as would a thousand others which was one of thim in the boat,) had a bull any traveller in Ireland would hear, to that was the fiercest crathur in the coun- show the fondness of the Irish for inces. ty. And one night two boys from Bush- sant chat and story-telling on all occamills was out here huntin' for a sthray sions, a trait which Lover has, I was sure cow; and they had two tirrible great prised to find, described with so little exdogs. Off there, by thim stouns, they aggeration. saw the cow-as they consaited. “There The extreme absence of all sub. she is!' says they. '00-w-00!' says the stantial property among the common bull, bellerin' low. 'No, tisn't!' says they, people of Ireland constantly appears and run; and the bull run afther 'em- from the ideas they seem to entertain and they set the dogs on, and there was when one happens to possess a little. On a mischaiv'us fight. The bull worrid leaving the scene of the above story, we them a dale, and they worrid the bull passed over a potato field which gave asa dale-for if one got on his horn, the surance of our being near what my guide other was bitin' on his neck, or tear- termed the “Great Causeway Hotel.” in' him behind. Finally he refaicted, He added that its proprietor was a very Isn't it bothersome fitin' two at the thriving man, having become “intire.
owner of a house, three acres of ground, the wather, But a little quiet will cure a horse, two cows, and a dacent wife.” ye, sir."
Observing a large sign swinging from The guide walked up to the fire, and a pole, with “Giant's Causeway Hotel” unceremoniously thrusting a fork into upon it, I looked around for the edifice the pot, took out a potato, which he broke to which it referred, but saw nothing ex- in two, and sprinkling on a little salt with cept what I supposed to be a stable or his fingers, disposed of it in three mouthshed. On nearer approach it proved to fulls. Maybe, sir, you're not used to be a mud cabin of a larger size than or- 'ating potathoes alone in so plain a dinary, with a board roof instead of a thatched one; and this it was which re- Perhaps the jintleman 'll thry one ?" joiced in the name and title aforesaid.* said Mr. McGannon. " It 'll settle ye'r We walked at once into one of the two stomach, sir ;" and selecting a large one, rooms. A bright peat fire was burning he handed it to me with a wooden platter on the hearth, or rather on that part of of salt. It was a splendid potato ; the the mud floor which was under the chim- rich mealy substance, just peeping ney, and over it was a huge pot in which through the dark skin where it had burst some potatoes were boiling. In front open, fed the imagination. I was just of the fire stood the owner of the estab. taking another, when a large pig entered lishment, who was introduced to me as the cabin with an extraordinary air of Mr. McGannon, a tall, well-proportioned ownership in the premises. man, with a good-looking countenance, “Ah, Toby, did ye smell the praties?'' although somewhat marked with the said his master. “Well, an' ye shall small-pox. He had just returned from have one,” he added, taking the largest a visit to Belfast, which perhaps account out of the pot. The "guest at home" ed for his being very well dressed in a opened his mouth, and the landlord tossed suit of blue cloth, with well-polished the hot edible with such force down his boots, presenting altogether a buckish throat as very naturally gave rise to a appearance-quite out of place consider- half-suppressed squeal of pain. Coughing the appearance of every thing else. ing it up with great haste, and mizzling Near the door was a dresser, formed by it on the ground for cooling, he comdriving sticks into the floor and laying menced operations in a quiet way, and an old shutter across; and here his wife, seemed to be of the same opinion with a red-haired, fair-featured young woman, myself as to its merits. in a loose calico gown, with bare feet, It was altogether a scene for a painter, was engaged in clearing up the tin ves- the landlord, the guide, the pig, and mysels, and, from the bright polish of the self, each discussing his potato, the intwo or three she had finished and hung trinsic merits of the vegetable being up, it was apparent that she understood heightened by the quiet running comher business. Children were running ments of Mr. McGannon on its wholeabout out of doors without the encum- someness, which he could more fully apbrance of much clothing except a loose preciate since his visit to Belfast, where shirt; I understood them to be memen- the variety and luxuries had come near toes of a former wife, the present hostess making him sick. being, comparatively, a bride. A table, It is singular what a hold upon the chest, one chair, and two or three benches memory little things of this kind obtain, completed the furniture of the public when matters of far more real claims to room of the “Giant's Causeway Hotel." interest fade entirely away. I never A peep into an adjoining apartment about think of the Causeway without coupling five feet square, in which were some it with the potato in the Irishman's cabin. straw and blankets, told that the owner I was told that they generally cooked enjoyed the unusual luxury here of a about a bushel a day, once in a while separate sleeping-room. We were wel- throwing in a little bit of pork, and in the comed by the landlord, who drew out the fishing season toasting a few herrings, chair for my accommodation.
or, what is betther, a salmon.” And "Is't sick you are, sir? It's ofthen Mr. McGannon was a prosperous man, the case with those who are not used to the envy of many of his neighbors !
