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UNDER this title has been published A Catalogue of
Greek Coins, collected by WILLIAM MARTIN LEAKE,
F.R.S., one of the Vice-Presidents of the Royal Society
of Literature.'

This volume adds more to the assistance of the student in the history of Greece, than any other work that has I THINK Mr. Warne's explanation of the Case is preceded it, and proffers much to the numismatist that altered,' Current Notes, p. 13, is the correct one; but may in vain be sought for elsewhere. Its range embraces, I am not satisfied, that my suggestion respecting the as far as found practicable, descriptions and notices of Pall Inn, having been the 'resting-place for the corpse on Greek coins, the productions of all the countries, over its way to its last home,' is not the true origin of the which the monetary art and excellence of Greece exname? I have received a letter offering a very inge-tended; and of every age, from the earliest known spenious solution of the difficulty that considering it still a cimens, to the reign of Gallienus, a space of eight hunvexata questio, and having obtained permission, I take dred years. To render more clearly its value and imthe liberty of transcribingportance, the following retrospective notices are submitted.

Bridport, Feb. 25.

Dear Sir, I have just seen in Willis's Current Notes of this month, your note about the sign of the inn at Yeovil, I am satisfied you are on the wrong scent. The true origin, I doubt not, must have been the adjacent church having been anciently dedicated to St. Mary, this inn was then probably a sort of religious out-house appurtenant, perhaps a refectory, where the jolly priors and monks experimentally studied their anti-dry-rot specifics, and when fuddled, are likely to have irreverently toasted their patroness, as Poll, which word is now corrupted to Pall. In this same way, I really believe, that Pall Mall in the Metropolis, was so named in honour of the two first class Beauties of King Charles's days, of the same name, but commonly distinguished as Poll and Moll. Indeed, I have often wondered that the elegant dandies of the Athenæum, and the United Service, have not yet refined their street nomenclature by altering Pall Mall to The Two Marys.' Pray forgive this an tiquarian speculation.


Although Mr. Flight further states that he considers my notion as rather appalling, I confess that the old adage of―

A man convinced against his will,

Is of the same opinion still;

But from their monuments, scarcely any thing is known of Egypt and Assyria. The kingdom of the Pharaohs was not available to the historical researches of the Greeks, until after its subjugation by the Babylonians and the Persians; nothing even of its history remained, save its monuments, in the time of the Ptolemies, with two or three confused lists of regal names, and but a single date, that rested on a recognized basis. The monuments of Assyria have their interpretation solely in the Old Testament; in like manner, so great has been the destruction of Greek literature by the ravages of barbarism, bigotry and ignorance, that of the immense number of Greek writings anciently collected in the libraries of Egypt, Greece and Italy, but little remains, and scarcely any contemporaneous of the events related. It is, therefore, not at all surprising that when the hydrographical outline of the ancient countries was but very partially known; when the interior was almost a blank on the map; when scarcely any of the supposed sites of celebrated cities had been explored, the most diligent study of the printed authorities clicited little more than a history of Athens, giving rise to a commonly received opinion, that the glory of Greece was of short duration; but geographical knowledge and

somewhat applies to me, and I shall be glad of any monumental evidence, have greatly enlarged, corrected
further ideas on the subject.


* The Editor distinctly disavows all or any such heterodoxical antiquarian notions, and the best apology is that like the burden of Count Bellino's song

-'tis but Fancy's sketch!

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Who Mr. Flight's two first class Beauties were, are shrouded in conjecture, but supposing one of the Two Marys,' to have been Mary Davis; it is surprising, that in his anxiety to award such saint-like honours to two of the commonly distinguished' frail sisterhood, he did not, with the same propriety and truth assert Moldavia, one of the principalities now in dispute, was also so named in national respect to the meretricious Moll Davis? The etymological derivation is doubtless equally correct, but, as Willis's Current Notes, have the honour of being extensively known and read by many of the members of the Athenæum and the United Service Clubs, a passing repudiation is sufficient.

