Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, Volume 14
order of the Governor-General of India, 1878 - Geology
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appear bands base beds beneath calcareous carboniferous carboniferous limestone Chambal clays cliffs close coal colour concealed conglomerate contain continuation dark deposits direction dislocation east eastern escarpment existence exposed extends fault feet flaggy foot formation fossils frequently further geological glen gorge greenish grey ground gypseous gypsum hard hills hundred Indus jurassic latter layers less locality lower marked mass mentioned miles mineral mines mountain narrow nearly northern numerous nummulitic limestone observed occupied occur olive overlying passing Plate plateau portion present probably purple sandstone quantity ravine red marl Report represented ridge river rocks saline Salt Range salt-marl sand sandy seen shales shaly side silurian slipped slopes soft sometimes southern speckled sandstone stone stream strong surface tertiary sandstones thickness thin triassic upper usual valley village westward whole yellow zone
Page 301 - ... present source of the precious metal being the Tertiary sandstone formation, and apparently among the lower beds of the Lower Sivalik group. The process is not continuous, being only carried on after heavy falls of rain in the smaller streams, and in the Indus when floods permit. The amount realized can hardly be closely ascertained, for as the industry is taxed it is the interest of the operators to conceal their gains. According to the best information obtainable these fluctuate from three...
Page 106 - Salt flange in the Punjab, Wynne makes the following statements: " Everywhere from one end of the range to the other, and always on its northern and eastern aspects, the uppermost rocks of the Salt Range series are innumerable alternations of grey or greenish sandstones, of no great hardness, with red or lightbrownish orange clays, more rarely with conglomerates, but frequently with harder fine-grained sandy beds of peculiar concretionary pseudo-conglomeratic structure . . . The alternating bands...
Page 301 - Gold is washed for in the Indus, at Kalabagh, sometimes also in the Bunhar river bed at the other end of the range (Salt Range), and in several small streams along its northern flanks, the present source of the precious metal being the Tertiary sandstone formation, and apparently among the lower beds of the Lower Sivalik group. The process is not continuous, being only carried on after heavy falls of rain in the smaller streams, and in the Indus when floods permit. The amount realized can hardly...
Page 41 - It is about 4 miles from north to south, and the same from east to west; it is high and precipitous, except on the southern side, where there is a small rocky reef.
Page 44 - At Belkapi (No. 173), in Hazaribagh, there is a copious deposit of sodium chloride and sulphate, with indications of iron sulphate, from a hot spring ; cattle are said to be very fond of it.' In the Bakh ravine of the Salt Eange of the Punjab, sulphuretted hydrogen bubbles up, and the water, which is covered by a thin film of gypsum, deposits a black tenacious mud used as a dye by the natives for colouring cotton clothes.4 In some cases the hot springs are accompanied by outbursts of inflammable...
Page 59 - SALT. complicated lateral compression under unequal conditions of resistance, which, in a late Tertiary period, developed itself in local disturbance along one or more lines of fissure coinciding with the direction of the uniclinal escarpments, the whole of the features having been subsequently much modified by meteoric erosion.
Page 44 - Along the northwest side of the island there runs a belt of low land, about six miles long, varying from a quarter of a mile to a mile in breadth, and presenting to the sea a perpendicular front, from 50 to 300 feet high.
Page 269 - Salzformation der Erde betrachtet und in das Präkambrium versetzt wurde. Aber schon bei Besprechung der Gegend von Mari am Indus, macht Wynne1) folgende Bemerkung: „If the salt-rocks of this locality could be looked upon äs a newer deposit belonging to the tertiary period, the general relations might be more readily understood; but against this there is their identity, in most characteristics, with the salt-rocks of other parts of the ränge, and their association at no great distance on both...
Page 269 - If the salt-rocks of this locality could be looked upon äs a newer deposit belonging to the tertiary period, the general relations might be more readily understood; but against this there is their identity, in most characteristics, with the salt-rocks of other parts of the ränge, and their association at no great distance on both sides of the river with other rocks of the Salt Range series, while the apparently newer salt beds to the northward differ decidedly in colour and association from those...
Page 4 - It abounds in salt, which is dug out in various forms at different places. To the eastward, it yields a rock salt of a brownish colour, which is imported into Hindoostan, and known by the name of Lahore salt.