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Matt. xiii. 444.6.
44. Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto-treasure

hid in a field; the-which when-'a-man:-hath-found, he-
hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he-

hath, and buyeth that field.
45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto-a-merchant
46 man, seeking goodly pearls: who, wben-he-had-found

one pearl of-great-price, went and-sold all that he had,
and bought it.

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 44. treasure-If thou seekest her as silver,' &c., ing the redemption of Israel, ch. XXX., p. (60), xxxi, Pr. ii. 4,5—(see the border-'We have this treasure in p. (39), xxxii. 26-xxxiii., pp. (67), (73)-the reearthen vessels,' &c., 2 Co. iv. 7-see again, Rom. ix.demption of the purchased possession, unto the 23- The LORD hath chosen Jacob unto himsell, and praise of his glory,' Eph. i. 14. Israel for his peculiar treasure,' Ps. CXXXV. 4-see 45. seeking goodly pearls_Wisdom is the principal also Ex. xix. 5, Now therefore, if ye will obey my

thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all thy getvoice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be

ting get understanding,' Pr. iv. 7, p. (42)— Blessed a poculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my the earth is mine.'

gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. For whoso hid-'Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest,

Andeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the O Israel, My way is hid from the LORD, and my

LORD' Pr. viii. 34, 5, p. (51)— And the twelve gates judgment is passed over from my God? Hast thou

were twelve pearls ; every several gate was of one not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting

pearl,' Rev. xxi. 21 One thing have I desired of the God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth,

LORD, that will I seek after,'&c. ; 'Teach me thy fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching way, O LORD,' Ps. xxvii. 4, 11. of his understanding,' Is. xl. 27, .8, p. (97).

46. one pearl of great price-see the inestimable

| value of heavenly wisdom, Job xxviii. 12–7, p. (101) selleth all that he hath, &c.-3, 'I am the LORD thy. No mention shall be made of coral, or of pearls: for God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave the price of wisdom is above rubies,' ver. 18– The Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. fear of the Lord, that is wisdom,' ver. 28and the 4, Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast knowledge of the holy is understanding,' Pr. ix. 10% been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore

see also lii. 14,.5; viii. 10, 1, .9, p. (51) It was at a will I give men for thee, and people for thy life,' Is. great price that salvation was procured for us by xliii. 3, 4, p. (27)— Ye know the grace of our Lord Christ-18, 'ye know that ye were not redeemed with Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty conversation received by tradition from your fathers; might be rich,' 2 Co. viii. 9-yea, he gave himself | 19, but with the precious blood of Christ,' I Pe. i. for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, I 18. .9—and if we are not willing to part with all, yea, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous with life itself, for the sake of Christ, we cannot be of good works,' Tit. ii. 14- Ye are bought with a his disciples, Lu. xiv. 26, 8 67-must count the cost, price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in 2833, Sib. your spirit, which are God's,' I Co. vi. 20-and the

went and sold all-The rich young man hesitated Redeemer hath said, "Whosoever he be of you that

when this was required of him, Mt. xix. 21, 2, $ 75 forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my dis

Paul did not regret having made this exchange : ciple,' Lu. xiv. 33, $ 67.

. But what things were gain to me, those I counted and buyeth that field-see the purchase of the field loss for Christ. Yea doubtless, and I count all in Anathoth, by Jeremiah, ch. xxxii. 1-25, p. (67), I things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of in the midst of most expressive predictions respect-1 Christ Jesus my Lord,' &c., Ph. iii. 7, 8.


