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MATT. xiii. 444.6.
44 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto-treasure

hid in a field; the-which when-a-man-hath-found, he-
hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he-

hath, and buyeth that field.
45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto-a-merchant
46 man, seeking goodly pearls: who, when-he-had-found

one pearl of-great-price, went and sold all that he had,
and bought it.

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 44. treasure-If thou seekest her as silver,' &c., | ing the redemption of Israel, ch. XXX., p. (60), xxxi, I Pr. ii. 4,5—(see the border-'We have this treasure in p. (39), xxxii. 26-xxxiii., pp. (67), (73)-'the reearthen vessels,' &c., 2 Co. iv. 7-see again, Rom. ix. demption of the purchased possession, unto the 23- The LORD hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and praise of his glory,' Eph. i. 14. Israel for his peculiar treasure,' Ps. cxxxv. 4see 45. seeking goodly pearls_Wisdom is the principal also Ex. xix. 5, Now therefore, if ye will obey my

thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all thy getvoice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be

ting get understanding,' Pr. iv. 7, p. (42)— Blessed & poculiar treasure unto me above all people : for all is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my the earth is mine.'

gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. For whoso hid Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest,

findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the O Israel. My way is hid from the LORD, and my | LORD, Pr. viii. 34, -5, p. (51)- And the twelve rates judgment is passed over from my God? Hast thou

were twelve pearls ; every several gate was of one not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting

pearl,' Rev. xxi. 21-One thing have I desired of the God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth,

LORD, that will I seek after,&c. ; Teach me thy fainteth not, neither is weary ? there is no searching

way, 0 LORD,' Ps. xxvii. 4, 11. of his understanding,' Is. xl. 27, .8, p. (97).

46. one pearl of great pricesee the inestimable

value of heavenly wisdom, Job xxviii. 12–7, p. (101) selleth all that he hath, &c.-3, I am the LORD thy. No mention shall be made of coral, or of pearls: for God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave the price of wisdom is above rubies,' ver. 18. The Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. fear of the Lord, that is wisdom,' ver. 28 and the 4. Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast I knowledge of the holy is understanding,' Pr. ix. 10 been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore

see also iii. 14,5; visi. 10.1, .9, p. (51)It was at a will I give men for thee, and people for thy life,' Is. great price that salvation was procured for us by

xliii. 3. 4, p. (27) - Ye know the grace of our Lord Christ-18, 'ye know that ye were not redeemed with | Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain

sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty conversation received by tradition from your fathers; might be rich,' 2 Co. viii. 9-yea, he gave himself 19, but with the precious blood of Christ,' I Pe. i. for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, 18, 9-and if we are not willing to part with all, yea, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous with life itself, for the sake of Christ, we cannot be of good works.' Tit. ii. 14- Ye are bought with a his disciples, Lu. xiv. 26. 8 67-must count the cost, price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in 2833, Sib. your spirit, which are God's,' I Co. vi. 20—and the

went and sold all-The rich young man hesitated Redeemer hath said, Whosoever he be of you that

when this was required of him, Mt. xix. 21, 2, & 75 forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my dis

Paul did not regret having made this exchange : ciple,' Lu. xiv. 33, 8 67.

But what things were gain to me, those I counted and buveth that feld-see the purchase of the field loss for Christ. Yea doubtless, and I count all in Anathoth, by Jeremiah, ch. xxxii. 1-25, p. (67), things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of in the midst of most expressive predictions respect- Christ Jesus my Lord,' &c., Ph. iii. 7, 8.


