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I THE LORD THY GOD WILL HOLD THY RIGHT HAND, SAYING UNTO THEE, FEAR NUT; I WILL HELP THEE.-Isa. xli. 13.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. Lu. viii. 23. he fell asleep Jesus had been fully en-i 24. Master, master, we perish- Then they cry unto gaged in both public and private teaching, Mk. iv. the LORD in their trouble, and he bringethi them out 33, .4, § 32, p. 249 - and the sleep of a labouring of their distresses,' Ps. cvii. 28. man is sweet, Ec. v. 12. there came down a storm of wind . He com
rebuked the wind, fc.-'which stilleth the noise of mandeth, and raiseth the stormy wind, which lifteth the seas, the noise of their waves, and the tumult of up the waves,' &c., Ps. cvii. 25—7, p. (79).
the people,' Ps. lxv. 7-see this power manifested at jeopardy- see the case of Jonah, ch. i. 47, p. (28)— the Red Sea, both in mercy and in judgment, Ex. and that of Paul, Ac. xxvii. 9-44.
xiv, 21-31, p. (61).
NOTES. Mt. viii. 24. A great tempest. Buguos ubyas. pro-1 (Master. The confusion in which they were, ad perly signifies a mighty agitation: Lailay, a hurricane, pears to be strikingly expressed by their variety of the term used by Mark and Luke, and one highly manner in calling upon the Lord, which may be ob suitable; the lake being (as travellers testify) very served by a comparison of the three evangelists here. subject to these sudden hurricanes ; as, indeed, are Matthew says, Kupus (Lord); Mark says, Alda skal. all lakes bounded by high mountain ranges.
(Teacher); and Luke, Emotara (Governor, Master,
or Preceptor). Different disciples may have used The ship was covered with the waves. The waves different titles, as would be natural in such a case. beat into the ship,' Mk. iv. 37-50 that it was fast fill It is however to be noticed, that the language in ing, and in danger of sinking.
which the disciples spoke was not the Greek, and Mk. iv. 38. The hinder part of the ship. 1.e., the place
that the same Syriac word may be translated by dif. where the steersman sat, and the most commodious
ferent Greek words. ETLOTata is a term used only by one for a passenger. To mpooks palalov must be ren
Luke, and it is used by him on several other occasions, dered, the pillow. The article having a peculiar force,
Lu. v. 5, 20, p. 154 ; ix. 33, § 51 ; xvii. 13, $ 70.) as pointing to a particular part of the furniture of Mt. viii. 26. Rebuked the winds, de. Reproved them; the ship. This seems to have been the stuffed leather or commanded them to be still. There is somecushion, which was occasionally used as a pillow, I thing exceedingly authoritative and majestic in this
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. Lu, viii. 22, .3. Jesus gives us an example of dili-1 (38 ver. The Lord gives his Beloved sleep, as well as gence in doing the will of his heavenly Father: he requires to labour, in the season thereot-bnt that had been engaged during the day in teaching the sleep is not always caused by external inducements multitudes, and at night he has no repose but that to repose : it is after hard labour in his service, and which is taken in the ship, while passing from one l as having rest in God.) scene to another of his laborious ministry.
Mk. iv. 38; Lni. viii. 24. Although our faith may Mk. iv. 37. Those who accompany Jesus may not be sorely tried, and we may feel constrained to cry expect to have always external peace and prosperity. I
unto the Lord for belp, yet it does not become us to Previously he had multitudes listening upon the
say to the Lord that redeemed us for himself with quiet shore, while he taught them out of the ship;
his own blood, Carest thou not that we perish?! now, passing to an inhospitable region, he is tossed by Mt. viii. 26. Let us be faithful in fulfiling our the raging storm, Mt. viii. 24.
Lord's commands, and we need not fear but that he 266)
ACQUAINT THYSELF WITH GOD.
MATT. viii. 27.
LUKE viji. 25.
40 And he-said unto-them, And he said unto-them, 25
Where is your
and said one-to-another, saying one-to-another, What-manner-of man is this, What manner of man is this, What manner of man is this !
