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SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 68. visited-Israel in Egypt, Ex. iii. 16-God visit of the prophets confirmed by Christ, Lu. xxiv. 26, 7, ing man. Ps. viii. 4-visited his flock, the house of $ 94-by Peter, Ae. iii. 11-21; 2 Pe. i. 21-by the angel Judah, but Jerusalem knew not the time of her of Jesus, Re. xix. 10. visitation, Lu. xix. 44, S 82-compare Je. xiv. 8-shall 71. saved from-prediction, Is. xiv. 12; Je. xxiii. 6; see him again when prepared to receive him, Zep. ill. l xxx. 8: Eze. xxxiv. 25-the salvation was to be by 127.

him who first came lowly and riding upon an ass, Redeemed-sent redemption unto his people, Ps. Zec. ix. 9. exigtheir redemption contemplated, Is. Ixiii. 1-13 72. remember-see Sect. i. pp. 2. 7. Zacharias' -joy of the redeemed people, Is. xxxv. 10; li. 11

promise to remember his covenant to Jacob, &c., Le. their Redeemer, liv. 5, 8-their redemption consum xxvi. 42-5-with Jerusalem, Exe. xvi. 60-3-the mated in the resurrection, Ho. xiii. 14; I Co. xv. 51.5. Lord's remembrance of his covenant rejoiced in, Ps.

69. horn, Ps. lxxxix. 3, 4. 23, .4; cxxxii. 17-see for xcviii. 3; ev. 8-11-see ver. 51, .5-confirmation, Ac. this salvation, Zec. xii. 7-10; xiii. 1.

iii. 25, .6; Ga. iii. 15–.7. 70. as he spake-Israel spake of the people who

73. the oath-see Scripture Illustrations, p. 3. Elisashould enjoy the blessing of redemption, Ge. xlviii. beth,' Ge. xxii. 16–.8see Notes-confirm, He. vi. 13. 14_22_of their Redeemer to come of Judah, xlix. 74. without fear-nothing to hurt or destroy. Is. 8_10_Moses spake of the promised salvation, De. lxv. 25-not learn war any more, Is. ii. 4; Mi. iv. 3xxxiii. 26–9- David spake, 2 Sa. xxiii. 2-5-words confirmation, Ro. viii. 19-21.

NOTES. 09. An horn of salvation. The metaphor may be of Messias, through whom the promised mercy will derived froin horned animals, whose strength is in be fully bestowed. their horns: hence horn' was a term commonly ! The oath and the memorial of the Lord do both used to denote strength, and thus became an emblem

express the same three things, as may be seen by of power and principality.

comparing them thus:-The first naine, Abraham, (On each of the four corners of the altar there corresponds with the first part of the oath: the third was an eminence, or small projection, called a horn. name, Jacob, with the second part, which respects To this, persons might flee for safety, when in dan the supplanting of the enemy; and the second name, ger, and were safe, 1 Ki. i. 50; ii. 28. So the Re Isaac, is expressive of the third and concluding part deemer may be called the horn of salvation,' because of the oath, which speaks of universal happiness as those who flee to him are safe.]

ministered through the promised seed. In the house. In the family, or among the de


| Elisabeth,

Memorial of the Lord, Oath of my God, Ge. xxii. scendants of David.

Ex. iii. 14, .5.

16–.8. 70. Since the world began. All true prophets, from I AM THAT I AM.

By myself have I sworn, the beginning of the world, bare witness to the com • The LORD God of your saith the LORD, for being Messiah. The testimony of Jesus is the spirit fathers.'

cause thou hast done of prophecy.'

this thing, and hast not 72. To perform the mercy. To shew the mercy

withheld thy son, thine promised. The expression in the original is, 'to

only son : make mercy with our fathers.' Which seems to

The God of Abraham,' That in blessing I will point forward to the great result of the work of

The father of a great bless thee, and in mulredemption, through Christ, when all true believers


tiplying I will multiply shall sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, in

thy seed as the stars of the kingdom of God.

the heaven, and as the

sand which is upon the His holy covenant. The word covenant means

sea shore; compact, or agreement. When the word covenant And of Jacob,'

And thy seed shall posis used in the Bible, it means sometimes a command, The supplanter.

sess the gate of his sometimes a promise, sometimes a regular law, as

enemies. the covenant of the day and night, and sometimes the Or Isaac.'

And in thy seed shall all way in which God dispenses mercy, or the old and

Laughter, or great re the nations of the earth new covenants. In the place before us it means the joicing.

be blessed; because promise made to Abraham.