NOTES. 44. The kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid chased that field-not merely bought the book for the in a field. Meaning such valuables as, in the insecure sake of the salvation it described, but by the blood of state of society in ancient times (from war and poli-the covenant buys gold tried in the fire, white raitical trouble), men were accustomed to bury in the ment, &c.; in a word, pardon and purity, which he earth.-See Gresuell, Vol. II. p. 216. The Jewish receives from God for the sake of Jesus Christ. Nolaw adjudged all treasure found on land to be the thing indeed can be given as the price of this salvaright of the then proprietor of the ground.

tion, yet much must be given up for the sake of it. [Our Lord's meaning is by some supposed to be

This is implied by purchasing the field.] this : The salvation provided by the gospel is like a 45. A merchant-man. Such as those in the East, treasure, something of inestimable worth, hidden in

who travel about buying or exchanging jewels, pearls, a feld. It is a rich mine, the veins of which run in

or other valuables; a custom illustrated by the citaall directions in the sacred Scriptures; therefore, the tions in Wets., which, with Mr. Greswell's matter, field must be dug up ; i.e., the records of salvation well illustrate the natural history, locality, use, and must be diligently and carefully searched. Which

value of pearls in ancient times. They were, beyond when a man hath found-when a sinner is convinced all others. costly. The most valuable pearls were that the promise of life is to him, he keeps secret ; i.e., supposed to be those which came from the Red Sea, ponders the matter deeply in his heart; he examines

or from India.-See ver. 46, infra. the preciousness of the treasure, and counts the costs of purchase; for joy thereof-finding that this sal. 46. One pearl of great price. The two largest vation is just what his needy soul requires, and what pearls ever known, according to Pliny, were both in will make him presently and eternally happy; went possession of Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, and worn and sold all that he had renounces all his síns, aban- by her as ornaments. Each of these was valued at dous his evil companions, and relinquishes all hope 10,000,000 of sesterces, about 80,000%. One she disof salvation, through his own righteousness; and purl solved, and drank off, at a supper which she gave to

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. (44 ver. The true treasure is now hid from the carnal | those who have been willing to forsake all for Him, eye, but it does not the less certainly exist, and it is shall with Him inherit all things. not the less sure to all who are now willing to be (45, .6 ver. Christ loved the church, and gave himself made heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ.]

for il; ... that he might present it to himself a glorious Jesus for our sakes became poor, that we through Church, not having spot, or wrinkle, of any such his poverty might be rich. For the joy that was set thing,' Eph. v. 25-7. Let her not withhold anything before him, He endured the cross, despising the shame.' from Him who alone can make meet for that city, He fully paid the redemption price, from henceforth the twelve gates of which are twelve pearls; and expecting till all things be put under his feet.' Then every several gate is of one pearl.]

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Matt. xiii. 47–52. 47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto-a-net,

that-was-cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind : 48 which, when it-was-full, they drew to shore, and sat

down, and-gathered the good into vessels, but cast the 49 bad away etw. So shall-it-be at the end of the world

auwvos: the angels shall-come-forth, and sever a popovo. 50 the wicked from among ek wesov the just, and shall-cast

them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and

gnashing of teeth.
51 Jesus saith unto-them, Have-ye-understood all these-
52 things? They-say unto-him, Yea, Lord. Then said he

unto-them, Therefore every scribe which-is-instructed
unto the kingdom of heaven, is like unto-a-man that is
an-householder, which bringeth-forth out-of his treasure
things new and old. (Ver. 53, xxxiv. p. 264.]

JThe relations of Jesus make a second attempt to see him: he returns the same answer as before.-[For ver. 18, see p. 259.)

LUKE viii. 19-21. 19 Then came to him his mother and his brethren, and could not come-at OUVTUXELV him 20 for the press. And it-was-told him by certain which-said, Thy mother and thy brethren 21 stand without, desiring to-see thee. And he answered and said unto them, My mother

and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it. (Ver. 22, 2xxxiv. p. 265.]


SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 47. like unto a net- I will make you fishers of 50. wailing and gnashing of teeth see on ver. 42, men,' Mt. iv. 19 (Mk. i. 17], $ 16, p. 108.

p. 260. cast into the sea - The gospel has been chiefis I.

isl 51. Have ye understood-One of the very first lespreached in a north-westerly direction, and in mari. sons taught in

1. sons taught in the first of the parables is, that we time countries see on Mt. xiii. 4, § 32, p. 243.

must understand the word, if we would retain it, and

be profited by it-see ver. 19, p. 254. gathered of every kind-s0 at the marriage supper, 52. new and old-Behold, the former things are ch. xxii. 10, $ 84, which see.

come to pass, and new things do I declare : before 49. angels shall come forth-see ver. 41, p. 260.

| they spring forth I tell you of them,' Is, xlii. 9, p.

(165—this, what the gods of the heathen could not sever the wicked from among the just the same | do, xli. 21-3, p. (41), is what the Spirit of truth truth is presented, ver. 30, p. 247-See on Mt. xxv. 686. was to do, Jno. Ivi. 13, § 87.

NOTES. M. Antony; the other was brought to Rome by Au- nicate the same to others. The word Scribe is here gustus, and was divided into two, which were attached transferred from the Jewish church and religion to as pendants to the ears of the statue of Venus in the the Christian. There are many such like instances in Pantheon. Julius Cæsar presented Servilia, the Scripture. See ADDENDA, $ 25, p. 199, Scribes.' mother of Brutus, with a pearl worth 6,000,000 ses

Instructed unto the kingdom of heaven.-See Mk. terces, 48,0001. Augustus dedicated at one time in the

iv. ll, p. 253. treasury of Jupiter Capitolinus, jewels and pearls to the value of 50,000,000 of sesterces, 400,0001.'- Greswell

His treasure, i. e., his storehouses. on the Parables, Vol. II. pp. 226, ..7.

Things new and old, i. e., new and old wines, fruits, 47. A net. Sayho. Something like our, and other provisions, some of this year, and some of which, when sunk, and dragged to the shore, sweeps,

the last, &c. So the Christian scribe, or teacher, as it were, the bottom, and was therefore called ver- | must entertain his spiritual guests with great variety riculum. It was, however, not like an ordinary draw

and abundance, from the Old Testament and from net, being far larger, and intended to take not part of the New, &c.; both what he has long laid up, and the fish of a pool or stream, but the whole, of every | what he has recently provided. kind, size, and quality. It was formed of cane, osiers, [Lu. viii. 19. His brethren. There has been some and in wattled work.

| difference of opinion about the persons who were 48. The bad. sampa. •The refuse. The truth here meant here; some supposing that they were children taught is, that though by the ministration of Christ's of Mary, his mother; others that they were the chilservants a visible mixed church only is formed, this dren of Mary, the wife of Cleophas, or Alphæus ; his will not remain its permanent character: in eternity

cousins, and called brethren according to the custom the separation will be complete and final.

of the Jews. The natural and obvious meaning is, [This parable will appear peculiarly interesting and

however, that they were the children of Mary, his proper, if we consider that it was spoken to fishermen

mother-see also Mk. vi. 3, § 37. To this opinion, who had been called from their employments, with a

moreover, there can be no valid objection.-See $ 37, promise that they should catch men, Mt. iv. 19, § 16.]

p. 290, ADDENDA, Brethren of our Lord.') 52. Therefore every scribe_new and old. The | 21. My mother, &c. There was no want of affecforce of the particle THEREFORE seems to be this; tion or respect in Jesus towards his mother, as is Since you understand these things; I therefore add, proved by his whole life-see especially Lu. ii. 51. & 6. that it is your duty, as teachers, to be abundantly fur. p. 42, and Jno. xix. 25—7 % 91. As being merely nished with divine knowledge, and to improve it more his earthly relatives they did not sustain towards and more, and that in order that ye may commu-l him the nearest and most tender relation.

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 47-50 ver. Let not the wicked think they are in al 52 ver. We cannot rightly occupy the word of God safe state, merely becanse they are in the congrega- unless we make it our own. tions of the righteous now: a final and awful se paration is about to take place.

