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CAST THY BURDEN UPON THE LORD, AND HE SHALL SUSTAIN THEE:
JOHN iv. 22 .6. saith unto-her, Woman, believe me, the-hour cometh, when ye-shall-neither in this 22 mountain, nor-yet at Jerusalem, -worship the Father. Ye worship ye-know not what
we-know what we worship προσκυνουμεν ο οιδαμεν: for salvation σωτηρια is of the Jews. 23 But the-hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall-worship the Father 24 in spirit and in-truth: for the Father seeketh such to-worship him. God is a-Spirit: 25 and they that-worship him must worship him in spirit and in-truth. The woman
saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when he is-come, 26 he-will-tell avayyelet us all-things. Jesus saith unto-her, I that speak unto-thee am he.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 21. this mountain, nor at Jerusalem--a great for- Jno. i. 17, S 7, p. 48_ I am the way, the truth, and saking in the midst of the land,' Is. vi. 9-12-desola- the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by tion both of Samaria and Jerusalem predicted, Mic.me,' xiv. 6, § 87—the LORD is nigh unto all them i. 5, 6; iii.
that call upon him, to all that call upon him in 22. ye soorship ye know not what-see as to the first truth, Ps. cx
| truth,' Ps. cxlv. 18 whatsoever ye shall ask the institution of the Samaritan worship, 2 Ki. xvii. 24-41
Father in my name, he will give it you,' Jno. xvi. 23, --see Ezra iv. 2-the Athenians made an acknow
S 87. ledgment of similar ignorance, Ae. xvii. 23.
seeketh such to worship him-a godly seed,' Mal. salvation is of the Jews--the Shiloh predicted to ii. 15-'ye are a chosen generation,' &c.; 1 Pe. ii. 9 come of Judah, Ge. xlix. 10—will place salvation it had been predicted that the good Shepherd would in Zion for Israel my glory. Is. xlvi. 13-ten men seek out his sheep that had been scattered. Eze. xxxiv. shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, 11-. 3—' that which was lost,' ver. 16– the Son of even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew,' man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.' Zec. viii. 23__ our Lord sprang out of Juda,' He. vii. Lu, xix. 10, § 80—the lost sheep of the house of Is. 14--called Jesos: for he shall save his people from rael,' Mat. x. 6, § 39—of which, see, as contrasted with their sins,' Mat. i. 21, $ 2, p. 13.
treacherous Judah, Je. iii. 11-.8. 23. trie worshippers-open ye the gates, that tne 24. God is a Spirit-'ye heard the voice of the words, righteous nation which keepeth the truth may enter but saw no similitude, De. iv. 12– the LORD), the in,' Is. xxvi. 2- desirest truth in the inward parts, God of the spirits of all flesh,' Nu. xxvii. 16% the Ps. li. 6-see Zeph. iii. 9, 13.
Father of spirits,' He. xii. 9_ no man hath seen God spirit-praviny always with all prayer and suppli. at any time,' I Jno. iv. 12- now the Lord is that cation in the Spirit,' Eph. vi. 18_worship God in the Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is spirit. Phil. ii. 3__ praying in the Holy Ghost. liberty, 2 Cor. jul. 17. Jude 20see also Jno. vì. 63, § 43; Rom. viii. 1; 26. I that speak unto thee am heit is he that talkI Cor. xiv. 15: 2 Cor. iii. 6-9; 1 Pet. iii. 18.
leth with thee,' Jno. ix. 37, 8 55—so when adjured by truth-grace and truth came by Jesus Christ,' the high priest, Mk. xiv. 61, 2, $ 89.
NOTES 22. Ye worship ye know not what. Though the For the Father seeketh, fc. Jesus came to fulfil Samaritans received the five books of Moses, yet they his Father's will; he canie to seek and save that rejected the prophets, and of course all that the pro- which was lost,' Lu. xix. 10. $ 80. Salvation' was to phets had said respecting the true God. Originally, I be of the Jews,' unto a people who were to be sought also, they had joined the worship of idols to that of out; that in them the Lord might more particularly the true God. See 2 Ki. xvii. 26–34.
manifest the wonders of redeeming love. Salvation is of the Jews. Christ the Saviour sprung 24. God is a Spirit. This is the second reason why of them, as also did the twelve apostles, and in men should worship him in spirit and in truth. The general the first preachers of the gospel: the gospel Most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands, proceeded from them to the Gentiles.
