Page images
PDF

Matt. viii. 33.
MARK v. 14.

LUKE viii. 33, .4. And when they:-were-come. And the unclean spirits went Then went the devils 33 out, they went

out, and-entered

out-of the man, and entered into the herd of swine:

into the swine :o

into the swine: and, behold,

and

and the whole herd of swine

the herd

the herd ran-violently down a steep- ran-violently down a steep- ran-violently down a steepplace into the sea, place into the sea,

place into the lake, P(they-were about two-thousand ;) and perished in the waters. and were-choked in the sea. and were-choked. 33 And they that-kept 14 And they that-fed

9 When they that-fed 34 them the swine

them'.

saw what was done, theyfled, and went-their-ways

fled, and told it

fled, and went and told it into the city, in the city,

in the city and in the country.

and in the country." rand-told every-thing, and what was be

fallen to the possessed-of-the-devils.

[ocr errors]

GREAT IS THE LORD, AND GREATLY TO BE PRAISED; AND HIS GREATNESS IS UNSEARCHABLE.-Psalm cxiv. 3.

The people of the city and neighbourhood request Jesus to depart out of their coasts.
MATT. viii. 34.
MARK v. 14-20.

Luke viii. 35—.9.
“ And, behold, the

And they

Then theywhole city came-outb

went-out

went-out 6 to-see what it-was that

to-see what was-done.

was done; to meet Jesus els ouvrTnow: 15 And they-come to Jesus,

and came to Jesus, and see θεωρουσι him

and found the man,
that-

out-of whom
was-possessed-with-
the-devil, and had

the devils were departed, the legion, sitting,

sitting

at the feet of Jesus, and clothed, and in-his

clothed, and in-hisright-mind σωφρονουντα : right-mind σωφρονούντα: and they-were-afraid.

and they-were-afraid. 16 And they that saw it They also which-saw it 36 told them how it-befell to him told them by-what-means he that-was-possessed-with-the- that-was-possessed-of-thedevil,

was-healed εσωθη. d and-also concerning the swine.

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. Mk. v. 13. ran violently, c.-At the time the sanc. into the sea-And a mighty angel took up a stone tuary shall be cleansed, Da. viii. 124, p. (66)-the like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, like madness, it would appear, will seize the nations Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be

Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the seal thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.' for the devil is come down unto you, having great | Rev. xviii. 21-comp. xvii. 15-.8. wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time,'' Rev. xii. 12_' These, as natural brate beasts, 15. right mind_God hath not given us the spirit made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the of fear, but of power, and of love, and of a sound things that they understand not; and shall utterly | mind,' 2 Ti. i. 7. perish in their own corruption,' 2 Pe. ii. 12.

NOTES. Mk. v. 13. kaldt vyvto-literally, were suffocated, by their own laws to keep swine, even for the puri, e., by drowning, or were drowned, as in a passage pose of traffic. Either, therefore, they had expressly of Plutarch cited by Wetstein. So our drown comes violated the law, or these swine were owned by the from the Saxon Druncnian, to choke. The devils Gentiles. This is the only one of our Saviour's deprecated being themselves cast into the depth, but miracles, except the case of the fig-tree that he they plunged the creatures they were allowed to pos cursed, (Mt. xxi. 18-20, S83,) in which he caused sess in the deep. Selfishness feels for itself.

any destruction of property. Mt. viii. 33. They that kept them fled. These swine

34. The whole city came out. Josephus describes were doubtless owned by the inhabitants of Gadara.

Gadara as a very considerable place. It was, by the Whether they were Jews or Gentiles is not certainly

righteous judgment of God, the first Jewish city that known. It was not properly in the territory of

fell into the hands of the Romans in the fatal war Judiea: but in that portion of the land which had under Vespasian, and suffered great extremities.been inbabited by the two and a-half tribes east of See GeoG. NOTICE, p. 274. the Jordan. These had been the earliest carried Mk. v. 15. Sitting, and clothed, and in his right into captivity; and they had not been restored. mind. To see him all at once peaceful, and calm, That district was probably now inhabited by a mix- and rational, was proof that it was the power of God ture of Jews and Gentiles. The Jews were forbidden only that had done it.