Lu. viii. 1921. If we would be near and dear unto 51, .2 ver. It is the privilege of every 'scribe which Jesus,-more closely allied to him than any earthly is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven, to bring relationship could make us, let us 'hear the word of forth out of his treasure things new and old.')

God, and do it.' 262]






MYSTERY OF THE KINGDOM OF GOD; BUT,' ETC.-Mark iv. 11, .2, p. 253.* Allegory is at all times a difficult thing to be de- 'I do not mean to say that there was anything in ciphered, even when typical of the past or the pre- common between the respective subject matter of sent; especially where every precaution is taken to these different kinds of parables; as there was prosecure it from detection : but allegors, which is bably much, between the exoteric and esoteric doc- :symbolical of the future, we may take it for granted trines of ancient philosophy; for there can be nothing will be infinitely more inscrutable, and without the in common between doctrines as such, to which one light of passing events, or some key to its meaning sort of them was subservient, and facts as such, 12 furnished from without, to a finite intelligence like which were represented by the other. Nor do I that of man will be next to impossible to discover. mean to say that each was not, or might not have It seems an unavoidable conclusion, therefore, that been, always used in public, without prejudice to its histories of this description, which are the vehicles proper character and design even when most inof latent prophecy, and put forth without any hint, tended to be the vehicle of concealed or esoteric or vestige of a hint, to the discovery of their mean-matter : but only that the meaning of the things ing, must have been intended for that very effect conveyed by the one, to whomsoever and whensoever which they could not fail to produce: the effect of they were delivered, was withheld from the first, not being understood, of producing difficulty, per while that of the things taught by the other was plexity, and confusion in the apprehension of what never withheld at all. Our Lord applied and exWas denoted by them.

plained his moral parables publicly, and in the audiBesides which, could the nature of those prophe

önce of any that might be present: his allegorical

he never explained but in private, and then only to cies themselves be more particularly examined at

his disciples. Nor is there any proof that he expresent, it would be found that they relate to topics

plained all of them even to the disciples. St. Mark's of such a kind, and make disclosures of the course enlaration + in which he sums up the particulars of of futurity so peculiar, that the concealment of their

the first day's teaching in parables, that Jesus intermeaning, at least for the time, was not more pru

preted to his disciples in private all that he had been dential than necessary. Neither would it have been

saying to the multitude in public, must be restricted expedient to state them plainly, if it had been practicable; por would it have been practicable, if it had

to the exposition of the parables which were then

delivered; and this exposition, as far as we have the been expedient.

particulars of it on record, was granted more in But, fourthly, the strongest attestation to the de compliance with their request than of his own acsign and tendency of the allegorical parables in par

cord, as what he would otherwise have done, or ticular ought to be considered as supplied by our might always be expected to do, under the like cirLord himself: who has asserted in plain terms that,

cumstances, without solicitation : and such as it when using parables of this description, he neither

was, it communicated no more of the interpretation expected nor intended to be understood. In the of the allegories in question, than was sufficient to account of the explanation of the parable of the give a general idea of their scope and meaning: as Bower, after the first day's teaching in parables was

much, perhaps, as could then with propriety have over, and Jesus with the twelve was returned into I been made known, or readily comprehended, but not his prirate house. St. Mark tells us that he expressed enough for the gratification of curiosity, or a perfect himself as follows to them: “To you it is given to understanding of particulars.' know the secret of the kingdom of God: but unto them, those that are without, they all are made

No sect of philosophy among the Greeks, perhaps, [known) in parables ; that seeing they may see, and

made so formal a distinction of their exoteric and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not

esoteric doctrines as the Peripatetic, which began comprehend,” Mk. iv. 11, .2, [Lu. viii. 10,] p. 253.

with Aristotle; though a similar distinction between

what was to be promiscuously taught, and what was Could we wish for language more intelligible to pot, was certainly recognised by all the other sects. inform us of the final end proposed by any action, than the terms of this declaration, which notifies