Ac. vii. 48; neither is worshipped with men's hands, 23. And now is. The old dispensation is about to as though he needed anything, seeing he giveth to all pass away, and the new one to commence. Already
| life, and breath, and all things,' xvii. 25. A pure, a there is so much light that God may be worshipped
| holy, a spiritual worship, therefore, is such as he acceptably in any place.
seeks the offering of the soul rather than the formal
offering of the body-the homage of the heart rather The true worshippers. All who worship God with
than that of the lips. the heart, and not merely in form.
25. I know that Messias cometn. As the Samaritans In truth. Not through the medium of shadows acknowledged the five books of Moses, so they exand types; not by means of sacrifices and bloody
pected also the coming of the Messiah. offerings,.......a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices,
Will tell us all things. Jesus had decided the questhat could not make him that did the service perfect, tion proposed to him, ver. 20, in favour of the Jews. as pertaining to the conscience,' He. ix. 9; but in the
ence. He ix. 9: but in the The woman seems not to have been fully satisfied, manner represented or typified by all these-in the
and therefore was disposed, as was customary in that true way of direct access to God through Jesus
age, to leave the matter undecided till the advent of Christ. "For Christ is not entered into the holy
the Messiah, who would finally determine these conplaces made with hands, which are the Ngures of the
troversies. true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the pre 26. I am he. I am the Messiah.-See Nathanael's sence of God for us,' ver. 24, ib.]
confirmation, Jno. i. 49, § 10, p. 73.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 20 ver. Let us beware of making religion consist in in the land, has been fulfilled, so truly will this purattention to outward forms, instead of heart devotion pose of God with regard to the true worshippers be to God, through the knowledge of his mercy and fully accomplished also. truth in the gift of his Son.
(24 ver. He who was sent of the Father to seek and (21 ver. Let us see the truth of the Saviour of Is
to save the lost sheep of the house of Israel hath rael confirmed, in the fulfilment of his prediction
found us in the outward manifestation of his grace: with regard to the ceasing of the true worship of
may he also find in us the character of the people he God, even in the place he had himself specially ap- l hath for so long a time been forming for his praise.] pointed for meeting with his people.] 22, .3 ver. Let us never forget, that the salvation
Let it be duly impressed upon us, that no mere which hath been so remarkably manifested towards outward ceremonies will suffice, -that God who is a us was of the Jews, and that it was sent from them
Spirit can only be worshipped aright after his own to us, that we might become the true worshippers,
nature, in spirit and in truth.' who should worship the Father in spirit and in truth.' |
25 ver. Let us beware of putting away from us that 23 ver. Let us know, that as truly as the former true knowledge of God and his ways which he is prediction, with regard to the ceasing of true worship even now able and willing to bestow.
HE SHALL NEVER SUFFER THE RIGHTEOUS TO BE MOVED.-Psalm lv. 22.
21. TAIS MOUNTAIN, NOR AT JERUSALEM.
praying, fc.-Jude 20, But ye, beloved, building up a great forsaking predicted :-is. vi. 9-12.
yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy
Ghost.' Isaiah VI. In the year that king Uzziah died I See also Jno. vi. 63, $ 43, It is the spirit that quickensaw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and eth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak 2 lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.'-Rom. viii. 1. stood the seraphims : each one had six wings; with . There is therefore now no condemnation to them which
twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after 3 his feet, and with twain he did fly. And one cried the Spirit.' Co. xiv. 15. What is it then? I will pray
unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding 4 of hosts : the whole earth is full of his glory. And also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the
the posts of the door moved at the voice of tim that understanding also.'-2 Co. iii. 6-9– ......- Pe. cried, and the house was filled with smoke.
iii. 18, For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the 5 Then said I. Woe is me! for I am undone; because just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being
I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.' of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen
TRUTR.-See 'Scripture Illustrations.' 6 the King, the LORD of hosts. Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand,
SEEKETH SUCH TO WORSHIP HIM. which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar:
a godly seed :-Mal. ii. 15, ' And did not he make one ? 7 and he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath
Yet had he the residue [or, excellency] of the spirit. And touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away,
wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed (Heb. 8 and thy sin purged. Also I heard the voice of the la seed of God). Therefore take heed to your spirit, and Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for
let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.' us? Then said I, Here am I; send me.
