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WHOM SHALL HE TEACH KNOWLEDGE? AND WHOM SHALL HE MAKE TO UNDERSTAND DOCTRINE?
MARK ii. 18–22.
Luke v. 33—.9. 18 And the disciples of John and of-the
Pharisees used to-fast:
And they said unto him,
Why do the disciples of John
and likewise the disciples of the Pharisees; but thy disciples fast not?
but thine eat and drink?
And he said unto them,
3 Can-ye make the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them?
is with them ?k h as long-as they have the bridegroom with
them, they cannot fast. 20 But the days will come, when the bride But the-days will-come, when the bride-35 groom shall-be-taken away from them, and groom shall-be-taken away from them, and then shall-they-fast in those days.
then shall-they-fast in those days.
And he-spake also a-parable unto them;36 & No-man also seweth a-piece en Binua No-man putteth επιβαλλει 8-piece επιβλημα of-new cloth pakoys ayvapov
of-a-new garment iuatio KUIVOU on an-old garment: else
upon an old; if otherwise, the new-piece that filled it-up taketh-away from-the old, and the-rent is made worse.
then-both the new maketh-a-rent, and the-piece that was taken out of the new
agreeth ovu owvel not with-the old. 22 And no-man putteth new wine into old And no-man putteth new wine into old 37 bottles: else the new wine doth-burst the bottles; else the new wine will-burst the bottles, and the wine is-spilled, and the
bottles, and be-spilled, and the bottles will-be-marred: but new wine must bottles shall-perish. But new wine must-38 be-put into new bottles.
be-put into new bottles ; [Ch. ii. 23, xxiv. p. 188.]
and both are preserved. No-man also having-drunk old wine 39 straightway desireth new: for he-saith, The
old is better.
[Ch. vi. 1, 2 xxiv. p. 188.) SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 18. thy disciples fast not they had questioned Lu. v. 38. new wine must be put into new botileshis authority; he had proved it by facts: they had l God is not only the God of grace, but also the God found fault with his company; he answered them of creation and of providence, and when he calls an also as to that: now they point to the conduct of his individual, or a people, to a particular service, he has disciples, as if the licence allowed thein by Jesus in to fashion and season the instrument for the service, some measure accounted for his success as a religious as well as to give the call to employment therein, Is. teacher-Whereas they speak against you as evil xliii. 7, p. (27); xlix. 1-3, p. (23) see the cases of doers,' &c., I Pe. ii. 12-it is insinuated that had he Abraham, Moses, David, &c. been as strict in his discipline as John and the | 39. no man also, &c. - He remembereth that we Pharisees, men would not bave had the same encou
are dust,' Ps. ciii. 14-and gradually weans us from ragement to follow him. See how they reproached that to which we have been accustomed, Is. xxviii. him, Lu. vii. 34, S 29, p. 226.
9--(see the border- I have fed you with milk, and
not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear 20. bridegroom shall be taken away, Jno. xii. 8, 981:
it, neither yet now are ye able,' I Co. iii. 2-and as xiii. 33, § 87—see his removal, and promise of return,
gradually prepares for that which is better, Ac. i. Ac. i. 9-11-the position of the rue believer is that
1-8 - But strong meat belongeth to them that of waiting for the return of the bridegroom, Lu. xii.
U. Xil, are of full age, even those who by reason of use 36, 8 63—of looking for God's 'Son from heaven,' I ha 1 Th. . 10.
neaven,' I have their senses exercised to discern both good and
evil,' He. v. 14.
