Page images
PDF

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS.

4 prepared for tho holy house, even three thousand

talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and seven thou37. THE WORK OF THE MINISTRY:-1 Co. xii. 21-4. sand talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of

5 the houses withal: the gold for things of gold, and the 1 CORINTHIANS XII. Now concerning spiritual

silver for things of silver, and for all manner of work 2 gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant. Ye to be made by the hands of artificers. And who then

know that ye were Gentiles, carried away unto these is willing to consecrate (Heb. to all his hand] his ser3 dumb idols, even as ye were led. Wherefore I give

vice this day unto the LORD ? you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed [or, anathema]: and

6 Then the chief of the fathers and princes of the that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the

tribes of Israel, and the captains of thousands and of 4 Holy Ghost. Now there are diversities of gifts, but hundreds, with the rulers of the king's work, offered 5 the same Spirit. And there are differences of adminis 7 willingly, and gave for the service of the house of 6 trations (or, ministries), but the same Lord. And

God of gold five thousand talents and ten thousand there are diversities of operations, but it is the same

drams, and of silver ten thousand talents, and of brass 7 God which worketh all in all. But the manifestation eighteen thousand talents, and one hundred thousand of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.

8 talents of iron. And they with whom precious stones 8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom;

were found gave them to the treasure of the house of to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

the LORD, by the hand of Jehiel the Gershonite. 9 to another faith by the same Spirit ; to another the

9 Then the people rejoiced, for that they offered willing10 gifts of healing by the same Spirit; to another the

ly, because with perfect heart they offered willingly to working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another the LORD: and David the king also rejoiced with discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of great joy.

tongues: to another the interpretation of tongues : 10 Wherefore David blessed the LORD before all the }l but all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit,

congregation: and David said, Blessed be thou, LORD 12 dividing to every man severally as he will. For as the

11 God of Israel our father, for ever and ever. Thine, o body is one, and hath many members, and all the

LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, members of that one body, being many, are one body :)

and the victory, and the majesty : for all that is in the 13 so also is Christ. For by one Spirit are we all bap

heaven and in the earth is thine ; thine is the kingtized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles

dom. O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all. (Gr. Greeks), whether we be bond or free; and have

| 12 Both riches and honour come of thee, and thou reign14 been all made to drink into one Spirit. For the body

est over all; and in thine hand is power and might; 15 is not one member, but many. If the foot shall say, and in thine hand it is to make great, and to give Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is

13 strength unto all. Now therefore, our God, we thank 16 it therefore not of the body? And if the ear shall say,

14 thee, and praise thy glorious name. But who am I, Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it

and what 18 my people, that we should be able (Heb. 17 therefore not of the body? If the whole body were an

retain, or, obtain strength] to offer so willingly after eye, where were the hearing? If the whole were hear this sort ? for all things come of thee, and of thine own 18 ing, where were the smelling? But now hath God set

15 [Heb. of thine hand] have we given thee, For we are the members every one of them in the body, as it hath

strangers before thee, and sojourners, as were all our 19 pleased him. And if they were all one member, where

fathers : our days on the earth are as a shadow, and 20 were the body? But now are they many members, yet

16 there is none abiding (Heb. expectation). O LORD our 21 but one body. And the eye cannot say unto the hand,

God, all this store that we have prepared to build thee I have no need of thee: nor again the head to the feet,

an house for thine holy name cometh of thine hand, 22 I have no need of you. Nay, much more those mem

17 and is all thine own. I know also, my God, that thou bers of the body, which seem to be more feeble, are

triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. 23 necessary and those members of the body, which we

As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have think to be less honourable, upon these we bestow [or,

willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen put onl more abundant honour; and our uncomely

with joy tby people, which are present here, to offer 24 parts have more abundant comeliness. For our come

18 willingly unto thee. O LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, y parts have no need: but God hath tempered the

and of Israel, our fathers, keep this for ever in the body together, having given more abundant honour

imagination of the thoughts of the heart of thy people, 25 to that part which lacked: that there should be no

