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(etym. doubtful, perh. contr. quadringenti, ae, a, card. from (1) providentia, or (2) adj., four hundred. pronoventia, cp. nuntius.] quaero, ere, quaesivi, quae

proximē, adv., nearest, next. sītum, v. a., seek. [proximus.]

quaestor, õris, m., quaestor, proximus, a, um, superl. the paymaster of the province adj., nearest, next; proximus who in time of war had charge dies, next day; (constructed of the military chest. [= quaeW. ACC., W. DAT., or with ab sitor, from quaero.] and abl.) [prope.]

quālis, e, adj., such as, correl. publicē, adv., publicly, on to talis (such), or interrog. of behalf of the State. [publi- what kind ? cus.]

quam, than, w. comparapublicus, a, um, adj., public; tives ; w. superl. as . . in publicum, for the use of all. possible. [= populicus ; populus.] quam-dřū, adv., how long ? Publius, i, m., a Roman prae- or as long as.

quam-ob-rem, adv., wherepůdet, uit, v. impers., it fore. shames ; w. ACC. of person, quantus, a, um, adj., how gen. of thing.

great? or as great as. půdor, õris, m., shame, mo- quārē, adv., wherefore. desty.

quartus, a, um, ordinal adj., půěr, eri, m., boy.

fourth. pugna, ae, f., fight, battle. quattuor, card. adj., four. [root PUG; cp. pungo, pugil.] quattuor-děcim, card. adj.,

pugno, are, avi, atum, v. a., fourteen. fight. [pugna.]

-quě, enclitic conj., and. puls-, supine stem of pello. quem-ad-modum, adv., as,

purgo, are, avi, atum, v. a., just as. clear (of blame). [= pūrigo, qušror, i, questus, v. i.e. purum ago.]

complain, complain of. pŭto, are, avi, atum, v. a., qui, quae, quod, rel.

pron., think, consider. [root pu who, which, what. cleanse; cp. purus.]

quibus-cum, i.e. cum quibus. Pyrēnaeus mons, esp. plural quic-quam, anything (neut. Pyrenaei montes, the Pyrenees, of quisquam). between France and Spain. quic-quid, whatever (neut. of

quisquis). Q. for Quintus.

qui-cumquě, quaecumque, quā, adv., where. [qui.] quodcumque, pron., whoever,

quadraginta, card. adj., whatever. forty.

quid, adv., why ?

dep., ne.)

quidam, quaedam, quoddam, quo-minus, conj., by which pron., a certain one, a certain. the less, that not; recusare

quidem, adv., indeed; ne... quominus essent, refuse to be. qusdem, not even.

quóniam, conj., since, w. inquin, conj., that not, but dic. [quom (quum) iam.] that ; esp. after a negative quóque, adv., also. clause, non deterreri quin, not quot-annīs, adv., every year, to be frightened from; neque yearly. abest suspicio quin, nor is the quotidiānus, a, um, adj., suspicion wanting that. [qui- daily. [quotidie.]

quotidiē, adv., daily, day by quin-děcim, card. adj., fif-day. [quot, dies.] teen.

quotiēs, quotiens, adv., how quin-ětiam, conj., nay also, often? or as often as. [quot.] moreover, 17.

quum (quom, cum), relative quingenti, ae, a, card. adj., conj. of time, when (w. indic. five hundred.

and subj.); causal, since, sea quinquāgintā, card. adj., | ing that (always w. subj.). fifty.

quinquě, card. adj., five. rādix, icis, f., root; rādīces

quintus, a, um, ordinal adj., montis, the base (spurs) of the fifth.

mountain. [cp. ra-mus.] Quintus, i, m., Roman prae- răpīna, ae, f., plunder. [ranomen.

pio.] qui-que, and who.

rătio, onis, f., calculation, quis, quid (qui, quae, quod), method, plan, design, condition, interrog. pron., who? Which? reason ; ea ratione, on these what?

grounds. [reor, ratus.] quis, quă, quid, indef. pron., rătis, is, f., ship, raft. [cp. any; si quis, if any one ; ne remus, tri-remis, etc.] quis, that no one ; quid auxilii, Raurici, orum, m., a Celtic any help.

people on the S. bank of the quisquam, quicquam, indef. Rhine from the Aar to Basel. pron., any one (at all); nec recens, ntis, adj., fresh, requisquam, and no one.

cent. [re- ; cp. candeo, candor.] quisquě, quaeque, quicque récept-, supine stem of re(quodque), indef. pron., each. cipio.

quo, adv., whither, where; rě-cípio, ere, cēpi, ceptum, W. compar., in order that.