NOTES. Mk. ii. 21. New cloth. Raw, unwrought material, (Lu. v. 39. Having drunk old wine, &c. of this which, having afterwards a tendency to contract, illustration, which is found only in Luke, the would be apt to tear away from the frailer piece of scope is that of the preceding doctrine ; namely, cloth into which it was sewn.
that all things should be suited to circumstances 22. Botlles were made of leather or skins, which and that as use forms the taste, somen's long when old were apt to become rent. Such were those accustomed modes are not speedily to be changed.] used by the Gibeonites in deceiving the Israelites,
Old prejudices cannot be easily removed, & men conJosh. ix. 3–13.
vinced that the old is not always better than the new.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 11820 ver. Let it not be said that Jesus buoyed would come, and that he then would be absent from up his disciples with an expectation that they were them.] immediately to enter upon the peace and richness of 21 ver. For the new dispensation of mercy, a new peoblessing, to be enjoyed in the promised kingdom- ple were to be chosen; or at least a people weaned from already he warns them that the days of mourning I the former dispensation, & afore-prepared unto glory.
THEM THAT ARE WEANED FROM THE MILK, AND DRAWN FROM THE BREASTS,-Isa. xxviii. 9.
( With the facts hitherto considered the Gospel accounts of the first year of our Saviour's ministry are brought to a close.'- Greswell, Vol. II. Diss. xxiii. p. 299.
HEAR THE WORD OF THE LORD, YE SCORNFUL MEN.-Isa. xxviii. 14.
RISE UP, YE WOMEN THAT ARE AT EASE; HEAR MY VOICE, YE CARELESS DAUGHTERS; GIVE EAR UNTO MY SPEECH.-Isa. XXXII. 9.
GO FROM THE PRESENCE OF A FOOLISH MAN, WHEN THOU PERCEIVEST NOT IN HIM THE LIPS OF KNOWLEDGE.-Prov. xiv. 7.
Mark says, "they uncovered the roof," ch. ii. 4. roof, 2 Sa. xi. 2; and Peter went up thereon to pray, Luke says, "they went upon the housetop, and let Ac. X. 9. This roof was surrounded with a balus. him down through the tiling," ch. v. 19, p. 165.
trade, or railing, breast high, on the sides-see Lu. v.
| 19, p. 165, “Scrip. Illus." This railing or breastwork • Houses, in eastern countries, are commonly
| is what Lu. v. 19 says “they let him down through.” square in their form, and of a single story. On ap
They removed it, probably, so that the couch could proaching them from the street, a single door is
be conveniently let down with cords; and standing seen in the centre, and directly above it a single
on the roof over the Saviour, they let the man down latticed window.
directly before him. On entering the only door in front, the first room The following plan will give an idea of an eastern is a small square room, surrounded with benches, dwelling, and of the cure of the sick man. called the porch. In this room the master of a family commonly transacts business, and, on private occasions, receives visits. Passing through the porch, you enter a large square room, directly in the centre of the building, called the court. This court is paved commonly with marble; is surrounded with seats; and, if possible, a fountain of water is formed in the
E centre, to give it beauty, and to diffuse a grateful coolness. In this large room company is received on
0 0 0 0 Go o marriage, and other festive occasions. This room is surrounded by a gallery, or covered walk, on every side. From that covered walk doors open into the other apartments of the house. So that access from
drea or one room to another is always through the centre
open Court. room or court.
* This centre room, or court, is commonly uncovered or open above. In wet weather, however, and in times of great heat of the sun, it is covered with
0 0 0 0 ooo an awning or canvas, stretched on cords, and capable of being easily removed or rolled up. This is what Mark means when he says, they uncovered the roof. They rolled up or removed this awning.
From the court to the roof the ascent is by flights 1 of stairs, either in the covered walk or gallery, or in
a F the porch. The roof is nearly flat. It is made of earth; or, in houses of the rich, is a firmly constructed flooring, made of coals, chalk, gypsum and ashes, made hard by repeated blows.
C Harem, or room for women.
