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Since the Douglas and the Percy met, Persæo obviam daret,
Cruor imbre non manarete
44. Jesus Christ our (13) bales bete,
Miserere nostrum domine! And to the bless us bring!
Et nos salute dona. This was the hunting of the Cheviot ;
Venatio ista finit sic; God send us all good ending !
Sit nobis finis bona ! Erplíceth Richard Sheale* temp. Erplicit O. P. temp. Geo. #U.
(13) i. e. Better our bales, remedy our evils. Bp. Percy...
• The author of this ballad, as the reader may see by the expliceth, is RICHARD SHEALE, & gentleman not to be confounded, as honest old Tom Hearne has done, with a Richard Sheale who was living in 1588. Nor is he to be confounded with a Richard Sheil who is alive, in 1820, writing tragedies and other jocose performances. I wave the objection arising from Chronology, as that is a science I despise, therein imitating Lady Morgan, the Edinburgh Reviewers, Major Cartwright, and various other eminent persons. For (to take one instance from the works of the first cited authority) might not Mr Richard Shiel of 1820 be as capable of writing a ballad in the days of Henry VI. as the wife of the Grand Condè of intriguing with a king who was dead before she was born ? (See, if extant, Lady Morgan's France.) My objections to their identity are of a graver and more critical nature. 1st, Richard Shiel of Chevy Chace is an original writer, which nobody accuses Richard Shiel of Evadne of being. 2dly, Although in verse 33, Second Fitte, the ballad-monger, had an opportunity of bringing up the children with their mothers to serve as a clap-trap, he has not done so ; an omission of which the tragedy, monger of Ballamira would never have been guilty. 3dly, The people in the poem of the rhymester are decent men, who talk plain language, whereas the people in the Apostate are stalking-talking rogues, who discourse in the most satsenet phraseology. 4thly, and lastly, The ballad of the Percy and Douglas (teste Sir P. Sidney) moves the heart like the sound of a trumpet, whereas the tragedy of Adelaide puts one to sleep more effectually than a double dose of diacodium. Wherefore, I am of opinion, that Mr R. Shiel now extant is not the author of Chevy Chace.
Q. E. D.
I have done with Chevy Chace ; but as I am in a garrulous disposition, I wish to add a few words. Every true lover of English literature, must acknowledge the great benefit conferred on it by Bishop Percy, in publishing his Relics. That work has breathed a spirit of renovated youth over our poetry; and we may trace its influence in the strains of higher mood, uttered by the great poets of our own days. The Bishop was qualified for his task by exquisite poetical feeling, a large share of varied antiquarian knowledge, and general literary acquirements-united accomplishments, which he possessed in a greater degree perhaps than any of his contemporaries. But since his time, and in a great measure in consequence of his work, and those which it called forth, so much more is known with respect to early English literature-I might say with respect to early English history-and the taste of the public is so much more inclined to such studies, that I think a general collection of our old English ballads, comprising of course those of Percy, Ritson, and others, which may merit preservation, is a great desideratum. Little skilled as I am in such subjects, I could point out deficiencies in the plan or the details of every work, of the kind I have ever seen--deficiencies however, which I have not time to notice, nor perhaps would this be the proper place to do it, or I the proper person, after travestying the first of old ballads into Monkish Latin. I should require in the Editor high poetic taste, a deep and minute knowledge of the history and antiquities of the country, a profound acquaintance with the customs, the language, the heraldry, the genealogy of our ancestors, a critical judgment with respect to ancient poetry, and a perfect familiarity with all our poetic stores, ancient and modern-besides, what are not so common as may be imagined, undeviating honesty and fidelity. It may be asked, where could a man possessing such an union of high qualications be found for such a purpose. I could name one, although I am almost ashamed to do so. He, to whom I allude, has written so much, that the public could have no claim on him, if, (to borrow the elegant compliment of the old king to Dr Johnson,) he had not written so well, as to give us the same right to call on him to adorn our literature, as we have to expect a successful general to stand forth in defence of our land.