1 Hence, Lucian, in his Vitarum Auctio, says to the final end proposed by the recent transaction of the purchaser of the Peripatetician, what he could teaching in parables? Of what use or meaning is not so well have said of any of the rest, peprndo, TOY this allusion to the exercise of the common faculties

Hey Tooropuxor, Toy dd, Ewroperov, kalsiy: Opera. i. of seeing or hearing, in their ordinary way, and upon

566, cap. 26. their ordinary subject matter, yet without their ordinary effect, the perceiving of what has been seen, the pbilosopher Andronicus, the originals of two

Aulus Gellius has preserved, from the works of or the comprehension of what has been beard ; if nothing had been proposed to the eye, which might

| letters which passed between Aristotle's pupil, Alexindeed be seen, but could not be perceived, nor pre

ander, and his master, on this subject; the former sented to the ear, which must be heard, but would

complaining that he had just heard of his having not be understood? And what truth would there be

published his esoteric or acroamatic doctrine to the in the declaration assigning the reasons of this

world, so that there was nothing now to distinguish anomaly, if nothing had been done expressly with a

him, on the score of knowledge, (a distinction which view to such an effect ? if nothing had purposely

he prized more than that of power or rank,) from been submitted to be seen, which could not be per

the common herd: the latter answering that they ceived, nor to be heard, which could not be under

were published and not published; for though they stood ?

might be read by all, they could be understood only

by his own disciples : Aul. Gell. xx. 5: cf. Plut. As, then, it is a well-known peculiarity of Grecian Alex. vii. : Zonar. Ann. iv. 8: 184. D-185. A. and Oriental philosophy, that the sages of the east! and west had their esoteric, as well as their exoteric

The exoterica of the Peripatetics, Aulus Gellius truths and doctrines: the latter of which they freely tells us, were such subjects as their rhetorica, sophiscommunicated to the world at large, but the former tica, politica, and, perhaps, their ethica; the esothey confined to their intimate disciples and fol. terica or acroatica, their physica and dialectica. On lowers; so does it appear that our Lord bad one

the former Aristotle discoursed in his morning walk species of parables designed for general use, and

about the Lyceum, to any who chose to attend him ; another designed for a more circumscribed and par

on the latter in his evening one, and only to a select ticular purpose. The former were his moral para few, whose genius and capacities he had previously bolic examples, the latter bis allegorical prophetical ascertained. histories: the former his exoteric, the latter bis The Pythagoreans made a similar distinction of esoteric, instances of the same kind of teaching in hearers. into the depauatirol, and the manuatikot, general,

imparting to the former their popular and exoteric


• Greswell on the Parables, Vol. I. pp. 47-52.

+ Ch. iv. 3, 4, 8 32, P. 249.



the mysteries of the kingdor


MATT. xüi. 18, .9.
MARK iv. 12—.5.

LUKE viï. 11, .2.
the mystery of the kingdom the mysteries of the kingdom
of God: but unto-

of God: but to-
them that are without,

all-these-things are done
in parables :

in parables ;
12 that seeing they-

that seeing theymay-see BAET WOT, and not perceive ιδωσι; might-not-see BETWO1, and hearing they-may-hear, and hearing they-might and not understand;

not -understand ouviwowy.
lest-at-any-time they should-
be-converted entitpey woi,
and their sins should-be-

forgiven them.
13 And he said unto-them,
Know-ye not this parable ?

and how-then will-ye-know [Ver. 17, é xxxii. p. 246.]

all parables ? 18 . Hear ye therefore the parable of-the sowers

Now the parable is this:11

The seed is the word of God. 14 6 The sower soweth the word. 15 And these are they by the

Those by the 12 way-side,

way-side 1 i where the word is-sown ;* 19 When-any-one:-heareth

* are they that-hear;? Ithe word of the kingdom,"

mbut when they-have-heard,"