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. Mt. viii. 32. Multitudes who grovel in the filth devils,) rush madly on in company to their own deof iniquity, (like the swine, when possessed of the struction. 272)

WHILE I LIVE WILL I PRAISE THE LORD.-Psalm oxlvi. 2.

THE LORD IS GRACIOUS, AND PULL OP COMPASSION : SLOW TO ANGER. AND OF GREAT MERCY.-Psalm cxiv, 8.

[ocr errors]

17

MAY I SEE IN THY LIGHT, ACT IN THY POWER, AND DWELL IN THY LOVE.

Matt. viii. 34.
MARK v. 17-20.

Luke viii. 37–.9.
And they-

Then the whole multitude 37 and when-they-saw him,

of the country-of-the they

Gadarenes'-round-about/ besought him that he-would began to-pray him to

besought him todepart out of their coasts. depart out of their coasts.

depart from them; s for they-were-taken ouverXovto with-great fear: and

he went-up into the ship,

and-returned-back-again. 18 h And when he:-was

Now

38 come into the ship, i he that-had-been

i the man out-of whom possessed-with-the-devil the devils were-departed prayed him that he-might besought him that-he-mightbe with him.

be with him : 19 & Howbeit Jesus

but Jesus suffered him not,

sent-him-away, but saith unto-him, Go home

saying, to thy friends, and tell them Return to thine-own 39 how-great things the Lord house, and shew how-great

hath-done for-thee, things God hath-done untoand hath-had-compassion-on

thee.
ηλεησε thee.
20 And he-departed,

And he-went-his-way,
and began to-publish?

and-published in Decapolis

throughout the whole city m m how-great things Jesus how-great things Jesus had done for-him:

had done unto-him. and all-men did-marvel.

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 17. to depart, fc.-Jesus had overcome the rage of one, Go, and to another, Come, Lu. vii. 8§ 28, p. 219 the storm, that met him when approaching their coast -contrast with the direction given to this man that on his errand of mercy, ch. iv. 39, § 34, p. 266-He which was said to him who desired first to go and had cast out the legion of devils that immediately bury his father, Mt. viii. 21, .2, S 34, p. 265-neither opposed his entrance into their country, ch. v. 2, 8, 9, of these two had his request granted, Mt. viii. 22; pp. 269-71-the only thing which could effectually Lu, viii. 38, .9; whilst the devils, and the men who turn away the Saviour was the will of man; 'and he refused to welcome Jesus into their country, had that went up into the ship, and returned,' &c., Lu. viii. 37. which they asked, Mk. v. 12, .3; Lu. viii. 32, .3, p. 271

-thus are we taught that God may punish by an19. suffered him not, &c.-All the disciples of Jesuis swering prayer, and shew kindness by withholding have not the same duties to perform-he may say to that which we desire.

BLESSED IS THE MAN TO WHOM THE LORD WILL NOT IMPUTE SIN.-Rom. iv. 8.

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. [Lu. viii. 357. How great the change which had misery. But the first duty which the disciple has to taken place upon the man, who was now found sitting perform, is submission to the will of his Lord. at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind!

(19 ver. One of the first duties of those who expeSoon may the like change be wrought upon the rem

rience the cleansing power of Jesus, is to 'go home,' nant of the descendants of all those multitudes that

and there prove the truth of their conversion by the besought Jesus that he would depart out of their

quiet and loving performance of the relative duties : coasts.']

giving glory to the Lord, and attributing all to his Let us beware of indulging in the fear of worldly sovereign grace: next to invite the world to partiloss because of Christ. It was thus that the Gada- cipate in like salvation, and join them in doing honour renes met with their greatest loss, in the departure of to the Son of God.] Jesus, in answer to their own request. Let our pray

