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ůbi, conj. (i.) of time, when; ment, service, advantage ; ex ubi iam, as soon as. (ii.) of usu, advantageous. [utor.] place, where. [= quo-bi, loca- ut, úti, (i.) adverb, as, how, tive of qui.]

in which manner; (ii.) final Ubii, orum, m., a German conj., that, in order that. people on the E. bank of the ůtěr, tra, trum (g. trius, d. Rhine near modern Cologne tri), interrog. pron., which of (then Ara Ubiorum), who took the two. part with Caesar against the ặterquě, utraque, utrumque, Germans, 54.

indef. pron., each of two, both. ulciscor, i, ultus, v. dep., ŭti. See ut. avenge, punish.

ütor, i, ūsus, v. dep., use, ullus, a, um, adj., any at all. make use of. [contr. from ūnulus, dim. of utrimque, adv., on both sides. unus.]

[uterque.] ultěrior, us, comp. adj., fur- utrum, adv., whether; utrum ther. [ultra.]

. an, whether ... or ; utrum ultrā, prep. W. ACC., beyond. ... necne (or not), 50. [uter.] [cp. ollus (old form of ille), uxor, oris, f., wife. ultro, olim.)

ultro, adv., besides, unasked, văoo, are, avi, atum, v. n., be 42; ultro citroque, hither and empty, be unoccupied. thither. [See ultra.]

vădum, i, n., ford. [cp. ult-, supine stem of ulciscor. vado, lit. that through which umquam, adv., ever.

one can go.] unā, adv., at the same time, to- văgor, ari, atus, v. dep., gether; esp. unā cum, together wander. [cp. veho.] with. [abl. f. of unus.]

văleo, ēre, ui, itum, v. n., undě, adv., whence, from am strong, prevail: plurimum which.

V., have very great weight ; undïque, adv., from all sides. pudor valet, has the upper [undě-que, lit. whence soever.] hand.

ūnus, a, um, adj., one, one Vălărius, i, m., Gaius Valeonly. [cp. Engl. one.]

rius Flaccus, pro-praetor in urbs, urbis, f., city, esp. the Gaul, B.C. 83, c. 47. city (of Rome); maturat ab vallum, i, n., palisade, ramurbe proficisci, 7. [lit. strong-part. [collective of vallus = hold.]

stake.] usquě, adv., even. [= ubs- Vangiones, um, m.,

German que; i.e. ubi, 8 (locative), people on left bank of Rhine qued (abl. of quis).]

near Worms. ūsus, a, um, from utor.

vasto, are, avi, atum, v. a., üsus, ūs, m., use, employ- ! lay waste, ravage.

vātịcinātio, onis, f., divina- Verucloetius, i, m., one of tion. [vaticinor, vates.]

the Helvetii sent as an am-vě, enclitic particle, or. bassador to Caesar, 7.

veotīgal, ālis, n., tax, public vērus, a, um, adj., true. revenue. (vectus (from velo).] Vesontio, onis, m., chief

vectus, a, um, adj. See věho. town of the Sequani on the

věhěmenter, adv., hotly, Dubis, now Besançon, 38, 39. greatly. (vehemens, lit. out of vesper, eris (and eri), m., one's mind.]

evening. [έσπερος, εσπέρα.] věho, ere, xi, ctum, v. a., větěrānus, a, um, adj., vetecarry; equo vectus, riding, ran, experienced; esp. subst. 43. [cp. via, vexo; Eng. veteran, i.e. a tried soldier waggon.]

opp. to raw recruits. [vetus.] vel, conj., or. [old imperat. větės, ēris, adj., ancient, old. of volo.]

[cp. šros = year.] vělim, vellem, from volo vexo, are, avi, atum, v. a., (velle); quid sibi vellet, what harass, ravage.

[frequ. of was his object, 44.

veho; so muto, moveo; root vēlox, ocis, adj., swift, speedy, VEH, cp. vehiculum, via, vequick. [cp. volare fly.]

lum.] věl-út, adv., just as.

via, ae, f., way, route. [See věnio, ire, vēni, ventum, v. n., vexo.]

victor, oris, m., conqueror ; Verbigēnus, i, m., one of the adj., victorious. [vinco.] four Helvetian cantons, 27. victoria, ae, f., victory, con

verbum, i, n., word. [cp. quest. Engl. word.)

victus, a, um, part. of vinco, věreor, ēri, (tus, v. dep., fear, conquered. dread. (cp. opów, Engl. ward.] victus, ūs, m., food, living,

vergo, ere, v. n., incline, lie; mode of life. [vivo.] vergit ad Septentriones, c. 1. vicus, i, m., village. [cr.

věrgobrětus, i, m., Celtic olkos, Engl. -wick, e.g. Bername of the chief magistrate wick.] of the Aedui, 16.

video, ēre, vīdi, vīsum, v. a., vēro, adv., indeed, in truth, see. [cp. eldov, Er wit.] but. (verus.]

vigilia, ae, f., wakefulness, verso, are, avi, atum, v. a., watch; as a division (onekeep turning, change ; cum his fourth) of the night:de (primā, versabantur, with these they secundā, tertiā) quartā vigiliā, were associated. [frequ. of

about the first, second, etc., verto.]

watch ; these being respecverto, ére, i, sum, V. a., turn; tively 6 P.M.-9 P.M., 9 P.M.-tergum v., turn in flight. midnight, midnight-3 A.M.,



3 A.M.-6 A.M. (vigil watchful.]

vīginti, card. adj., twenty.

vincio, ire, nxi, nctum, v. a., bind.

vinco, ere, vīci, victum, v. a., conquer.

vinctus, a, um, part. of vincio.

vincŭlum, vinclum, i, n., chain, bond. (vincio.]

vīrés, ium, f., strength, power. virtūs, ūtis, f., valour, virtue.

vis (vim, vi), f., force, violence, influence : vi, 6, per vim, 14, by force; vim facere, employ force, 8; vis hostium, the violence of the enemy.

vīsus, a, um, part. of video; pro viso, as if seen.

vīta, ae, f., life. [vivo, cp. Bios.]

vīto, are, avi, atum, v. a., avoid.

vix, adv., scarcely, with difficulty, 6. [perh. cp. vinco.]

Voccio, onis, m., prince in Noricum, brother-in-law of Ariovistus, 53.

voco, are, avi, atum, v. a., call, summon.

Vocontii, orum, m., a peoplo in the Provincia between the Isère and Durance, 10.

võlo, ui, velle, v. n., wish, be willing : si quid se velit, if he wanted him for anything ; quid sibi vellet, what did he mean.

voluntās, ātis, f., will, wish, desire, inclination, goodwill, favour; eius voluntate, by his leave, 7, 35. [volo.]

voluptās, ātis, f., pleasure. [op. έλπω = hope, volo.]

vox, vocis, f., voice, word, speech, remark. (voco.]

volgo, adv., commonly, generally, everywhere. [volgus.]

volgus, i, n. (rarely m.), common people, the mass.

volněro, are, avi, atum, V. a., wound. [volnus.]

volnus, ēris, n., wound; v. inferre, inflict a wound. [cp. vello tear.] voltus, üs, m.,

countenance ; voltum fingere, to assume al (cheerful) expression, 50.

vulnus, eris, n., later form of volnus.

vultus, ūs, m., later form of voltus.



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