NOTES. 44. The kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid chased that field-not merely bought the book for the in a field. Meaning such valuables as, in the insecure sake of the salvation it described, but by the blood of state of society in ancient times (from war and poli- the covenant buys gold tried in the fire, white raitical trouble), men were accustomed to bury in the ment, &c. ; in a word, pardon and purity, which he earth.-See Gresuell, Vol. II. p. 216. The Jewish receives from God for the sake of Jesus Christ. Nolaw adjudged all treasure found on land to be the thing indeed can be given as the price of this salvaright of the then proprietor of the ground.

tion, yet much must be given up for the sake of it. [Our Lord's meaning is by some supposed to be

This is implied by purchasing the field.] this: The salvation provided by the gospel is like a

45. A merchant-man. Such as those in the East, treasure, something of inestimable worth, hidden in who travel about buying or exchanging jewels, pearls, a feld. It is a rich mine, the veins of which run in or other valuables; a custom illustrated by the citaall directions in the sacred Scriptures; therefore, the tions in Wets., which, with Mr. Greswell's matter, feld must be dug up ; i.e., the records of salvation well illustrate the natural history, locality, use, and must be diligently and carefully searched. Which value of pearls in ancient times. They were, beyond when a man hath found-when a sinner is convinced all others, costly. The most valuable pearls were that the promise of life is to him, he keeps secret ; i. e., I supposed to be those which came from the Red Sea, ponders the matter deeply in his heart; he examines

or from India.-See ver. 46, infra. the preciousness of the treasure, and counts the costs of purchase ; for joy thereof-finding that this sal 1 46. One pearl of great price. The two largest vation is just what his needy soul requires, and what pearls ever known, according to Pliny, were both in will make him presently and eternally happy; went possession of Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, and worn and sold all that he had renounces all his síns, aban- by her as ornaments. Each of these was valued at dops his evil companions, and relinquishes all hope 10.000.000 of sesterces, about 80,0001. One she disof salvation, through his own righteousness; and pur. I solved, and drank off, at a supper which she gave to

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. (44 ver. The true treasure is now hid from the carnal those who have been willing to forsake all for Him, eye, but it does not the less certainly exist, and it is shall with Him inherit all things. not the less sure to all who are now willing to be (45..6 ver. Christ loved the church, and gave himsel made heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ.)

for it ; ... that he might present it to himself a glorious Jesus for our sakes became poor, that we through Church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such his poverty might be rich. For the joy that was set thing,' Eph. v. 25-.7. Let her not withhold anything before him, He endured the cross, despising the shame.' from Him who alone can make meet for that city, He fully paid the redemption price, from henceforth the twelve gates of which are twelve pearls ; and expecting till all things be put under his feet.' Then every several gate is of one pearl.]

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MATT. xiii. 47-52. 47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto-a-net,

that-was-cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind : 48 which, when it-was-full, they-drew to shore, and sat

down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the 49 bad away ew. So shall-it-be at the end of the world

diavos: the angels shall-come-forth, and sever apopiovou 50 the wicked from among ek megov the just, and shall-cast

them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and
gnashing of teeth.

Jesus saith unto-them, Have-ye-understood all these52 things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord. Then said he

unto-them, Therefore every scribe which-is-instructed
unto the kingdom of heaven, is like unto-a-man that is
an-householder, which bringeth-forth out-of his treasure
things new and old. [Ver. 53, & xxxiv, p. 264.]


(G. 19.) The relations of Jesus make a second attempt to see him: he returns the

same answer as before.-[For ver. 18, see p. 259.]

Luke viii. 19–21. 2 19 Then came to him his mother and his brethren, and could not come-at ovVTVXELV him

20 for the press. And it-was-told him by certain which-said, Thy mother and thy brethren 21 stand without, desiring to see thee. And he answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it. (Ver.22,8 xxxiv. p. 265.]

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 47. like unto a net- I will make you fishers of 50. wailing and gnashing of teethsee on ver. 42, men,' Mt. iv. 19 (Mk. i. 17), S 16, p. 108.

p. 260. cast into the sea - The gospel has been chiefly

51. Have ye understood—One of the very first lespreached in a north-westerly direction, and in mari.

sons taught in the first of the parables is, that we

must understand the word, if we would retain it, and time countries—see on Mt. xiii. 4, § 32, p. 243.

be profited by it-see ver. 19, p. 254. gathered of every kinds0 at the marriage supper, 52. new and old. Behold, the former things are ch. xxii. 10, $ 84, which see.

come to pass, and new things do I declare : before 49. angels shall come forth-see ver. 41, p. 260.

they spring forth I tell you of them,' Is. xlii. 9, p.

