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SECTION 36. — (G. 21-3.)- AFTER HIS RETURN,* WHEN JESUS IS SITTING AT MEAT, THE PHARISEES MURMUR THAT IE IS EATING WITH PUBLICANS AND SINNERS; THE DISCIPLES OF JOHN INQUIRE WHY THE DISCIPLES OF JESUS DID NOT FAST; JESUS REPLIES TO BOTH AS BEFORE. JAIRUS APPLIES TO JESUS TO HEAL HIS DAUGHTER. ON THE WAY, A WOMAN IS HEALED, WHO HAD AN ISSUE OF BLOOD TWELVE YEARS. IN THE MEAN TIME, THE DAUGHTER OF JAIRUS EXPIRES, WHOM JESUS RAISES TO LIFE AGAIN. HE HEALS TWO BLIND MEN, AND A DEMONIAC WHO WAS DUMB. THE PHARISEES AGAIN BLASPHEME. Matt. ix. 10–34. Mark v. 22-43. Luke vii. 41-56.-AT CAPERNAUM.
O GOD, HOW LONG SHALL THE ADVERSARY REPROACH ? SHALL THE ENEMY BLASPHEME THY NAME FOR EVER?- Psalm lxxiv. 10.
INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS. Mt. ix. 10_.7. Jesus being faulted by the Pharisees Mt. ix. 24. Mk. v. 39, 40. Lu. viii. 52, .3. Upon for eating with publicans and sinners, (and both he Jesus saying, 'The maid is not dead, but sleepeth,' they, and his disciples, by the disciples of John,) delivers being fully persuaded of her death, laugh him to the parables of the children of the bride-chamber scorn. | new cloth on an old garment-and new wine in old
- ix. 25, .6. - v. 40-.3. - viii. 54-6. Havbottles-comp. Mk. . 15--22, Lu. V. 29-39, Sect. ing. with the three chosen disciples, and the father xxii. pp. 168, ..9.
and mother of the child, entered the apartment - ix. 18, 9. Mk. v. 224. Lu. viii. 41, .2. Re where the child lay, Jesus takes her by the hand, quested by Jairus to come, and by the laying on of and bids her arise ; immediately upon which she hands save from death his little daughter, who is at arises and walks, when Jesus directs that she be the point of death : Jesus goes with him, his disci given some nourishment. His fame goes abroad ples accompanying, and many people following. into all that land. - ix. 20,.1. - v. 25 .9. - viii. 43, .4. A
ix. 27. Two blind men follow Jesus, calling woman who has been twelve years afflicted with an upon him, the Son of David, to have mercy upon issue of blood, and unable to obtain benefit from the them. physicians, although she has spent all she had upon
- ix. 28–30. They follow him into the house ; them; touches the hem of his garment, and is im
Jesus, after asking whether they believe in his mediately healed.
ability to heal them, touches their eyes, and, accord- ix. 22. - v. 30—.4. - viii. 45-.8. Jesus ing to their faith, their eyes are opened. recognises the touch of faith, and says to the woman,
- ix. 30.1. Jesus charges them not to publish the Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole.'
matter; but upon departing, they spread his fame in
all the country. Contrast this case with that of other - - v. 35. - viii. 49. Word
two blind men, ch. XX. 29—34, S 79. is brought from the ruler's house that his daughter is dead, and that the coming of Jesus would now be
- ix. 32-4. Jesus dispossesses a dumb manof no avail.
the multitudes marvel-the Pharisees blaspheme
see a similar occurrence, ch. xii. 22, $ 31, p. 234. In - - v. 36. - viii. 50. Jesus
the present case it was a dumb man; in that, the encourages Jairus to exercise faith, assuring him man was both blind, and dumb.' In this, the people that his daughter shall be given recovery.
say, 'It was never so seen in Israel;' in that, Is not - ix. 23. - v. 37, .8. - viii. 51. Jesus, this the Son of David ?' In this case the Pharisees accompanied by Peter, James, and John, enters the say, He casteth out devils through the prince of the house, where already the wailing has commenced on devils ;' in that he is said to do the same by Beelaeaccount of the child's death.
bub the prince of the devils.'
ARISE, O GOD, PLEAD THINE OWN CAUSE: REMEMBER HOW THE FOOLISH MAN REPROACHETH THEE DAILY.-Psalm lxxiv. 22.