ye are a chosen generation I Pe. ii. 9, But ye are a 9 And he said. Go. and tell this people. Hear ye in-chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a deed (or, without ceasing. Heb. heur ye in hearing,
peculiar (or, a purchased people] people; that ye should c.], but understand not; and see ye indeed, but per
shew forth the praises [or, 'virtues] of him who hath 10 ceive not. Make the heart of this people fat, and
called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.' make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they
it had been predicted, c. -Eze. xxxiv. 11-.3. 11, For see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and un
thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I, even I, will both derstand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
search my sheep, and seek them out. 12, As a shepherd 11 Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered,
seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the
sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate
and will deliver them out of all places where they have 12 [Heb. desolate with desolation), and the LORD have re
been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. 13, And I moved men far away, and there be a great forsaking
will bring them out from the people, and gather them in the midst of the land.
from the countries, and will bring them to their own 13 But yet in it shall be a tenth (or, when it is relurned,
land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the and hath been broused), and it shall return, and shall
rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country.'
that which was lost: Eze. xxxiv. 16, I will seek that be eaten : as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance
which was lost, and bring again that which was driven [or, stock, or, stem is in them, when they cast their leaves : so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof.
away, and will bind up that which was broken, and will
strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the desolation both of Samaria and Jerusalem predicted : fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.'Mi. i. 5, 6-see p. (92), ver. 5, under SAMARIA,'' predicted.' See Scripture Illustrations.' -Mi. iii.-see p. (62).
of which see as contrasted with treacherous Judah :22. Ye WORSHIP YE KNOW NOT WHAT.
Je. iii. 11-8-see p. (39). see as to the first institution of the Samaritan worship: 24. GOD IS A SPIRIT. -2 Ki. xvii. 24-41-see ch. xvii., second column.
1 ye heard the voice :-De. iv. 12, And the LORD spake see Ezr. iv. 2, Then they came to Zerubbabel, and to unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice the chief of the fathers, and said unto them, Let us build of the words, but saw no similitude; only ye heard a with you: for we seek your God, as ye do ; and we do voice.'-Nu. xxvii. 16, Let the LORD, the God of the sacrifice unto him since the days of Esar-haddon king of spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation.' Assur, which brought us up hither.'
He. xii. 9, . Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh the Athenians acknowledged similar ignorance :-Ac.
which corrected los, and we gave them reverence: shall xvii. 23, For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions
we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of [or, gods that ye worship), I found an altar with this in spirits, and live?'- 1 Jno. iv. 12, No man hath seen God Scription. TO THE UNKNOWN GODWhom there-l at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in fore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.'
us, and his love is perfected in us.'--2 Co. iii. 17-see SALVATION IS OF THE JEWS.
Scripture Illustrations." the Shiloh predicted to come of Judah: -Ge. xlix. 10, The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law
2 Kings XVII. In the twelfth year of Ahaz king giver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and
of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in unto him shall the gathering of the people be.'
2 Samaria over Israel nine years. And he did that will place salvation, &c. :-Is. xlvi. 13, I bring near
which was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as my righteousness; it shall not be far off, and my salva
the kings of Israel that were before him. tion shall cot tarry: and I will place salvation in Zion 3 Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; for Israel my glory.'
and Hoshea became his servant, and gave (Heb. ten men shall take, c...-Zec. viii. 23, .Thus saith the 4 rendered) him presents (or, tribute]. And the king of LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea : for he had sent ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the na messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no pretions, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a
sent to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and that God is with you.'
bound him in prison. our Lord sprang out of Juda:'-He. vii. 14, For it is 5 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.'
three years. called Jesus.'-Mt. i. 21, $ 2, p. 13.
6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria
took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, 23. TRUE WORSHIPPERS.-See. Scripture Illustrations.'
and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river -Zep. iii. 9, 13. 9, 'For then will I turn to the people a
7 of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. pure language (Heb. lip). that they may all call upon
For so it
was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the name of the LORD, to serve him with one consent
the LORD their God, which had brought them up out Heb. shoulderl' 13, . The remnant of Israel shall not do
of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh iniquity, nor speak lies; neither shall a deceitful tongue
8 king of Egypt, and had feared other gods, be found in their mouth: for they shall feed and lie
walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the down, and none shall make them afraid.'
LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and SPIRIT.
9 of the kings of Israel, which they had made. And the praying always -Ep. vi. 18, Praying always with all children of Israel did secretly those things that were prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching not right against the LORD their God, and they built thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all them high places in all their cities, from the tower of saints.'
10 the watchmen to the fenced city. And they set them worship God, fc.-Ph. iii. 3, For we are the circum up images (Heb. statues) and groves in every high cision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in 11 bill, and under every green tree: and there they Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.
(Continued see next page.]
[2 Kings XVII. continued.]
38 gods. And the covenant that I have made with you burnt incense in all the high places, as did the hea ye shall not forget ; neither shall ye fear other gods. then whom the LORD carried a way before them; and 39 But the LORD your God ye shall fear; and he shall
wrought wicked tbings to provoke the LORD to anger: deliver you out of the hand of all your enemies. 12 for they served idols, whereof the LORD had said unto | 40 Howbeit they did not hearken, but they did after 13 them, Ye shall not do this thing. Yet the LORD tes 41 their former manner. So these nations feared the
tified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the LORD, and served their graven images, both their prophets [Heb. by the hand of all], and by all the children, and their children's children: as did their seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep fathers, so do they unto this day. my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which
34. MY MEAT. 14 I sent to you by my servants the prophets. Notwith
so Job:-ch. xxiii. 12-see. Scripture Illustrations.' standing they would not hear, but hardened their predicted of Christ :-Ps. xl. 7, 8. 7, Then said I, Lo,
necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me, 15 believe in the LORD their God. And they rejected his 8. I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law 18
statutes, and his covenant that he made with their within my heart. [Heb. in the midst of my bowels). fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against see Scripture Illustrations." them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, our example:He. xii. 2, Looking into Jesus the and went after the heathen that were round about author (or, beginner) and finisher of our faith; who for
them, concerning whom the LORD had charged them, the joy that was set before him endured the cross, de16 that they should not do like them. And they left all spising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the commandments of the LORD their God, and made
the throne of God.' them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and
35. HARVEST. 17 served Baal. And they caused their sons and their
is the reaping time, &c.:-Ge. viii. 22, . While the earth daughters to pass through the fire, and used divina
remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and tions and enchantments, and sold themselves to do
summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.' evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
a proper time for work :-Pr. X. 5, He that gathereth 18 Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and
in summer is a wise son: but he that sleepeth in harvest removed them out of his sight: there was none left
is a son that causeth shame.' 19 but the tribe of Judah only. Also Judah kept not the
is put for a people, sc. Je. li. 33, For thus saith the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in
LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter of 20 the statutes of Israel which they made. And the
Babylon is like a threshingfloor, it is time to thresh her: LORD rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted
[or, in the time that he thresheth her]: yet a little while, them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers,
and the time of her harvest shall come. 21 until he had cast them out of his sight. For he rent
and the gathering of the people, &c. see Scripture Israel from the house of David; and they made Jero
Illustrations.'-Joel iii. 13, Put ye in the sickle, for the boam the son of Nebat king: and Jeroboam drave
harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is Israel from following the LORD, and made them sin a
full, the fats overflow: for their wickedness is great 22 great sin. For the children of Israel walked in all
Rev. xiv. 15, And another angel came out of the temthe sins of Jeroboam which he did; they departed
ple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, 23 not from them; until the LORD removed Israel out
Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for of his sight, as he had said by all his servants the pro
thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe [or, phets. So was Israel carried away out of their own
dried)' land to Assyria unto this day.
36. BOTH HE TRAT SOWETA AND, &c. 24 And the king of Assyria brought men from Baby see Scripture Illustrations.'
lon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Ha- see as to Paul's service in the gospel:-1 Co. is. 1923. math, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the 19, . For though I be free from all men, yet have I made cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more. 20.
and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities And unto the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain 25 thereof. And so it was at the beginning of their the Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the
dwelling there, that they feared not the LORD: there law, that I might gain them that are under the law; 21.
