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SECT. XLII.

THE PEOPLE FOLLOW JESUS TO CAPERNAUM.

THE PEOPLE FOLLOW JESUS TO CAPERNAUM

PART III.

PART III.

SECTION 42.-G. 30.)- JESUS RETURNS THROUGH THE REGION OF GENNESARET

TO CAPERNAUM: THE MULTITUDE, WHICH HAD BEEN LEFT ON THE OTHER SIDE
OF THE LAKE, ALSO RETURN TO CAPERNAUM, IN QUEST OF JESUS.*

INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS. Mt. xiv. 34—.6. Mk. vi. 53–6. Jno.

They Jno. vi. 22-4. The people who had been fed find come into the land of Gennesaret, where Jesus is opportunity of following to Capernaum, by boats known, and the people gather to him those that are i from Tiberias, coming, on their passage to Caperdiseased; and all that touch the border of his gar- naum, near to the place where the ive thousand had ment' are made whole.'

been miraculously fed.

MATT. xiv. 344.6. 34 And when they were | gone-over, they came into

the land of-Gennesaret.

35 b And when

the men of-that place :-had-knowledge-of him, they-sent-out into all that

country

MARK vi, 53—.6.

John vi. 22—.4. 53 a And when they-had- The day-following, when 22 passed-over, they came into - the people which stood

the land of-Gennesaret, on-the-other-side of the

and drew-to-the-shore. sea'-saw that there - was 54 And when they:-were none other boat there, come out-of the ship, save that one whereinto straightway

his disciples were-entered, they

and that Jesus went not
knew him,

with his disciples into the
boat, but that his disciples

were-gone-away alone;
55 and-ran-through that (howbeit there-came other 23
whole region-

boats from Tiberias nighround-about, and

unto the place where theybegan to-carry-about in beds did-eat bread, after-thatthose that-were sick,

the Lord:-had-givenwhere they-heard

thanks :) he-was.

when the people therefore 24 56 And whithersoever he saw that Jesus was not

entered, into villages, or there, neither his discicities, or country, they-laid ples, they also took ship

the sick in the streets, ping, and came to Caper

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and whole hout, an in beds

round-about, and

brought-unto him
all that-were diseased;

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IN THE DAY OF MY TROUBLE I WILL CALL UPON THER: FOR THOU WILT ANSWER MR.-Psalm lxxxvi. 7.

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS Mk. vi. 53. Gennesaret-must have been on the feeding of the five thousand; and from woom our west side of the lake, and near to Capernaum-see Lord had sought escape, when he saw they would | Jno. vi. 1. & 41. p. 318-the sea of Galilee is called 'take him by force, to make him a king-comp. Jno. the lake of Gennesaret,' Lu. v. 1, $ 20, p. 153.

vi. 15, 26, 841, p. 318; S 43, p. 325. Mt. xiv. 35. had knowledge of him—knew of his

none other boat, &c.-Jesus and his disciples had being among them-his healing power was already

ay sailed to that other side; but the people had gone well known, Mk, iii. 7-11, 820, p. 200; Mt. ix. 35,

there on foot, Mk. vi. 32, 3, § 40, p. 310. $ 38, p. 293in the neighbourhood of the sea of Gali| lee were the cities wherein most of his mighty that Jesus went not-thus probably were the people works were done,' but the goodness of God had not prevented from immediately following in a body. led them to repentance-see Mt. xi. 20-4, § 29, 23. boats from Tiberias-these boats, in their pasp. 227.

sage up the lake, were probably by the same wind brought unto him, &c.-so to Peter, and with the which was contrary to the disciples, Mk. vi. 48, § 41, like success, Ac. v. 15, .6.

p. 319, driven near to the place where Jesus had fed Mk. vi. 56. border of his garment, fc.-the first re- the multitudes, and where those of the people who markable example of this was that of the woman had kept together still remained. who sought for healing thus, without formally asking, 24. saw that Jesus was not there, &c.-the cause of ch. v. 25—34, $ 36, p. 280.

their being detained on the other side was thus, it Jno. vi. 22. the people ... on the other side-some of would appear, the expectation of still finding Jesus those who had eaten of the loaves at the miraculous there.