(G. 21,) No. 36. Jesus sits at meat; the Pharisees murmur that he eats with publicans,
&c.; the disciples of John inquire why the disciples of Jesus did not fast: Jesus re-
hold, many publicans and sinners came and-sat-down-with [~ Lit. 'as-he-sat-at-meat in the 11 him and his disciples. And when-the Pharisees -saw it, house, behold, many publicans
and sinners came and-satthey-said unto-his disciples, Why eateth your Master with
down-with Jesus and his dis12 publicans and sinners? But when-Jesus-heard that, he- ciples."]
NOTES. Mt. ix. 10. As Jesus sat at meut in the house. Many | Publicans.--See NOTE, Lu. iii. 12, S 7, p. 53. commentators think that this is the same feast as is Sinners. ápaprw.oi. The word here, and generally recorded, Mk. ii. 15-22; Lu. v. 2939, § 22, p. 168, elsewhere in the Gospels, denotes heathens, or such which immediately succeeded the call of Matthew, or Jews as associated with them, and were considered Levi; but Mr. Greswell supposes that feast to be alto on a footing with them.-See Mk. ii. 16, $ 22, p. 168; gether passed over by Matthew, and that this instance Ga. ii. 15, We who are Jews by nature, and not sinrecorded by him.(chi ix. 10.7.) is totally different. - ners of the Gentiles.' See Gresuell, on the call and supper of Levi,' Vol. 11. The Pharisees 'counted themselves righteous, II. Diss. xxv. pp. 397-410.
and despised others.'-See S 7, ADDENDA, p. 56.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. Mt. ix. 10, .1. Although publicans and sinners they would not have wondered at the casual associacame and sat down with Jesus and his disciples, yet tion. Would that the people of the world were always it was quite evident, even to the Pharisees, that Jesus able to mark the same distinction between themselves and his disciples were not as publicans and sinners, else and the consistent conduct of the disciples of Jesus.
* ADDENDA, p. 276, supra, and Greswell, Vol. II. Diss. xxiii. pp. 335.8.
A FALSE FRIEND IS WORSE THAN AN OPEN ENEMY.
MATT. ix. 134.5.
MARK. LUKE. said unto-them, They that-be-whole Loxvoltes need not a13 physician, but they that-are sick Kakws EXOVTES.* But go-ye [* Lit. those that have mala and learn what that meaneth,+ I-will delw have mercy, and
[t What this is. ] not sacrifice: for I-am-not-come to-call the-righteous, but 14 sinners to repentance. Then came to-him the disciples of
John, saying, Why do we and the Pharisees -fast oft, but 15 thy disciples fast not? And Jesus said unto-them, Can the
children of the bride-chamber mourn, as long as the bride-
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 12. They that be whole, fc. they that are whole,' of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to &c., Mk. ii. 17; Lu. v. 31, $ 22, p. 168.
walk humbly with thy God?'
not come to call the righteous, &c. Jesus was come 13. I will have mercy, c.- I desired mercy, and
to bring Jacob again to the Lord, Is. xlix. 5, p. (23) not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than
-He shewed that repentance and remission of sins burnt offerings,' Hos. vi. 6 see the same referred to,
I should be preached in his name among all nations, Mt. xii. 7, § 24, p. 190 also Mi. vi. 68. • Where
beginning at Jerusalem,' Lu. xxiv. 47, $ 98-He is with shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself
exalted to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give rebefore the high God ? shall I come before him with
pentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins,' Ac. v. 31 burnt offerings, with calves of a year old ? 7, Will
--he is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, or with
should perish, but that all should come,' &c., 2 Pe. iii. 9. ten thousands of rivers of oil? shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for
14. fast oft, &c.--Mk. ii. 18; Lu. v. 33, $ 22, p. 169. the sin of my soul? 8, He hath shewed thee, o 15. children of the bride-chamber, fc.-Mk. ii. 19, man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require 20; Lu. v. 34, .5, ib.
vow, AND PAY UNTO THE LORD YOUR GOD: LET ALL THAT BE ROUND
NOTES. 12. They that be whole, &c. Our Saviour is an- | Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and swering the Pharisees according to their folly, they exact all your labours. 4, Behold, ye fust for sirife supposing themselves righteous, and so in no need of and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness : the physician of souls: but he shews that this view of ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make your voice their own case need not be connected with a despising to be heard on high. 5, Is it such a fast that I have of others, who ought rather to be helped to a state of chosen ! a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to spiritual health and enjoyment.
bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sack
cloth and ashes under him ? wilt thou call this a fast, 13. Go ye and learn. 7027 Xy ise velimmed, a form
and an acceptable day to the LORD? 6, Is not this the of speech in frequent use among the rabbins, when
fast that I have chosen to loose the bands of wickedthey referred to any fact or example in the sacredness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the opwritings.
pressed go free, and that ye break every yoke!'] I am not come to call the righteous, fc. No human 15.7. Christ, in reply, uses three illustrations, all beings are by nature righteous, Ps. xiv., 3, .They are
of them going to establish the same principle, that all gone aside, they are all together become filthy : we should observe a fitness and propriety in things. there is none that doeth good, no, not one.' Ro. i.
