The Ancient Geography of India: The Buddhist Period, Including the Campaigns of Alexander, and the Travels of Hwen-Thsang
'Ancient geography' refers here to India's Buddhist period up to the seventh century CE, during which time Buddhism was the subcontinent's dominant religion. First published in 1871, this detailed study covering this period was written by Sir Alexander Cunningham (1814-93), who served as an officer in the East India Company and then went on to found and direct the Archaeological Survey of India. He had become an expert on the country's ancient geography owing to his experience as a surveyor. In this work he draws on material ranging from the campaigns of Alexander the Great to the travels of the seventh-century Buddhist pilgrim Xuanzang, who recorded much about India's geographical, political, religious and cultural landscape. Although this book was published as Part I, a subsequent volume on the Muslim period was never completed.
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Arachosia or Ghazni
TQKI on PANJQB
2 Shorkot or Middle Panj ab
Massanw and Saline or Sogdi
garanasi or Banaras
Vadari or Eder
Odra or Orissa
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50 miles Abu Rihan Abul Fazl agrees Akbar Alexander Alexander’s ancient Aornos Arrian Asiat Ayin Akbari Bairat Balabhi bank bearing and distance Bengal Brahmans bricks Buddha Buddhist called capital Ceylon Chinese pilgrim conﬁrmed conﬂuence Curtius Debal described district Doab east eastern Fa-Hian famous feet ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve ﬁxed ﬂowed Ganges Ghazni Greek Haidarabad Halt Harapa hill Hindu Hiouen Thsang Hwen Thsang identiﬁed India Indo-Scythian Indus inscription Jhelam Journ Julien’s Kabul Kanoj Kashmir king kingdom Magadha Malwa measurement mentioned miles in circuit monastery mound mountain Muhammadan Multan nearly north-east north-west ourn Panjab parasangs Pliny position present probably province Ptolemy Ptolemy’s Raja Ravi reign river road distance route ruins Sanskrit Satlej seventh century Sindh Sir Henry Elliot situated south-east south-west Srughna stadia Strabo stupa Taxila temple tion town Travels valley village visited western whole yojanas