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ad-verto, ere, i, sum, v. a., do, act, drive ; egit cum Caeturn towards ;

animum a.,

sare, treated with Caesar. observe.

ălăcritas, ātis, f., briskness ; aedifícium, i, n., building. eagerness. [alacer

brisk.] [aedes, facio.]

ālārii, örum, m., orig. allies Aedui, orum, m., a powerful who fought on the wings (a'ae) tribe of Gauls, between the of a Roman army, but in 51 Saône and Loire, friends of auxiliaries, i.e. light-arıned the Romans; their chief town skirmishers, who also fought on was Bibracte (Autun).

the wings. [ala wing.] Aeduus, a, um, adj., Aeduan. ăliēnus, a, um, adj., belongaegrē, adv., hardly, with ing to another; of grounil, difficulty. [aeger.]

disadvantageous. [alius.] aequitās, ātis, f., equity, fuir- ăliquam-diū, adv., for some ness. [aequus.] [

time. [ăliquis, diu.] aequo, are, avi, atum, v. a., ăli-quis, qua, quid, adj., some equalize, make equal. [aequus.) one, anyone.

aequus, a, um, adj., equal, ălius, a, ud, adj., other, level, advantageous.

another. aestās, ātis, f., summer. [cp. Allobroges, um, m., a Gallic ur.', ustus.]

people between the Rlione, af-fěro, ferre, at-tůli, al- Ísère, and Lake of Geneva, lātum, v. a., bring to, afford. with chief city Vienne. [ad, fero.]

ălo, ère, ui, tum (itum), v. a., af-fício, ere, feci, fectum, feed, nourish, foster. V. a., treat ; . dolore ali- alter, era, ěrum, adj., one

of qucm, annoy one; affici do'ore, two, the other of two, second; to be annoyed; a. supplicio pl., the other (party); alteri ... aliquem, to punish ono, [ad, alteri, the one party ... the other facio.]

party. af-fīnītas, ātis, f., kinship, altitūdo, Inis, f., height, relationship. [af-finis = rela- depth. [altus.]

] tion.]

allus, a, um, adj., high, deep. åger, gri, m., estate, district ; Ambarri, orum, m., Celtic pl., the country.

people in Gaul between the ag-grědior, i, gressus, y: Saône, Rhone, and Ain; kinsdep., attack, assail. [ad, men of the Aedui. grădior.]

ā-mentia, ae, f., madness, ag-men, mịnis, n., army folly. [a, mens = mind.] marching in column; primum ămicitia, ae, f., friendship. a., the van ; novissimum a., [amīcus.] the rear. [ago.]

åmicus, a, um, adj., friendly, ăgo, ére, ēgi, actum, V. a.,

1

loyal, 4? [amo.]

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ămicus, i, m., friend. Çaino.] Ăquileia, ae, f., a town in

ā-mitto, črc, mīsi, missum, North Italy V. a., lose.

Aquitāni, orum, m., the inămor, oris, m., love. [amo.] habitants of S.W. Gaul. amplius, comp. adv., more. Aquitānia, ae, f., the southern amplus, a, um, adj., large, of the three divisions of Gaul. illustrinus. [am (i.e. ambi), Årăr, Arăris, m., the Saône, rt. PLA!

rising in the Vosges and runan, cunj., whether, or, intro- ning into the Rhone at Lyon. ducing the second member of arbitrium, i, n., pleasure, a disjunctive sentence; utrum will. (arbiter = umpire; ad (ně)... an, whether ... or. to; bito = go.]

an-ceps, cipitis, adj., twofold, arbitror, ari, atus, v. dep. 26. [an (i.e. ambi), caput.] think, consider. [arbiter.]

angustiae, arum, f., narrow- arcesso, ĕre, ivi, itum, v. a., ness, defiles. [angustus.] call, summon. [ar = ad, cēdo.]

angustus, a, um, adj., nar- arma, orum, n., arms, wearow. (ango throttle.]

pons. [rt. Ar = fit.] anim-ad-verto, ère, i, sum, armo, are, avi, atum, v. a., V. a., perceive ; a. iu aliquem, arm, equip. [arma.] rebuke a man. [Also written ar-roganter, adv., presumpanimum adverto.]

tuously. [arrogans.] ănimus, i, m., mind.

ar-rogantia, ae, f., presumpannus, i, m., year.

tion. [ad, rogo.] annuus, a, um, adj., yearly. arx, arcis, f., citadel, fortress. [annus.]