.NOTES. Mt. xiv. 34. Gennesaret. Meaning Garden of the These men had hurriedly followed him from their Prince, was the name of a small district of Galilee, homes, Mk. vi. 33, § 40, p. 310; they had long reabout six miles in length, south of Capernaum. It mained with him, while he taught them many things, was extremely fertile, and abounded in fruits of dif- ver. 34, § ib. p. 311; they had remained with him in ferent climates. The country in this neighbourhood a desert place, without the ordinary means of sustewas very populous.---See GeoG. NOTICE, p. 323.

nance, ver. 36, 7, 8 ib. p. 312; yea, after he had left Mk. vi. 55. In beds. A sort of mats, mattresses, or

them, they had waited for him all night, Jno. vi. 22, common carpets, carried upon hurdles.

and that a night of storm, the wind probably blowing

upon them from the lake, Mt. xiv. 24, § 41, p. 318; Mt. xiv. 36. Only touch, c. The virtue was not in

and in the morning they seize the earliest oppor. the garment, but the touching of it was an act of

tunity of following Jesus, Jno. vi. 23, one would faith, and it was rewarded.

think that these were true seekers; and yet they Jno. vi. 22. The day following. i.e., the day after were such as did not come to Jesus in the way in the feeding of the five thousand, and the same day which he could receive them, ver. 26, 37, 44, 65, $ 43, on which Jesus came into the land of Gennesaret,' pp. 325, ..9, .30, ..3—and soon they went back, and 24. Took shipping. Finding that Jesus was not

walked no more with him, ver. 66, § id., p. 331. there, they followed him to the city where most of From their case let us see the necessity of lookiner his mighty works were done, viz., to Capernaum, narrowly into our motives for following Jesus. which was the ordinary place of his residence.

* Greswell, Vol. II. Diss. xxiii. p. 350.

322)

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THE LORD TRIETH THE RIGHTEOUS: BUT THE WICKED AND HIM THAT LOVETH VIOLENCE HIS SOUL HATETH.-Psalm xi. 5.

Matt. xiv. 36.

MARK vi. 56.

JOHN vi. 24. 36 and besought him that and besought him that naum, seeking-for Jesus.

they-might-onlytouch they-might-touch if-it-werethe hem of-his garment: but the border of his garment: and as-many-as touched and as-many-as touched him were-made-perfectly-whole

were-made-whole d dueOwinoav.

eowSouto. [Ch. xv. 1, 2 xliv. Vol. ii. p. 4.] [Ch. vii. 1, 8 xliv. Vol. ii. p. 4.]

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. Mk. vi. 535. Let us not rest contented with re- hold upon the skirts of his garment, and seeking salceiving benefit for ourselves from Jesus, but seek to vation and acceptance in his name.] bring others to the good Physician, that they also Jno. vi. 224. Let us be willing to make much inay experience his healing power.

exertion in seeking for Jesus; but that our seeking (56 ver. It is only Jesus that can make us 'perfectly be satisfactory, let us have right views of the characwhole;' and we have salvation from him, as laying ter and mission of Him whom we seek.

GEOGRAPHICAL NOTICE.

THE LAND OF GENNESARET, p. 322. There was a city and district of the name of old on the trees round about, are supplied for the Chinnereth, Jos. xix. 35, on the borders of the lake, whole year. from which it appears to have derived its name-see Sect. xx. p. 155. The name Cinnereth might easily For besides the temperature of the air, it is pass into Gennesareth; which name, as applied to watered by a very fertilizing spring, which the natives the lake, is expressly declared by Josephus to have call Capharnaum..... In length the region extends been derived from an adjacent district; which dis along the lake, which is called by the same name, as trict seems to have bordered on, if it did not include, far as thirty stades; and in breadth as far as twenty.' Tiberias. The Jewish writers tell us that the dis 1-Bell. iii. x. 8. And see Sect. xx. p. 156, third par. trict itself took its name from the delightful gardens and paradises which were there. Some make them Dr. Robinson,* in describing the country on the royal gardens, deducing the name from O'70 2, western side of the lake, says, “From Tiberias hither, geni sarim; " so that,” says Lightfoot, "by the Jews (to El-Mejdel,+) or rather from beyond the hot etymology, the name was taken from some royal gar baths, the general direction of the coast is about dens that lay upon it; which may very well be, since from S.E. to N.W. But from this point onwards, the Herod's palace was at Tiberias, and as from the coast trends off towards the N.N.E., while the hills royalty of that city the sea was called the sea of retire in a curve, leaving a beautiful plain an hour Tiberias ; 'so, possibly, from the orchards and gar- in length, and about twenty minutes in breadth, in dens upon it, it might be called Gennesar,' or the the form of an irregular parallelogram, verging place of princely gardens."'-Kitto's Pict. Pal Vol. almost to a crescent. On the S.W. the mountain Il. p. clxiv.