20 ver. Jesus did not altogether lose his journey, ers be such, as that they may be granted both to our when he left one such witness to publish the truth own good and the glory of God.

among the Gadarenes. Let us not be easily dis[37 ver. Jesus does not generally impose his presence

couraged, because of seeming failure in the work of upon those who are unwilling to receive him; but he

God: in the most unpromising soil some good may be sometimes, as in the case of the Gadarenes, gives the left to germinate, in spite both of devils and worldlypower of refusing him.-While we deprecate the in-minded men ; the latter being, as in the present case, hospitable conduct of the Gadarenes, in refusing to

the greater obstacle of the two. receive Him, who at such personal inconvenience had | Lu. viii. 40. It is no uncommon thing for Jesus to come to visit them; let us remember what he hath take men at their word, and leave them, He withdone for us, in coming from his glory in heaven, to draws his Spirit; he gives them over to worldly the shame and suffering of the cross. ]

thoughts and pursuits; he suffers them to sink into [It is no uncommon thing for men to desire Jesus

crime, and they perish for ever. Alas, how many

are there, like the dwellers in Gadara, that ask him to depart from them. Though he is ready to confer on them important favours, yet they are conscious of

to depart, that see him go without a sigh; and that guilt in his presence; they hold his favours as of far

| never, never again behold him coming to bless them

with salvation! The self-inflicted evil, of the people less consequence than some unimportant earthly possession; they feel no interest in his character or

on the one side of the lake, was the gain of some on

the other side, unto whom the Lord was as yet welwork.']

come: They received him, for they were all waiting Mk. v. 18. It was not unnatural for the man who for him :' (next page.) So may it be with the disciples had been cleansed, when he felt the happiness of the of Jesus they may be driven from one place, in order change that had passed upon him, to desire to be that they may enter another which has been prepared with Jesus, away from the scenes of his former for their reception.

[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

THOUGH THE LORD BE HIGH, YET HATH HE RESPECT UNTO THE LOWLY : BUT THE PROUD HE KNOWETH AFAR OFF.-Psalm cxxxviii. 6.

GEOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. TAE COUNTRY OF THE GERGESENES.THE COUNTRY OF THE GADARENES, p. 269. The reading has here been thought doubtful; the fronted with columns, and an aqueduct overgrown MSS. fluctuaring between l'epynonvür, Gergesenes; ra- with wood; all which combine in presenting to the dappan, Gadarenes ; and repa onwv, Gerasenes. The view of the traveller a much finer mass of ruins than weight of authority, as far as regards number of even that of the celebrated PALMYRA. MSS., is in favour of the first-mentioned, which is the common reading.

The account given of the habitation of the demoAs to l'apaonvār, it is supported almost solely by the Vulg. and a few inferior

niacs, from whom the legion of devils was cast out

here,' says Mr. Buckingham, struck me very forciversions.'-See Bloomfield, Gr. Í. in loc.

bly while we wandered among rugged mountains, GERGESA is supposed by some to be the same with reaching to the shores of the lake Tiberias, excavated Gerasa,* a city of Peræa." This city was destroyed by with tombs, and still used as dwellings by individuals Vespasian; but its ruins, now called Djerash by the and whole families of twenty or thirty people, the Arabs, and visited by Dr. Seetzen, in 1806, are exceed- cattle occupying one end, the family the other. The ingly interesting. Here that enterprising traveller doors are very massy, and cut out of immense blocks discovered the remains of three temples and two of stone; some of them are now standing, and work. superb amphitheatres of marble, besides numerous ing on their hinges, which are nothing but a part of columns, and other monuments of Roman art. The the stone projecting at each end and let into a socket walls are still discernible. The chief attraction is a cut in the rock: the faces of the doors are cut into long street, bordered on each side by a splendid colon- panels. A finer subject for the masterly expression nade of Corinthian architecture, terminating in an of the passions of madness in all their violence, conopen space of a semicircular form, surrounded by trasted with the serenity of virtue and benevolence sixty Ionic pillars. This street is covered with pave-in Hini who went about doing good, could hardly be ment still nearly entire, in which are the marks of chosen. And a faithful delineation of the rugged the chariot wheels, on each side of which is an ele- and wild majesty of the mountain scenery, with the vated pathway Captains Irby and Mangles also stillness of the waters of the lake, would give an admention the ruins of baths, bridges, a cemetery, ditional charm to the picture.' with many sarcophagi, which surrounded the city; a triumphal arch, a large cistern, a picturesque tomb, l DECAPOLIS—see Sect. xviii. p. 117.