15. Can, &c. A most delicate form of expressing, 18_32; iii. 104.8.
by conjecture and interrogation, strong negation14. The Pharisees fast oft. In the law we only find
see Jno. iii. 29, $ 13, p. 89. one fast day enjoined, viz., the tenth of the seventh month, on which the national atonement was made,
The children of the bride-chamber. ol lol roù vouLe. xxiii. 27-9. But the Jews of their own accord
pôvos. 'i. e., (by a Hebraism whereby 12 prefixed observed many other days of fasting. In our Saviour's | denotes distinction or participation,) those who were time, days of this kind were more frequent than ever, admitted into the bride-chamber; namely, (the friends especially among the Pharisees, who, according to the of the bridegroom, the mapárumpou, pronubi) who practice of their sect, fasted probably twice in the formed the marriage procession, and were invited to week,' Lu. xviii. 12, § 73.But besides these usual a participation of the seven days' matrimonial feastdays of fasting, the Pharisees had many other super-ing.'--Bloomfield.] stitious fasts. The Lord repudiates mere ceremonial It is remarked by Dr. Lightfoot, that, during the fasts, Isa. lviii. 3-6. 3, Wherefore have we fasted, time Christ was with the disciples, they never suffered say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we any persecution ; but when he was absent, all manner aflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge of persecution overtook them.
ABOUT HIM BRING PRESENTS UNTO HIM THAT OUGHT TO BE FEARED.-Psalm. lxxvi. 11.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. r12 ver. If we would experience the healing power | came into the world to reform and save, not righteous of Jesus, we must know our need of his healing persons, but guilty and polluted sinners, even the God first changes the will, and gives a desire for the chief; and that by convincing them of their sinfulsalvation he intends to bestow.]
ness and danger, and their need of righteousness and (13 ver. If men had been righteous, Christ wonld not grace.] have needed to come in humiliation and suffering into God desires that we, being made sensible of his the world to reconcile us to God; and we must know great goodness, in the gift of his Son, should manithat we are not righteous and acknowledge ourselves fest our sense thereof by shewing mercy to others, as sinners, before we can apply to him for salvation. If he hath had mercy upon us.-It is among those who we acknowledge that we are sinners, and are willing know themselves to be sinners, that the great call to to be made righteous through him, then are we repentance may be expected to have place; and to among those whom Christ came to save.]
those that repent, the grace of God is freely given. [It is only those who are plagued with the guilt and Jesus came not to give sinners ease in sin; he calls corruption of sin that need the Physician of souls: 1 them to repentance. and, the more sensible they are of their sinfulness and [14, .5 ver. He who was present with the disciples guilt, there is the more hope of doing them good.- upon earth is the Bridegroom, who as to his personal God has declared that acts of compassion to others, and presence was to be taken from them for a time, during especially to their souls, in turning them from their which it was expected that the children of the bridesins, is more acceptable to him than the most costly chamber would mourn his absence; and this, al. observance of his own positive institutions. Christ though the Comforter should be sent unto them.]
HE IS TERRIBLE TO THE KINGS OF THE EARTH.-Psalm lxxvi. 12.
MATT, ix. 16, .7. | 16 fast. No-man putteth a piece of-new cloth unto an-old
garment, for that which-is-put-in-to-fill-it-up nanpwha avtov 17 taketh from the garment, and the-rent is-made worse. Nei.
ther do-men-put new wine into old bottles: else the bottles
HIS NAME SHALL ENDURE FOR EVER: HIS NAME SHALL BE CONTINUED AS LONG AS THE SUN:
AND MEN SHALL BE BLESSED IN HIM: ALL NATIONS SHALL CALL HIM BLESSED.-Psalm lxxii. 17.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 16. a piece of new cloth, $c.-Mk. ii. 21, Lu. v.36, $ 22. 17. new wine, c.-Mk. ii. 22, Lu. v. 37,.8, Sib. p. 169.
NOTES. 16. No man putleth a piece of new cloth, &c. Here rent, and bound up,' Josh.ix. and see Job xxxii. 19. we have the second illustration. Oudels Bannt, &c., The Greek word here translated botlles' is probably
no one clappeth a patch of undressed cloth,' &c., i.e. from the same root as our word sack. The Hebrew rough from the weaver, and which has not yet passed word used, Josh. ix. 4, has much the same sound. through the hands of the fuller.