forming the ridge or step between this plain and the

plain Sahil Hattin is steep, and not less than three Josephus says, Such is the fertility of the soil,

or four hundred feet high. The Wady el-Hamam that it rejects no kind of plant; and they who culti

breaks down through it a quarter of an hour w. of vate it have left no sort unplanted there ; and such | Mejdel, and its bed runs to the lake just N. of that is the temperature of the climate, that it suits the

village. On the W. and N. the hills are lower, and most different wants of nature. In addition to palm

rise less abruptly from the plain. At the northern trees, which thrive best by heat, and figs and olives

extremity of the plain lies the ruined Khan Minyeh; in their vicinity, which require a milder air, nut

while Mejdel is quite at the S.E. corner...... Half trees, the hardiest of plants, flourish there in the ut

an hour W. of Mejdel, in the high perpendicular most abundance. It might be said that nature had

cliff forming the N.W. side of Wady el-Hamam, are been purposely ambitious of forcing herself to collect

situated the singular remains of Kulat Ibn Maan, upon one spot discordant principles - see 'Note,'

the “ Arbela of Galilee," where Herod obtained great infra--and that the seasons, with a salutary conflict,

renown by exterminating the band of robbers who each as it were challenged exclusively the possession

sheltered themselves in the caverns there. of the country: for not merely does it so unaccountably nourish the different productions of as many The plain upon which we now entered, from Mejdifferent periods of the year, but it also preserves | del, is at first called Ard el-Mejdel, but further on what it nourishes. The noblest of the kind, such as takes the name of el-Ghuweir. Little Ghor." which grapes and figs, it supplies for ten months without strictly perhaps includes the whole. It is unquesceasing: and fruits of every other description, growing tionably the Gennesareth of Josephus ... * Bib. Res. Vol. III. p. 277

† The Magdala' of the New Testament. * In A Narrative of a Mission to the Jews,' 1839, pp. 286, ..7, we have the following account of the plain as entered from the north :-'We crossed over a pleasant hill to the S.E., and came down into the fertile plain of Geppesareth, near a fountain, Ain el-Tin, “the fig-tree fountain," supposed by some to be "the fountain of Capernaum" mentioned by Josephus..... The land of Gennesareth is a beautiful little plain, extending along the shore nearly four miles. . . . . It is in the shape of a bow and string at full stretch : and there is a gentlē slope from the hills to the water's edge all round. It seems highly probable that part of the bills which enclose it may have been included in the territory of Gennesareth in the days of its splendour. Gardens and orchards could not find a better soil than these declivities; and it must have been on the different steps of this amphitheatre that the variety of trees yielding the fruits of different seasons found each its appropriate climate, as described by Josephus. Moving on southward, we crossed a fine stream flowing through the plain, the same which we had seen gushing from its fountain among the hills below Saphet. lts banks were adorned with the oleander and other flowers. A fine flock of goats were watering here, and a rich crop of dhura was springing green and beautiful. The reeds and thistles were growing to an amazing height beside the water. Soon after we crossed another stream from the mountains. full and rapid. On the left bank upon the height there were the remains of an ancient tower, in no way interesting..... In the midst of the stream stood an aniseed mill. Many tortoises were seen dropping into the water as we approached. The plain opens out considerably, affording spots of pasturage, where we observed several Bedouins feeding their horses; but still there was a vast profusion of reeds and shrubs, and thorny plants, the most common being the Nubk. In almost an hour from Ain el. Tin we came to Mejdel, at the southern extremity of the plain. Such is the present land of Gennesareth, once a garden of princes, now a wilderness.'--See GeoG. NOTICE, Sect. xx. p. 156, par. 3, 4.

& On the high uneven plain, extending southward between the Tell or Kurun Hallin and el-Lubieh, took place, on the 5th of July, A D. 1187, the celebrated and fatal battle of Haltin. This was the great and decisive battle of the crusaders; between the flower of the Christian strength and chivalry on the one side, with the sovereign at their head; and on the other, the eager gathering of the Muhammedan might, led on by Sultan Saladin in person. It resulted in the almost total annihilation of the Christian host; and was WORKS WITHOUT FAITH, ARE DEAD WORKS.