[arceo.] antě, prep. W. ACC., before. a-scendo, ere, i, sum, v. n.,

anteā, adv., previously. mount, climb up. [ad, scando.] [ante ea(m, rem).]

a-scensus, ūs, m., ascent. antiquus, a, um, adj., an- [ascendo.] cient. [ante.]

at, conj., but. åpěrio, ire, ui, tum, v. a., atquě, coord. conj., and, open.

and also ; w. words of dissimiăpertus, a, um, adj., ex- larity, than. [ad-que.] posed; of country, open, clear. at-tingo, ere, tigi, tactum, Čaperio.]

v. a., touch upon, border upon. ap-tango.] V. a., call . [ad, pello.]

auctoritās, ātis, f., influence, ap-pěto, ere, ivi (ii), itum, [auctor, augeo.] V a., strive after, try to get. audācia, ae, f., boldness. [ad, pěto.]

[audax.] ăpăd, prep. W. ACC., at, in, audacter, adv., boldly. [au. among, with.

dax.]

pello, are, avi, atum, [ad,

audes, ērc, ausus, V. n., semi-dep., dare.

audio, ire, ivi, itum, v. a., hear;

dicto audiens non esse, to be mutinous.

augeo, ēre, auxi, auctum, v. a., augment, make to increase.

Aulus, i, m., a Roman prae

Bibractě, is, n., chief town of the Aedui, between the Arar and Loire, now Autun.

biduum, i, n., space of two days. [bi-, dies.]

bi-ennium, i, n., space of two years. [bi-, annus.]

bī-partīto, adv., in two divisions.

Boii, orum, m., a Celtic people, allied with the Helvetii.

nomen.

16. bonitas, atis, f., goodne88.

aut, conj., or; aut ... aut, either.

or. [cp. alterum.] autem, conj., but, moreover. [aut.)

auxilium, i, n., help ; a. ferre, to bring aid ; auxilia, auxiliary troops, cc. 15, 42, coonsisting of Gallic horse; Numidian, Cretan, and Balearic slingers. (augeo.]

ăvārītia, ae, f., covetousness, greed. [avarus, aveo.]

ā-verto, ere, i, sum, v. a., turn away; a. iter, to divert one's course ; aversus hostis, a retreating foe.

ăvus, i, m., grandfather.

[bonus.]

bónum, i, n., good, advantage. [bonus.]

bonus, a, um, adj., good ; bono animo esse, to be well. disposed.

bracchium, i, n., arm.
brévis, e, adj., short.

barbărus, i, m., foreigner, barbarian. [BápBapos.]

Belgae, ārūm, m., the inhabitants of that part of Gaul, between the Seine, Rhine, Marne, and North Sea.

bellicosus, a, uin, adj., warlike. [bellum.]

bellicus, a, um, adj., warlike. [bellum.]

bello, are, avi, atum, v. n., war, wage war. [bellum.]

bellum, i, n., war. (duo, old form du-ellum.]

běně-ficium, i, n., kindness, favour. [bene, facio.]

cădo, ĕre, cěuidi, cāsum, V. n., fall.

Caesar, åris, m., cognomen in the gens Iulia ; esp. Gaius Iulius Caesar, the author of the Commentaries.

călămătas, ātis, f., disaster. [că lo.]

Călendae, arum, f., kalends, the first of every month. [calo = call; cp. καλέω.]

căpio, ĕre, cēpi, captum, V. a., take ; căpit initium ab, begins at; c. plus doloris, feel more pain; c. arma, take up arms ; c. locum, reach a place. captivus, i, m., prisoner of

[capio.] căpăt, itis, ñ., head, person. carrus, i, m., cart. Cassius, i, m., L. Cassius

war.

near.

Longinus, consul B.c. 107, cut cētěrus, a, um, adj., the rest ; to pieces with his army by usu. in pl., the others. the Tigurini and Ambrones. Ceutrones, um, m., a peoplo

castellum, i, n., small fort, in the Province, with chief stronghold. [castrum = fort.] town Darantasia, now Centron

Casticus, i, m., a Sequanian in Savoie. chief.

cibāria, orum, n., provisions, castra, orum, n., camp. [cp: food. [cibarius.] casa=cottage, cassis=helmet.] cibārius, a, um, adj., relating

cāsus, ūs, m., chance, acci- to food. [cibus.] dent. [cado.]

cingo, ĕre, cinxi, cinctum, Catamantalēdes, is, m., a V. a., surround, invest. Sequanian chief, 3.

