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prepare, get ready, procure. pendo, ere, pěpendi, pensum, [ p. pario.]

V. a., weigh ; met. pay. pars, tis, f., part; unā ex per, prep. W. ACC., through. parte, in one direction ; qua per-contātio, onis, f., asking, ex parte, in which respect

. inquiry. [per-contari.] [cp. č-top-ov, portio, paro.] per-dūco, ere, xi, ctum, v. a.,

parvus, a, um, adj., small ; bring, lead, carry parvo pretio, at a low rate. pěr-20, ire, ii, itum, v. n., [cp. parcus, parum.]

perish. passus, ūs, m., step, pace (i.e. per-făcilis, e, adj., very double step of about 5 feet); easy. mille passūs, 1000 paces, i.e. per-fěro, ferre, tăli, latum, about 1618 yards, the Roman v. a., carry through, endure, mile.

submit to, bear. pătens, adj., open. [pateo.] per-fịcio, ère, fēci, fectum,

păteo, ēre, ui, v. n., lie open, v. a., accomplish, bring to an extend. [cp. pando.]

end. [facio.] păter, tris, m., father. [root per-fringo, ĕre, frēgi, frac

feed; cp. pa-sco; rathp, tum, v. a., break through, break Vater, father.]

in pieces. [frango.] pătior, i, passus, v. dep., per-fūga, ae, m., deserter. suffer, allow. [-tab-ov.]

per-fúgio, ère, fūgi, fúvitum paucus, a, um, adj., small; V. n., flee, desert. plur. few; pauca rispondere, pěrīcă!ojus, a, um, adj., dananswer briefly. [cp. paulus, gerous. [periculum.] pauper, paucus.]

pěrīcủlum, i, n., danger. [cp. paulātim, adv., little by little. porta, portus, experior, peri[raulus.]

tus.] paulo, adv., . (by) a little pěrītus, a, um, adj., prac(with comparative words). [cp. tised in, skilled in; rei militalau-cus.]

ris, 21. [cp. perīculum.] paulum, adv., a little. [cp. per-măneo, ēre, mansi, manpau-cus.]

sum, v. II., remain. pax, pācis, f., peace. [root per-mitto, ère, misi, missum, L'AC, PAG; cp. pacisco, pango.] V. a., give up, allow.

pecco, are, avi, atum, v. n., per-móveo, ēre, mõvi, modo wrong, offend. [root PIK = tum, v. a., move greatly, stir be angry; cp. piger, pigeo.]

up, persuade. pědes, îtis, m., a foot soldier; per-nicies, ei, f., destruction, pl. infantry. [pes.]

ruin. [per-něco.] põior, us, adj., worse.

per-pauci, ae, a, adj., very pollo, čre, pěpuli, pulsum, feu. Pil., drive, drive back, defeat. per-pětuo, adv., constantly,

in unbroken succession, 31. ! (with shaft about 4 feet long) (perpetuus.]

thrown by Roman legionaries. perpétuus, a, um, adj., con- Pīso, õnis, m. (1) L. Calstunt, continual, unbroken. purnius Piso, Caesar's father[peto.]

in-law, consul B.C. 58; (2) per-rumpo, ére, rūpi, rup- Cassius' lieutenant, B.c. 107. tum, v. a., break through.

plăceo, ēre, ui, itum, v. D., per-séquor, i, zěcūtus, v. dep., | please, w. DAT.; esp. impers. follow up, pursue.

plăcet, uit, it pleases; placuit per-sěvēro, are, avi, atum, ei, he determined. V. a., persist.

plānžcies, ei, f., level ground, per-solvo, ére, i, sõlūtum, plain. [planus.] V. a., pay; p. poenas, pay the plebs, plēbis, f., plēbes, ei, f., penalty.

common people. per-spicio, ére, spexi, spec- plērumquě, adv., for the tum, v. a., see through, discern most part. [plerus, root PLE, clearly. (spěcio.]

cp. plenus.] per-suādeo, ēre, si, sum, v. a., plūrimum, adv., most ; pluripersuade ; mihi persuadētur, mum posse, to have the most I am persuaded ; p. id eis, per- weight. [root PLE.) suade them to this.

plūrimus, a, um, adj., most, per-terreo, ēre, ui, Itum, very many. [root PLE.] v. a., frighten greatly, terrify. plūs, comp. adj. and adv.,

per-tīnācia, ae, f., obstinacy. more; qui plus possint, who (teneo.]