.for he-commandeth emitAO JE that even the winds and that even the wind and
even the winds and the sea obey him !
the sea obey him ?
water, and they-obey him.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. and there was a calm_He maketh the storm a ! the swelling thereof,' &c., Ps. xlvi. 1-3, p. (8) - Fear calm, so that the waves thereof are still. Then are thou not; for I am with thee,' &c., Is. xli. 104, they glad because they be quiet ; so he bringeth them p. (41). unto their desired haven,' Ps. cvii. 29, 30, p. (79).
Mk. iv. 41. they feared exceedingly God is greatly 25. Where is your faith? _Those who have Jesus for to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be their guide need not fear; they may sing, God is our had in reverence of all them that are about him. refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. O LORD God of hosts, who is a strong LORD like Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be re- unto thee?.... Thou rulest the raging of the sea : moved, and though the mountains be carried into when the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them,' the midst of the sea ; though the waters thereof roar Ps. lxxxix. 7-9, p. (50even the winds and the sea and be troubled, though the mountains shake with l obey him! Mt. viii. 27.
HAST THOU NOT KNOWN ? HAST THOU NOT HEARD, THAT THE EVERLASTING GOD, THE LORD, THE CREATOR OF THE ENDS
NOTES. command of our Lord. Standing amidst the howling cries of the seamen, all by a single word hushed into tempest, on the heaving sea, and in the darkness of calm repose-.. present an image of power and the night, by his own power he stills the waves, and divinity irresistibly grand and awful. So the tembids the storm subside. What a power was this ! pest rolls and thickens over the head of the awakened What irresistible proof that he was Divine! There sinner. So he trembles over immediate and awful is not, anywhere, a more sublime description of a destruction. So while the storm of wrath howls, and display of power.
hell threatens to engulf him, he comes trembling And there was a great calm. The instantaneous
to the Saviour. The Saviour hears, he rebukes the
storm, and the sinner is safe an indescribable peace ness of the perfect calm is a proof of the reality of the miracle ; for after a storm, the sea is never
ty takes possession of the soul-see Is. lvii. 20,1,a p. (87);
Rom. v. 1;b Ph. iv. 7.c] perfectly smooth, until some time has elapsed. 27. What manner of man is this. The men might
a'... the wicked are like the troubled sea, when well regard our Lord as super-human; since to still
it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt. the raging of the sea,' was always reckoned among
There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.' the operations of God, insomuch that in Ps. lxxxix. b'...... being justified by faith, we have peace 7-see Scrip. Illus.' supra-it forms as it were a with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.' designation of the Deity.
c. And the peace of God, which passeth all under[The darkness, the dashing waves, the howling standing, shall keep your hearts and minds through winds, the heaving and tossing ship, and the fears and Christ Jesus.'
OF THE EARTH, FAINTETH NOT, NEITHER IS WEARY? THERE IS NO SEARCHING OF HIS UNDERSTANDING.-Isaiah xl. 28.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. will prove faithful in upholding us in that which is his mighty power, in stilling the stormy waves—the commanded : Jesus' having said, Let us go over to tumults of the people, and in bringing to the desired the other side,' should have been deemed a sufficient haven his tempest-tossed disciples : but in the meanguarantee that the passage, however dangerous, | time, let them rest assured, that, whatever the seemwould be accomplished
ing jeopardy, Mk. iv. 39, 40. Let us look to see the greatness of
In safety and comfort their warfare He'll end.') the danger, with which we may be threatened, result in the greater manifestation of both the will and the
Mt. viii. 27. Let us rejoice in this, that the dangers power of Jesus to deliver: he had only to rebuke to which we may be exposed in following Jesus, God the winds and the raging deep, with Peace, be still:' is able to turn to us for a testimony ; those that are 'the wind ceased, and there was a great calm.'
with us being forced to contemplate the power and
the grace of Him, whom even the winds and the, c. (Let us cry unto Jesus, that soon he may put forth
EVERY NATURAL MAN IS BESIDE HIMSELF.