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
Discovery of a new Island of Cape Horn. tee, and had arrived in safety and been well -Buenos Ayres, Jan. 7.-A new island received. has been discovered off Cape Horn, in lat. 61 Opinion in regard to British Metaphy. deg. long. 55 deg., by the ship William, on sicians, by the Germans..At the last Leipa voyage from Monte Video for Valparaiso. sig fair, many new works on Moral Philo. The same ship having been despatched by sophy and Metaphysics made their appear. Capt. Sherriff, of the Andromache frigate, to ance. A hasty glance of several of these, survey the coast, had explored it for 200 miles. enabled us to understand the general opin. The captain went ashore, found it covered ion entertained in Germany of the metawith snow, and uninhabited. Abundance physiciaus in Great Britain. Reid, they say, of seals and whales were found in its neigh- did little ; Dugald Stewart is not an origibourhood. He has named the island New nal writer, but eminently distinguished by Shetland.
the beauty and grace of his style. Gregory, Expedition to the Frozen Ocean,
the physician, ingenious, but not original.
Thomas Brown, a man of great promise as Advices from St Petersburgh, dated March 22, state that a new voyage of discovery
a bold and original thinker, and brings forci. will be undertaken this summer in the
bly to recollection the period of the deep think north. This expedition will sail from the
ing Hume. Darwin a visionary, Paley
an amiable but superficial writer. Playfair mouth of the Lena for the Frozen Ocean, in order to examine the coast of Siberia,
the mathematician, & writer of powerful and the islands which were discovered to the
metaphysical articles in the Edinburgh Re,
view. north of it some years ago. As it is not yet ascertained whether these supposed is
University Text-Books.-In Germany, lands may in reality be one main land or
France, Italy, Sweden, and Denmark, it is
an invariable practice with the professors in not, and as hitherto they have only been
the different Universities, to publish, for the visited in winter, it will be interesting to know how far the ice will permit vessels to
use of their pupils, text-books of their courses
of lectures. The universality of the practice, advance during summer, and to determine
is a decisive proof of its utility. Wehave been its extent.
always surprised to find this accommodation Africa.-By the latest information, it seems for students so little regarded in our Scotch that the expedition under the command of Colleges ; although, in the few cases where Major Gray, on whom the direction devolved it has been adopted, the greatest benefit has after the death of Major Peddie, has return. resulted. All of us remember with deed to Galam, on the Senegal, after a most light, the pleasure and advantage we deharassing journey through the country of rived from the excellent Text-books of Dr the Foolado. Mr Docherd, the surgeon Walker, Professor Frazer Tytler, Professor attached to the expedition, had, with a few Dugald Stewart, and Professor Playfair; and individuals, however, proceeded onwards to many now pursuing their studies in the UniBammakoo, in Bambarra, from whence ac- versity of Edinburgh, anticipated, from the counts have been received from him, dated lately published admirable Text-book of twelve months since, expressing his hopes of Dr Brown, important assistance in the diffiprocuring the necessary permission to pro- cult and abstruse studies of Moral Philoceed further. Markets, it seems, were held sophy and Metaphysics. The want of Texttwice every week at Sandsanding and Ya- books is particularly felt in the classes of mina, where provisions were reasonable, and Logic, Medical Jurisprudence, Natural every sort of European merchandise in great History, Practice of Medicine, Theory of demand, especially articles of finery for the Medicine, and Materia Medica. dresses of the females, who are fond of Variation of the Magnetic Needle. In showy colours. Among other things were a former volume of this Magazine, we Manchester prints in great abundance, mentioned that the excellent observawhich seemed to meet a ready sale, and tions of Colonel Mark Beaufoy, made at which must have been conveyed by the Bushy-Heath, near Stanmore, in Middlecaravan from Morocco across the Great sex, had shown that the magnetic variation Desert. Lieutenant Lyon, of the Royal to the westward of the true north had uniNavy, who was the friend and fellow tra. formly increased, on taking the means veller of the late Mr Ritchie, is appointed monthly, until the beginning of the last to succeed that gentleman as British Vice year, after which it had fluctuated, but givConsul at Mourzouk, the capital of Fezzan, ing a mean variation of 24° 37' 0" in the in Africa, for the purpose of facilitating and first three months of 1819. The observaattempting discoveries. By the Magnet, tions since published by the Colonel in a which left Cape Coast on the 23d March, contemporary Journal, seem to show that we learn, that Mr Dupuis had proceeded to this was the maximum variation, occurring Cormassie, to enter upon his functions as in February or March 1819: because he Consul at the Court of the King of Ashan. finds the monthly means, since the begin
ning of April of that year, to have uniform.' Straits of Gibraltar with a contrary wind, ly decreased. It further appears from the the mercury in the thermometer rose and Colonel's statements, that the western vari. fell in proportion to the distance he was stion had been on the increase through 162 from the Spanish or African shores, rangyears, or since 1657: it was only 77 years ing from 68 degrees, at which it stood in before this period that the first authentic the middle of the Strait, to 61 degrees, which observations on the variation can be found, was the lowest to which it sunk on the Afrior in 1580, when the needle at London can side; and on the Spanish shore it varied to the east 11° 15.