fore the LORD sent lions among them, which slew to them that are without law, as without law, (being not 26 some of them. Wherefore they spake to the king of without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I
Assyria, saying, The nations which thou hast re- might gain them that are without law. 22, To the weak moved, and placed in the cities of Samaria, know not became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am the manner of the God of the land: therefore he hath made all things to all men, that I might by all means sent lions among them, and, behold, they slay them, save some. 23, And this I do for the gospel's sake, that
because they know not the manner of the God of the I might be partaker thereof with you.'-Ph. ii. 15, .6. 27 land. Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, 15,That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of
Carry thither one of the priests whom ye brought God, without rebuke, in the midst,' &c. 16. Holding from thence; and let them go and dwell there, and forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day
let him teach them the manner of the God of the of Christ,' &c. --1 Th. ii. 19, 20. 19. For what is 28 land. Then one of the priests whom they had carried our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing Lor, glorying)?
away from Samaria came and dwelt in Beth-el, and Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ 29 taught them how they should fear the LORD. How. at his coming ? 20, For ye are our glory and joy.'-2 Ti.
beit every nation made gods of their own, and put iv. 7. 8. 7, I have fought a good fight, I have finished them in the houses of the high places which the Sa my course, I have kept the faith: 8, henceforth there is
maritans had made, every nation in their cities where laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, 30 in they dwelt. And the men of Babylon made Succoth- the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not
benoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the to me only, but unto all them also that love his appear31 men of Hamath made Ashima, and the Avites made ing.'
Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burnt their The reaping :-Rev. xiv. 1446.
children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the 32 gods of Sepharvaim. So they feared the LORD, and PSALM CXI. Praise ye the LORD. I will praise the
made unto themselves of the lowest of them priests of LORD with my whole heart, in the assembly of the
the high places, which sacrificed for them in the houses 2 upright, and in the congregation. The works of the 33 of the high places. They feared the LORD, and served LORD are great, sought out of all them that have
their own gods, after the manner of the nations whom 3 pleasure therein. His work is honourable and glori
they carried away from thence, [or, who carried them 4 ous: and his righteousness endureth for ever. He 34 away from thence). Unto this day they do after the hath made his wonderful works to be remembered:
former manners: they fear not the LORD, neither do 5 the LORD is gracious and full of compassion. He hath they after their statutes, or after their ordinances, or given meat (Heb. prey) unto them that fear him: he after the law and commandment which the LORD 6 will ever be mindful of his covenant. He hath shewed
commanded the children of Jacob, whom he named his people the power of his works, that he may give 35 Israel; with whom the LORD had made a covenant, 7 them the heritage of the heathen. The works of his
and charged thein, saying, Ye shall not fear other hands are verity and judgment; all his commandgods, nor bow yourselves to them, nor serve them, nor
8 ments are sure. They stand fast (Heb. established 36 sacrifice to them: but the LORD, who brought you for ever and ever, and are done in truth and upright
up out of the land of Egypt with great power and a 9 ness. He sent redemption unto his people: he hath
stretched out arm, him shall ye fear, and him shall ye commanded his covenant for ever: holy and reverend 37 worship, and to him shall ye do sacrifice. And the 10 is his name. The fear of the LORD is the beginning
statutes, and the ordinances, and the law, and the of wisdom: a good understanding (or, good success commandment, which he wrote for you, ye shall ob- have all they that do his commandments: his praise serve to do for evermore; and ye shall not fear other endureth for ever.
A LITTLE GRACE WELL EXERCISED WILL INCREASE, WHEN GREATER IF NEGLECTED WILL DECAY.
John iv. 27–37. 27 And upon this came his disciples, and marvelled that he-talked with the-woman: yet 28 no-man said, What seekest-thou? or, Why talkest-thou with her? The woman then 29 left her water-pot, and went-her-way into the city, and saith to the men, Come, see a30 man, which told me all-things that-ever ooa I-did: is not this the Christ? Then
they-went out-of the city, and came unto him. 31, 2 In the mean-while his disciples prayed him, saying, Master, eat. But he said 33 unto-them, I have meat to-eat that ye know not-of. Therefore said the disciples one-to 34 another, Hath-any-man:-brought him ought to-eat? Jesus saith unto-them, My meat 35 is to do iva row the will of him-that-sent me, and to-finish telewow his work. Say
not ye, There-are yet four-months, and then cometh harvest ? behold, I-say unto-you,
Lift-up your eyes, and look-on éadaole the fields; for they-are white already to 36 harvest. And he that-reapeth receiveth wages, and gathereth fruit unto life eternal : 37 that both he that-soweth and he that-reapeth may-rejoice together. And herein is that
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 34. my meat, &c.—50 Job xxiii. 12, I have esteemed 36. both he that soweth and he that reapeth-cast the words of his mouth more than my necessary food' thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it -predicted of Christ, Ps. xl. 7,8__confirm., Lu. ii. 49, after many days,' Ecc. xi. 1-' blessed are ye that sow $ 6, p. 4); Jno. vi. 38, § 43; xvii. 4, § 87-our example, beside all waters,' Is. xxxii. 20—they that sow in He. xii. 2.