V. a., get back, receive, withquod, conj., because, in that, draw, admit; se recipere, to whereas; quod si, even if ; retreat. [capio.] quod temptassent, the fact of ré-cūso, are, avi, atum, V. a., their having tried.

refuse. [causa.]

té-pello, ere, reppuli, repul

rēda, ae, f., chariot, 51.

rě-măneo, ēre, nsi, nsum, red-do, ére, didi, ditum, v. a., V. a., remain behind. give back, render.

Remi, orum, m., a Celtic rěd-eo, ire, ii, itum, v. n., tribe of Gallia Belgica who go back. [The orig. form of have given their names to re- was red-; cp. red-do, rel- modern Rheims. latus, rel-liquiae, red-duco.] ré-miniscor, i, v. dep., call

rěd-igo, ére, ēgi, actum, v. a., to mind. [cp. memor.] bring back, reduce ; in provin- ré-mitto, ere, mis missum, ciam redigere, reduce the V. a., send back, relax. condition of a province. [ago.] ré-móveo, ēre, mõvi, mõtum,

rěd-imo, ère, ēmi, emptum, 7. a., remove, send away. V. d., buy. [emo.]

rě-mūněror, ari, atus, v. dep., red-intégro, are, avi, atum, recompense. [munus.] V. a., renew.

re-nuntio, are, avi, atum, rěd-itio, onis, f., return; r. V. a., bring back word. [nundómum, return home. [red- tius.] ire.]

re-dūco, ĕre, xi, ctum, v. a., sum, V. a., drive back. lead back, bring back.

rěpentē, adv., suddenly. [rerě-fěro, ferrě, ret-tůli, rela- pens = sudden]

. tum, v. a., bring back, take rěpentīnus, a, um, adj., sudback, report; pedem r., retreat ; den. [repentē.] hanc gratiam referre, make this ré-perio, ire, repperi, reperreturn.

tum, v. a., find, discover ; régio, onis, f., direction, re- salutem reppererunt, reached a gion. [rego.]

place of safety. [părio = proregnum, i, n., royal power. cure.] See 3. 4 (note). [rex.]

re-pěto, ĕre, ivi, itum, V. a., rē-icio, ère, iēci, iectum, V. a., demand back, claim my due. throw back, throw away; ne rep-půli, perf. of rèpello. pila reicerent, not to throw rě-praesento, are, avi, atum, back, i.e. in

[re, V. a., do at once. [bring back iacio.]

to the present from the fureieot-, supine stem of rē- ture.] Icio.

rě-prěhendo, ere, i, sum, relāt-, supine stem of refero. V. a., blame. [prehendo.]

rě-linquo, ere, liqui, lictum, rě-púdio, are, avi, atum, V. a., leave behind, abandon. V. a., despise, reject. [pudet.] [linquo, cp. λείπω.]

rě-pugno, are, avi, atum, re-liqŭus, a, um, adj., re- V. n., resist, refuse. maining ; nihil est reliqui, re-puls-, supine stem of renothing is left. [re-linquo.) pello.


res, rei, f., thing, matter, affair ; according to the context to be translated by various words, e.g. ea res, this conspiracy, c. 4; novis rebus studebat, was anxious for a revolution ; de re publica, about state matters, 34; res militaris, military tactics ; res frume:itaria, the corn supply; r. c mmunis, common interests; res secundiores, greater prosperity. [cp. reor.]

re-scindo, ere, scidi, scissum, V. a., cut away, break down.

re-scisco, ere, scivi, scītum, V. a., ascertain.

re-scrībo, ere, psi, ptum, V. a., enrol afresh, transfer.

rě-servo, are, avi, atum, v. a., keep back, reserve.

rě-sisto, ère, stīti, stìtum, V. n., resist.

re-spondeo, ēre, i, sum, V. a., answer ; pauca respondit, an8wered briefly.

re-sponsum, i, n., answer. [respondeo.]

res-publica, rei publicae, f., common weal, state.

re-spuo, ere, i, v. a., refuse with scorn, 42

re-stituo, ere, ui, ūtum, v. a., restore, replace. [statuo.]

rě-tỉneo, ēre, ui, tentum, v. a., restrain, detain, maintain. [těneo.]

ré-vello, ere, i, vulsum, v. a., pull down, tear away.

rě-verto, ere, i, sum; rě. vertor, i, versus, v. dep., return.

rex, rēgis, m., king.