19 and prepare [or, stablish] their heart unto thee: and schism (or, division) in the body; but that the mem

give unto Solomon my son a perfect heart, to keep thy 26 bers should have the same care one for another. And

commandments, thy testimonies, and thy statutes, and whether one member suffer, all the members suffer

to do all these things, and to build the palace, for the with it; or one member be honoured, all the mem

which I have made provision. 27 bers rejoice with it. Now ye are the body of Christ, 28 and members in particular. And God hath set some 20 And David said to all the congregation, Now bless in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets,

the LORD your God. And all the congregation blessthirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of

ed the LORD God of their fathers, and bowed down healings, helps, governments, diversities (or, kinds of their heads, and worshipped the LORD, and the king. 29 tongues. Are all apostles ? are all prophets ? are all | 21 And they sacrificed sacritices unto the LORD, and teachers are all workers (or, powers] of miracles ?

offered burnt offerings unto the LORD, on the mor30 have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with row after that day, even a thousand bullocks, a 31 tongues? do all interpret? But covet earnestly the thousand rams, and a thousand lambs, with their best gifts: and yet shew I unto you a more excellent

drink offerings, and sacrifices in abundance for all way.

22 Israel: and did eat and drink before the LORD

on that day with great gladness. And they made Solomon the son of David king the second time, and

anointed him unto the LORD to be the chief governor, GEOGRAPHICAL NOTICES.

23 and Zadok to be priest. Then Solomon sat on the SALEM :-Ge. xxxiii. 18-see next paragraph, SHE

throne of the LORD as king instead of David his father, CHEM-Ps. lxxvi. 2. In Salem alao is his tabernacle, 24 and prospered ; and all Israel obeyed him. And all and his dwelling place in Zion.'

the princes, and the mighty men, and all the sons likewise of king David, submitted themselves into

Solomon the king [Heb. gave the hand under Solomon 7. 25 And the LORD magnified Solomon exceedingly in the

sight of all Israel, and bestowed upon him such royal 1 CARONICLES XXIX. Furthermore David the king said unto all the congregation, Solomon my son, whom

majesty as had not been on any king before him in alone God hath chosen, is yet young and tender, and

Israel. the work is great for the palace is not for man, but | 26

26 Thus David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel. 2 for the LORD God. Now I have prepared with all my 27 And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty might for the house of my God the gold for things to years; seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty be made of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and 28 and three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And he the brass for things of brass, the iron for things of iron, died in a gold old age, full of days, riches, and hoand wood for things of wood; onyx stones, and stones | 29 nour: and Solomon his son reigned in his stead. Now to be set, glistering stones, and of divers colours, and the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and 3 abundance. Moreover, because I have set my affection in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of

to the house of my God, I have of mine own proper 30 Gad the seer, with all his reign and his might, and good, of gold and silver, which I have given to the the times that went over him, and over Israel, and house of my God, over and above all that I have over all the kingdoms of the countries.

ISALAH XL. Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, 1 my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob 2 saith your God. Speak ye comfortably [Heb. to the 2 their sins. Yet they seek me daily, and delight to

heart] to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her war know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and fare [or, appointed time) is accomplished, that her forsook not the ordinance of their God: they ask of iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the me the ordinances of justice; they take delight in apLORD's hand double for all her sins.

proaching to God. 3 The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Pre 3 Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest

pare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou 4 desert a high way for our God. Every valley shall be takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast

exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours (or, things Jow: and the crooked shall be made straight (or, a 4 wherewith ye grieve others). Behold, ye fast for strite

straight place), and the rough places plain (or, a plain and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness : 5 place]: and the glory of the LORD shall be revealed. I ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make your voice

and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the 5 to be heard on high. Is it such a fast that I have 6 LORD hath spoken it. The voice said, Cry. And he chosen ? a day for a man to afflict his soul [or, to af

said. What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the fict his soul for a day)? is it to bow down his head as 7 goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field: the a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under

grass withereth, the flower fadeth : because the spirit him wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is 6 to the LORD? Is not this the fast that I have chosen? 8 grass. The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy the word of our God shall stand for ever.

burdens (Heb. the bundles of the yoke], and to let the 9 O Zion (or, O thou that tellest good tidings to Zion) oppressed [Heb. broken] go free, and that ye break that bringest good tidings, get thee up into the high

7 every yoke Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, mountain ; Jerusalem (or, O thou that tellest good

and that thou bring the poor that are cast out Cor, tidings to Jerusalem), that bringest good tidings, lift

afflicted to thy house ? when thou seest the naked. up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid :

that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself 10 say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God! Be

from thine own flesh ? hold, the Lord God will come with strong hand [or, 8 Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, against the strong), and his arm shall rule for him: and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy

behold, his reward is with him, and his work before righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the "I him (or, recompence for his work). He shall feed his LORD shall be thy rereward (Heb. shall gather thee

flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with ! 9 up). Then shalt thou call, and the LORD shall anhis arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently swer; thou shalt cry, and he shall say, Here I am. If lead those that are with young [or, that give suck

thou take away from the midst of thee the yoke, the 12 Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his 10 putting forth of the finger, and speaking vanity; and

hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and com i thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy prehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in ob

weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in 11 scurity, and thy darkness be as the noon day: and the 13 a balance? Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy

LORD, or being his counsellor (Heb. man of his coun soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou 14 sel hath taught him? With whom took he counsel, shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of

and who instructed him [Heb. made him understand), 12 water, whose waters fail not. And they that shall be and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught of thee shall build the old waste places : thou shalt

him knowledge, and shewed to him the way of under raise up the foundations of many generations; and 15 standing? Behold, the nations are as a drop of a thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The

bucket, and are counted as the small dust of the restorer of paths to dwell in. balance : behold, he taketh up the isles as a very little

13 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from 16 thing. And Lebanon is not suflicient to burn, nor the

doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sab17 beasts thereof sufficient for a burnt offering. All na

bath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable ; and tions before him are as nothing; and they are counted

shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor findto him less than nothing, and vanity.

ing thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: 18 To whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness 14 then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I 19 will ye compare unto him? The workman melteth a will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the

graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy 20 with gold, and casteth silver chains. He that is so father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it,

impoverished that he hath no oblation chooseth a tree that will not rot; he seeketh unto him a cunning workman to prepare a graven image, that shall not be

ISATAH LIX. Behold, the LORD's hand is not short21 moved. Have ye not known?-hare ye not heard ?

ened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that hath it not been told you from the beginning? have

2 it cannot hear: but your iniquities have separated be

tween you and your God, and your sins have hid [or, ye not understood from the foundations of the earth? 22 It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and

have made him hide] his face from you, that he will the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers ; that

3 not hear. For your hands are defiled with blood, and stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spread

your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, 23 eth them out as a tent to dwell in that bringeth the

| 4your tongue hath muttered perverseness. None call princes to nothing; he maketh the judges of the earth

eth for justice, nor any pleadeth for truth: they trust 24 as vanity. Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they

in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root

5 bring forth iniquity. They hatch cockatrice' [or, adin the earth: and he shall also blow upon them, and

ders'leggs, and weave the spider's web: he that eateth they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them

of their eggs dieth, and that which is crushed break25 away as stubble. To whom then will ye liken me, or

eth out into a viper [or, that which is sprinkled is as if 26 shall I be equal ? saith the Holy One. Lift up your

6 there brake out a viper). Their webs shall not become eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things,

garments, neither shall they cover themselves with that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth their works: their works are works of iniquity, and them all by names by the greatness of his might, for

7 the act of violence is in their hands. Their feet run

to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: 27 that he is strong in power; not one faileth. Why say. est thou, O Jacob, and speakest, o Israel, My way is

their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; wasting and hid from the LORD, and my judgment is passed over

8 destruction (Heb. breaking) are in their paths. The

way of peace they know not; and there is no judr. from my God?

ment (or, right] in their goings : they have made 28 Hast thou not known ? hast thou not heard, that

them crooked paths: whosoever goeth therein shall the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the

not know peace. ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? 29 there is no searching of his understanding. He giveth

9 Therefore is judgment far from us, neither doth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he

justice overtake us: we wait for light, but behold ob30 increaseth strength. Even the youths shall faint and

| 10 scurity; for brightness, but we walk in darkness. We 31 be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall: but

grope for the wall like the blind, and we grope as if they that wait upon the LORD shall renew their

we had no eyes: we stumble at noon day as in the strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; "

| 11 night; we are in desolate places as dead men. We they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk,

roar all like bears, and mourn sore like doves: we and not faint.

look for judgment, but there is none; for salvation. 12 but it is far off from us. For our transgressions are

multiplied before thee, and our sins testify against us: ISAIAH LVIII. Cry aloud (Heb. with the throat), for our transgressions are with us; and as for our inspare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew

[Continued see next page.]

E LOKD PRESERVETH ALL THEM THAT LOVE HIM: BUT ALL THE WICKED WILL HE DESTROY.–Psalm oxlv. 20.

THE LOKD PRESERVETI ALL THEM THAT LOVE HIM: BUT ALL THE WICKED WILL HE DESTROY.-Psalm cxlv. 20.