tears shall reap in joy,' Ps. cxxvi. 5, 6 they that be 35. harvest-is the reaping time-promised conti- | wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament: nuance of, Ge. viii. 22-is a proper time for work, and they that turn many to righteousness as the Pr. x. 5is put for a people whose sins are ripe for stars for ever and ever,' ba. xii. 3- see as to Paul's judgment, Je. li. 33—and the gathering of the people service in the gospel, 1 Cor. ix. 19-23; Phil. ii. 15, .6; to the gospel, Mt. ix. 36, 7. S 39; Lu. x. 2, $ 60-ihe 1 Th. ii. 19, 20; 2 Tim. iv. 7, 8 the reaping, Rev. end of the world, or the day of the Lord, Mt. xiii. xiv. 14-.6. 39, $33; Joel iii. 13; Rev. xiv. 15.
NOTES. 27. Marvelled. Wondered. They wondered becausevation of men. It is his work to provide salvation, the Jews had no intercourse with the Samaritans, and his to redeem, and his to apply the salvation to and they were surprised that Jesus was engaged with the heart. Jesus came to do it by teaching, by his her in conversation, for our Lord seemed rarely to example, and by dying to redeem. converse with females, and the Jewish rabbies con
35. Four months, fc. In Palestine there are about sidered it indecorous for a doctor to hold public
four months between the time of sowing and that of conversation with a woman, even though she were his wife, sister, or daughter.
reaping; in other countries, generally more: but
here the seed sown in the woman at the well immeWhat seekest thou? A popular expression, meaning, diately produces a plentiful harvest, in the many What is your purpose, or business?'
willing hearers who may now have been seen coming 29. Is not this the Christ uhri urbs dotiy Xp. from the city to welcome the Saviour of the world. • The woman seems to have meant, courteously, to This was a most expressive answer to the question of propose this rather as a question for their considera the disciples, Why talkest thou with her. And thus tion, than to afirm it, at least by implication. In were they taught to be diligent' in season and out of short, the sense expressed in full would be, "Is this season.' -- And see ADDENDA, p. 99, On John iv. 35.' the Christ, or is he not?” The latter member being
36. He that rea peth. . Bapıtwr. Meaning one emimplied and suggested by the ti indefinite, which ploved in any sort of harvest-work. (Here we have, signifies perhaps. So I would understand Mt. xii.
as Rosenmuller observes, a blending of the apodosis 23, uhri oirós eoru o vlós Aa81d; besides other passages.
with the comparison. The sense being. As the The context, indeed, can alone, in such cases, decide
agricultural labourer receives his wages, whether for whether belief or disbelief preponderated, and thus
ploughing and sowing, or for reaping and gathering determine the exact sense.' - Bloomfield.]
the corn, so shall ye receive your reward for gather32. I have meat to eat. I hare mental and spiri. ing men unto the kingdom of God; and whether tual enjoyments.' In the scriptural and rabbinical your labour be only preparatory, or such as consumphraseology that is said to be any one's meat or drink, mates the spiritual harvest, ye shall alike be blessed whereby he is supported, refreshed, or delighted. with an ample recompense.' - Bloomfield.]
34. My meat, &c. Jesus here explains what he Gathereth fruit unto life eternal. Converts souls, said in ver. 32. His great object-the great design
is great object-the great design who shall inherit eternal life. of his life was to do the will of God. He came to that place weary and thirsty; an opportunity of do
That both he that soweth, &c. It is the same work; ing good presented itself, and he found comiort and and whatever part we may do, we should rejoice. joy in doing the will of God-of Him that sent him.
