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From an Original Painting, in the great gallery. of Sir Francis Bacon Lord Verulam.

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FX YORK

PUBLIC LIBRARY

583004

48/CENOX AND

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TILGON FOUNDATIONS.

1912

District of Maryland, to wit:

BE IT REMEMBERED, That on this first day of October, in the thirty-fifth year of the Independence of the United States of America, Edward J. Coale, of the said district, hath deposited in this office, the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit:

"A SKETCH of the HISTORY OF MARYLAND, during the three first 'years after its settlement, to which is prefixed, a Copious Introduction. "By John Leeds Bozman."

In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled “ An act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times' therein mentioned;" And also to the act entitled "An act supplementary to the act entitled, "An act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned," and extending the benefits there of to the arts of designing, engraving and etching Historical and other Prints. PHILIP MOORE, Clerk of the District of Maryland.

CONTENTS.

Virginia and Maryland-Smith becomes president of Virginia, and the te nor of some instructions from England to Virginia--An attempt of the Plymouth Company to settle a colony in Maine-The second charter of Virginia, and the causes of granting it-The settlement of the Dutch at New York--English attempt to settle Newfoundland--The third charter of Virginia--Captain Argall's expedition to break up the French and Dutch settlements at Nova Scotia and New York.

SECTION VIII.

REASONS for the following digression-Rise of the reformation--Its progress through the continent of Europe-Its introduction into England--The origin of the Puritans-Divisions among the Puritans--State of religious parties in England, on James I's accession-The Independents emigrate to Holland-Their distressing situation there-They form the design of removing to America-Negociate with the Virginia Company for that purpose-Dissensions in the Virginia Company occasion delay-They embark for America, and settle at Plymouth, in Massachusetts.

SECTION IX.

CAUSES of the severe statutes against Roman Catholics in England, during the reign of Elizabeth-Their conduct on the accession of James I.-The cause of additional statutes against them-The excesses of the Catholics and Puritans give rise to political parties-First scheme of a colony of English Catholics in Newfoundland, under the patronage of Sir George Calvert -Sir George Calvert created lord Baltimore, visits Virginia, with further views of colonisation-The conduct of the Virginians towards him-Differences among the Catholics with respect to the oaths of allegiance and șupremacy-Lord Baltimore forms the scheme of settling a colony in Maryland -Settlement of a colony of Swedes on the Delaware-The Virginians oppose the lord Baltimore's scheme-William Clayborne's claim-Lord Baltimore returns to England, and relinquishes his views of a settlement on Newfoundland-obtains the promise of a grant of the province of Maryland, which is given, on his death to his son Cecilius.

CHAPTER I.

CECILIUS, lord Baltimore, prepares for sending out a colony-The Virginians petition against his charter-Their petition ineffectual, and the planters reconciled-Lord Baltimore appoints his brother to conduct the colony-Their arrival in the Chesapeake-They explore the Patowmack-The governour fixes upon St. Mary's for their first settlement-Circumstances favourable to them-Proceedings of the colonists after landing-Great harmony between the natives and colonists-Interrupted by Clayborne and his party-Clayborne resorts to open military force-The lord proprietor's instructions relative to grants of lands-Grants of small lots in the town of St. Mary's-The nature of the first form of government of the colony-An ordinance for that purpose-Proclamation in England against emigration-Traffic with the Indians regulated in the province-The isle of Kent reduced to lord Baltimore's government-The county of St. Mary's organized-An assembly of the province called-The first assembly of the province meet-The assembly take into consideration the laws sent in by the proprietor-The laws sent rejected-How far the laws of England were deemed to be in force-The laws sent in by the proprietor again proposed and rejected-Courts of justice meet -Proceedings therein against Clayborne's party-The inhabitants of the isle of Kent refuse to submit-Governour Calvert proceeds with a military force against them-Secretary Lewger authorised to hold the assembly-Act of attainder against William Clayborne-Trial of Thomas Smith, one of Clay. borne's men-Inquiry by the assembly into the conduct of captain Cornwallis -Resolution of the assembly relative to servants-The assembly dissolvedThe lord proprietor refuses his assent to the laws enacted by the assembly-re William Clayborne's petition to the king in council, and order thereupon.

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