THE SLEEP OF A LABOURING MAN IS SWERT, WHETHER HE EAT LITTLE OR MUCI :
ON THE INCIDENTS IN THE WAT, AND ON THE TIME OF CROSSING THE LAKE TO
GERGESA. See Greswell, Vol. L. Diss. iii. pp. 191–203.] • The next event is the passage of the lake of Gall this might have transpired by the way; and, if our lee, which we may divide into the incidents on the Savior was proceeding thither,... expeeting to pass way to the lake-the ineidents upon the lake the the night apon the water, his answer, as nor retorned, feetdents on the other side and the return: all so would be just as pertinent, and as pathetie as the connected together as to form one entire narratite, same answer, when returned some time after. from ri. 19_ir. I, the parts of which will be The second incident in St. Matthew coneerds one. consequently regular, whatever the whole may be. who was a diseiple already-but the similar incident in
The incidents on the way to the lake, 24 nere St Lake, one, who was then called for the first time: Irelated, are peculiar to St. Matthew, but the same and there is also this further difference betwees! incidents, or something very like them, are found
them, that, in the one, oar Lord is made to reply also at Lake iz. 57, (5 59,) to the end-at u very dil merely, 'Acalsótes was cal Spes roug vt poegades nous ferent time, and on a very datterent occasion de leur paug. (Mt. viii. 22)—but not to dà àrea incidents, in St. Matthew, are the request of a certain duayyetde to Basulsias toi essi, (La. ix. 60, $ 592)... seribe to follow our Savioar; and the petition of one, who was a disciple, for leave to go and bury his .
St. Mark and St. Luke have each given (Mk. iv. 35. father : to which st. Lake adds a third, of a nature %
. 1-20; La. viii. 22-39) an history of a passage akin to the last. The occasions to which these dis
edia of the lake, attended with similar incidents; the lat.
ter of which is clearly ascertained to be the same tinet accounts would belong are palpably the most see different imaginable ; our Lord,' in St. Matthew, with the former : and this is fixed by the acconnt
itself to the evening of the day when our Lord began being about to cross the lake, and in St. Luke, on a journey through Samaria ... With regard to St.
to se to teach in parables. Now this he did, posterior to a Lake, sach a trajection would be a singular circum
second circuit of Galilee; and that, a eircuit understance, and altogether at variance with his extreme
estreme taken after the care of the centarion's servant. The accuracy, and his scrupulous regard to historical
beginning to teach in parables St. Matthew records,
xiii. 1, ($ 32, p. 942;) the eure of the centurion's serprecision.....
vant he recorded, viii. 5, ($ 28, p. 218.) The passage Such declarations of the willingness of individuals
of the lake, then, between the two, may be regular to become disciples might often be made, especially as to what goes before, but it is irregular as to what at the outset of our Saviour's ministrs; and, if they follows after. Nor is there any means of evading were the effect of a forward or mistaken zeal, they this conclusion, except by denying the authority of might as often be by him repressed. Besides, St. I St. Mark, whose note of time, iv. 35, fixes the pas Matthew calls his applicant a seribe, and makes him sage to the evening in question; or, by contending style our Lord, Master-St. Luke calls his merely a that his passage, or St. Luke's, was a different event certain person, who addresses Jesus by the common from St. Matthew's. But that this cannot be the title of respect, Képre. Now the rank or profession of case, may be in ferred from certain particulars comseribe among the Jews was much more considerable
mon to the accounts of all, and of so critical a nature than we are apt to imagine; and the readiness of one
as necessarily to characterize only the same event. of that order to have become a disciple of Jesus was
These area still more remarkable event; and St. Luke, I am persuaded, had the nature of the case required it,
First, the motive which induced our Lord to cross especially in the last year of our Lord's ministry,
the lake ; viz., the presence of the multitade, Mt. when the scribes and Pharisees almost universally had
viii. 18, p. 264. determined on his rejection-would not have failed Secondly, the storm upon the lake. to designate bim accordingly. Capernaum was not so contiguous to the lake, bat that such an incident as
*Thirdly, the miracle at the other side.'