(323

CONSIDER AND HEAR ME, O LORD MY GOD: LIGHTEN MINE EYES, LEST I SLEEP THE... DEATH.-Psalm xiii. 3.

LORD, WHO SHALL ABIDE IN THY TABERNACLE? WHO SHALL DWELL IN THY HOLY HILL?-Psalın xv. I.

We took a path along the inner side of the plain, lazily opening a water course, to carry the water to a at the foot of the western hills. ... Our course was different point of the plain. about N. by W. At nine hours forty-five minutes we Thus far we had followed one of the roads from were opposite to Wady el-Hamam, as it breaks down

Tiberias to Safed, which hence proceeds up Wady erthrough two lofty ledges of rock... We soon struck an

Rhubudiyeh. "We now turned N E. still along the artificial water course coming down from before upon

foot of the hills, in a direct course to Khan Minyeh, us, in which was a considerable brook, irrigating this Setting off at eleven hours ten minutes, we passed, part of the plain; this we followed up, and found it

after a quarter of an hour, a limestone column lying scattering its rills and diffusing verdure in all direc

irec- | alone in the plain, about twenty feet long, and at least tions. At ten hours ten minutes we reached a large

two feet in diameter; we could discern no trace of and beautiful fountain, rising immediately at the

any site or ruins in the vicinity. The northern part foot of the western line of hills.

of the plain is less abundantly watered than the The fountain bears the name of " Ain el-Mudau. southern ; in some parts the ground was dry and warah," "Round Fountain." It is enclosed by a lowparched, and thorny shrubs were growing thickly. circular wall of mason work, forming a reservoir At eleven hours thirty minutes, the dry bed of a wady nearly 100 feet in diameter; the water is perhaps two crossed our path, coming down from the western feet deep, beautifully limpid and sweet, bubbling up hills, and called Wady el-Amud, probably from the and flowing out rapidly in a large stream to water column we had passed. the plain below. After a stop of twenty minutes we

| We reached Khan Minyeh, not far from the shore proceeded on the same course along the foot of the at the northern extremity of the plain, at eleven hills, and in ten minutes (at ten hours forty minutes) hours fifty minutes, having thus occupied one hour reached the opening of Wady er. Rhubudiyeh, coming and a half in passing from Mejdel around the inner down from the N.W. The hills are here low and side of the plain, while the distance along the shore gentle; the wady brings down a very copious stream is reckoned at one hour.'.. See GeoG. NOTICE, Sect. of pure water, which is scattered over the plain in

xi. p. 79, Khan Minyeh.' all directions, by means of small canals and water

Dr. Robinson gives the following estimate of the courses. Here is a deserted mill, and also the re

extent of the Sea of Galilee :- The extent of the mains of two or three others. Upon a slight emi

lake has sometimes been greatly overrated. We had nence on the north side are the remains of a village

now travelled along its western shore for nearly its called Abu Shusheh; but it has no traces of antiquity.

whole length, and the results afford a means of formA wely with a white dome marks the spot. From

ing an estimate approaching more nearly to the truth. Abu Shusheh, Mejdel bore S. 8° E., and Khan Minyeh

The distances are as follows:N. 62° E.

From this point, as well as from the hill over the . From the southern end of the lake to h. Round Fountain, there was a fine prospect of the 1. The warm baths ..

0 beautiful plain as it lies along the sea. It is exceed

2. Tiberias . . . . . . . . . . 0 35 ingly fertile and well watered; the soil, on the south

3. Mejdel. . . . . . . . . . ern part at least, is a rich black mould, which in the 4. Khan Minyeh . . . . . . . . ! vicinity of Mejdel is almost a marsh. Its fertility 5. Tell Hum. . indeed can hardly be exceeded; all kinds of grain

6. Entrance of the Jordan. ...

5 and vegetables are produced in abundance, including rice in the moister parts, while the natural produc

Whole length of the western coast 5 55 tions, as at Tiberias and Jericho, are those of a more

This distance of six hours is equivalent to about southern latitude. Indeed, in beauty, fertility, and

fourteen and a half geographical miles along the climate, the whole tract answers well enough to the

western coast. But as the latter forms a deep curve glowing though exaggerated description of Josephus. at Meidel, the distance in a straight line from the

Excepting a portion round Mejdel, this plain is entrance of the Jordan in the north, to its exit in not tilled by the Fellahs, but is given up entirely to the south, cannot be more than eleven or twelve geothe Arabs dwelling in tents, the Ghawarineh; who graphical miles; and the same result is also obtained seem here and further north to be an intermediate from the construction of the map. The greatest race, between the Beda win of the mountains and breadth opposite to Mejdel is about half the length, deserts and the more southern Ghawarineh. A or not far from about six geographical miles, while Sheikh was riding about upon a fine horse, entirely the breadth opposite Tiberias is about five miles.' naked except his loins; and two or three others were | Bib. Res. Vol. 111. pp. 313,..4.