have more power. [root PlE.] per-tineo, ēre, ui, tentum,

poena, ae, f., punishment. v. 1., reach to, belong to; eodem [cp. pūnio, paenitet.] pertinet, it points in the same polliceor, ēre, îtus, v. dep., direction. (teneo.]

promise. (por (= após), liceor; per-turbo, are, avi, atum,

cp. pro.] v. a., disturb greatly:

pono, ére, posui, pósitum, per-věnio, ire, vēni, ventum, v. a., place, put, put down, v. n., come to, reach, arrive. appoint; castra ponere, pitch

pes, pédis, m., foot; podem a camp. (por (=mpós), sino.] refcrre, to retreat.

pons, ntis, m., bridge; p. in pěto, ere, ivi, itum, v. a., Arari, on the Arar. [akin to seek, ask for, attack.

path.] phălanx, angis, f., a pha- poposci, redupl. perf. of lanx, i.e. a close order of battle;

posco. a Greek word transferred to popúlātio, onis, f., ravaging, that adopted by the Helvetii, 15. (populor.] 24, and Germans, 52. (párayć.] popůlor, ari, atus, V. dep.,

pīlum, i, n., a heavy spear lay waste, ravage, agros, fines. [populus = spread a multitude postŭlo, are, avi, atum, V. A., over a place.]

demand. [posco.] popūlus, i, m., people. [root potens, ntis, part. and adj., PLE; cp. pleo, plenus.] powerful. [possum.]

por-rigo, ére, rexi, rectum, potentātus, ūs, m., political v. a., stretch, extend. [pro, supremacy, 31. [potens.] régo.]

potentia, ae, f., power. [poporto, are, avi, atum, v. a., tens.] carry.

potestas, ātis, f., power, portórium, i, n., customs, opportunity ; sui potestatem toli, 18. (portus = harbour.] (

facere, give an opportunity of posco, ere, poposci, v. a., de- approaching. [potis.] mand. (cp. prěcor.]

potior, iri, ītus, v. dep., gain possessio, onis, f.,

possession. possession of (w. ABL.). [cp. [possideo.]

potis, possum.] pos-sideo, ēre, sēdi, sessum, potius, comp. adv., rather. V. a., have, posse88. [por (= [potis.] após), sčdeo.]

prae, prep. W. ABL., before, pos-sum, posse, potui, v. n., in comparison with. [cp. pro, am able, can; multum (plus) prior, porro, primus.] posse, to have much (more) in- prae-căveo, ére, cāvi, cau. fluence ; quam maximis potest tum, v. n., guard against. itineribus, by the longest pos- prae-cēdo, ĕre, cessi, ces. sible marches. (põtis, sum.] sum, v. n., go before, surpass.

post, adv., after ; biduo prae-cípio, ĕre, cēpi, ceptum, post, two days after ; prep. w. V. a., order, instruct. [capio.] ACC., after, post eius mortum, prae-cïpůē, adv., especially. 5. [cp. pone.]

[prae-cipio.] post-eā, adv., after, after- prae-dico, are, avi, atum, wards. [Either post čå (orig. V. a., assert, proclaim; multa eā)Corssen ; or post ea(m praedicavit, talked a great rem).]

deal. [dycare.] postěrus, a, um, adj., sub- prae-fectus, i, m., prefect; sequent; postěrus dies, the next general term for an officer, esp. day; plural, posteri, descen- a cavalry officer. [prae-ficio.] dants. [post.]

prae-fício, ère, tēci, fectum, post-quam, conj., after that. V. a., set over. [facio.]

postridie, adv., the next day; prae-mitto, ere, mīsi, mispostridie eius diei, the next sum, v. a., send forward. day. [locative of posterus praemium, i, n., reward. dies.]

[prae, ěmo got before others.] postulatum, i, n., a demand. prae-opto, are, avi, atum, [postulo.]

V. a., prefer, 25.

prae-põno, čre, posui, posïTan, v. a., set over.

prae-scrībo, ērc, psi, ptum, V. a., command, order.

prae-scriptum, i, 1)., order.

prae-sens, ntis, adj., present. [praesum.]

prae-sentia, ae, f., presence. [praesens.]

prae-sertim, adv., especially. [prae, sěro.]

prae-sĩdium, i, n., guard, garrison, defence. [prae, sedeo.]

prae-sto, stāre, stiti, v. Do, excel; impers. it is better.

prae-sum, esse, fui, v. n., be before, be in command of.

prae-ter, prep. W. ACC., beyond, past, besides, in addition to, except. [prae; demonstr. suffix -ter, cp. inter, subter, propter