BUT THE ABUNDANCE OF THE HICII WILL NOT SUFYRR TIIM TO SLEEP.-Boules.
SECTION 35.-G. 20.)Jesus LANDS IN THE COUNTRY OF THE GADARENES.
AND CASTS DEVILS OUT OF TWO MEN WHO LIVED AMONG THE TOMBS. THE
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS. Mt. viii. 28. Mk. v. 1-5. Lu. viii. 26, .7. Jesus Mt. viii. 34. Mk. v. 14, .5. La. viii. 35. The peo. having arrived in the country of the Gadarenes, is ple go out to see the truth of the matter, and coming immediately met by two possessed with devils, ex- to Jesus, find the man who had been possessed ceedingly fierce and untameable. Mark and Luke'clothed, and in his right mind.' They are afraid. mention only one, but Mattbew, as is his custom,
- viii. 34. - v. 16, .7. notices both.
viii. 36, -7. Having
been told all, the Gadarenes beseech Jesus to depart viii. 29. - v. 6, 7.
viii. 28. They cry
out of their coasts.' out, confessing him to be the Saviour, and the Son of the most high God.' 'The devils believe, and
- v. 18, .9. - vii. 38, .9. He that tremble.'
had been possessed by Legion' requests permission to - v. 8-10. - viii. 2931. Jesus accompany Jesus, who bids him first return, and at having commanded the legion to depart, the devils
home among his friends prove the reality of the beseech him not to send them into the abyss."
change which had happened to him, and to speak of - viii. 30-.2. - v. 11-.3. - viii. 32, .3. Jesus
the cause thereof-the compassion of the Lord. grants them their request they enter into the herd
- v. 20.
viii. 39. The man öf swine,' which immediately rush into the sea, and departs, and publishes throughout Decapolis what are drowned.
Jesus had done for him.
v. 21. - vili. 40. Jesus rethat have had the care of the swine flee into the city,
turns by ship to Capernaum, where many are gathered and spread also in the country the news of Jesus'
together waiting for him, and they gladly receive arrival, and of what had occurred to the swine.
him. * See p. 275, ADDENDA, On healing the demoniacs at Gergesa'-and Greswell, Vol. II. pp. 335 .8, On Jesus passing the night on the lake.
HE LIVES LONG, WHO LIVES WELL.
(G. 20,) No. 35. Jesus lands in the country of the Gadarenes, and casts devils out of two
men who lived among the tombs.-East of the sea of Galilee. MATT. viii. 28-33.
MARK v. 1-14.
Luke viii. 26-34. 28 And when-he-was-come 1 "And they came over
And they-arrived at 26 to the other-side
unto the other side
the country of the
Owhich is over-againstGalilee. 2 And when-he-was-come And when-he-went- 27 out of the ship, immediately
forth to land,
out-of the city two possessed-with
a-man with an
a-certain man, which had
but in the tombs. • exceeding fierce χαλεποι Acav, so-that no man might 1oxveu pass by that way.d
d and no-man could bind him, no-not 4 with-chains : because that-he had-been
often-bound with-fetters and chains, and
always, night and day, he-was in the
HE CAN NEVER TRULY RELISH THE SWEETNESS OF GCD'S MERCY, WHO NEVER TASTED THE BITTERNESS OF HIS OWN MISERY.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. Mk. r. I. Gadarenes-Gadara was the principal | Matthew is remarkable for presenting the double city of the district. Josephus, in his Wars of the throughout his whole history-see Mt. xx. 30, $ 79, Jews, b. iv. c. vii. s. 3, calls Gadara' the metropolis'two blind men,' and parallels-It may be noticed, of Perea: by this name, well known to the Gentiles, that Matthew often mentions together the two Jewish Mark and Luke denominate the country' over against sects, the Pharisees and Sadducees,' and often also Galilee-comp. Mk, y.), and Lu. viii. 26, with Mt. the scribes and Pharisees.' viii. 28-in the latter passage we read 'country of 3. had his dwelling among the tombs-Luke speaks the Gergesenes,' Gergesa being probably the nearer of the man as out of the city,' but also clearly de. country town, and well enough known to the Jews,
clares that he abode not in any house, but in the for whom, more immediately, Matthew wrote-see
tombs, ver. 27. GeoG. NOTICE, p. 274; and ADDENDA, p. 275, Greswell.