GEOGRAPHICAL NOTICES.-SYCHAR-(continued.) Gerizim ; in the end the people proved treacherous beyond it the entrance of the valley of Nabulus to the usurper, and he destroyed the city, Ju. ix. ... further north, the rugged heights of mount • At Shechem all Israel came together to make

Ebal; and then the fine plain extending still beyond Rehoboam king: " And Rehoboam went to Shechem:

towards the N.N.E., skirted on its eastern side, in its for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him whole length, by tracts of picturesque, though lower king," 1 Ki. xii. 1. Here the ten tribes rebelled, and

hills.... We could perceive our road forming a wavthe city became for a time the royal residence of ing line along the foot of the high western hills, and Jeroboam: “ Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount

under mount Gerizim, until it entered the valley of Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and went out from

Nabulus, still two hours distant. thence, and built Penuel," ver. 25.

A steep descent brought us in 20 m. to the southern We hear nothing more of it before the exile: extremity of the plain, near a cistern ; in this part, during which it seems still to have been inhabited: | indeed, the plain comes almost to a point. (after There came certain from Shechem, from Shiloh, and

a while, the plain spreads out to a greater width, the from Samaria, even fourscore men, having their

eastern hills retiring somewhat more. On that side beards shaven, and their clothes rent, and having cut

they are quite irregular and rocky, and often jut out themselves, with offerings and incense in their hand. | into the plain; while, on the western side, the base of to bring them to the house of the LORD," Je. xli. 5. the slopes departs much less from a right line. The After the exile, Shechem is mainly known as the chief broad plain presented a beautiful appearance; it is seat of the people who thenceforth bore the name of

everywhere cultivated, and was now covered with the Samaritans.

rich green of millet, mingled with the yellow of the Sichem, at the foot of Gerizim, became the metro

ripe grain, which the peasants were harvesting. * polis of the Samaritans, and was inhabited by Gen

Instead of keeping along at the foot of the mountiles, mixed with apostate Jews.

tain quite to the entrance of the valley of Nabulus, The modern history of “ Shechem," " Sichem,"

the road ascends and winds around the N.E. corner now Nabulus, and the surrounding region, is one of

of mount Gerizim. We turned this point ... and wars and rebellion. These districts were formerly

entered the narrow valley running up N.W. between regarded as among the most dangerous in Palestine.

mounts Gerizim and Ebal; thus leaving behind us

the plain, which extends still further north. Below • If of old the “Jews had no dealings with the

us, on the right, and just on the edge of the plain, are Samaritans," the latter at the present day recipro- the ruins of a little hamlet, called Belat; (see p. 98, cate the feeling: and neither eat, nor drink, nor of Jacob's well;') nearer at hand, and about in the marry, nor associate with the Jews; but only trade middle of the mouth of the narrow valley, stands a with them. Robinson's Res., Vol. III. pp. 114 .36. small white building, a wely, called Joseph's tomb;

Sychar is nearly concealed by the thick olive while still nearer to the foot of Gerizim is the ancient groves of the valley, till you are within a few hundred well, known as that of Jacob. Directly opposite to yards of its walls, when it breaks upon the view-a the mouth of the valley, among the eastern hills, a charming object, with its graceful minarets embo- | beautiful smaller plain runs up eastward from the somed in the richest foliage. Almonds, pomegra larger one; and on the low hills, near its entrance on nates, vines, figs, mulberries, apples, and orange the north, are seen ... three villages, one of which trees, grow with the greatest luxuriance; while the is named Salim.-See Ge. xxxiii. 18-20.-See p. 96. cultivation of melons, cucumbers, &c., is abundant, After turning the point of the mountain, our path and the produce carried as far as Jerusalem. The

descended very little; yet so great is here the ascent of melons of Sychar are much esteemed. The garden the narrow valley, that in a quarter of an hour we came hedges are for the most part formed of the prickly

ont upon its bottom, near a fine copious fountain in pear, (which is of the cactus fam.,) and often inter its middle, furnished with a reservoir. At about halflaced with the luxuriant vine.