(16)--this, what the gods of the heathen could not sever the wicked from among the just-the same do, xli. 21–3, p. (41), is what the Spirit of truth truth is presented, ver. 30, p. 247-See on Mt. xxv. $ 86. was to do, Jno. xvi. 13, § 87.

NOTES. M. Antony: the other was brought to Rome by Au- nicate the same to others. The word Scribe is here gustus, and was divided into two, which were attached transferred from the Jewish church and religion to as pendants to the ears of the statue of Venus in the the Christian. There are many such like instances in Pantheon. Julius Cæsar presented Servilia, the Scripture.]-See ADDENDA, $ 25, p. 199, Scribes.' mother of Brutus, with a pearl worth 6.000.000 ses

Instructed unto the kingdom of heaven.-See Mk. terces, 48,0001. Augustus dedicated at one time in the liv

iv. II, p. 253.

. treasury of Jupiter Capitolinus, jewels and pearls to the value of 50,000,000 of sesterces, 400,0001.'-Greswell

His treasure, i. e., his storehouses, on the Parables, Vol. II. pp. 226, ..7.

Things new and old, i. e., new and old wines, fruits, 47. A net. Gayho. Something like our draw-net, and other provisions, some of this year, and some of which, when sunk, and dragged to the shore, sweeps,

the last, &c. So the Christian scribe, or teacher, as it were, the bottom, and was therefore called ver

must entertain his spiritual guests with great dariety riculum. It was, however, not like an ordinary draw. and abundance, from the Old Testament and from net, being far larger, and intended to take not part of

the New, &c.; both what he has long laid up, and the fish of a pool or stream, but the whole, of every | what he has recently provided. kind, size, and quality. It was formed of cane, osiers, (Lu. viii. 19. His brethren. There has been some and in wattled work.

difference of opinion about the persons who were 48. The bad. sampa. The refuse. The truth here meant here, some supposing that they were children taught is, that though by the ministration of Christ's of Mary, his mother; others that they were the chil. servants a visible mixed church only is formed, this dren of Mary, the wife of Cleophas, or Alphæus ; his will not remain its permanent character: in eternity cousins, and called brethren according to the custom the separation will be complete and final.

of the Jews. The natural and obvious meaning is, This parable will appear peculiarly interesting and

however, that they were the children of Mary, his proper, if we consider that it was spoken to fishermen

mothersee also Mk. vi. 3, § 37. To this opinion, who had been called from their employments, with a

moreover, there can be no valid objection.-See $ 37, promise that they should catch men, Mt. iv. 19, § 16.]

p. 290, ADDENDA, Brethren of our Lord.'] 552. Therefore every scribe-new and old. The 21. My mother, fc. There was no want of affecforce of the particle THEREFORE seems to be this; tion or respect in Jesus towards his mother, as is Since you understand these things; I therefore add, proved by his whole life—see especially Lu. ii. 51. 6 6. that it is your duty, as teachers, to be abundantly fur. p. 42, and Jno. xix. 25—7, 891. As being merely nished with divine knowledge, and to improve it more his earthly relatives they did not sustain towards and more, and that in order that ye may commu-l him the nearest and most tender relation.

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 47-50 ver. Let not the wicked think they are in a 52 ver. We cannot rightly occupy the word of God safe state, merely becanse they are in the congrega- unless we make it our own. tions of the righteous now: a final and awful separation is about to take place.

Lu. viii. 1921. If we would be near and dear unto 51. .2 ver. It is the privilege of every 'scribe which Jesus,-more closely allied to him than any earthly is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven,' to bring relationship could make us, let us 'hear the word of forth out of his treasure things new and old.']