and improved the history of Greece; not so much in its
annals, as in the far more important and instructive
details of a great nation: its manners and institutions;
its proficiency in art and science; and particularly in
proving the vast extent of the influence of those quali-
ties, which rendered the Greeks superior to every other
ancient race. We may admit without disparagement
to the Greeks, that excepting the two Persian wars,
there is little in their annals more edifying than in me-
diæval or modern history, but the real glory of Greece is
to be estimated by the extent and duration of its lan-
guage. A collection of Greek coins is sufficient evidence
that the customs or institutions, which were certainly
the cause and consequence of Greek civilization, lasted
more than a thousand years, and extended over countries
and peoples from Spain to India; proving, at the same
time, that the Greeks constantly maintained that innate

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feeling and habit of the race, that in all ages is the foundation of national freedom; namely, the system of separate communities, each conducting its own internal concerns, whether as an independent state, or as member of a federation under a dominant republic; or as forming part of the dominion of a Macedonian king, or of a Roman emperor, Nor are the Greeks, as evidenced by their proceedings at this hour, deteriorated in their habitude or inherent recognition of the ancient system even under Turkish vassalage.

The coins of Greece are indisputably, beyond all comparison, the most numerous of Greek monuments, and it is but reasonable to believe that if the German writers of the last century possessed our present information on the geography and monuments of Greece, most of their extravagant theories would never have been promulgated; hence the Numismata Hellenica has been rendered as conducive as possible to the illustration of the geography, art, mythology and history of ancient Greece, and as a volume of reference, commends itself to the notice of all numismatists and scholars, and should be found in all collegiate, public, and provincial town libraries.

Anciently the rites of St. John Baptist were observed, when it was the custom to turn or roll a wheel about, in signification of the sun's annual course, or the sun then occupying the highest place in the zodiac, was about descending. Many years since, a merry-andrew, to attract young men and maides' to his stage-play, advertised he would on Midsummer-day, being the anniversary of the nativity of St. John Baptist, on the cucke-stool at Harleston,' among other extraordinary antics, Take a ride round the sunne,

From the heaven should cumm.'


His performance was to have been on the boarded stage over the water; and the sun alluded to was simply the wheel, as here shewn, used for the lowering the cuck-stool, with the scold, into the water, and in raising it; but from its very decayed state, in the midst of his feats, the framework gave way, and he was im


MERIT is often an obstacle to fortune and success, and the reason is, it always produces two bad effects-envy and fear. Envy in those who cannot rise to the same degree of perfection; and fear in those who are established, and who dread, that by advancing a man possessed of more abilities or more attainments than them-mersed in the selves, they may be supplanted.

NELL GWYNNE. Among the curiosities dispersed at the sale of the Duchess of Portland's Museum, in May 1786, No. 1119, was "an emerald and gold enamelled smelling bottle, formerly the property of Nell Gwynne." Bought by Jones, a jeweller, for 77. 10s.

CUCKING OR DUCKING STOOLS IN NORFOLK. BLOMEFIELD, referring to the fact that St. George's Gild had a tenement in Norwich, which they sometimes used as a Gildhall, adds, they had also customs at Fyve Brigge Stathe, and were obliged to find a Coke-stool there. From the Court book, he further notices two instances of the use of the Cucke-stool.*

1562. A woman for whoredom to ryde on a cart, with a paper in her hand, and tynklyd with a bason; and so at one o'clock to be had to the cokyng-stool, and ducked in the water.

1597. Margaret Grove, a common skould, to be carried with a bason rung before her to the Cucke-stool, at Fyebridge, and there to be three times ducked.

History of Norfolk, 1741, fol. p. 739.

mud and water,

creating no small degree of diversion and uproar amid many hundreds of spectators. This was the last ducking effected from the old constructed stage, as what remained of the timber work was afterwards removed, and the water enclosed within palings; but even then some involuntary duckings took effect. A boy shambling on the rails of the cuck-stool water, fell over, and was plunged in head foremost. Saturated in the water, mud and duckweed, he at length got out, and scampered off homeward, screaming aloud. The mother hearing her boy, ran to his assistance, and as she approached, said, Ther ber donunt make such a noyze, yew carnt be twe thankd-full to Gaud, that yew ar eut.' To which young hopeful replied,-"'Spoze thu-n Ime too too than-k-um fur put-ting me in-mar'nt make a noize!'