past one o'clock, we were opposite the eastern end of Suchar should be always viewed from without. I the long narrow town, which we did not now enter. | The charm is lost when you enter into its miserable Keeping the road along its northern side, we passed streets and offensive bazaars. Of its inhabitants, some high mounds, apparently of rubbish; where, some were seated in groups, amidst piles of melons, all at once, the ground sinks down to a valley runcucumbers, and other fruits; some were engaged inning towards the west, with a soil of rich black vege

cutting and preparing for sale large supplies of to-table mould. Here a scene of luxuriant and almost 1 bacco; others were carrying to and from the foun- unparalleled verdure burst upon our view. The

tains water-bottles made of the untanned skins of whole valley was filled with gardens of vegetables sheep and goats; while veiled women were shuffling and orchards of all kinds of fruit, watered by several | about in their yellow morocco boots, thrust into loose fountains, which burst forth in various parts, and

slippers, which gave them an awkward gait. In flow westward in refreshing streams... We saw no-
many of the houses and bazaars were extensive ma thing to compare with it in all Palestine. Here,
nufactures of cotton, in various stages; some were beneath the shade of an immense mulberry-tree, by
carding, others were spinning, and not a few weaving the side of a purling rill, we pitched our tent for the
There was a general appearance of activity, though remainder of the day and night.
in most streets were to be found large parties of those

The city of Nabulus is long and narrow, stretchlovers of ease, whose day is spent reclining in the

ing close along the N.E. base of mount Gerizim, in shade, and inhaling the fumes of Latakia.'A Pas

this small deep valley, half an hour distant from the tor's Memorial, &c., pp. 312-..4.

great eastern plain. It has two long narrow streets The following particulars, from Robinson's Re running through the centre of the valley, intersected searches,' will perhaps be interesting.

by several smaller, and contains about 10,000 inhabitTravelling from Jerusalem to Nabulus, and after ants, chiefly Moslems; the houses high, and in gepassing the village of Lubban, the ancient Lebonah, neral well-built, all of stone, with domes upon the and proceeding some distance beyond it, we made, roofs, as at Jerusalem. The valley itself, from the Dr. Robinson writes, a very considerable descent foot of Gerizim to that of Ebal, is here not more along a steep, narrow Wady; and very soon reached than some 500 yards wide, extending from S.E. to the bottom of a large and very stony valley, run N.W. The city lies directly upon a water-summit ning towards the w..W.... We could not learn in this valley, the waters in the eastern part ... the name of the valley ... From this valley we had flowing off east into the plain, and so to the Jordan; rather a steep ascent to the summit of the high ridge while the fine fountains on the western side send off on the north. We reached the top... having just a pretty brook down the valley, N.W., towards the before passed the foundations of a ruined tower. Mediterranean ... Mounts Gerizim and Ebal rise in Here we had our first view of the great plain of steep rocky precipices immediately from the valley Mukhna, which stretches along for several hours on (which runs nearly due east and west on each the east of the mountains among which Nabulus is side, apparently some 800 feet in height. Mount situated. Those mountains were now before us in Ebal, or the mount of cursing, rises on the north all their beauty; mount Gerizim, crowned by a side of the valley; and mocnt Gerizim, or the mount Wely on its highest point, bearing north; just of blessing, on the south side of the valley. The sides

I WILL SPEAK OF THE GLORIOUS HONOUR OF THY MAJESTY, AND OF THY WONDROUS WORKS.-Psalm cxlv. 5.

*After following the beautiful valley of Leban (old Lebonah), which we entered about eight hours and a half from Jerusalem, for rather more than three hours, it expanded into a magnificent plain, waving with corn-the parcel of ground, there can be no doubt, which Jacob gave to his son Joseph, and the gathering place, in every age of their history, of the clans of Israel: we saw camels and cattle winding their way ihrough the corn fields far below us.'-Lord Lindsay's Letters, July, 1837, Vol. II. p. 73.

[merged small][ocr errors]

THE LORD LIFTETH UP THE MEEK: HE CASTETH THE WICKED DOWN TO THE GROUND.-Psalm cxlvii. 6.

GEOGRAPHICAL NOTICES.-SYCHAR-(continued.) of both these mountains, as here seen, were, to our from this bountiful supply of water. The sides of eves, equally naked and sterile ... the only exception the valley, too, the continuation of Gerizim and in favour of the former, so far as we could perceive, is Ebal, are studded with villages, some of them large: a small ravine coming down opposite the west end of and these again are surrounded with extensive tilled the town, which, indeed, is full of fountains and fields and olive groves, so that the whole valley pretrees : in other respects, both mountains, as heresents a more beautiful and inviting landscape of seen, are desolate, except that a few olive-trees are green hills and dales than perhaps any other part of scattered upon them. The side of the northern | Palestine. It is the deep verdure arising from the mountain, Ebal, along the foot, is full of ancient abundance of water which gives it this peculiar excavated sepulchres.