God, and do it.' 262)






MYSTERY OF THE KINGDOM OF GOD; BUT' ETC.--Mark iv. ll, .2, p. 253.* • Allegory is at all times a difficult thing to be de- I do not mean to say that there was anything in ciphered, even when typical of the past or the pre-common between the respective subject matter of sent; especially where every precaution is taken to these different kinds of parables; as there was prosecure it from detection : but allegors, which is bably much, between the exoteric and esoteric doc- .symbolical of the future, we may take it for granted trines of ancient philosophy; for there can be nothing will be infinitely more inscrutable, and without the in common between doctrines as such, to which one light of passing events, or some key to its meaning sort of them was subservient, and facts as such, 2 furnished from without, to a finite intelligence like which were represented by the other. Nor do I that of man will be next to impossible to discover. mean to say that each was not, or might not have It seems an unavoidable conclusion, therefore, that been, always used in public, without prejudice to its histories of this description, which are the vehicles proper character and design even when most inof latent prophecy, and put forth without any hint, tended to be the vehicle of concealed or esoteric 1 or vestige of a hint, to the discovery of their mean- matter : but only that the meaning of the things ing, must have been intended for that very effect conveyed by the one, to whomsoever and whensoever which they could not fail to produce: the effect of they were delivered, was withheld from the first, not being understood, of producing difficulty, per whíle that of the things taught by the other was plexity, and confusion in the apprehension of what never withheld at all. Our Lord applied and exwas denoted by them.

plained his moral parables publicly, and in the audi• Besides which, could the nature of those prophe

ence of any that might be present: his allegorical

he never explained but in private, and then only to cies themselves be more particularly examined at his disciples. Nor is there any proof that he expresent, it would be found that they relate to topics

plained all of them even to the disciples. St. Mark's of such a kind, and make disclosures of the course declaration,t in which he sums up the particulars of of futurity so peculiar, that the concealment of their

the first day's teaching in parables, that Jesus intermeaning, at least for the time, was not more pru

preted to his disciples in private all that he had been dential than necessary. Neither would it have been

saying to the multitude in public, must be restricted expedient to state them plainly, if it had been prac

to the exposition of the parables which were then ticable; por would it have been practicable, if it had delivered and this exposition, as far as we have the been expedient.

particulars of it on record, was granted more in But, fourthly, the strongest attestation to the de- compliance with their request than of his own ac. sign and tendency of the allegorical parables in parco

cord, as what he would otherwise have done, or ticular ought to be considered as supplied by our

might always be expected to do, under the like cirLord himself: who has asserted in plain terms that,

cumstances, without solicitation : and such as it when using parables of this description, he neither

was, it communicated no more of the interpretation expected nor intended to be understood. In the of the allegories in question, than was sufficient to account of the explanation of the parable of the five a general idea

give a general idea of their scope and meaning: as Sower, after the first day's teaching in parables was much, perhaps, as could then with propriety have over, and Jesus with the twelve was returned into

been made known, or readily comprehended, but not his prirate house, St. Mark tells us that he expressed enough for the gratification of curiosity, or a perfect himself as follows to them: “ To you it is given to

understanding of particulars.' know the secret of the kingdom of God: but unto them, those that are without, they all are made

No sect of philosophy among the Greeks, perhaps, [known] in parables; that seeing they may see, and

made so formal a distinction of their exoteric and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not!

esoteric doctrines as the Peripatetic, which began

with Aristotle; though a similar distinction between comprehend,” Mk. iv. II, 2, (Lú. viii. 10,] p. 253.

what was to be promiscuously taught, and what was Could we wish for language more intelligible to pot, was certainly recognised by all the other sects. inform us of the final end proposed by any action, than the terms of this declaration, which notifies

Hence, Lucian, in his Vitarum Auctio, says to the final end proposed by the recent transaction of the purchaser of the Peripatetician, what he could teaching in parables? Of what use or meaning is not so well have said of any of the rest, méprnoo, TÓN this allusion to the exercise of the common faculties|μεν εσωτερικόν, τον δε, εξωτερικόν, καλείν Opera. 1. of seeing or hearing, in their ordinary way, and upon

566, cap. 26. their ordinary subject matter, yet without their or-1 dinary effect. the perceiving of what has been seen, the philosopher Andronicus, the originals of two