4. because that he had been often bound, &c.--this 2. when he was come out of the ship--Matthew had
appears to have been the case of that one of the two, said, 'When he was come to the other side,' ver. 28
who is particularly noticed by Mark and Luke-the Luke says, When he went forth to land,' ver. 27
certain man, which had devils long time he was -the repulse was immediately' upon attempting to
kept bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake enter the country, Mk. v. 2-comp. with what our
the bands,' &c., Lu. viii. 27-9--they were both 'exLord had said, Mt. viii. 20, $ 34, p. 265.
ceeding fierce, so that no man might pass by that way,' out of the tombs—which, it would appear, were very Mt. viii. 28. near to the city-comp. with Lu, viii. 27, supra.
5. he was in the mountains, and in the tombs, c.a man with an unclean spirit-Matthew intimates and was driven of the devil into the wilderness,' Lu. that there met him two possessed with devils, viii. 29, p. 271-a like infatuation besets those which ver. 28-probably the 'certain man, which had devils remain among the graves, and lodge in the monulong time,' may have taken the lead, Lu. ver. 27- ments,' Is. Ixv. 4.
IF SINNERS CAST NOT AWAY THEIR SINS FOR GOD'S SAKE ; GOD WILL CAST THEM AWAY FOR THEIR SINS SAKE.
NOTES. Mt. viii. 28. The country of the Gergesenes.-See Mátay avioti, kai rois répous avdiaTplBwv, we find that Scrip. Illus.' supra, and GeoG. NOTICE, p. 274. they were sometimes used as places of abode-see
Mk: v. 3. His dwelling among the tombs ......... Is. Ixv. 4, Scrip. Illus.' supra. The tombs in ques......The tombs of the ancients, especially in the tion were doubtless hypogca, caverns cut out of the east, were tolerably roomy vaults, and would be no mountains, similar to those at Telmessus and Petra; indifferent shelter for the houseless, or such poor and which, as we learn from travellers, still remain, wretches as demoniacs or lepers, driven from human and form at the present day habitations for the liv. habitations. Indeed, from Diog. Laert. ix. 38, ipn- ling.'- Bloomfield.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. [Lu. viii. 26, 7. Jesus was willing to minister, not represent the present condition of the inhabitants I only west of the sea of Galilee, where there were l of that region ! they are destitute of proper covering,
people to hear him gladly, but in the inhospitable and literally dwelling in tombs, and also exceeding country towards the east, where no welcome awaited fierce, so that the great thoroughfares between the west him, but where immediately a legion of devils came and the east have been for a long time deserted.] to oppose him.]
(Mk. v. 3-6. It is also true, that no human means [Mt. viii. 28. How aptly the men here spoken of have been effectual to bind them, and Greek and
THE CHRISTIAN BELIEVES BEAVEN TO BE GOD'S DWELLING PLACE; YET BELIEVES THAT THE HEAVEN OP HEAVENS CANNOT CONTAIN HIM.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. Mk. v.5. cutting himself with stones—the like mad. I adjure thee by God—the like form of expression. ness characterised the worshippers of Baal - They the high priest made use of, when adjuring Jesus to cried aloud, and cut themselves after their manner | declare whether he were the Son of God, which the with knives and lancets, till the blood gushed out upon very devils here confessed - see Mt. xxvi. 63, § 89. them. I Ki. xviii. 28-nor have the monks, who lodge'l adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us in the monuments, been free from such things, 'which whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.' things have indeed a shew of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body, not in any torment me not'Art thou come hither to torment honour to the satisfying of the flesh,' Col. ii. 23. us before the time p Mt. viii. 29—For those who look
6. ran and worshipped him fell down before him,' to their own wilful offerings for sin, after having reLu. viii. 28.here was a true representation of the ceived the knowledge of the one true sacrifice, there infatuation described, Is. xxix. 13, p. (81), and re- remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, but a certain ferred to by our Lord, This people draweth nigh fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indigna. unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with tion, which shall devour the adversaries,' He. X. 26. their lips : but their heart is far from me. But in 7-comp. with ver. 9-14. vain they do worship me,' &c., Mt. xv. 8, 9, $ 44, 7. of the most high God hich God_Son of God. Mt. viii. 29–
Son of God,' Mt. viii. 29 8. Come out of the man-see Lu. viii. 29see also Son of God most high,' Lu. viii. 28—see Note. | Mk. i. 25, $ 17, p. 111; ix. 25, $ 51.