charm; in the midst of a land where no rain falls in

summer, and where of course the face of nature, in • Twenty minutes of ascent from the city... led us

the season of heat and drought, assumes a brown to the top of Gerizim ; which proved to be a tract of

and dreary aspect,'-Vol. III. pp. 89-136. high table-land, stretching off far towards the W. and S.W. Twenty minutes more towards the S.E., along

Sychar is about forty miles north of Jerusalem. a regular path upon the table-land, brought us to the

The cotton and soap manufactures are carried on Wely we had seen before, standing on a small emi

there. In the town is a covered bazaar for fine goods, nence on the eastern brow of the mountain. Here is and an open one for provisions, and shops of every the holy place of the Samaritans, whither they still

description; it is about ten miles S. E. of the city come to worship.

Samaria. Lord Lindsay says, after leaving Nabulus,

. Two hours' ride, the following morning, through The whole valley of Nabulus is full of fountains, mule tracks, over the rocks, worn deep by the feet of irrigating it abundantly; and for that reason not centuries, took us to Subasta, the ancient Samaria. flowing off in any large stream. The valley is rich, | named by Herod Sebaste, in honour of Augustus.' fertile, and beautifully green, as might be expected --Letters, July, 1837, Vol. II. p. 74,

JACOB'S WELL, p. 92. Jacob's well.-It lies at the mouth of the valley, obvious question presented itself to us upon the spot, near the south side. We came to the opening of the viz., how it can be supposed that the woman should valley on the north side, at the ruins of the little have come from the city, now half an hour distant, hamlet called “ Belat." Joseph's tomb stands in the with her water-pot, to draw water from Jacob's well, middle of the mouth of the valley; and the well is a when there are so many fountains just around the little south of the tomb, and just at the base of city, and she must have also passed directly by a Gerizim, below the road by which we had passed large one at mid-distance? The ancient city might along this morning. We were thirty-five minutes in probably lay in part nearer to this well than the coming to it from the city. It was now dry and de- modern one; and there is nothing improbable or serted; but usually contains living water, and not unusual in the supposition, that the inhabitants may merely to be filled by the rains.... By dropping in have set a peculiar value on the water of this ancient stones, we could perceive that it was deep. Maun- well of Jacob, and have occasionally put themselves drell describes it as dug in a firm rock, and about to the trouble of going thither to draw. That it was three yards in diameter, and thirty-five feet deep, not the ordinary public well of the city is probable five of which were full of water.

from the circumstance, that there was here no pub

lic accommodation for drawing water, Jno. iv. 11. It I see much in the circumstances tending to con was probably dug by the patriarch in some con. firm the supposition that this is actually the spot nexion with the possession of the " parcel of ground" where our Lord held his conversation with the Sa-bought of Hamor, the father of Shechem, which he maritan woman. Jesus was journeying from Jeru. gave to his son Joseph, and in which Joseph and salem to Galilee, and rested at the well, while "his probably his brethren were buried. The practice of disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat," the patriarchs to dig wells wherever they sojourned Jno. iv. 8. The well, therefore, lay apparently be is well known; and if Jacob's field, as it would seem, fore the city, and at some distance from it. In pass was here before the mouth of the valley of Shechem, ing along the eastern plain, Jesus had halted at the he might prefer not to be dependent for water on well, and sent his disciples to the city situated in the fountains which lay up that valley, and were not narrow valley, intending on their return to proceed his own. I think we may thus rest with confidence along the plain on his way to Galilee, without him in the opinion that this is Jacob's well, and here the self visiting the city. All this corresponds exactly parcel of ground which Jacob gave to his son Joto the present character of the ground. A very seph.'-Robinson's Researches, Vol. III. pp. 107–13.

THE LORD TAKETH PLEASURE IN THEM THAT FEAR HIM, IN THOSE THAT HOPE IN HIS MERCY.-Psalm cxlvii. 11.