never fell lower than 64 degrees; which is Jameson's Marine Thermometer.-From easily accounted for, as the ship was never many experiments made of late years by so near that shore, it being considered ad. scientific persons, there seems every reason to viseable to keep at a distance from the shoals, believe that the thermometer is an instru. &c. near Tariffa. ment of far greater importance to navigators The person already mentioned, having than it has been generally supposed. discovered many objections to the mode of
The late celebrated Dr Franklin was the using the thermometer recommended by first person who noticed the great difference Colonel Williams, and having had several between the temperature of the water on the thermometers broken, applied to different North American coast, in and out of sound. mechanics in various places to construct a ings, and suggested the use of a thermometer marine thermometer case for him, which as an indicator of an approach to that dan. would protect the instrument, and facilitate gerous shore, as it had been uniformly found its use, but unsuccessfully, until he some that the nearer any vessel approximated the time since applied to Messrs Gardner and shore, the colder the temperature of the Jameson, mathematical instrument makers water became.
in Glasgow. Mr Jameson, of that firm, Afterwards Col. Jonathan Williams, of invented and made a case, which not only Philadelphia, endeavoured, with some suc prevents the thermometer enclosed in it from cess, to call the attention of seafaring men being injured, but admits and retains water to the importance of the thermometer as a from any depth which may be desired; so nautical instrument; and satisfactorily suc- that the results obtained by the experiments ceeded in showing, that no vessel on board made with it are exempted from any chance of which a thermometer is. can possibly be of being influenced by the solar rays in cast away on the coasts of the United States, summer weather or warm latitudes, or by without at least a sufficient warning of the the chill of the air in winter or cold climates, approach to danger, to allow of its being as by an ingenious contrivance the bulb of avoided, unless the ship should be so entire the thermometer is kept immersed in a col. ly disabled as to be totally unmanageable. umn of water admitted and retained by the
The statements of Dr Franklin and Colo- case, from the greatest depth to which it has nel Williams applied only to the coasts of been sunk. North America ; and hence it came to be Mr Purdy, the hydrographer of London, generally supposed that the increased heat has expressed his opinion of Mr Jameson's of the sea, when out of soundings, was caus. invention in very flattering terms, as have ed by the Gulf stream-current, which, issu also many highly respectable scientific and ing from the Gulf of Mexico, sweeps to the nautical men. northward along the coasts of the United Natural History..Specimen from the States : it has of late however been esta- Cape. A living animal of the antelope blished, that the decreasing temperature of species, called a Nhu, having the head the water, as any vessel approaches the of a cow, the mane of a horse, and the coasts of Spain, Portugal, and Barbary, is hind part resembling that of a mule, was sufficient to give warning to any attentive brought to England in the Barossa, navigator of his approach to these coasts"; from the Cape of Good Hope. These and it seems probable, from the experiments animals are inhabitants of Southern Africa, of Mr Davy, (brother to the celebrated Sir but very rarely to be met with. The one Humphrey.) that the thermometer will be now brought home belongs to Lord Charles found to point out, not only the proximity Somerset. of land, but also that of extensive banks Aurum Millium.-Mr N. Mill has dis&c. in all places.
covered a new metal resembling gold, and A person whose experience had shown possessing some of its best qualities, which him, that in quitting the American coasts he calls aurum millium. In colour, it rethere was an increase of twelve deg. of Fah sembles 60s. gold, and is nearly as heavy in renheit's scale in the temperature of the sea specific gravity as jewellers gold. It is in a few hours run from the mouth of the malleable, and has the invaluable property Delaware, found also on approaching the of not easily tarnishing. It is very hard coast of Portugal, that the mercury in the and sonorous, and requires care in the tube of the thermometer sunk from 69 de working. The price of it being from 4s. grees, at which it stood in the open sea, to to 4s. 6d. an ounce, will not be an ob60$ degrees, when his ship was about three stacle to its general use : and for beauty or four miles from Cape St Vincent : and there is not any metal that exceeds it, and subsequently, that in beating through the it is susceptible of an exquisite polish, Vol. VII.