I KNOW THAT THE LORD WILL MAINTAIN THE CAUSE OF THE AFFLICTED, AND THE RIGHT OF THE POOR.--Psalm cxl. 12

[ocr errors]

INTO THE DEEP,' p. 271. Lu. viii. 31. 'TH & Bvacov scil ypay, i.e., Tartarus, Greswell " on the existence and locality of Hades," that part of Hades in which the souls of the wicked forming the 10th chapter of the Appendix to his work were supposed to be confined. See 2 Pe. ii. 4; Apoc. on the Parables. (And see $ 69, ADDENDA, infra.) I xx. 1. So also Eurip. Phen. 1632. Taprápou & Buodou would further observe, that the etymology of the Heb. Yaquara, and Acts Thom. $ 32, y alvoros Toù Taprápov. i 5 1 need not have so perplexed Philologists. Not. And so in 2 Pe. ii. 4, we have raprapwoas. See Professor Stuart's Essays on the words relating to Future

withstanding the doubts of Gesenius, it is certainly

derived (as Parkhurst and others supposed) from Punishment, especially on xwe ons, and Táprapos. | "Sheol (says he was considered as a vast domain or

apos: 1 5Xw; yet not from the signification, to seek ; nor has region, (of which the grave was only a part, or a kind

t. or a kind it any sense in common with ý ons.
any sense i

I suspect that of entrance way,) extending deep down in the earth, the primitive physical signification of 5x was to dig even to its lowest abysses. It may also be remarked,

deep, to scoop out, to hollow; and as men dig deep only that as in the Old Testament. Sheol' is a place to which in search of something, so the verb came to mean, figuthe righteous go, as well as the wicked; and as our rativels. to search or seek for. So Job iii. 21, "which Saviour, subsequently to his death, is represented as

long for death, but it cometh not; and dig for it (i.e. being in Hades, For thou will not leave my soul in anxiously seek 7 more than for hid treasures." Thus hell; neither,' Sc., Ps. xvi. 10; Acts ii. 27, 31 ; so it the word was originally merely the past participle of was not improbable that the general conception of Hades, as meaning the region of the dead, comprised

bxw, and denoted a pit thus dug. Indeed, the both an Elysium and a Tartarus (to speak in classic word hell (called in German Holle) and the grave cal language), or a state of happiness and a state of were originally only past participles of verbs meanmisery." See more in the ample Dissertation of Mr. ing to dig out, to hollou.'--Bloomfield,

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

EVERY MAN SHOULD HAVE A CALLING TO FOLLOW, AND SHOULD FOLLOW HIS CALLING.

ON HEALING THE DEMONIACS AT GERGESA, ETC.,* pp. 269-73. The eastern side of the lake of Galilee is known to lay it in the region over against Capernaum, that is, have been rocky and cavernous; and its rocks and on the same part of the eastern side of the lake. St. caverns are known to have been employed as cata- Luke makes our Saviour land, durinkpay tñs radiaías combs for the dead. The practice of burying in St. Mark makes him sail, eis TO Trápay TS Saloonscaves, hewn out of rocks, was in fact very ancient St. Matthew, in this instance, takes him als tò mlparamong the Jews, Is. xxii. 16. (Vide also Juo. xi. 38, and ix. 1, when he returned, brings him to Caper858; Mt. xxvii. 60, S 92.) Tiberias, situate at the S.W. naum again at the other side. The country of the extremity of the lake, and close to the water's edge, Gergesenes, then, and the country of the Gadarenes, was built on a site which haci been an extensive ce- he must have concluded, were both the same part metery, (Jos. Ant. Jud. xviii. ii. 3. Vit. 59). Epiph of Decapolis-opposite to Galilee. anius, speaking of this neighbourhood, writes thus: 'Εν τοίς πλησιαίτερον τύμβοις πολυάνδρια δε έστιν, ούτως