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. the mystery-5, 'And the angel which I saw stand open, in connection with which the finishing of the upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand mystery of God, or opening of all parables, is intito heaven, 6, and sware by him that liveth for ever mated, s. 1-7, see above; and on Lu.viii. 16, 7, p. 258and ever, who created heaven, and the things that who raised up the righteous man from the east?' Is. therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein | xli. 1, 2, p. (41)– He shall bring forth judgment to are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, the Gentiles... The isles shall wait for his law,' xlii. that there should be time no longer ; 7, but in the 1--4, p. (16)-' After the glory hath he sent me unto days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall the nations which spoiled you... And ye shall know begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finish- that the LORD of hosts hath sent me,' Zech. ii. 8. 9. ed, as he bath declared to his servants the prophets,' p. (46), Nrst col. last par. Rev. x. 5-7.

14. the souer soweth the word . With thee is the 12. seeing they may see, and not perceive, #c.-Mt. fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light,' Ps. xiii. 135, $ 32, p. 245_But their minds were blinded: | xxxvi. 9- The Lord gave the word: great ... the for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken company of those that published it,' lxviii. 11_Light away in the reading of the Old Testament; which is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright vail is done away in Christ,' 2 Co. iii. 14.

in heart,' xcvii. 11-Thy word is a lamp unto my 13. and how then will ye know all parables ! - In the feet, and a light unto my path,'cxix. 105_Being born Apocalypse, which is the opening of all parables,

| again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, Christ is presented as He by whom light is sown by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for The Son of man, in preparing to sow the word, is

ever... And this is the word which by the gospel is presented first as having in his right hand seven I preached unto you, I Pe. 1. 23, .5. stars,' Rev. i. 164, 8 and afterwards a little book 15. way-side-see Mt. xiii. 15, $ 32, p. 246

NOTES. Mk. iv. 11. The mystery of the, tc.-See Sect. 33, Mk. iv. 14. The sower soweth, 4-c. domaipwroteipei. ADDENDA, p. 263.

| A brief and popular form of expression, of which the

sense is, The sower (mentioned in the parable] is to Mt. xiii. 18. Hear ye therefore the parable of the

be considered as one sowing the word (of God).' sower-i. e., hear the explanation, or spiritual mean | Mt. xiii. 19. The word of the kingdom. The word ing of the narrative given before. Mark adds, ch. iv. of the kingdom was first and frequently proclaimed 13, Know ye not this parable and how then will ye to the Jews, but they received it not. Of the nature, know all parables (or all the parables)?' By which it character, and extent of the long-expected kingdom would appear that it is the duty of the disciple to they remained grossly ignorant; they set themselves seek to know all the mysteries of the kingdom;' and in the most determined hostility to both the King the understanding of the parable of the sower intro and his subjects: it is not to the Jews that we can duces to a knowledge of the parables generally. look for a knowledge of the kingdom.

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. Mk. iv. 11. The knowledge of the mystery of the 13 ver. The disciples of Christ should not rest conkingdom of God is a gift to those who, being dis- tented in ignorance of any matter which God has ciples of Jesus, sincerely seek to obtain that know been pleased to reveal to them: but should know, and ledge. Neither learning, nor any other outward ad-avail themselves of their privilege of knowing, all vantage, can be expected to procure it for those that parables. seek not unto the Great Teacher.