Aulus Gellius has preserved, from the works of or the comprehension of what has been beard ; if nothing had been proposed to the eye, which might

letters which passed between Aristotle's pupil, Alexindeed be seen, but could not be perceived, nor pre

ander, and his master, on this subject; the former sented to the ear, which must be heard, but would

complaining that he had just heard of his having not be understood? And what truth would there be

published his esoteric or acroamatic doctrine to the in the declaration assigning the reasons of this

world, so that there was nothing now to distinguish anomaly, if nothing had been done expressly with a

him, on the score of knowledge, (a distinction which view to such an effect ? if nothing had purposely

he prized more than that of power or rank,) from been submitted to be seen, which could not be per

the common herd: the latter answering that they ceived, nor to be heard, which could not be under

were published and not published; for though they stood ?

might be read by all, they could be understood only

by his own disciples: Aul. Gell. XX. 5: cf. Plut. As, then, it is a well-known peculiarity of Grecian Alex. vii. : Zonar. Ann. iv. 8: 184. D-185. A. and Oriental philosophy, that the sages of the east and west had their esoteric, as well as their exoteric

| The exoterica of the Peripatetics, Aulus Gellius truths and doctrines; the latter of which they freely tells us, were such subjects as their rhetorica, sophiscommunicated to the world at large, but the former tica, politica, and, perhaps, their ethica; the esothey confined to their intimate disciples and fol.

terica or acroatica, their physica and dialectica. On lowers; so does it appear that our Lord bad one

the former Aristotle discoursed in his morning walk species of parables designed for general use, and

about the Lyceum, to any who chose to attend him; another designed for a more circumscribed and bar on the latter in his evening one, and only to a select ticular purpose. The former were his moral para

few, whose genius and capacities he had previously bolic examples, the latter bis allegorical prophetical | ascertained. histories: the former his exoteric, the latter his The Pythagoreans made a similar distinction of esoteric, instances of the same kind of teaching in hearers, into the depoajatirol, and the manuaTiKOL, general,

imparting to the former their popular and exoteric


• Greswell on the Parables, Vol. I. pp. 47–52.

+ Ch. iv. 3, 4, 8 32, p. 249.



doctrines: to the latter only, their more recondite I trines, from what they were openly tanght, ker and esoteric: and so tenacious were they of secresy, nothing of them in reality : Clem. Alex. i. 679 with respect to these lact, that Hipparchus, one of Strom. 7.9. their philosophers, having too plainly revealed and

Christianity too had its axbours and i commented on this class of their doctrines in bis

mpued, as

well as the schools of philosophy, so long as the ans writings, was expelled their school; and after their manner, in such cases, a pillar or cenotaph erected

gogical method of interpreting Scripture as the

Fashionable one in the church. And therefore it is. to bim, as dead.

that Origen, rebuking the boast of Celsus, who halt • The Platonic, the Stoie, and even the Epicurean asked some questions of the advocates of the gospel seets had all certain sacred and mysterious truths, not because, said he, I want information ; for I know which they did not care to communicate, except to all they can tell me : replies, he might just as well such as had previously been proved to be worthy of boast he was master of all the learning of Egypt. confidence. On the same principle, observes Clement because he knew as much as met the eye of the comof Alexandrin, the truths taught in the mysteries mon people, under the disguise of symbols, hiero were purposely wrapped up in fables, whose real glyphics, or the like: or that he was deeply read in meaning was known only to the initiated. In Egypt, the lore of Persian, Syrian, Indian mysteries, or Persia, India, and Æthiopia, and wherever else there those of any other nation, wbo, however much they were peculiar schools of philosophy to be met with, might superficially reveal to the eyes of all observers, their characteristie dogmas in physics, theology, or had a great deal more which they purposely kept the like, were made known only with due caution secret from all but themselves: i. 330 Contra Celsi. and reserve, and to but few. The world at large, 12. Cf. Julian. Oratio vii.: and Cyrill. contra Julian. whatever they might appear to know of such doc-ix. 299 D-300 E.'




INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS. Mt. xii. 53. Mk. iv. 35. After the parables of the so that it fills, and they seem ready to sink, or suffer sower, &c., Sect. xxxi1., xxxiii., Jesus departs thence shipwreck. the same day at even.