But with respect to this difference generally: in εν τη πατρίδι καλούμενα, σπήλαια εν πέτραις ορυκτά κα

the time of Epiphanius and Theophylact, the best TEOKEULOuiva (Adv. Hæreses, i. 132, A.;'Ebionæi viii.) copies of St. Mark's Gospel extant contained the It is known also, (and it is but likely) that such reading, Tv Ispynonvūv instead of tā radapnywv,(Epiph. places were the resort of demoniacs, or of insane vol. i. 650. Theophyl. Comm. in Maro. v.) as well as persons, left at large, or incapable of being kept | St. Matthew's. under restraint; and Epiphanius gives us the follow

It is not to be supposed that St. Matthew, born ing information concerning their habits in his own

and educated in Capernaum, or at least in Galilee, time: Μαινόμενος δε τις ήν εν τη πόλει, ός γυμνός την πόλιν

should not have known the names current among his περιφει, φημί δε έν Τιβεριάδι, και πολλάκις ενδεδυσκόμενος

countrymen for every region in the vicinity of the την εσθήτα διερρήγνυεν, ώς έθος τοις τοιούτοίς (Ibid. Χ. 131, A.)

lake. It is at least plainly implied in all the ac.

counts, but especially in St. Luke's, that the scene of It may be said, then, that if our Lord had often the miracle was the neighbourhood of some city, visited this shore, such miracles as the dispossession which must have bordered on the lake; and, conseof demoniacs on such a spot, and under similar cir- quently, could be neither Gerasa nor Gadara ; each cumstances, might often have been wrought. But of which was one or two days' journey distant; but our Lord had never visited this shore before ; and I might be Gergesa, which was on the spot.t there are three circumstances in the miracle now performed, all peculiar to it, yet all specified by each

The second circumstance of difference is the of the accounts; and, consequently, proving it to be

number of demoniacs, which St. Matthew makes to the same miracle in each.

have been two; St. Mark as well as St. Luke one ; &

distinction amounting at the utmost only to an First, the strength and ferocity of the demoniacs,

omission, but not to a contradiction ; for which, too, which are not only extraordinary features of their

the very reason in the later evangelists may have case in general, but expressly insisted on accordingly. I been, that there was no such omission as that, but Secondly, the vicinity of a herd of swine, and the

another, of greater importance, in the prior account. petition of the demons to enter into them, with its

If St. Matthew's object was simply to specify the

effect of the miracle, and nothing more ; he could not effects on the swine.

have discriminated between its subjects, the case of Thirdly, the unanimous request of the inhabitants one of whom was the case of the other; the cure of of the country, produced by both events, that Jesus one of whoni was the counterpart of the cure of the would leave their coasts, and his immediate de-other: and, therefore, he would mention them sumparture. To these we might have added, as not the marily in conjunction. But if there was any difference least remarkable among the features of resemblance, in the moral effect of the miracle on the subjects; and, had it been found in St. Matthew also, as it is in St. consequently, if the moral uses which might be proMark and in St. Luke. the peculiarity of the name l posed by the relation of the miracle, would not have Asyabr.

been equally answered by the nature of this effect

upon either, indifferently; then it was possible, and In every other instance on record, demoniacs ap- it might even be necessary, to separate the accounts pear to have been helpless rather than dangerous; from each other—to relate the cure of one as altosufferers in some distressing way themselves, but no-gether independent on the cure of the other. Now wise formidable to others. No doubt the distinction

one of the demoniacs was unquestionably grateful in the present case was due to the number and the

for his cure, and anxious to have acknowledged it properties of the demons, by whom these men in par.