D Other rooms, for the family. pose in the cool of the day, for conversation, and for
E Galleries, or walks between the court and rooms. devotion, (Note, Mt. vi. 5, $ 19, p. 131.) On such a
F Stairs to the second story, or to the roof. roof Rahab concealed the spies, Jos. ii. 6,“ She had brought them up to the roof of the house, and hid them . By looking at this it may be easily seen how the with the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order upon paralytic was presented to Jesus. Suppose the Sathe roof;” and 1 Sa. ix. 25, .6, “Samuel communed viour to be seated in the open court, say at G. The with Saul upon the top of the house. And they arose room was thronged. There was but one way of acearly: and it came to pass about the spring of the day, cess, through a. It would be easy to ascend the that Samuel called Saul to the top of the house, say stairs at F, and go round on the gallery till they ing, Up, that I may send thee away. And Saul came over Jesus, and remove a part of the balustrade arose, and they went out both of them, he and Samuel, or breastwork, and let him down directly before abroad.” David walked at even tide upon the him.' - See Barnes's Notes.
EVERY WISE WOMAN BUILDETH HER HOUSE.-Prov. xiv. ).
HEAR, O ISRAEL: THE LORD OUR GOD IS ONE LORD: AND THOU SHALT LOVE THE LORD THY GOD
THE MINOR PROPHETS AND DECALOGUE, ETC., COMPARED-see TABULAR VIEW,' p. 152. I. HOSEA
greatly despised,' utterly abased, his hidden things Views the house of Israel in relation to the Cove sought up." He is to be utterly disinherited, and nant made by the Lord with his people, when he the kingdom shall be the LORD's.' brought them up out of Egypt; according to which they solemnly engaged to take the Lord alone to be their God. They are found utterly unfaithful:
VI. JONAH. *Ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.' JONAH.-The Lord's tenderness for natural life is A reserve is made of the house of Judah; but the here strikingly manifested, in the case of Nineveh ; house of Israel is wholly cast out, ch. i. Their case and also his care to provide for the spiritual life of when out of the land, and not bearing the name of his people Israel, in sending before them a prophet Israel, ch. ii. The case of the remnant of the chil to make known the judgments of the Lord, in the dren of Israel, the Jews, ch. iii.
place into which they, as led captive by the Assyrians, The grounds of Israel's divorce, ch. iv.--xiii. : were about to come. The case of that prophet is
Here are shewn the sin and misery of Israel, in itself one of the most remarkable signs which the departing from the Lord their God, intermingled Lord has been ever pleased to give a sign fulfilled with intimations of the Lord's purpose regarding in the Lord himself as well as in his people. In the them: .Yet I AM the LORD thy God from the land of unhappiness of Jonah, as fleeing from, and as fretting Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there against, the Lord, we may see the folly, as well as is no saviour beside me,' xiii. 4.
wickedness, of refusing to walk in light and in love. The manner in which they are to return, and take the Lord alone to be their God, and experience the blessedness of being in truth his saved people, ch. xiv.
of trouble, i. 7, and at length an entire separation II. AMOS.
will be made between them and those that have trouAmos earnestly denounces idolatry, and declares bled them, 15. Nineveh had been given to execute its ruinous nature. Compare what is said in the se judgment upon adulterous Israel-and she is herself cond commandment with regard to punishment unto
judged: Because of the multitude of the whoredoms the third and fourth, with Am. i. 3, 6, 9, 11,.3; ii. 1, 4, 6. of the well-favoured harlot, the mistress of witch
Oppression of the poor, idolatry, and there with crafts, that selleth nations through her whoredoms, darkness and desolation, iii., iv.
and families through her witchcrafts,' &c., iii. 4. The LORD is the Giver of light, v. 8. But transgression turns even the day of the Lord into dark
VIII. HABAKKUK. ness, 18-20. The worship given to the Lord in com HABAKKUK laments the violence and the wrong mon with idols, he utterly repudiates, 21-.4. Have ye perpetrated under the colour of law, i. 2-4; and the offered unto me sacrifices,' &c. 'But ye have borne the wholesale robbery, by the Chaldeans, 5-17. tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, From his watchtower he takes a view of the present the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves. and approaching robbers of the nations, ii. 1, &c., as Therefore will I cause,' &c., 25---7.
contrasted with the humble believer, whose portion The Lord's hatred of those who despise his afflicted is not in things temporal, 4; the Babylonian, 5–8; people; or, led away by covetousness, make mer- the Mede, 9-11; the Greek, the word given forth in chandise of them, ch. vi.
whose language is to fill the earth as the waters do The case of the idolatrous priest, and the darken the sea, 12.4; the Roman, 15—8, &c. ing, destructive tendency of idolatry, ch. vii., viii. The believer's glorious possession is declared in
The entire sweeping away of Israel, and their being the successive developements of his power, in behalf confounded with the Gentile nations, ix. 1-7.
of those that trust in him, ch. iii.