HE THAT WALKETH UPRIGHTLY, AND WORKRTH RIGHTEOUSNESS, AND SPEAKETH THR TRUTH IN HIS HEART.-Psalm xv. 2.

followed by the immediate subjugation of nearly all Palestine, including Jerusalem, to the Muslim yoke. The power of the Franks in the Holy Land was thus broken ; and although the monarchs and princes of Europe undertook expeditions thither for more than seventy years after this event, yet the Christians were never able to regain a footing in Palestine.'- Robinson's Bib. Res. Vol. III. p. 241.

A truce concluded the preceding year (A.D. 1186) between the Christians and the Sultan Saladin was broken by the reckless Raynald of Chatillon, then lord of Kerak. Saladin prepared to avenge this breach of faith.

The Christians encamped at the fountain of Sefurieh. The Hospitallers and Templars came with troops from their various castles, and many barons, with their knights and followers, from Neapolis, Cæsarea, Sidon, and Antioch. The king (the weak-minded Guy of Lusignan, who had lately usurped the crown of Jerusalem,) was present with a multitnde of knights and hired troops. The army thus collected amounted to 2,000 knights and 8,000 foot soldiers, besides large bodies of light-armed troops, or archers. The holy cross, also, was brought from Jerusalem into the camp, by the bishops of Ptolemais and Lydda.

The hosts of Saladin broke in like a flood upon the land, and took possession of Tiberias.

The fickle-minded Guy, contrary to the advice of his barons, prepared to give the enemy battle. Saladin harassed the Christian troops upon their march, and posted his main army along the high gronnd above the lake, between Tiberias and Tell Hattin. In the afternoon of the same day, the Christian army reached the open ground around el-Lubieh..

The night was passed in dreadful suspense by the Christians, and the morning brought them no consolation. Wherever the Christians pressed forward in masses, there the Saracens gave way at once. It was the policy of Saladin to let the Christian warriors weary themselves ont by a series of fruitless charges....

The king directed the conflict to cease, and the knights to encamp around the cross. The bishop of Ptolemais, who bore the cross, was slain, surronnded by the foe; the knights of Count Raymond raised the cry of Sauve qui peut'.... and put their horses to full speed over the bodies of their fallen brethren, and with the count himself escaped in the direction of Tyre. The king withdrew to the height of Teli Hattin; three times the Saracens attempted to storm the height-at length they got possession of it, and the Christians were either made prisoners, or driven headlong down the steep precipice on the northern side. Among those who surrendered was King Guy himself; the Grand Master of the Templars, Raynald of Chatillon; and the bishop of Lydda, the last bearer of the holy cross. The cross itself had already fallen into the hands of the enemy. Two hundred of the captive knights, both of the Hospital and of the Temple, were beheaded without mercy, in cold blood. The king and captive princes were transferred to Damascus.

Saladin was not slow to follow up his victory, and the power of the Christians in Palestine was fully broken by the capitulation of the Holy City, which took place on Oct. 3, A.D. 1187, three months after the battle of Hattin. - Abridged from Robinson's Biblical Researches, Vol. III. pp. 242-..9.

- see GEOGRAPHICAL NOTICE, Sect. xxxii. p. 250, par. 5, 6, for Dr. Clarke's description of the country as he approached the lake of Gennesareth from the W. 324)

THE WORDS OF THE LORD ARE PURE WORDS.-Psalm xii. 6.

MAN SHALL NOT LIVE BY BREAD ALONE, BUT BY EVERY WORD THAT PROCEEDETH OUT OF THE MOUTH OF GOD.-Matt. iv. 4.

SECTION 43.*-(G. 31.)-DISCOURSE WHICH ENSUED WITH THE MULTITUDE IN

THE SYNAGOGUE OF CAPERNAUM: MANY OF THE DISCIPLES BEING OFFENDED
THEREBY, JESUS TRIES THE FAITH OF THE TWELVE ; AND, A YEAR BEFORE THE
EVENT, FORETELS HIS OWN BETRAYAL BY ONE OF THEM.-John vi. 25-71.

INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS. John vi. 25. Those who had been miraculously fed the wilderness; and says that the bread of life is find Jesus at Capernaum.

free to any man to eat thereof and live for ever.

He refers to his coming down from heaven, and also - vi. 26, 7. They have sought him, less because of his being a Teacher come from God, than

to his death, for the life of the world.' because of their having received from him earthly | John vi. 52. The Jews, who are still only thinking good : and he intimates that his miraculously be of food for the body, cannot understand him. Btowing upon them the means of temporal support,

vi. 53, .4. Jesus shews that the eating his was chiefly to be regarded as evidence of his having

flesh is connected with the present possession of more enduring blessing to bestow, and which was the

eternal life, and that he will give to those who thus one thing worthy of being sought after, and for which

feed upon him, a resurrection of the body at the last they should labour.

day: thus shewing clearly, that the eternal life now - vi. 28.9. They ask what they should do to received is spiritual life, and that the bread is of a work the works of God.' Jesus, in answer, declares kind with the life it nourishes.---See ADDENDA, p. 335, that the work of God is that men should believe on .Bircept ye eat,' &c. Him whom the Father hath sent.--See NOTE, p. 327, - vi. 55--8. Jesus still more clearly identifies infra.

the life he speaks of, and contrasts the means of its - vi. 30.3. They begin to depreciate the evi nourishment, with the manna, which for a time supdence of his being that Prophet,' and insinuate that ported the bodies of the Israelites in the wilderness. Moses wrought a greater miracle in giving the manna.

- vi. 59, 60. Many now question whether he Jesus' answer implies, that He who really gave the

can be That Prophet whom they were to hear in all manna was now himself, given of the Father to give

things. They say, This is an hard saying ; who can life unto the world.'

hear it?' - vi. 34.7. They ask that themselves may

vi. 61–3. Jesus points his disciples to tho evermore be given this bread; upon which Jesus

grand evidence which was yet to be given them of answers, I am the bread of life;' but intimates that

his Messiahship—his resurrection and ascension :they are not in a fit state to enjoy the blessing: they had seen, but not believed ; and they had not come

tells them that the Spirit is the agent, and his words as having learned of the Father, else they would not

the means of conveying spiritual life. have met with the repulse.

vi. 64, .5. Jesus evinces his knowledge of

their state, and the need they had of the preparative - vi. 38–40. Jesus states the purpose of his

work of the Father, of which he had before spoken, coming from heaven; and what the will of the Father is with regard to all who come to him

ver. 29 and 44, pp. 327, .30.

that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have

- vi. 66–.9. Many disciples go back, and walk everlasting life,'such will be raised up at the last day.'

no more with Jesus. He asks the twelve, Will ye

also go away!' Peter's answer implies a knowledge - vi. 41, .2. The Jews murmur; and shew their

of the great purport of the discourse, even that we ignorance of Jesus, as to whence he came, and what

must feed upon the words of eternal life, ministered he came to do, by speaking of him as if he were only

by, and concerning Christ Jesus. The confession a man.

now made is the same with that immediately before - vi. 43.8. Jesus alludes to what he had said, the transfiguration, Mt. xvi. 16, § 50. ver. 39, 40, and tells them that he had come to fulfil

- vi. 70, .1. Jesus, by implication, warns his the promise, They shall be all taught of God,' ver. 45;

disciples not to trust in any outward profession or and that it was only thus, and through him, that

privileges whatever. Even among the twelve, chosen men can be nourished up unto everlasting life.

by the Lord himself, was one that should betray him, vi. 49-51. He draws a contrast between this and of whom, even thus early, he says, 'one of you is bread, and that of which their fathers did partake in a devil.'

*** It may facilitate the study of this Section, to recollect that the discourse of our Lord which it contains was, in part at least, delivered in the synagogue at Capernaum, ver. 59, about the time of the passover, ver. 4, $ 40, p. 311. There seem to be allusions to the paschal sacrifice, especially near the close of the discourse. And the frequent allusions to the words of Isaiah may be accounted for by supposing that the portion of the Prophets read in the synagogue that day lay somewhere between Is. liii. p. (55), which speaks of the sacrifice of Christ, and ch. lvi. 1-8, p. (61), where new covenant blessing is freely presented to the stranger, or world, as well as to Israel. Toch. v. 1-4, p. (55), there appears to be a reference in Jno. vi. 27.9, p. 326 : and perhaps to Is. lv. 13, p. (55), in Jno. vi. 30, p. 327: to Is. liv. 13, p. (89), there is a direct reference in Jno. vi. 45, p. 330, and the connection is more or less obvious throughout.