ADDENDA,

THE SAMARITANS, p. 92. The Samaritans, mentioned in the New Testa- | ...... Of them it is said, 2 Ki. xvii. 24," And the ment, are generally considered as a sect of the Jews. king of Assuria brought men from Babylon, and from

This appellation is, in the New Testament, given Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from to a race of people who sprang originally from an in-Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria termixture of the ten tribes with Gentile nations. instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed When the inhabitants of Samaria and of the adjacent Samaria, and duelt in the cities thereof." An origin country were carried into captivity by Shalmaneser like this would, of course, render the nation odious king of Assyria, he sent in their place colonies from to the Jews, and the Samaritans further augmented Babylonia, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, and Sepharvaim; this cause of hatred by rejecting all the sacred books

# The valley of Naplous was, if possible, more beautiful by morning than by evening light, shaded by groves of figs, olives, almonds, and apricots, in full bloom, and bounded by lofty mountains, with a clear and beautiful stream wiuding and murmuring through its centre. For more than an hour we followed the course of the stream, and nothing could be more beautifully picturesque than the little mills on its banks, low, completely embosomed among the trees, and with their roofs covered with grass; and sometimes the agreeable sound of a waterfall was the first intimation we had of their presence.'- See Stephen's Incidents of Travel.

+ Mr. Fisk thus describes it: 'About a quarter of a mile northward of Jacob's well stands a wbited sepul. chre. It consists of four walls, open at the top, and has a doorway opening to the north. On the left is a kind of covered sarcophagus, over which a wild vine clusters luxuriantly. Towards the right, is a raised piece of rude masonry, like the common coverings of Arab graves : undisputed tradition claims it as the tomb of Joseph.' A Pastor's Memorial, c., p. 341.

There is a low pile of rude masonry, surrounded by large loose stones, and foundations of walls. A very ancient well is concealed by these remains, called by the Arabs, “ Bis Yaioob," the descent to which is through a narrow mouth in the stonework above, covered with a massive fragment of stone, too heavy for us to remove. In addition I learnt that the "well is deep," and I had " nothing to draw with."'-Ibid. p. 339.

Mr. Calhoun, a recent European traveller, ascertained its depth at 75 feet, with about twelve feet of water.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

[ISAIAR LIX. continued.)

20 Daniel answered and said, Blessed be the name of God 13 iquities, we know them ; in transgressing and lying 21 for ever and ever: for wisdom and might are his: and

against the LORD, and departing away from our God, he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth

speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and utter kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto 14 ing from the heart words of falsehood. And judg the wise, and knowledge to them that know under

ment is turned away backward, and justice standeth 22 standing : he revealeth the deep and secret things: he

afar off: for truth is fallen in the street, and equity knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light dwelleth 15 cannot enter. Yea, truth faileth; and he that depart-23 with him. I thank thee, and praise thee, O thou God

eth from evil maketh himself a prey [or, is accounted of my fathers, who hast given me wisdom and might, mad: and the LORD saw it, and it displeased him and hast made known unto me now what we desired

Heb. it was eril in his eyes] that there was no judgment. of thee: for thou hast now made known unto us the 16 And he saw that there was no man, and wondered king's matter.

that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm | 24 Therefore Daniel went in unto Arioch, whom the

brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it king had ordained to destroy the wise men of Babylon: 17 sustained him. For he put on righteousness as a he went and said thus unto him ; Destroy not the wise

breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his men of Babylon: bring me in before the king, and I

head; and he put on the garments of vengeance for 25 will shew unto the king the interpretation. Then 18 clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke. Accord Arioch brought in Daniel before the king in haste, and

ing to their deeds [Heb. recompences), accordingly he said thus unto him, I have found a man of the cap

will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his tives of Judah Chald. children of the captivity of Ju19 enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence. So dah, that will make known unto the king the interpre

shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, 26 tation. The king answered and said to Daniel, whose and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the name was Belteshazzar, Art thou able to make known enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the unto me the dream which I have seen, and the interLORD shall lift up a standard against him [or, put 27 pretation thereof? Daniel answered in the presence him to fight).

of the king, and said, The secret which the king hath 20 And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto demanded cannot the wise men, the astrologers, the

them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the 28 magicians, the soothsayers, shew unto the king; but 21 LORD. As for me, this is my covenant with them, there is a God in heaven that revealeth secrets, and

saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and my maketh known (Chald. hath made known to the king words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart Nebuchadnezzer what shall be in the latter days. Thy out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, dream, and the visions of thy head upon thy bed, are nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the 29 these; As for thee, O king, thy thoughts came into thy LORD, from henceforth and for ever.