ZEPHANIAH.-Here we have a faithful witness with MICAR deprecates the manner in which the Name
regard to the evils coming upon the land, because of
the falsehoods prevailing, one of the greatest of of the LORD was profaned in the places and by the people he had chosen for his Name; and especially
which is, The Lord will not do good, neither will he
do evil!' i. 212. was it dishonoured by the princes, and by those who
Not one word will be found to fail of that which is pretended to speak in his Name, iii. 1-7. The true prophet boldly denounces the sin of both the civil |
The Lord gave many warnings in the case of others : and ecclesiastical rulers, 8-12; he predicts the period of glory, iv. 1-3; and Christ's coming in humilia
in the west, ii. 4-7; east, 8-11; south, 12; north,
13-.5. tion, v. 1-3. He speaks of the necessity of repentance, the way
Jerusalem did not take warning. Her prophets of reconciliation, and the lessons taught us in the
are light and treacherous persons,' &c., iii. 148.
There is at length to be unity in the truth, 9-12. gospel, vi. 148.
• The remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity, nor This prophet concludes with a paraphrase upon his own name, Who is a God like unto thee,' &c.,
speak lies ; neither shall a deceitful tongue be found
in their mouth,' ver. 13. When the commandment is and a reference to that great salvation to which the
thus obeyed, then will be the rejoicing, 14-20. Lord hath been pleased to give his Name: 'Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from
X. HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI. the days of old,' vii. 1820.
These three last prophets prophesied among the
remnant that returned from Babylon, and who may IV. JOEL.
have been prone to regard themselves as exclusively This prophecy is almost entirely concerning the
the people of God. As if to prevent this assumption, Day of the Lord. It contains the most express
God is throughout these three prophets almost uni
formly called the Lord of hosts;' the God, not of a prediction respecting the pouring out of the Holy Ghost; which could only be enjoyed upon the ground
remnant, but the Lord of the armies of Israel,' of the perfected work of the Son of God.
1 Sa. xvii. 45; and the promised Messiah is called the
To those + who are without, who refuse to receive rest in Him,
Desire of all nations, Mal. iv. 12. The impoverishthe day of the Lord is a day of darkness and gloomi
ing and devastating nature of selfishness, both in the ness; it is the great and the terrible day of the
people (see Haggai) and in the priests (see Malachi), Lord, ii. 2-11. And the heavens and the earth shall
is powerfully exposed; and liberality, both of heart shake: but the LORD will be the hope of his people,
and of hand, are most earnestly called for. Obeand the strength of the children of Israel. So shali
dience to the TENTH COMMANDMENT, which requires
us to rest in the appointment of God, and love our ye know that I am the LORD your God,' &c., iii. 16,.7.
neighbour as ourselves, to trust in God and do good, V. OBADIAH.
receiving all as from the Lord, and consecrating all
unto his holy service: these are some of the most In Edom, the subject of this prophecy, we have striking lessons taught in HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, and the case of the son who despised the birthright, and MALACHI; wbo, as the time was drawing near, prowho also dishonoured his parentage by hatred and phesied most expressly of the coming of Him in cruelty to his brother. The proud despiser is to be whom the great law of love was perfectly exemplified.
WITH ALL THINE HEART, AND WITH ALL THY SOUL, AND WITH ALL THY MIGHT.-Deut. vi. 4, 5.