The institutes of Christ, and those of the Phari
sees, could never be brought to accord; an attempt [By this it is meant that the two substances being
to combine the two systems would be as absurd as it dissimilar (one rigid and the other supple) will never wear well together, but the rigid will tear away part
would be destructive. of the supple. The comparison is popular; and the
| 18. A certain ruler.-See ADDENDA, p. 286, 'A ruler application suggested by this and the metaphor in of the synagogue.' the next verse is, the inexpediency of imposing too And worshipped him. Fell down before him, or exgrievous burthens on them, during their weakness pressed his respect for him by token of profound and imperfection, as new converts that all things regard. should be suited to circumstances ;--and that men Is even now dead. 'Is by this time dead,' or, as cannot be suddenly initiated into unwonted aus
it were dead. This is agreeable to Mark's dozárus terities.]
you, and not irreconcilable with Luke's årbovnokov, 17. Neither ... new wine into old bottles. Here we
which means, 'is (as it were dead.' It is likely that have the third illustration.
a father, in these circumstances, would use a word as
nearly expressing actual death as would be consistent Botlles. å okows. Flasks made of goat or sheep
with the fact that she was alive.-Had his daughter skins, used in all the ancient nations, and still em
been actually dead, Jairus would not have ventured ployed in the southern parts of Europe, and in the
to apply to our Lord at all: no one ever did apply, so East xenerally. Now these, as they are not so easily far as we know, to work such a miracle as the raising distended when they grow old and stiff, so they are
of a dead body to life. more liable to burst by the fermentation of new Come and lay thy hand upon her. Agreeably to liquor. The Gibeonites took wine bottles, old, and the custom of our Lord, as it had been also of the
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 16 ver. That we may be ready to enter in with himvants of the King force the old into a service for to the marriage when he cometh, let us not endeavour which they were not intended, but seek to have the to patch up the rags of our own righteousness, but young duly fashioned for the new wine of the kingbe altogether clothed in the new wedding garment. dom, which they are intended to contain.]
Mk. v. 23. Let us never imagine that our imporr17 ver. Let us not wonder, that God should set aside tunity can trouble Jesus, or our sins debar us from the old systems that may have served their purpose him as a Saviour. Let neither shame nor dread keep in their time, and that he should choose new vessels us from him. And, if our poverty be deep, and our to contain the enlarged measure of grace which he case deplorable, let our faith be the stronger; SO intends to bestow upon his people. Nor let the ser-) shall our deliverance be glorious.
YEA, ALL KINGS SHALL FALL DOWN BEFORE HIM.-Psalm lxxii. 11.
On the way, a woman is healed who had an issue of blood tuelve years.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. Lu. viii. 42. only daughter-Jesus had before, at Jesus when he reasoned with the doctors, La. ii. 42, Nain, raised to life a widow's only son who was being 1 $ 6, p. 40. carried out to his burial, Lu, vii. 11-6, $ 29, p. 221. 26many physicians-they had been like Job's Mk. v. 24. went with him-see the same alacrity to
comforters, physicians of no value,' Job xiii. 4 or minister mercy, manifested in the case of the centu
like those described by the prophet, They have rion's servant, Lu. vii. 6, $ 28, p. 218.
healed also the hurt of the daughter of my people
slightly, saying, Peace, peace; when there is no peace,' thronged him-see the words of Jacob to Judah, Je. vi. 14; viii. 11- Is there no balm in Gilead; is which are yet to be fulfilled in Jesus, unto him shall there no physician there? why then is not the health the gathering of the people be,' Ge. xlix. 10.
of the daughter of my people recovered?' ver. 22. 25. twelve years-the continuance of this disease 27. his garment hem of his garment,' Mt. ix. 20 was the same as the age of the damsel he was going border of his garment,' Lu. viii. 44 The days are yet to heal, Lu. viii. 42, suprathe same as the age of l to come when 'ten men shall take hold out of all
NOTES. prophets; who, in praying for the benefit of any per- Mt. ix. 20. And, behold, a woman, &c. This disease son, used to put their hands upon him.See 2 Ki. v. II, was, according to the law, reckoned unclean, Le. xv.