mind [Chald. came up] upon thy bed, what should

come to pass hereafter: and he that revealeth secrets

30 maketh known to thee what shall come to pass. But DANIEL II. And in the second year of the reign of as for me, this secret is not revealed to me for any Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams, wisdom that I have more than any living, but for their wherewith his spirit was troubled, and his sleep brake sakes that shall make known the interpretation to the 2 from him. Then the king commanded to call the king for, but for the intent that the interpretation may magicians, and the astrologers, and the sorcerers, and be made known to the king), and that thou mightest

the Chaldeans, for to shew the king his dreams. So know the thoughts of thy heart. 3 they came and stood before the king. And the king 31 Thou, O king, sa west [Chald. was seeing), and behold

said unto them, I have dreamed a dream, and my a great image. This great image, whose brightness was 4 spirit was troubled to know the dream. Then spake excellent, stood before thee; and the form thereof was the Chaldeans to the king in Syriack, o king, live for 32 terrible. This image's head was of fine gold, his breast

ever: tell thy servants the dream, and we will shew and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs [or, 5 the interpretation. The king answered and said to 33 sides of brass, his legs of iron, his feet part of iron

the Chaldeans, The thing is gone from me: if ye will 34 and part of clay. Thou sawest till that a stone was not make known unto me the dream, with the inter cut out without hands (or, which was not in hands, as

pretation thereof, ye shall be cut in pieces, and your ver. 45), which smote the image upon his feet that 6 houses shall be made a dunghill. But if ye shew the 35 were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. Then

dream, and the interpretation thereof, ye shall receive was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the of me gifts and rewards and great honour: therefore gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the

shew me the dream, and the interpretation thereof. chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind 7 They answered again and said, Let the king tell his carried them away, that no place was found for them:

servants the dream, and we will shew the interpreta and the stone that smote the image became a great 8 tion of it. The king answered and said, I know of mountain, and filled the whole earth.

certainty that ye would gain [Chald. buy the time, 36 This is the dream; and we will tell the interpreta9 because ye see the thing is gone from me. But if ye 37 tion thereof before the king. Thoui, o king, art a king will not make known unto me the dream, there is but of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingone decree for you: for ye have prepared lying and 38 dom, power, and strength, and glory. And wheresocorrupt words to speak before me, till the time be ever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field changed: therefore tell me the dream, and I shall and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine

know that ye can shew me the interpretation thereof. hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou 10 The Chaldeans answered before the king, and said, 39 art this head of gold. And after thee shall arise an

There is not a man upon the earth that can shew the other kingdom inferior to thee, and another third king's matter: therefore there is no king, lord, nor kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the

ruler, that asked such things at any magician, or as 40 earth. And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as 11 trologer, or Chaldean. And it is a rare thing that the iron : forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and sub

king requireth, and there is none other that can shew dueth all things: and as iron that breaketh all these,

it before the king, except the gods, whose dwelling is 41 shall it break in pieces and bruise. And whereas thou 12 not with flesh. For this cause the king was angry sawest the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part

and very furious, and commanded to destroy all the of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall 13 wise men of Babylon. And the decree went forth that be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou

the wise men should be slain; and they sought Daniel 42 sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. And as the toes and his fellows to be slain.

of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the Then Daniel answered (Chald. returned) with coun. kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken [or, sel and wisdom to Arioch the captain (or, chief mar 43 britlle.) And whereas thou sa west iron mixed with shal. Chald. chief of the executioners, or, slaughter miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed

men] of the king's guard, which was gone forth to slay of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even 15 the wise men of Babylon: he answered and said to 44 as iron is not mixed with clay. And in the Chald.

Arioch the king's captain, Why is the decree so hasty their days) days of these kings shall the God of heaven

from the king? Then Arioch made the thing known set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed : and 16 to Daniel. Then Daniel went in, and desired of the the kingdom [Chald. kingdom thereof shall not be left

king that he would give him time, and that he would to other people, but it shall break in pieces and con17 shew the king the interpretation. Then Daniel went sume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.

to his house, and made the thing known to Hananiah, 45 Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out 18 Mishael, and Azariah, his companions that they of the mountain without hands for, which was not in

would desire mercies of the God (Chald. from before hand), and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, God of heaven concerning this secret ; that Daniel the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath and his fellows should not perish with the rest of made known to the king what shall come to pass herethe wise men of Babylon.

after [Chald. after this]: and the dream is certain, and 19 Then was the secret revealed onto Daniel in a night! the interpretation thereof sure. vision. Then Daniel blessed the God of heaven.

[Continued-see next page.

« PreviousContinue »