Mt. viii. 25. Mk. iv. 38. Lu. viii. 24. The disMt. viii. 1822. Mk. iv. 35. Having given com- ciples awake Jesus, crying, Lord, sade ,' Master, mandment to depart to the other side, he warns a master, we perish,' scribe, who proposed to become his follower; and

- viii. 26. - iv. 39, 40. — viii. 24,-5. Jesus another, who asked first to go and bury his father, he

reproves his disciples for their fearfulness and want exhorts to follow him forth with

of faith, and rebukes the wind and the raging of the - viii. 23.

iv. 36. Lu. viii. 22. Having water.' gone into a ship with his disciples, he proposes pass - viii. 27. - iv. 41. – viii. 25. The men ing over the lake-other little ships accompany nini. are struck with fear and astonishment, at seeing even

viii. 24. - iv. 37. - viii. 23. While the wind and the sea obedient to the voice of Jesus ; they sail, Jesus falls asleep-a great storm of wind and say one to another, What manner of man is occasions the waves to rise, and break over the ship, this l'


(G. 20,) No. 34. Jesus gives commandment to depart to the other side.- At Capernaum. Matt, xiii. 53, viii. 18–22.

MARK iv. 35. (Ver. 52, ở xxxiii. p. 262.]

[Ver. 34, 8 xxxii. p. 249.] 53 And it-came-to-pass, that when Jesus hadfinished these parables, he-departed thence, [Ch. xiii. 54, 8 xxxvii. p. 286.]

6 And the same day,

when-the-even was-come,
[Ch. viii. 17, 8 xvii. p. 113.)

when-Jesus'-saw great multitudes

about him,
he-gave-commandment to-depart unto he-saith unto-them, Let-us-pass-over anto
the other-side.

the other-side. 19 And a-certain scribe came, and said unto

him, Master, I-will-follow thee whitherso-
ever thou-goest.

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. Mt. viii. 18. unto the other side over against | readiness to follow Jesus, when he was but ill preGalilee,' Lu, vili. 26, $ 35, p. 269-Jesus had been re-pared to do so, Lu. xxii. 33, 4, § 87. cently teaching 'by the sea-side,' k. IV. 1,932, p. 242. whithersoever thou goest-Go and cry in the ears 19. I will follow thee-Peter also expressed his l of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD ; I re

NOTES. Mt. viii. 19. A certain scribe. Literally, mę ypau- to Christ for instruction or salvation.-See $ 25, ADMateus, 'Ons scribe;' true, this is an Hebraism, but it | DENDA, P. 199, Scribes.' may be designed to shew that few of this class camel Master.-See on Mk. iv. 38, p. 266, NOTR.

* See p. 268, ADDENDA, . On the incidents in the way to the lake.'

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MATT. viii. 20—.2. 20 And Jesus saith unto-him, The foxes have

holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but

the Son of man hath not where to-lay his head. 21 And another of-his disciples said unto-him,

Lord, suffer me first to-go and bury my father. 22 But Jesus said unto him, Follow me, and let the dead bury their dead.

Jesus enters into a ship.
Matt. viii. 23.

MARK iv. 36.
36 a And when-they-had-sent-

away the multitude,
23 5 And when-he-was they-took παραλαμβανουσιν

entered into a ship, him even-as he-was in the his disciples followed him."

[Ver. 21, xxxiii. p. 262.]

LUKE viii. 22.
Now it-came-to-pass 22

on a certain day,

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d And there-were also with

him other little-ships.

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SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. member thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of after all the fatigue of the preceding day, Mk. iv. 38, thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the p. 266—nor was he suffered to rest after reaching the wilderness, in a land that was not sown,' &c., Jer. ii. opposite shore, Mt. viii. 34, § 35, p. 272_and when 2–6, p. (7)—Israel followed the cloud whether it dying he had indeed nowher to lay his head, Jno. was by day or by night that the cloud was taken up, xix. 38, 692—Ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus they journeyed.... At the commandment of the LORD Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes they rested in the tents, and at the commandment he became poor, that ye through his poverty might of the LORD they journeyed,' Nu. ix. 15-23, p. (56) be rich,' 2 Co. viii. 9. • They go from strength to strength, every one of them 21. bury my father-'All the days that he separateth in Zion appeareth before God,' Ps. Ixxxiv. 7-of the nimel

himself unto the LORD he shall come at no dead body. 144,000 standing with the Lamb on the mount Sion, He shall not make himself unclean for his father, ... having his Father's name written in their fore-! & N heads,' it is said, "These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth,' Rev. xiv. 1, see