Rhēnus, i, m., the Rhine.

Rhodănus, i, m., the Rhone rises in Switzerland and flows into the Gulf of Lyon after a course of about 500 miles.

rīpa, ae, f., bank (of a river). [cp. rivus.]

rogo, are, avi, atum, v. a., ask, request. [op. (1) rego, rex; or (2) prec-, précor.]

Roma, ae, f., Rome.
Romāni, orum, m., Romans.

Romānus, a, um, adj., Roman.

rótă, ae, f., wheel. [op. rotundus.]

rursus, adv., again. [reversus.]

Rūtēni, orum, m., a Celtic tribe defeated by Q. Fabius Maximus, B.c. 121.

saepě, adv., often. [cp. saepes = a thick hedge.]

saepe-năměro, adv., often, frequently.

sălūs, ūtis, f., safety, preservation. [cp. scrvare, salvus.]

sancio, ire, nxi, nctum, v. a., confirm, ratify ; iure iurando inter se sanxerunt, they bound each other by solemn oath. [op. sacer.]

sānītās, ātis, f., soundness; in sanitatem reverti, return to a sound state of mind. (sanus.]

Santones, um, m., a Celtic people on the W. coast of Gaul above the Garonne.

sarcina, ae, f., bundle ; esp. in pl. the soldier's baggage,

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carried by each man, and con- sěd, conj., but. [conn. w. sisting of his arms, corn for suus, lit. by itself, apart.] 14 days, entrenching-stakes, sē-décim, card. adj., sixteen. saw, axe, spade, basket, cook- sēdes, is, f., abode, duelling. ing implement, in all weigh- [cp. sědeo, sēdare, sědīle, sella; ing about 70 lbs. (sarci ).] Engl. seat, sit.]

sătis, adv., enough; satis sē-ditiosus, a, um, adj., sedicausae, sufficient cause ; tious. [sē, do.] habēre, to be satisfied with. Sedusii, orum, m., a German [= satius, magis tribe between the Main and magius, nimis

nimius.] Neckar, forming part of the sătis-făcio, ére, fēci, factum, army of Ariovistus, 51. V. a., satisfy, apologize.

Segusiavi, orum, m., a Celtic sătis-factio, onis, f., satisfac- people W. of the Rhone near tion, apology. (satisfacio.] Lyon, clients of the Aedui,

sătius, comp. adv., better. 10.

scělus, eris, n., wickedness, séměl, adv., once. [root SAM crime.

= one; cp. sim-ilis, sim-plex, scientia, ae, f., knowledge, sem-per.] science, acquaintance with. sēmentis, is, f., a sowing, 3. [scio.]

[sero.] scio, ire, ivi, itum, v. a., sempěr, adv., always. [op. linow.

semel.] scrībo, ere, psi, ptum, v. a., sēnātus, ūs, m., a senate. write. [lit. dig.]

[senex.] scūtum, i, n., shield. [root senex, sěpis, m., an old man SCU = cover.]

adj., aged. [cp. senectus, senase, reflex. pron., self, him-, tus, senilis.] her-, itself, themselves.

sēni, ae, ā, distrib. numeral gēcius (with nihilo), nihilo- six each. [sex.] secius, none the less.

sententia, ae, f., opinion, sēcrēto, adv., secretly. [se, vote ; in eam sententiam quare, cerno.]

to the effect that. [sentio.] sē-cum = cum se.

sentio, ire, sensi, sensum, sécundum, prep. W. ACC., V. a., perceive. next, along, according to, after ; sē-părātim, adv., separately. secundum ea, next to these [sē-paro = disjoin.) considerations. [secundus.] septem, card. adj., seven.

sécundus, a, um, adj., follow- Septen-trionis, m. (or pl.), ing, second, prosperous; sccun- the North. [Either (i.) the dae res, prosperity. [sequor.] seven plough-oxen, (w. trio cp.

sécus, adv., otherwise. [root traho); or (ii.) the seven stars, SEC ; cp. sequor.]

contr. fror septem striones.]

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