* I was afterwards informed that there is a very good one on the other side of the Causeway.
VOL. 1.NO, I.
MR. SCHOOLCRAFT'S ONEOTA.*
Those who feel any interest in the would be invaluable-to those, certainly, character, customs, traditions, and melan- who take any interest at all in the subcholy history of the Indian tribes, are ject; and it ought to meet with encourunder great obligation to the labors of agement. As it has never appeared, we Mr. Schoolcraft. By long residence and suppose the encouragement was not afextended travels among them, for the forded, nor any prospect of it,--an issue most part in an official connection, he has which does not redound greatly to the had the greatest advantages for gather- honor of the community. ing accurate knowledge on every point The present publication under the title connected with them; and he has pur- of Oneöta, the first number of which is sued his researches through the greater before us, appears to be an attempt to see part of his life, in a manner that entitles how far the public will extend favor to a him to the warm confidence of the pub- part of the plan. The name, belonging lic. Facts are of more importance on to the tribe of the Oneidas, and signifythese topics than any speculations or ab- ing “the people sprung from a rock," stract argument. We never can know seems a very partial and fanciful one for the real nature of the Indian, in all the a work treating of the entire race. It aspects and conditions of his wilderness may do, however, for its indefiniteness, life, till we have gathered from the widest since we know nothing about their origin. range of inquiry, ample data on which We cannot so easily excuse the exto build our conclusions. It is idle to tremely irregular arrangement of the write or speak otherwise. The great contents of the work; at least, so far as merit of Mr. Schoolcraft's writings is, the present number is a specimen. The
that he gives us facts ; if he makes de- materials are all good, but seem thrown . ductions, they are such as previously in, and stewed up together into a kind of
presented data render probable. And ollapodrida, very unpleasant to a reader the most valuable part of the information of books. It would seem, in fact, that a he has given us, is not respecting the bundle of notes, collected at random for mere physical traits, customs, or history many years, were handed in to the printof the Red Men, of which writers of er, and flung into type without further sketches and travels are always speak, ordering. But this weighs little against ing. His aim has been far higher and the real excellence of the collection : more difficult—to open to us the world there is nothing in it which has not its of the Indian's mind and spiritnal emo- interest, or is not classically written. tions. This he has effected to some The first few pages are occupied, unextent by scattered observations in his der the title of Tales of a Wigwam, with several books of travels, but more suc- two or three curious traditionary stories, cessfully in some small volumes en- such as make up the “ Algic Researchtitled " Algic Researches," a collection es.” It is not generally known that the of simple, at times grotesque, but ex- Indians possessed this story-telling faceedingly imaginative Arab-like stories, culty to so great a degree as appears by which give us access, indirectly, and late inquiries. The earliest satisfactory therefore the more certainly, to many of information on this point is due to Mr. the Indian's opinions hitherto kept con- Schoolcraft, who first made it distinctly cealed by his impenetrable reserve. known in the “Researches" mentioned
Some months since, a specimen sheet above ; and it is now discovered that the was issued of an extended work, to be Indian has in reality a most vivid imacalled “Cyclopædia Indianensis," and gination, and that wild and mysterious designed to embrace every thing that can tales form their favorite recreation in the be known about the race. Such a work languid leisure of summer, or around
* ONEÖTA, or the Red Race of America: their history, traditions, customs, poetry, picture-writing, &c., in extracts from notes, journals, and other unpublished writings. By Henry R. Schoolcraft, author of “Travels to the Sources of the Mississippi,” gic Researches," Expedition to Itasca Lake,” &c. New York: Burgess, Stringer, & Co., 222 Broadway.