THR CHRISTIAN BELIEVES GOD STIEWS MEROY EVEN WHEN HE EXECUTES JUSTICE: AND THAT HE KXECUTES JUSTICE WHEN HE SHEWS MERCY.
NOTES. Mk. y. 5. Cutting himself with stones. This is not do with peace?' 2 Ki. ix. 18, .9. David said, What well rendered cutting. The kata is highly intensive; hare I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah : 2 Sa KaTaKÓTT answering to the Latin concidere, and xvi. 10.- See also Ezr. iv. 3; and Jno. ii. 4, $II, p. 77. meaning to cut up, to hack and hew. In which sense [Mk. v. 7. The most high God. OsoŰ Toû fíorou. The the word occurs, both in the Septuagint and the
epithet o VVTOTOs, as applied to God, occurs nowhere else classical writers. This circumstance of cutting him in the Gospels, and only once elsewhere in the New self with sharp stones, instead of a knife, (which, of Testament, i. e., He. vii. 1, " For this Melchisedec. course, would not be granted him,) is quite in the
king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who me! manner of maniacs: who often tear their flesh, and
Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, cut it with whatever they can lay their hands upon.' and blessed him;" taken from Gen. xiv. 18-22. It - Bloomfield.)
corresponds to the Hebrew 7795y. The appellations Mt. viii. 29. What have we to do with thee, tí huir seem to have been at first given with reference to the kal roi. 'An idiom frequent both in Hellenistic and
exalted abode of God, i.e., in heaven-see Is. lxvi. I. Classical Greek. ... The sense of the phrase varies
canea of the phrase varies I p. (15). They may also refer to the supreme majesty with the context; but it usually impiies troublesome of the Deity. Hence in the Old Testament 775v is or unauthorised interference. Here it seems to be,
almost always used to distinguish the true God from " What hast thou to do with us, what authority hast
those who were called gods.'-Bloomfield.) thou over us?”'-Ibid.
[I adjure thee by God. This formula usually deThe phrase often occurs in the Old Testament, as notes to put any one on his oath-see Note on Mt. xxvi. signifying an abrupt refusal of some request, or a 63, § 89. But here (as Grotius, Rosenm., and Kuinoel wish not to be troubled with the company or impor. have shewn) it has the force of oro, obtestor te per tunity of others. Jehu said to the messengers who Deum, and thus is equivalent to the diouai sou of Lu. were sent by Joram to meet him, •What hast thou to viii. 28.'-Ibid. 1
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. Roman civilization were in vain made use of to tame [It is not every prayer which is acceptable to God. them. Their fetters have been broken in pieces, and even where there is acknowledgment of the truth. busy have they been in the work of self-destruction, that Jesus is the son of the most high God-A as well as in seeking to injure those who might seek | man may by the devil be urged to pray for peace to pass by that way.)
while in his sins, or the deferring of punishment on 6. 7 ver. How miserable the condition of those who account of them. Let us pot confound the fear of seek to have peace in rejection of Jesus !
torment, (which even the unclean spirit may pro Let us not merely, like the man with an unclean duce,) with the fear of offending God, and the desire spirit, bow to the power of the Son of the most high I of holiness. 1 God, but rejoice to meet our most gracious Deliverer.
CHRIST IS THE SURETY OF THE COVENANT OF GRACE.