... adv., further, besides, moreover. [praeter ěă (orig. eā) or praeter ea(m rem).]

praeter-itus, a, um, adj., past. [praeter-eo.]

praetor, oris, m., praetor, a Roman magistrate. In early times there were 2, viz. p. urbanus, who had authority in law matters between Romans, and p. peregrinus, when a foreigner came into the dispute. In later times there were many more. [= praeItor from prae-eo.]

praetorius, a, um, adj., praetorian ; porta praetoria, the gate of the camp facing the enemy.

prěc-, defective, f., prayer,

entreaty, petition ; used by Caesar only in pl.

prehendo, ere, i, sum, v. a., grasp, take. [prae, hendo.]

prěmo, ere, pressi, pressum, V. a., press, vex, harass.

prendo, contr. from prehendo.

prětium, i, n., price.

prīdiē, adv., the day before. [locative pri- (op. pridem, prior), dies.]

primo, adv., primum, adv., at first, firstly; quam primum, as soon as possible. [cp. prae.]

prīmus, a, um, adj., first, principal ; primā luce, at daybreak; primā nocte, at nightfall. [cp. prae.]

prin-ceps, cspis, adj., first, chief ; ea princeps persolvit, it was the first to pay. [primus, capio.]

principātus, ūs, m., first place, leadership. [princeps.]

pristinus, a, um, adj., former, ancient. [cp. priscus, for prius-tinus; so magis gius.]

prius, comp. adv., before. [prae.]

privatus, a, um, adj., private. [privo deprive.]

pro, prep. W. ABL., before, for, in behalf of, in proportion to, in the place of, in accordance with, in return for: pro castris, in front of the camp; pro his, on their behalf ; pro multitudine, considering their numbers ; pro magnis officiis, in return for great services ; pro praetore,

= ma

vance.

serving as praetor; pro viso, with the infin., not withi quo«
as if seen ; pro vallo, to serve minus. [habeo.]
as a rampart.

prō-icio, ère, iēci, iectum, probo, are, avi, atum, v. d., v. a., Cust forth, fling away. approve, prove. [probus.] [pro, iăcio.]

pro-cēdo, ĕre, cessi, cessum, prő-móveo, ēre, mõvi, moV. n., advance.

tum, v. a., move forward, adProcillus, i, m., Gaius Valerius Procillus, a Gaul and propě, adv., near, nearly; great friend of Caesar, sent by prep. W. ACC., near : prope hoshim as ambassador to Ariovis- tium castra, near the enemy's tus, by whom he was detained camp. [pro, -pě; cp. nempe, but afterwards rescued, 19, quippe.] 47, 53.

pro-pello, ere, půli, pulsum, pro-curro, ere, i, sum, v. 11., V. a., push forwards, rout, 15. run forward.

propinqua, ae, f., (female) pro-d-eo, ire, ii, itum, v. n., relation, 18. come forth, advance.

propinquus, a, um, adj., near, pro-do, ere, dĩdi, ditum, v. a., related. give up, transmit, hand down, propius, comp. adv., nearer, betray.

too near; W. ACC. tumulum, pro-dūco, ere, xi, ctum, v. a., 46. [prope.] lead forth, bring out, prolong. pro-põno, ěre, põsui, posï

proelium, i, n., battle. [perh. tum, v. a., put forward, pub= pro-duilium.]

lish, show; quod antea tacueprofectio, onis, f., setting out. rat, proponit. [proficiscor.]

proptěr, prep. W. ACC., on profectus, a, um, part. of account of, close to. [= pr). prófîciscor.

piter from prope ; cp. subter, prófício, ère, fēci, fectum, inter.] v. a., advance, bring about, propter-ěā, adv., on that aceffect. [facio.]

count, therefore. (propter că prófíciscor, i, profectus, v. n., (orig. eā) or propter ea(m set out. [lit. make forth; cp. rem).] facesso.]

pro-pulso, are, avi, atum, pro-fúgio, ĕre, fūgi, făgitum, v. a., repel. [frequ. of proV. n., escape.

pello.] pro-gredior, i, gressus, v. pro-spicio, ère, spexi, specdep., step forth, advance, pro- tum, v. a., look out, take timely ceed. (gradior, gradus.] measures, 23. [spěcio.]

pro-hibeo, ēre, ui, itum, v. a., pro-vincia, ae, f., a province, prevent, hinder, restrain. Used esp. the Province, the S.E. by Caesar, Cicero, and Livy, l part of Gaul, now Provence.

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