THOU SHALT KEEP THE COMMANDMENTS OF THE LORD THY GOD, TO WALK IN HIS WAYS, AND TO FEAR HIM. Deut. viii. 6.

No. 43. JOHN vi. 25–71. At Capernaum. e at 25 And when-they-had-found him on-the-other-side of-the sea, they said unto-him, Rabbi,

26 when camest-thou hither? Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I-say untoyou, Ye-seek me, not because ye-saw the-miracles, but because ye-did-eat of the loaves,

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. Jno. vi. 25. when camest thou hither I-Jesns had, 26. not because ye saw the miracles, &c.--they folliterally fulfilled the words, Thy way is in the sea, lowed Jesus, not because they saw the evidences of and thy path in the great waters, and thy footsteps his being That Prophet that should come into the are not known,' Ps. lxxvii. 19.

world,' ver. 14, § 41, p. 317, but because they did eat

of the loaves, &c.—see ver. 8–13, $ 40, p. 312.

NOTES. 26. Ye seek me, not &c. Our Lord, observing that advantage, takes occasion, from the natural and the multitude which flocked to him were influenced, earthly bread with which he had supplied them, to in the question they put, by idle curiosity, and a advert to their need of spiritual and celestial nutridesire, not for spiritual improvement, but for worldly ment.

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. Jno. vi. 26. Let us examine ourselves. If we seek living, we must not expect to be acknowledged by after Jesus, only for temporal good-for an earthly | Christ as his disciples.

* This is Lesson 42 in the System of Graduated Simultaneous Instruction.'

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John vi. 27. 27 and were-filled. Labour epyačeole not for-the meat which perisheth, but for that meat

which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall-give unto-you: for him hath God the Father -sealed.

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS.

HE THAT BELIEVETH ON THE SON OF GOD HATH THE WITNESS IN HIMSELF: HE THAT BELIEVETH NOT GOD

26. and were Alled—this appears to have been a ch. i. 32, § 10, p. 70. This was the sign, or sealing, conspicuous feature of the miraculous feeding; it is which the Father had promised to give the Baptist, noticed by all the four evangelists, and three of them that Jesus was the true Baptizer, ver. 33, He that use the same words, and they did all eat, and were sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto filled 'see Mt. xiv. 20, &c., $ 40, p. 314.

me, Upon whoin thou shalt see the Spirit descending. 27. Labour not, &c.--they seem to have made much and remaining on him, the same is he which bapexertion to get to Jesus, ver. 24, § 42, p. 322; but

Lizeth with the Holy Ghost'-ver. 34, And I saw, chiefly, it would appear, through a regard to the

and bare record that this is the Son of God'-By the meat that perisheth, ver. 25,.6, p. 325. It is likely our

Spirit, the sons of God are sealed in Christ in Lord refers to the words of the prophet, Is. lv. 2,

whom also... after that ye believed, ye were sealed • Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not

with that Holy Spirit of promise,' Ep. i. 13—and the bread ? and your labour for that which satisfieth exhortation to them is, Grieve not the Holy Spirit not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of rewhich is good, and let your soul delight itself in fat

demption,' iv. 30 it is for the purpose of accomness ;' the meaning of which passage is much brought

I plishing the sealing of the hundred and forty and four out in the succeeding discourse, which, for the most thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel. part, is upon eating the word of God.

that the preaching of the gospel has come westward, endureth, &c.—The word of the Lord endureth

Rev. vii. 244. for ever,' I Pe. i. 25.