circinus, i, m., pair of comcătēna, ae, f., chain.

passes. Caturiges, um, m., a people circiter, adv., about, esp. of in the Province.

numbers. causa, ae, f., reason, case, circă-itus, ūs, m., going pretext; dicăre causam, stand round. [circum, eo =

go.] one's trial; causam inferre, circum, prep. W. ACC., around, bring forward a reason.

căveo, ēre, cāvi, cautum, v.n., circum-do, dăre, dědi, dăbe on one's guard.

tum, v. a., put round, surcělěrītas, ātis, f., swiftness, round. speed. [cěler.]

circum-dūco, ére, xi, ctum, cělěrňter, adv., swiftly, speed- V. a., lead round, draw round. ily. [cěler.]

circum-sisto, ere, styti, v. 1., Celtae, arum, m., the Celts, stand round, surround. i.e. the inhabitants of Gaul circum-věnio, ire, vēni, venproper.

tum, v. 1., come round, enclose, conseo, ēre, ui, um, v. a., entrap. decree; esp. of the Senate, cítěrior, us, comp. adj.,

nearer, hither, i.e. nearer to census, ûs, m., enumeration.

Rome. [citra.] [censeo.]

citrā, prep. W. ACC., on this centum, card. adj., a hun

side of. dred.

citro, adv., hither ; ultro centúrio, önis, m., centurion, citroque, backwards and forofficer over 100 men. [cen- wards. tum.]

cīvītas, ātis, f., citizenship, certus, a, um, adj., fixed, state. [cīvis = citizen.] certain; certiorem facerc, to claudo, ere, si, sum, v. a., inform; certior fieri, to be in- shut; c. agmen, bring up the formed. [cerno.]

c. 35.

rear.

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cliens, ntis, m., a dependant. (clueo = hear.]

Cn. Gnaeus.

co-ěmo, ère, ēmi, emptum, V. a., buy up.

coepi, isse (perf. w. pres. meaning), begin.

co-erceo, ēre, ui, Itum, v. a., restrain, hold in check. [co-, arceo.]

cogito, are, avi, atum, v. a., ponder, reflect upon. [co-, agito.]

co-gnosco, ere, gnāvi, gnrtum, v. a., discover, ascertuin, leurn; causam c., enquire into a case. In tenses derived from perf. stem (cognovi, etc.), linow.

cogo, čre, cõēgi, coactum, V. a., bring together, compel. [co., ăgo.]

cohors, rtis, f., cohort, 10th part of Roman legion.

co-hortor, ari, atus, v. dep., exhort, encourage.

col-ligo, are, avi, atum, v. a., fasten together, 25.

collis, is, m., hill. [cp. celsus, culmen.]

col-loco, are, avi, atum, v. a., put, station, settle, give in marriage, 18.

col-loquium, i, n., conference.

col-loquor, i, locutus, v. dep., talk with, confer with.

com-büro, ere, bussi, bustum, v. a., burn up. [con, buro (= uro).]

co-minus, adv., hand to hand. [co-, mănus.]

com-měātus, ūs, m., supplies, commissariat. [commeo.]

com-měměro, are, avi, atum, V. a., call to mind, relate.

com-meo, are, avi, atum, V. n., resort.

com-mitto, ere, misi, misa sum, V. a., bring together ; C. pugnam, join battle, 15; c. quid cui, entrust it to some one; c. ut, bring about that, 13; do wrong, 14.

com-modē, adv., conveniently, suitably.

com-modum, i, n., adrantage, 35.

com-monē-făcio, ere, fē. i, factum, v. a., remind.

com-moveo, ēre, mõvi, motum, v. a., move thoroughly, ina fluence greatly, disturb ; pugnam, force battle.

com-mūnio, ire, ivi, ilum, V. a., fortify strongly.

com-mūnis, aulj., common, general, 30. [con, mūuus.]

com-mütātio, onis, f., alteration, change.

com-mūto, are, avi, atum, 7. a., alter, change.

com-păro, are, avi, atum, V. a., prepare, procure.

com-pěrio, ire, i, tum, v. a., ascertain; compertum habere, to know for certain, 44.

com-plector, i, plexus, V. dep, embrace. [rt. PLEC = fold.]

com-pleo, ēre, ēvi, ētum, v. a., fill completely, cover.

com-plüres, a (or -ia), many, several ; c. nostri milites, soldiers of ours in many cases.

cônāta, orum, n., attempts. [conor.]

.

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