God gives the increase, while Paul may plant, and
Apollos water. The teacher in the Sunday school The will of him that sent me. The will of God in
who sows the seed in early life shall rejoice with the regard to the salvation of men.-See Jno. vi. 38, 543. I minister of the gospel who may gather in the harvest;
To finish his work. To complete or fully to do the and if any good be effected, by whatever instrument, work which he has commanded in regard to the sal- I to God belongs the praise.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 7-26 ver. From the whole of this discourse we may works of Jesus.-Let us believe that he is right, even learn, Ist. The great art and wisdom of the Lord if we cannot fully understand all that he does. Jesus in leading the thoughts along to the subject of 29 ver. Let us, like the woman of Samaria, spread practical personal religion.-2nd. His knowledge of before others the evidence that Jesus is the Christ, the heart and of the life; he must be, therefore, Divine.
and invite them to come and have personal know-3rd. He gave evidence here that he was the Messiah.
ledge of his being indeed the Sent of God. -4th. We see our duty. It is to seize on all occasions to lead sinners to the belief that Jesus is the Christ,
31-.4 ver. Let us truly do the will of God from the and to make use of all topics of conversation to teach
to teach heart, so shall we find the saying true, 'In the keeping them the nature of religion. There never was a mo
of his commandments there is a great reward,' and with del of so much wisdom in this as the Saviour; and |
Jesus say, 'My meal is to do the will of him that sent me.' we shall be successful only as we diligently study his 34 ver. Let us not look for provision from God character.-5th. We see the nature of true religion. It apart from the service unto which he hath called us, does not consist merely in external forms. It is pure, and let us be careful to finish the work he hath ap. spiritual, active-a well, an ever-bubbling fountain pointed us, ere we look for the full reward. It is the worship of a pure and holy God, where the If he was so diligent for our welfare, if he bore heart is offered, and where the desires of an humble fatigue and want to benefit us, then we should be dilisoul are breathed out for salvation.'
gent also in regard to our own salvation, and also in 27 ver. Let us not question any of the words and seeking the salvation of others. CHRIST'S BEAUTY MAKES US BEAUTIFUL.
THE CHRISTIAN SEES THE WAY HE SHOULD GO; AND IN HUMILITY GOES THE WAY HE SEES.
John iv. 38–42. 38 saying true, One soweth allos omelpwv, and another reapeth allos ó Depiswv. I sent
you to reap that-whereon ye bestowed-no-labour: other-men laboured, and ye are
entered into their labours. 39 And many of-the Samaritans of that city believed on him for the saying of the woman, 40 which-testified, He told me all that-ever ora I-did. So when the Samaritans were
come unto him, they-bеsought himn that-he-would-tarry with them: and he-abode there 41 two days. And many more believed because-of his own word; and said unto-the 42 woman, Now we believe, not because of thy saying: for we-have-heard him ourselves,
and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world.
NOTES 37. One soweth, fc. The application of the proverb there so long, that he might not seem to slight peris, that as Moses and the prophets, and finally Johnsons desirous to learn. the Baptist, prepared the minds of men for receiving 41. Many more believed. riotevcav, i.e., professed the gospel from Christ, so will the New Testament to believe in him as the promised Messiah, messengers reap the harvest of converts for which 42. The Saviour of the world. COTTO TOU KOGUDU, and He had prepared.
not of the Jews only. So much more correct on this
subject were the ideas of the Samaritans than those 40. He abode there two days. dúo nubpas. He abode of the Jews.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 35, .6 ver. The word which was sown by the pro-, unpromising circumstances; and we should seize phets began to be reaped in the days of the apostles. upon every opportunity to converse with sinners on Then were the first fruits gathered, but the fulness of the great subject of their souls' salvation. the harvest yet remains to be enjoyed; and when it is
42 ver. Let us be able not merely to report what brought home, then both be that soweth and he that I
others say of Christ, but be able to speak from our reapeth shall rejoice together.
personal knowledge of him. 37 ver. Let us duly regard the labours of others whilst diligent in our own measure of service; and in
From our blecsed Lord's example, let us guard all things look to the great Lord of the harvest, who against sectarianism. Alas,' says Bishop Taylor. alone can rightly direct and fully support us, and
d'that men whom God hath made of the same flesh unto whom all the glory is due.
and blood-men on whom he daily causes his son to
rise and his rain to fall-men involved in the same Every part of the work of the ministry, and of
| condemnation, and dependent on the same revelation teaching men, is needful, and we should rejoice that
of mercy-alas ! that such men, that any man, should we are permitted to bear any part, however humble, dare to
dare to say to his fellow man, "Stand by, for I am in bringing sinners to the knowledge of our Lord and
holier than thou." Rather let us, like our Divine Saviour Jesus Christ, 1 Cor. xii. 21-4.