But Naaman was woroth, and went away, and said, 25, and she was unwilling to make personal applicaBehold, I thought, He will surely come out to me, and tion to Jesus, or even to touch his person. The dissland, and call on the name of the LORD his God, and ease was regarded as incurable. A flux of blood of strike his hand over the place, and recover the leper.' long standing is also said to be one of the most danMt. xix. 13, 8 74: Ac. iv. 30,. By stretching forth ihine gerous, and least medicable, of all diseases. hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be
ers may be
Touched the hem. TOű kpaoridou. Not so much the done by the name of thy holy child Jesus.'-And see
hem, as the tassel (i.e., one of the lower tassels of the Mt. viii. 3, (Mk. i. 41, Lu. v. 13,) & 21, p. 160.
garment-see Nu. xv. 37-40; which had four corners, Lu. viii. 42. She lay a dying. dtérnakev. Was called Topúyra, from each of which was suspended a [as it were] dead.'--See on Mt. ix. 18, p. 279, supra. tassel of threads or strings. To touch either of the
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. Mk. y. 25..6. Those who seek not to the Lord, but reign.'] As also unto this woman, who was by them to the physicians, may not expect other result than nothing bettered, but rather grew worse. The Lord that which happened to the Jewish king, 2 Ch. xvi. 12, 3, sometimes allows those upon whom he will shew
And Asa in the thirty and ninth year of his reign mercy, to prove the inefficiency of all human means, was diseased in his feet, until his disease was exceed that, as poor and needy, they may seek unto him for ing great: vet in his disease he sought not to the LORD, mercy, and experience, through faith, the power of but to the physicians. 13, And Asa slept with his his sovereign grace. fathers, and died in the one and fortieth year of his
THOUGH A SINNER DO EVIL AN HUNDRED TIMES, AND HIS DAYS BE PROLONGED, YET SURELY I KNOW
THAT IT SHALL BE WELL WITH THEM THAT FEAR GOD, WHICH FEAR BEFORE HIM.-Ecclesiastes viji. 12.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the and will reveal unto them the abundance of peace skirt of him for, of the man Christ Jesus that is al and truth,' xxxiii. 6, p. (73). Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard
Lu. viii. 45. Who touched me ?--' the LORD ... that God is with you,' Zec. viii. 23— Let him take
knoweth them that trust in him,' Na. i. 7. hold of my strength, that he may make peace with me; and he shall make peace with me,' Isa. xxvii. 5.
46. virtue is gone out of me-see Mk. v. 30—the like healing power did afterwards proceed from him,
through his apostles, in Jerusalem, Ac. v. 12.6-in 28. I shall be whole-she had faith to be healed,
Asia Minor, xix. II, .2. like the man who was impotent in his feet, Ac. xiv. 8-10.
47. saw that she was not hidJesus looked round
about to see her,' &c., Mk. v. 32. 29. she was healed-He from whom this healing declared ... before all the people— Bless the LORD, power proceeded, is yet to do greater things than O my soul: ... and forget not all his benefits: who these: I will restore health unto thee, and I will heal forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy thee of thy wounds, saith the LORD; because they diseases,' &c., Ps. ciii. p. (30)— I will take the cup called thee an Outcast, saying, This... Zion, whom of salvation, and call upon the name of the LORD. no man seeketh after,' Je. xxx. 17, p. (60)—Behold, I will pay my vows unto the LORD now in the preI will bring it health and cure, and I will cure them, sence of all his people,' cxvi. 13, .4, p. (64).
NOTES. two lower ones was regarded as a mark of profound | ing in himself the power which had gone from him.' respect. This, however, is not to be regarded as Christ was conscious of the healing power which had exclusively a Jewish custom. There are examples of been exerted in answer to the confidence reposed in it among the heathen, and it is still retained in the him. East. The Turk would bring us presents when he
en he who touched my clothes ? Christ calls out the believmet us, kneeling and kissing the hem of our cloaks.' line
ing woman, that he might speak to her words of com-Evelyn's Memoirs, Vol. i. 159.
fort; and by the proof of her cure, sustain the faith Mk. v. 30. That virtue had gone out of him. “Know- of Jairus.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. Lu. viii. 45, .6. It is not physical nearness alone through faith from Jesus, there may still be much that can give us to receive blessing from Jesus. A fear and trembling, as not knowing in full the grace multitude thronged him, but their contact was very of the Saviour. We must freely and fully confess distinguishable from the woman's touch of faith. Christ before men, if we would truly enjoy the consoWe must be brought near unto Jesus by a true and lations of the gospel, and have it said to us, Son, living faith, if we would stand whole and accepted in Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made his presence.
thee whole; go in peace.'] (Mk. v. 33, 4. After healing power has been received
SORROW IS BETTER THAN LAUGHTER.-Eccles. vii. 3.