Description of Norway. The following the rest of the country is covered with inaccount of the appearance of Norway, as sulated dwellings; brown log-houses, sur. distinguished from Sweden, is given by rounded by a few corn-fields and extensive Bedemar :-Norway, he says, consists prin- meadows, small and independent poscipally of a mountain-basin, surrounde sessions, suited to the independent and ed by the remains of an elevated plate sturdy character of the people. In the ri. form, the exterior border of which, jagged cinity of rivers, which are at times nearly by deep cuts, and ascending to a great invisible from the quantity of timber floatheight, lies around the whole of the ridge ing down them, numerous saw-mills are to of the principal range of mountains. be seen ; and a few iron and copper works The sea has penetrated to this border, are to be met with in the spaces cleared through the abysses which have been open- from wood. Along the sea shore, habitaed ; and the western storms, and an ill- tions, solitary or in groupes, surrounded judged industry, have circumscribed within with implements for fishing, and curing fish, the vallies the scanty woods which run appear like so many nests in the green through the basin itself. On the outside hollows among the rocks. Over all this, descend only mountain torrents, short in an atmosphere generally clear, delightful, their course the large streams belong to and invigorating, is spread as far as the 69 the centre of the land. * ... They form 70 of latitude, after which we meet with many beautiful and high waterfalls, and deep and impenetrable fogs, a sea like lead, many large lakes in their course. On the and the melancholy silence of an uninter coasts only are a few towns to be found ;- rupted wilderness.
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
WORKS PUSPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
LONDON. In the press, and shortly will be published, knight, then King at Arms; to be illusin one volume 4to, Posthumous Letters ad- trated with engravings, in one volume royal dressed to Francis Colman, and George 8vo. Colman the Elder, with' annotations and “Rosamond, in two volumes; a sequel to occasional remarks; by George Colman the Early Lessons ; by Miss Edgeworth. Younger.
· Views of the Remains of Ancient BuildNearly ready for publication, a General ings in Rome and its Vicinity ; by M. Du History of the House of Guelph, from the Bourg. earliest period to the accession of George I.; An Encyclopædia of Antiquities; being compiled from authentic documents, by Dr the first ever edited in England ; by the Halliday, physician to the Duke of Cla. Rev. T. D. Fosbrooke, M. A. author of rence.
British Monachism, &c. to appear in 20 A Vocabulary of Religious Terms, ex4to numbers, at 58. each. planatory of words usually employed to de- Dr J. Gordon Smith, Lecturer on Mediscribe doctrines, rites, and other subjects. cal Jurisprudence in London, is preparing
In the press, M.Julian's Daughter, a for the press a work on that subject, which poem, in five cantos, with elucidative notes; is intended to serve the double purpose of a by Henry O'Neil Montgomery Ritchie, Text Book to his Lectures, and a Guide in Esq.
the management of professional evidence in Dr Marsh, Bishop of Peterborough, an- the public courts. It is expected to be nounces a fifth part of his Divinity Lec- ready early next season. tures.
In a few days will be published, by Capt. Preparing for publication, by Mr John James Gifford, R. N. price ls. the 'UnitaLuccock, Notes on Rio de Janeiro and the rian's Defence; being a Reply, in part, to Southern Parts of Brazil, taken during a the late Rev. D. Anderson's Sermon, which residence of ten years in various parts of was preached before the Deanery of Gover, the country.
and was published at their request. la A new volume of Poems, by Mr Keates, The Rev. T. Jebb has in the press a vo the author of Endymion.
lume entitled Sacred Literature; compris . An Elementary Treatise on Iron-making, ing a Review of the Principles of Composiwith hints for its improvements ; by Mr S. tion laid down in the Prelections and Isaiah Rogers of Risca.
of the late Robert Lowth, D.D. Lord BishIn the press, “ Sacred Leisure," a col- op of London, and an application of the lection of Poems; by the Rev. T. Hodgson, principles so reviewed to the illustration of A.M.
- the New Testament, in a series of critical The Angel of the World, a poem ; by observations on the style and structure of Mr Croly, the author of “ Paris."
that Sacred Volume. Methodism, a poem.
A new edition of Mr H. Neele's Odes The Preparations for the Coronation of and other Poems, with considerable addiCharles II. ; now first printed from a M$. tions, is in the press, and will speedily be in the hand-writing of Sir E. Walker, published.