The pales or railings have since in their turn been taken away, and the present wall as an enclosure built. Yarmouth.

SUPERSTITION is the spleen of the soul.


Dean Swift.

VERNON. Current Notes, vol. iii. p. 91. Admiral Vernon took PORTO BELLO, with six men-of-war, on Nov. 22, 1739. A print illustrative of this event was published April 25, 1740.

THE SQUARE OF TWELVE-Some persons retain the ruling passion that influenced their actions during life, to the last moment of their existence. M. de Lagny, a member of the Academy of Sciences at Paris, a great calculator, became in his last illness insensible, when M. Maupertius approached his bed, and in the hope of arousing him, said, " M. de Lagny, what is the square of twelve?" He replied, "An hundred and forty-four," and instantly expired.


Translated from the Danish of


To Norway, mother of the brave,
We crown the cup of pleasure;
Dream of our freedom come again,

And grasp the vanish'd treasure;
When once the mighty task's begun,
The glorious race is swift to run.

Chorus. To Norway, Mother of the brave,
We crown the cup of pleasure!

Drink, to the children of the rocks,
To Norway's honest bosoms!
For him alone, who breaks our chains,
Our wreath of glory blossoms;
And when did mountain youth deny,
For Norway's cause to live and die?

Chorus. Drink, to the children of the rocks,
To Norway's honest bosoms!

One glass to faith and friendship flows;
One to Norwegia's daughters-

Drink each the girl his heart adores,

And shame on him who falters!
Shame on the wretch who welcomes chains,
And woman, wine, and song disdains.

Chorus. One glass to faith and friendship flows,
One to Norwegia's daughters!

Drink to Norway's hills sublime,
Rocks, snows and glens profound;
Success! her thousand echoes cry
And thank us with the sound:
Old Dofra mingles with our glee,
And joins our shouts with three times three.
Chorus. To Norway, Mother of the brave,
We crown the cup of pleasure!

Dofra is an immense ridge of mountains which form the boundary between the southern and the northern parts of Norway. The name is derived from the giant Dovre. Throughout the whole extent of Dovre, there are but four houses to be found-Drivstuen, Kongsvold, Gierkin or Hierkin, and Fogstuen; the possessors of which are exempted from all taxes, and receive besides some allowance from the adjacent districts, in consideration of which, they are bound to convey, lodge, and succour travellers.

Another translation, omitting the second verse of this
highly popular song, by Mrs. Borneman, wife of the
Judge Advocate General of Denmark, and daughter of
Mrs. Parsons, the authoress.; printed in Boydell's
Scenery of Norway, has many beautiful traits.
To Norway, valour's native sphere,

We drink with boundless pleasure;
O'er wine we dream of freedom near,
In fancy grasp the treasure.
Yet shall we at some period wake,
And bonds compulsive nobly break.

Chorus. To Norway, valour's native sphere,
We drink with boundless pleasure.

One glass at friendship's shrine is due,
One to Norwegian beauty,

Some nymph, my friend, may claim for you,
From us this welcome duty.

Shame on the slave spurns not his chains,
And woman, wine, and song, disdains.

Chorus. To Norway, valour's native sphere,
We drink with boundless pleasure.

Now, Norway, we thy mountains boast,
Snows, rocks, and countless wonders;
While Dovre echoes to the coast,

And thrice 'rapt plaudits thunders:
Yes! three times three, the Alps around
Shall health to Norway's sons' resound.

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ON the fly-leaf of Ben Jonson's copy of Camdeni Annales Rerum Anglicarum et Hibernicarum, regnante Elizabetha, ad 1589, printed in 1615-27; in his autograph, yet extant, is the following epitaph :

In ædibus D. Margaretæ in Lothbury
Quid divinare magnos invides Parca?

Jerminorum a Rushbrooke nobile germen
Hic situs est

Flos Juvenum sub ævi flore raptus
Qui virtutum utriusq. ætatis apicibus potitus
Ingenio et indole Juventutis
Necnon senili pietate et prudentia
Infra se turbum coætaneam reliquit
Impubis senex:

Et quod negavit sæculo, cœlo dedit.
Sic sapere ante annos nocuit, nam maxima virtus
Persuasit Morti ut crederet esse senem.