22. let the dead, $c.-Through the offence of one how Paul followed, 2 Co. vi. 4-10_Let us go forth

many be dead, Rom. v. 15—'We thus judge, that if therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his re

one died for all, then were all dead, 2 Čo. v. 14proach,' He. xiii. 13.

Dead in trespasses and sins,' Eph. ii. 14'Let the dead

bury their dead: but go thou and preach the king20. the birds of the air have nests—'Yea, the sparrow dom of God,' Lu. ix. 60, $ 59. | hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for her

Mk. iv. 36. sent away the multitude-There had been self, where she may lay her young' Ps. lxxxiv. 3.

great multitudes about him,' Mt. viii. 18, p. 264-SO but the Son of man, &c. He is despised and re that even his mother and brethren 'could not come jected of men,' Is. liii. 3-his authority questioned at him for the press, Lu. vill. 19, $ 33, p. 262. in his own house, Mt. xxi. 23, S 81-on the present Lu. viii. 22. lake-Luke calls the sea of Galilee occasion he was not allowed rest even in the vessel, the lake of Gennesaret,' Lu. v. 1, § 20, p. 153.

NOTES. Mt. viii. 20. Have nests. KATA OKTÓcus, not nests, belongs to Christ kar' Eorhv; and both taken together (which would be voosial, but simply places of shelter, decidedly prove that Christ, in some manner unroosts, such as those where birds settle and perch. known to us, united in his person both the human

Son of man. A Hebrew phrase expressive of nature and the Divine, 'was very man and very humiliation and debasement : and on that account 1 God; thus negativing the opposite tenets of Socinians applied emphatically to himself, by the meek and and of Gnostics.] lowly Jesus. The words. Son of man' are found in [22. Let the dead bury their dead. Probably a prothat celebrated prophecy, Da. vii. 13, which describes

| verbial sentence, turning on the double sense of the universal dominion to which the Messiah, in

voxpous; which may mean not only the naturully, but quality of the Son of man, was to be raised. This

the spiritually dead; i. e., insensible to the concerns name, therefore, when applied to our Lord, at the of the soul or eternity, dead in trespasses and sing. same time that it denotes his human nature, carries A metaphor familiar to the Jews, and not unknown along with it an idea of the glorious kingdom over

to the Greeks.] which, in his human nature, he is to preside. [This title, now first assumed by Christ, occurs

The import is, Let the spiritually dead employ sixty-one times in the Gospels, used by Christ him

themselves in burying those who, in the commun acself, never by any other person. -See Jno. iii. 13,

ceptation of the word, are dead. $ 12, p. 85; v. 27, § 23, p. 178; vi. 62, § 43, p. 333. Mk. iv. 36. ... with him. i. e., with Jesus' vessel. It occurs once in the Acts, vii. 56, (employed by This being an example of the figure of speech, Metothe martyr Stephen ;) and occurs in the Revelation.nymy, by which the vessel is put for the crew, or the From the corresponding term o Tlós ToŨ Osow, this title crew for the vessel.

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. Mt. viii. 18, .9. Let us not merely, with the mul- unto the service of Christ. -That which is otherwise titudes, hear the teaching of Jesus, but be willing to lawful, and even most dutiful, may become sinful follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth,

when it interferes with the higher duty of following 20 der. When we resolve to be followers of Christ

Jesus.-What is absolutely necessary will be done, let us truly count the cost, and be willing to forsake for those who, according to the command of Christ. all, in following Him, who when on earth had not | are engaged in following him where to lay his head."

Mk. iv. 36. It may be the duty of many to stay 21, .2 ver. No worldly consideration should keep behind, and attend to the ordinary affairs of life, as ns from immediately and entirely yielding ourselves well as of some immediately to wait upon Jesus,


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