YE SHALL NOT GO AFTER OTHER GODS.-Deut. vi. 14.
YE SHALL WALK AFTER THE LORD YOUR GOD, AND FEAR HIM, AND KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS,
THE HAGIOGRAPHIA AND DECALOGUE, ETC., COMPARED—see 'TABULAR VIEW,' p. 152. L. PSALMS.
I granted, The LORD recompense thy work, and a full HEREIN are declared the praises of the Lord, who reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under delivered his people from Egyptian bondage, the chose wings thou art come to trust,' eh. ii. 12. She, type of a greater deliverance to be effected by the who had, to her mother-in-law, been better than seven Son of David: Blessed are all they that put their
sons, was eminently blessed as a mother : from Ruth trust in him. The blessedness described in the the Moabitess came, according to the flesh, JESUS, Beatitudes is here fully unfolded, Ps. xix., Ixxvii., who truly did honour the Father. He look upon cxix., &c.; and is shewn to be obedience to THE FIRST him the form of a servant,' and became obedient COMMANDMENT-tbe taking the Lord alone to be onrunto death, even the death of the cross, Ph. 11. 7. & God, Ps. xl., &c. The Psalms, it may be observed, I OBED (a servant ') was the name given to the are divided into five books, declaring the five-fold child of Rato. name of Immanuel :
VL LAMENTATIONS. 1. TRE WONDERFUL . . . Ps. i. xli. 2. THE COUNSELLOR . . . xlii.-isxii.
HERE We have described the destructive power of 3. THE MIGHTY GOD.
sin, on account of which the Jews were given over to
I the murderous sword of the enemy. 4. THE EVERLASTING PATHER. , xe. vi. 5. Tu PRINCE OF PEACE .
This book, it may be observed, is divided into five cvii.-el.
chapters; four of which, the first two and the last IL PROVERBS.
two, consist of twenty-two verses each. Three of
these chapters, with the exception of one or two HEREix is described that heavenly wisdom, in
| verses, are in the order of the twenty-two letters of which the children of God are to shew forth light
the Hebrew alphabet. The third chapter contains to the world, unto the glory of God; in opposition to sixty-six verses, giving three verses to each of the all that darkens and destroys. The adulteress, the letters. This chapter occupies the centre of the idolatroas church, is here strongly warned against;
uere strongly warnea against ; | book, and in the heart of it, amid surrounding the pride and folly which characterise the workers scenes of desolation, and sounds of woe, we have of iniquity are contrasted with the humility, pru. most strongly expressed the blessedness of that humdence, and fortitude, which, under the blessing of ble, quiet trust in God, which nothing can shake, and God, ensure a rich and enduring reward. Compare by which the spiritual life is maintained within us, with THE SECOND COMMANDMENT, and second portion as exhorted to in the sixth part of 'TRE SERMON ON of the SERMON ON THE MOUNT, Mt. v. 13-6, $ 19, p.122. THE MOONT.' Comp. with THE SIXTR COMMANDMENT. III. JOB
The oppression and confusion against which we taken in vain that he does not approve of those who are warned in the serenth part of 'TRE SERMON ON plead deceitfully for him, eh. xlii. 7, 8. It may be
THE MUUNT,' vii. 1-6, $ 19, p. 137, are abundantly noticed, that there is a beautiful progression in the brought before us in the words of the Preacher. Sospeeches of Job:
lomon, with all his wisdom, exhibited too much the Ist-he laments his misery .
folly of attempting to pull the mote out of another's 2nd-confesses himself a sinner
eye, when behold a beam was in his own eye. If he 3rd his inability to save himself ix. 30–
did not break the serenth commandment in the IN THE SECOND SERIES, he
letter, he certainly violated it most outrageously in
its spirit; and that, both as to earthly relationship, Ist-longs after a resurrection
and its spiritual application. In Ecclesiastes, we are 2nd-for an intercessor . .
exhorted how to behave in the house of God. Com3rd-expresses his confidence in a resurrection, through his Redeemer
pare with THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT.