PP. P.


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terms of the contract, in rendering the Otho to his enthusiastic friend the Lyonnese collector.

cabinet, and were placed in the golden vase, till stolen by burglars from that establishment, and the whole melted. Many were deemed uniques, and that appreciation appears to be sustained, by few others occurring to repair that loss.


FRANCIS the First, disgusted with the prevailing practice in his day, of the clergy retaining their beards, obtained from the Pope, a brief by which all ecclesiastics throughout France were compelled to shave, or pay a large sum for the privilege of appearing with a beard. The bishops and richly beneficed clergy readily paid the prohibitory fine, but the poorer sort, unable to comply, were reduced to the grievous necessity of surrendering this ornament of the chin. The license obtained by compliance with the terms of the papal brief, was, however, secondary to the statute regulations of the Church, which in some instances were directly inhibitory of the bishop himself performing the service, unshaven; and of this fact, Duprat was in his person as a prelate, a remarkable instance.

VAILLANT, a distinguished numismatic writer, was The gold coins that Vaillant so singularly preserved, employed many years in collecting the rarest and most it is stated were of extreme beauty and rarity, were choice coins for the Royal Cabinet of Louis the Four-long religiously revered among the gems of the French teenth. On one occasion having to go to Rome, he embarked with other Frenchmen of character and distinction, at Marseilles, in a vessel belonging to Leghorn, that was captured at sea by an Algerine corsair, on the day following that of his departure. As France was not then at war with the Dey, Vaillant and his companions consoled themselves, the Algerines would soon set them on shore, at liberty, but the corsair captain excused himself by saying he was too far from the French coast, and had no more provisions than were barely sufficient for his immediate return. The Algerines, therefore accosting them with bona pace Francesi," stripped Vaillant and his companions, and carried them to Algiers, where they were treated as slaves. The applications by the French consul for their liberation, were constantly resisted by the Dey's insisting on their detention, by reason of there being eight Algerines, in the king's gallies, whose enlargement he could not obtain. Vaillant after being four months and a half a slave, was permitted to return to France, and twenty gold coins of which he had been despoiled by the corsair, were restored to him. He embarked in a small ship, bound for Marseilles, and after sailing for two days, a Sallee rover was seen advancing towards them, the pirate by means of their oars, baffled every manoeuvre made by the sailing vessel to avoid a rencontre, and was soon within cannon shot. Vaillant, in extreme anxiety for the twenty gold coins, jeopardised by his recent captivity, swallowed them, without the slightest hesitation; but a breeze at the moment springing up, the vessel quickly darted beyond the reach of the pirate, and was driven upon the coast of Catalonia, where it fortunately escaped becoming a total wreck. The captain subsequently entangled himself among the shores and sand-banks of the Rhone, where he lost his anchors, and Vaillant in a boat, with much difficulty, reached the shore. The gold coins, which weighed between four and five ounces, were still within him, and greatly incommoded him; he consulted two physicians as to the proper method of relieving himself of them, but singular as it may appear, they differed in opinion, and Vaillant would not adopt the prescription of either. Abstaining from medicine, nature from time to time gave him relief, and he reached Lyons when he had recovered about half of his treasure. In that city he hastened to a brother antiquary, one of his numismatic associates, related circumstantially his mishaps, not forgetting the manner of his secreting the gold coins. He showed his delighted friend, those he had in possession, and described those he hourly expected. Among these in the womb of time, was an Otho his friend was most desirous of acquiring, and busily engaged in stipulating with Vaillant for its purchase at a stated sum, forgot to render his friend any assistance, till Vaillant complying, was with some difficulty, enabled that day to fulfil the

Duprat, son of the Chancellor of that name, had naturally a beard that excited general admiration; and shortly after his return from the Council of Trent, where he had displayed his eloquence, and distinguished himself by his writings was appointed to the see of Clermont. On Easter-Sunday he appeared at the cathedral to take possession, but found the doors closed. Three dignitaries of the Chapter awaited him at the entrance; one held a razor; another, a pair of scissors; and the third, a book containing the ancient statutes of that church, to which, with his finger, that officer pointed to the wouldbe bishop the words barbis rasis-no beards. In vain did Duprat endeavour to avoid that despoilment, and argued the sinfulness of doing any work on so solemn a day; but inexorably determined, those who held the razor and the scissors resisted his entering, and protruded their weapons in such guise, that the non-inducted bishop, to save his beard, fled in dismay, abandoned the honour, and grief in a few days rendered him for ever insensible to the advantages of a prelatical position, or the vain solicitude created by the unusual elegance of a beard.