Jesus had before directed attention to the fulness the Son of man, &c.-he who thus calls himself

of evidence with which his commission was sealed, Jno. the Son of man' had just before been acknowledged

v. 32–47—see Introduction to Sect. xxiii. p. 179. The as 'the Son of God,' Mt. xiv. 33, $ 41, p. 321.

commission to which he was sealed seems adverted

to Is. lv. 4; where there is a call to look unto Jesus, him hath God the Father sealed--the allusion here

| as being given of the Father: a fact which is reseems to be to sealed credentials; Jesus was the

peatedly pointed out in the succeeding discourse, as fully accredited ambassador from the God of heaven

1 ver. 32, 7-Jesus, as being the Christ, was given to and earth, sent to treat with his rebellious subjects,

exercise the office of a Prophet, or that of 'a witness and call back to their allegiance those who had been

to the people;' and the office of Priest, or that of a given the high privilege of having committed to

leader, introducing us to the Father, through his them the oracles of God What advantage then

death, and through his intercession, as being the hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumci

firstborn from the dead ; his third office is that of a sion ? Much every way: chiefly, because that unto

King, a "commander to the people comp. Is. lv. 4 them were committed the oracles of God,' Rom. iii.

with Rev. i. 5, where he whom the Fat ber hath sealed 1, 2-if they would not receive the offers of his grace

is described as a Prophet, 'the Faithful Witness ; ' a presented by the Son of God, then were they to be

| Priest, the First-begotten of the dead;' and King, disinherited - Therefore say I unto you, The king

the Prince of the kings of the earth.' Not only did dom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a

the Father bear ample witness to the Son, at his nation bringing forth the fruits thereof,' Mt. xxi. 43,

coming into the world, but from the Apocalypse 884he that believeth not on the Son, to whom the

may be seen, that he hath been so overruling the Father hath borne the fullest testimony, Jno. xv. 24,

affairs of nations ever since, as to make even the ut$ 87. says in effect, that God hath given his name to

most strivings of his enemies bear witness to the truth, a lie, 1 Jno. v. 10 (see the border)-but he that hath

that Jesus is indeed the Sent of God. See the openreceived his testimony hath set to his seal that God

ing of the seven seals, Rev. vi., &c. The angel which is true,' Jno. iii. 33, § 13, p. 90.

shewed the book to John said, 'I am thy fellow-serUpon Jesus entering on his public ministry, John vant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending Jesus: worship God : for the testimony of Jesus is from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him, the spirit of prophecy,' Rev. xix. 10.

HAT MADE HIM A LIAR; BECAUSE HE BELIEVETH NOT THE RECORD THAT GOD GAVE OF HIS SON.I Jno. V. 10.

NOTES

27. Labour not, &c. This does not mean that we Sealed, doppáyı toy. Hath confirmed, authorized are to make no effort for the supply of our temporal commissioned, as it were, with the witness of a seal. wants-comp. 2 Th. iii. 10, For even when we were with which privileges and orders were sealed; mirawith you, this we commanded you, that if any would cles were to his doctrine what a seal is to a written not work, neither should he eat ;' but that we are not instrument.-See NOTE, Jno. iii. 33, S 13, p. 91. to manifest undue anxiety; we are not to make this

[The expression points out Christ's commission as the main or supreme object of our desire-see NOTE, a Prophet or Priest. As a person who wisbes to comMt. vi. 25, $ 19, p. 135.

inunicate his mind to another at a distance, writes [That meat which endureth, fc. The speaking of a letter, seals it with his own seal, and sends it dispiritual food as meat and drink is familiar to eastern rected to the person for whom it was written: so nations, and frequent in Scripture-see Pr. ix. 5, Christ, who lay in the bosom of the Father, came to • Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which interpret the Divine will to man; bearing the image, I have mingled;' Isa. lv. 2, Wherefore do ye spend superscription, and seal of God, in his holiness, doo money,' &c.- see 'Scrip. Illus.' supra.]

trine, and miracles. ]-See Scrip. Mus.'

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. (27 ver. If men labour to obtain food for the body, Jesus, yet we must not expect the increase of this much more should the Christian be diligent in knowledge without labour. God uses the instrusearching the Scriptures, to obtain that which mentality of the creature in opening that evidence nourishes the soul unto everlasting life-see Is. lv. 2, which is sealed. We have each need to pray, 'Open • Scrip. Illus.' supra. Although we are to labour to thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things obtain the precious word of God, in order to feed out of thy law,' Ps. cxix. 18. Jesus is the fully acthereon, yet we are not to consider ourselves worthy credited Messenger of the Father; and in him the of such reward for our labour ; we are to receive it fulness of the Godhead is treasured up. Let us earas being given to us of God in Christ Jesus. Although nestly seek to have opened unto us the treasures of the knowledge of God's word is freely given to us of wisdom and knowledge, which are hid in Christ.)

326)

OUR LIFE IS THE ONLY PROOF OF OUR FAITH.

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