| by becoming a disciple of Christ: but it does not ticular were actuated. Their number is indicated by

appear that the other was. This may explain the the name Legion itself; their peculiar disposition, difference between the accounts: St. Matthew might as more than usually delighting in mischief-as ma

have it in view to represent merely the physical effect liciously or ferociously inclined, above even the or- !

of the miracle, i.e., to shew, in one of the most redinary inclination of devils-appears from their re- |

markable instances, the power and authority of quest, when about to be ejected from the men, to be

Christ over evil spirits; St. Mark and St. Luke permitted to enter into the swine ; and from the

might propose the moral; or to exhibit, in its proper effects of this permission when granted, upon the light, the natural and amiable impression produced swine; which they immediately urged into the sea

by the miracle on this one of the patients in parti. and destroyed. And, perhaps, to exemplify this pro cular. The same person might be also the more perty of the diabolical nature-or to shew his disci

considerable of the two. The efforts made to reclaim ples to what lengths, when freed from restraint, in him, or at least to preserve him from bodily harm, the destruction of life for destruction's sake, and in

are a proof that he had friends and relations who the doing of evil for evil's sake, whether to men, or to

were interested in his safety. He might afterwards | brutes, or to any other of the works of God, it was

have become a Christian ; and his case may be spedisposed to carry them-might be one, and possibly cified now on the same principle on which it is prothe chief reason, why our Saviour allowed them to bable that St. Mark specifies elsewhere the case of enter first into the swine, instead of sending them

Bartimæus and describes, as we have seen, Simon away at once to their proper abode, called the Bloos,

of Cyrene, by his relation to Alexander and Rufus. or bottomless pit.'Greswell, Vol. I. Diss. ill. pp. The true reason, however, appears to be supplied by 204 ..6.

Luke, viii. 27, in the fact that this one demoniac was In the account of the .... miracle, the com

an inhabitant, and probably a native, of Gergesa; but parative conciseness of St. Matthew, which is pecu

not the other. Hence it is that, at the end of the liarly striking, must go far to explain every dis

account, after relating the fact of our Lord's comcrepancy. Yet, notwithstanding, no material fact is

mand to the man, that he should return home, and wanting in his narrative. He differs from the others

tell what God had done for him, St. Luke adds (viii. in the detail only, not in the outline-in circum

39), that he departed, proclaiming throughout all the

city what Jesus had done for him. Nor does it follow stantials, not in essentials.

from this that he might not proclaim it in other parts The circumstances of distinction amount in reality of Decapolis also; only that he began to proclaim it to two alone-first, that St. Matthew lays the scene in his own city first. The assertion of St. Mark (v. 20), of the miracle in the country of the Gergesenes, and then, would still be true in itself, as well as consistent they in the country of the Gadarenes. But they all with, though not so specific as St. Luke's. * Greswell, Vol. I. Diss. iii. pp. 2014.11.

+ See GeoG. NOTICK, p. 274, "Gergesa.'

THE LORD'S PORTION IS HIS PEOPLE ; AND THE LORD IS HIS PEOPLE'S PORTION.

O GIVE THANKS UNTO THE GOD OF HEAVEN, ETC.-Psalm cxxxvi. 26.

(275

[ocr errors][merged small]

THE SAINT AT DEATH ... GRIEVES THAT HE HATH DONE SO LITTLE FOR GOD,

• Arrived at the lake, he embarks, and sets sail : VII. This demoniac, it is also said, was by night and, by the help of what follows, it may be shewn and by day (Mk. v. 5, p. 269,) among the tombs. If that he neither returned the same night to Caper he met our Lord in the morning, just as he was landnaum, nor landed at Gergesa until the morning; ing from the ship ; this circumstance would both and consequently that he spent the night on the | explain the reason, and confirm the truth of that lake:

observation. I. His motive, in going to the other side at all, • VIII. There was near the place a large herd of was to oblige the multitude to disperse; or at least swine, feeding in their usual pasture at the time : to relieve himself from their importunity: and this which herd it is much more probable had beer effect was more likely to ensue if they thought he brought there that morning, than kept out there all was gone away for the night, than if they expected night, or not yet driven home. If it was never custo see him shortly come back.