Even in old England,' where it is said common sense finds a home, there are found highly reprehensible attempts of the clergy to wear a beard in the pulpit. A correspondent of the Durham Advertiser states, it is reported the clergyman at Cockfield has given so much offence to his parishioners by wearing his beard, that they have discontinued their attendance at church.

IN an official book, of the time of James the First,
recently obtained, I find intermixed with business en-
tries, the following notes, referring to historical events:

1615. November 20. The D. of Somersett was com-
mitted to the Towre; and the same day, came Sir Geo.
Moore, Knighte, to be Leiutenant of the Towre.

1615. November 20th. Sir Jaruis Eluis, late Leiutenant
of the Towre, was hanged vpon the Towre-hill, for the poi-
zoninge of Sir Tho. Ouerburie, late prisoner in the Towre.

ADMIRAL Sir George Rooke, a name resplendent on
the roll of England's naval heroes, in the years of his
probation served as a captain of marines, when that force
was originally organised. While he was quartered upon
the Essex coast, the ague made sad havoc with his men,
and many cases were fatal. The minister of the village,
harassed with the frequent calls thus caused, refused to
bury any more of them, unless the accustomed burial
fees were paid. Captain Rooke made no reply, but the
next who died, he ordered to be conveyed to the minis-
ter's house, and the coffin placed on the table in the

There are also the following verses, allusive to the hall, and there left. This greatly added to the clergy-
perpetrators of this disgraceful transaction :-

'I. C. V. R.*
Good Monser Carr,
Aboute to fall.

V. R. A. K.
As most men say,
But that's not all.

V. O. 2. P.

With a nullitie,
That naughtie packe,

S. X. Y. F.,
Whose shameless life
Hath broke yo' backe.


From Katharine Docke theare launcht a Pincke,
Which soone did leake, but did not sincke;
One while she lay at Essex shore,
Expecting rig ing, yards, and store.
But all disasters to preuent,

Wth winde in poope she sail'd to Kent.
At Rochest' she anchor cast,
Wch Canterburie did distaste;
But Winchester with Erlyes helpe,
Did hale ashoare this Lion's whelpe.
She was weake sided and did reele,
But some are set to mende her keele,
To stope her leake, and mend her porte,
And make her fitt for any sporte.

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man's embarrassments, who in the fulness of sadness
in his heart, intimated to the captain in a polite message,
"that if he would cause the dead man to be taken away,
he would never more dispute it with him, but would
readily bury him and his whole company for nothing!"

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Tartini, born at Pirano in Istria, was from boyhood
much disposed to the study of music, and one night
dreamed that he made a compact with his Satanic Ma-
jesty, who promised on all occasions to be at his service,
and during that delusive slumber all passed as he
wished; even his desires were promptly accelerated by
the agency of his new coadjutor. At length, he fancied,
he placed his violin in the hands of the devil, to ascer-
tain his musical qualities, when to his astonishment, he
heard him perform a solo so singularly melodious, and
executed with such superior taste and precision, that it
greatly surpassed all he had ever heard. So exquisite
was his delight upon this occasion, that it deprived him
of the power of breathing; but awaking with the inten-
sity of the sensation, he instantly arose, and taking his
fiddle, hoped to express what he believed he had just
heard, but in vain. His best efforts, it is true, helped
him to produce a piece considered the most excellent of
all his performances, and that he entitled the Devil's
Sonata, but it was so greatly inferior to the phantom of
his dream, that this distinguished musician stated, he
would willingly have broken his instrument, and aban-
doned music altogether, had he known any other means
of obtaining a subsistence.

THE Third Volume of Willis's Current Notes, is now
published, price THREE SHILLINGS, in cloth boards. A
few copies of the prior volumes remain, but an early
application for them is desirable.

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