THAT which our Lord declares to be the law and God . .
xxi. the prophets,' we may read most plainly in the case 2nd-longs after an acquaintance
of flaman; whilst obedience to the cighth comwith God
mandment in tempting circumstances is manifested 3rd-speaks of God as discovered
by the Jews, who, although they repeatedly stand for in creation, and as a moral governor xxvi., .vii. their lives, yet lay not their hands upon the spoil. HE THEREAFTER proceeds to en
The advantage of simply looking to God for what large upon the excellency of a know
we need, whilst using all honest means for the obledge of the Most High .
tainment of deliverance and blessing, is singularly . . xxviii.
manifested in the case both of Esther and Mordecai. To describe his own ease, in the past xxix.
Compare with THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT.
IX. DANIEL for a curse upon himself, and all that
IN DANIEL We have a singular example of a true is his, if he had done those things with which he was charged
prophet, who was manifest by his fruits and men of . . . xxxi.
an opposite character, and such as our Saviour THEN follow the speeches of Elihu,
warned against, we have in those who provoked | in vindication of the Father .
xxxii.-.vii. the civil power to cast into the furnace, and the FINALLY, there is the voice of the
lions' den, the servants of God; whose only crime Lord himself, out of the whirlwind,
was, the not conforming to the worship which the manifesting his power, subduing all,
king had been pleased to establish. The character, and appointing the method of peace . xxxviii.- xlii. the history to the world's end, the matter of testimony,
and glorious reward of the witnesses for God, as well Compare with the THIRD COMMANDMENT.
as the evil systems in the midst of which, and against IV. SONG OF SOLOMON.
which, they witness, are all described in the book of
Daniel. Compare with THE NINTA COMMANDMENT. HERE is expressed a longing after rest in the arms of the Beloved; and which can ouly be truly enjoyed X. EZRA, NEHEMIAH, AND CHRONICLES. as ceasing from our own works, and resting in Him,
IN EZRA and NEREMIAR we have the continuance in perfect love; and as thus being conformed unto
nus being conformed unto of the book of CHRONICLES, the last of the twelve Him, who is our peace. Thus may we now enjoy our books of the Hagiographa, and which sufficiently exsabbaths, looking and longing for the everlasting hibits the folly of building upon the earth; of putting rest. Compare with TRE FOURTE COMMANDMENT.
trust in either great or small, in place of building
simply upon the Rock. Without a simple submisV. RUTH.
sion to the will of God, the greatest wisdom, like that IN ROTH, we have the example of obedience to of Solomon, is folly; and the most extensive sway, THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT; when she clave to her like that of the king of Babylon, is weakness. The mother-in-law, saying, Thy people... my people, and liberal-heartedness, and simple trust in God, which thy God... my God. She honoured the Father of the the Lord delights to honour, were given abundant fatherless, and the people of his choice, and she had l cause for manifestation in Ezra and Nehemiah, reward, (Ex. xx. 12.) The prayer of Naomi was! Compare with THE TENTH COMMANDMENT.
AND OBEY HIS VOICE, AND YE SHALL SERVE HIM, AND CLEAVE UNTO HIM.-Deut. xiii. 4.
YE SHALL NOT TEMPT THE LORD YOUR GOD.-Deut. vi. 16.
EXALT YE THE LORD OUR GOD, AND WORSHIP AT HIS FOOTSTOOL; FOR HE IS HOLY.-Psalm xcix. 5.
ARRANGED IN THE ORDER OF TIME.
O WORSHIP THE LORD IN THE BEAUTY OF HOLINESS: FEAR BEFORE HIM, ALL THE EARTH.-Psalm xcvi. 9.
COMPREHENDING THE SPACE OF TWELVE MONTHS; VIZ.,- FROM THE
END OF THE FIRST YEAR OF THE MINISTRY OF JESUS CHRIST,
SAY AMONG THE HEATHEN....THE LORD REIGNETH.--Psalm xcvi. 10.