tomary to keep out such herds all night, they would

be driven home by sunset at almost any period of the II. The breadth of the lake, (though probably not year; and after the feast of Tabernacles, whatever uniform,) according to Josephus, was forty stades;

might be usual at other times, no description of and according to Pliny six Roman miles. It was

cattle, and much less swine, would be found in the after sunset, or in the evening, when they set out: fields all night. and a storm was encountered by the way. If they were going in the direction of Gadara, that was not IX. The people of the city, as well as of the neighover against Capernaum, but considerably lower bouring country, were all up and stirring at the time; down to the south-east (Jos. Vita, 9, 10, 65, p. 97): or they could not have been so instantly alarmed by and even if they were proceeding to Gergesa, still the the report of the keepers of the swine, and so soon passage would probably not take up less than an hour ; brought out in a body, to see what had happened, and the storm which intervened would doubtless add and to request our Lord to depart from their coasts. to its length.

X. If he returned (as after this request he is said II. After the antumnal equinox, it would be to have returned) immediately, Mt. ix. 1, 10, pp. 274, dark within an hour from sunset, and much more

..7, and yet the same night that he had arrived; then within two or three.

he must have been entertained, at & most unusual IV. When Jesus returned to Capernaum, the hour for a supper, that same night; he must have multitude were found collected on the shore of the been applied to by Jairus, ver. 18. p. 279, and must lake, and anxiously waiting to receive him, Mk. v. 21; have raised his daughter, at a still later hour, that Lu. viii. 40, p. 274. This might naturally be the case

same night; he must consequently have set out to on the following morning; but it could scarcely hap

his house either in the dark, or by torch-light: the pen the same night. Their anxiety too for the return miracle of the issue of blood, performed by the way, of our Lord in this instance might be produced by ver. 20—2, p. 280, must have been performed under the fact of the storm the preceding evening. They

corresponding circumstances and yet nothing can could not as yet know how Jesus and his disciples be clearer than that everything relating to this mirahad fared in that storm; and they would be im

cle was transacted in the open day, Mk. v. 30.4, patient to see them again on that account.

p. 281. V. Before and during the storm, as all the evan We may consider it .... almost demonstratively gelists agree, our Lord was asleep. No solution of certain, that Jesus neither came back from Gadara this fact is so probable as that he was composed to the same evening on which he set out, nor, in all rest for the night. The reluctance of the disciples probability, landed there until the next morning. to awaken him, until the danger was become immi Whatever occurred on the other side, occurred, connent and pressing; the answer returned just before sequently, in the morning; and, perhaps, so early in to the scribe. (Mt. viii. 20, p. 265,) beautiful and the morning, as to allow of his returning to Caperpathetic as it was ; are pertinent, also, and signifi

naum in time for the usual morning's repast; or not cant, if Jesus was gone to sleep for the night; or was much later than it. Certainly, at least, his return preparing to pass the night in the open air upon the would not be too late for the hour of dinner: tbe water.

fifth hour of the day with the ancients, eleven in the

morning with us. His finding the people, on the VI. When he landed at the opposite side, the shore, ready prepared for his reception; and his demoniac is said to have seen him a great way off being at meat in the house of some disciple-see $ 36. (Mk. v. 6, p. 270). If so, it must have been broad p. 277-when the application of Jairus was made to daylight at the time; that is, the landing did not him; are both on this supposition naturally accounted take place until the following morning.

for.'--See Mt. ix. 1; M. v. 21; Lu. viii. 40, (p. 274.)

AND REJOICES THAT GOD HATU DONE SO MUCH FOR HIM,

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
« PreviousContinue »