Master, “be instant in season and out of season," We should never despair of doing good in the most going about doing good.” )
THE LABOUR OF THE RIGHTEOUS TENDETH TO LIFE: THE FRUIT OF THE WICKED TO SIN.-Prov. x. 16.
A CHRISTIAN NOT ONLY DOES MORE THAN OTHERS WILL DO, BUT MORE THAN OTHERS CAN DO,
slay all the males, see Ge. xxxiv. Jacob's field, as we ÆNON was about eight miles south of Scythopolis,
+ miles sonth of Scythopolis, have seen, was a permanent possession; and the and contiguous to Salim, where there was much wa
| patriarch, even when residing at Hebron, sent his ter-probably a fountain divided into many streams.
flocks to pasture in this neighbourhood. It was on a The word Ænon means fountain.
visit to them in this region that Joseph was sold by
his brethren: " And his brethren went to feed their faSALEM, or Salim, where John baptized, was proba- ther's Jock in Shechem. And Israel said unto Joseph, bly a place near Shechem, whither Jacob came as he
Do not thy brethren feed the flock in Shechem come, returned from Mesopotamia; but some commenta and I will send thee unto them. And he said to him, tors translate the word Shalem, safe and sound, or, in Here am I. And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see peace. Jno. iii. 23; Ge. xxxiii. 18. It was probably whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the here that Melchisedek was king, and came to meet flocks; and bring me word again. So he sent him Abraham in his return southward, from smiting out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem," Chedorlaomer and his allies. It is certain Jerusalem, | Ge. xxxvii. 12- 4 which was afterwards by contraction called Salem,
On the return of the Israelites from Egypt, after Ps. lxxvi. 2, was then called Jebus, and was far off
they had passed over Jordan, they were directed to the way between Damascus and Sodom; whereas Shalem was directly on the way, when one came
set up great stones and build an altar on mount
Ebal; and to station six of the tribes upon mount south by the west side of Jordan, Ge. xiv.
Gerizim to bless the people, and six upon mount SRECHEM, SYCHEM, or SYCAR.- Neapolis, Na Ebal to curse. Between these two mountains, acplouse, Napalose, or Nabulus.
cording to Josephus, lay Shechem, having Ebal on SRECHEM was a very ancient place, though we do
the north and Gerizim on the south. In the division not find it mentioned as a city until the time of Jacob.
of the land, Shechem fell to the lot of Ephraim, but “ And Abram passed through the land unto the place
was assigned to the Levites, and made a city of reof Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaan fuge: “For they gave them Shechem with her suburbs ite was then in the land," Ge. xii. 6. "And Jacob
| in mount Ephi aim, to be a city of refuge for the came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the
slayer," Jos. xxi. 21. land of Canaan, when he came from Padan-aram; Here Joshua met the assembled people for the last and pitched his tent before the city. (East of the latter time: “ And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to city.) And he bought a parcel of a field, where he had Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for spread his tent, at the hand of the children of Hamor, I their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers: Shechem's father, for an hundred pieces of money," and they presented themselves before God. So Joxxxiii. 18, .9.
shua made a covenant with the people that day, and . This corresponds to the present village of Salim,
set them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem. which lies east of Nabulus across the great plain. In
And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel this plain the patriarch encamped, and purchased
brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a the “parcel of ground," still marked by his well, and
parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of the traditional tomb of Joseph. It was here that
'Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces Dinah was defiled by Shechem, the son of Hamor,
of silver : and it became the inheritance of the children prince of the country, and the city Shechem, with its of Joseph," Jos. xxiv. 1, 25, 32. Gates, is spoken of, named probably after that prince. In the days of the judges, Abimelech treacherously It would seem not then to have been large, inasmuch got possession of the ciry, which gave occasion for the as the two sons ɔf Jacob were able to overcome and beautiful parable of Jotham, delivered from mount