12 ver. God is not to be mocked: although torgive. Lu, viii. 11. Unless seed be sown, fruit cannot be ness is free, and immediately connected with the expected ; so neither can we expect true good to arise knowledge of salvation in Christ, yet none can attain among men, except from the free distribution of to this knowledge, and so to free forgiveness, except the seed, which is the word of God.

the humble and sincere. 254)



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SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. Mt. xiii. 20. anon with you receiveth it-see Paul's afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour preaching in Asia Minor, Ac. xiii., .iv.-'Where is then in vain,' iv. 9-11-Christ is become of no effect unto the blessedness ye spake of? for I bear you record, you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are that, if it had been possible, ye would have plucked fallen from grace,' v. 4,- Nevertheless I have someout your own eyes, and have given them to me,' Ga. what against thee, because thou hast left thy first iv. 15.

love. 5. Remember therefore from whence thou art 21. bu dureth for a while-13, Hold fast the form

fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in

will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. 14, That

candlestick out of his place, except thou repent,' Rev. good thing which was committed unto thee keep by

ii. 4, 5. the Eoly Ghost which dwelleth in us. 15, This thou tribulation. In the world ye shall have tribulation,' knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned Jno. xvi. 33, 87-'We must through much tribuaway from me,' 2 Ti. i. 13–.5 I marvel that ye lation enter into the kingdom,' &c., &c. xiv. 22— For are 80 soon removed ... unto another gospel ... Verily, when we were with you, we told you before though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any that we should suffer tribulation; even as it came to other gospel unto you than that which we have pass, and ye know.' | Th. iii. 4- Beloved, think it preached unto you, let him be accursed,' Ga. i. 6, &c. not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try

O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that you, as though some strange thing happened unto ve should not obey the truth.' &c., iii. l_ How turn you,' I Pe. iv, 12- Ye shall have tribulation ten days.' ye again to the weak and beggarly elements. . . I am Rev. ii. 10.


NOTES. [Understandeth it not. Un ourLavtos, mindeth it naked and destitute, more reckless and insensate, yet not,' doth not admit it.' Their very callousness infinitely more hopeless and dangerous than before.' rendering it as impossible that the word should take ! Ibid. p. 43. root in their hearts, as the hardness of a beaten sur The wicked one had just before made use of the face, that seed should penetrate there into the ground. Pharisees, for the purpose of removing from the They are, without a miracle, too stubborn and obdu- minds of the Jewish hearers the evidence of the rate to be softened, even by the grace of God, and Messiahship of Jesus, which was being forced upon the mollifying influences of his Spirit, which, under their attention-see Mt. xii. 23, 4, $ 31, p. 231. ordinary circumstances, accompany, enforce, and in | 20. He that received ... into stony places. The seed vigorate the preaching of his word, to the personal con- falling on stony or rocky ground, represents superviction, the immediate impression, and the permanent

ficial and undecided hearers--those whose passions assurance and satisfaction of its hearers; just as the are easily excited, whose zeal is easily awakened, but way-side of fields is impenetrable to the dews and

whose knowledge is small, and their principles unrains, which, in other instances, soften and prepare

settled. the ground for the reception of the seed before it Such appears to have been the character of many is sown, and foster and nourish it when grown.'- in the second great field of apostolic labour. See Greswell on the Parables, Vol. II. p. 36.]

for example, the case of the Galatians, as described Then cometh the wicked one-Is ever at hand and by Paul; and the seven churches of Asia, Where are ever on the watch to snatch away the word from such they? They soon stumbled and fell; and long since hearts' (the way-side hearers before it has time to they have altogether withered away. No fruit of the touch or influence them; which being done, it is early sowing is now to be seen upon that field. Yet clearly implied, and it must be self-evident, that the there it was that the Sower, the Son of man, appeared condition of these hearers, abandoned by grace, and to John in the ministration of the word, Rev. i. deprived of the means of conversion, which they have Their case is full of warning to the church in all sucscorned and rejected, while in their power, is more ceeding ages, and especially to us.-See ii., iii.]

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. La. viii. 12. Let us not be like the way-side hearers' | Mk. iv. 16. Let us not be like the stony ground," -hearing the word without understanding it-and receiving the word of the kingdom without truly unso, without ever receiving it in truth, or being able derstanding and believing it. Let it enter deeply into to defend it against the assaults of the enemy. our thoughts; let our affections take fast hold of it.

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