This is my name for thou hast obeyed my 73. The oath. This oath is recorded, Ge. xxii. 16-8. ever, and this is my voice.' 16. By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for be memorial unto all gecause Thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld nerations.' thy son, thine only son; 17, That in blessing I will 74. Without fear. In the sure hope of God's eternal bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed favour; fully confiding in his Almighty protection. as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is God must be served with a filial, but not a slavish, upon the sea shore ; and thy seed shall possess the gate | fear - without the spirit of bondage. Ro. viii. 15, of his enemies ; 18, And in thy seed shall all the nations. For ve have not received the spirit of bondage again of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, voice.' That oath was fully confirmed by the coming whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 169 ver. When Israel's redemption shall take place, will remove from off them the hand that hath afan horn of salvation upon which the shedder of flicted them.] blood may lay hold, will be recognised by the Jew, in

72 ver. The promised redemption to Israel reaches Him, who by wicked hands was crucified and slain.]

not only to the soul but to the body; not only to the 70 ver. Let us never neglect to recognise the unity

children but the fathers. of the prophetic word as testifying of Jesus.

(73 ver. Our Lord having visited his people was

not to break, but to remember, his holy covenant, 71 rer. When Jesus hath saved his people from the oath which he sware to our father Abraham ; their sins and brought Judah to the cross, he will of the promises made in which oath, we should be also be their salvation from their enemies, and he the Lord's remembrancers.)


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MAROINAL READINGS:- All our days. m (Without the article of Jehovah).

• Bowels of compassion. P In which, 9 Sun-rising,

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NOTES. 75. In holiness and righleousness. In holy devoted. rising of the sun. God is its author, and through his ness of heart and life towards God, and in all up-mercy it shines on men. Christ is the morning light, rightness of conduct towards man.

the rising sun, Mal. iv. 2, But unto you that feor Before him. Performed as in his presence, and

my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with with the full consciousness that God sees the heart.

healing in his wings; and ye shail go forth, and grow Such as God would approve.

up as calves of the stall.' As the dawn or day-spring

is the pledge of the coming glory of the natural sun, All the days,&c. Not for a day or two, or only on so is the birth of the Lord Jesus a sure pledge of the festivals and sabbath days, as under the Jewish dis

coming of the Sun of Righteousness-even the same pensation, but every day we live.

blessed Lord, to reign in great power and glory.-See 76. And thou, child, sc. Zacharias predicts in this 2 Ti. i. 10, Bul is nou made manifest by the appear. and the following verses, the dignity and the employ-| ing of our Sariour Jesus Christ, icho hath abolished ment of John; the subject and success of his preach death, and hath brought life and immortality to light ing

through the gospel.'] Face of the Lord. The Lord Jesus Christ,' whose 79. In darkness and in the shadow of death. Terms prophet, harbinger, and forerunner, John was; and expressive of a sad and miserable condition. (2 so is a proof of Christ being the Supreme, or Most Sa. xxii. 29, . For thou lamp, O LORD: and High God.

the LORD will lighten my darkness.' 'Is. viii. 22; Ps. (In this verse, and following verses, we have a re xliv. 19, Though thou hast sore broken us in the place markable prophecy respecting the dignity, office, and of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.' success of John; also describing the nature, privi- Job iii. 5; Ps. cvii. 10, .4. 10, Such as sit in darkleges, and effects of the gospel, and foretelling its ness and in the shadow of death, ... bound in salvation both among Jews and Gentiles.]

affliction and iron; 14, He brought them out of darkTo prepare his ways. This is taken from Is. xl. 3,

ness and the shadow of death, and brake their bands The voice of him thal crieth in the wilderness, Pre

in sunder.' And Is. ix. 1.] pare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the To guide our feel, fc. The figure in these verses is desert a highuay for our God.'

taken from travellers, who being overtaken by night 77. Knowledge of salvation. Knowledge of Jesus,

know not what to do, and who wait patiently for the who is the way of salvation, and of that manner of

morning light, the rising of the sun, that they may life unto which men are saved, who in truth are led

know which way to go.-See Is. xlix. 9-12. unto the Author of salvation, who was then about to

[This song of Zacharias is exceedingly beautiful. appear.

It expresses with elegance the great points of the

plan of redemption, the doings of John, and the By the remission of their sins. The word remission

mercy of God in providing that plan. That mercy means pardon. This implies that the salvation about I was great. It is worthy of praise ; of our highest, to be offered, was that which was connected with the loftiest songs of thanksgiving; for we were in the pardon of sin.

shadow of death-sinful, wretched, wandering-and [78. Whereby the day-spring, Sc. The word day. the light arose, the gospel came, and men may respring means the morning light, the aurora, the joice in hope of eternal life.]


PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. [73, .4 ver. How kind is our God in assisting our re-Israel, even that we may serve our God without membrance, by writing his promises, not only in dread of the enemy, in holiness and righteousness, words, but in the names of himself and his people before the Lord, all the days of our Life. Zacharias having paraphrased the name Jesus, the

| 76 ver. If the ways were to be prepared for the Saviour, now refers to his own name, memorial, or

Lord as coming in humiliation, how much more remembrance of the Lord,' and Elisabeth oath or should we desire their preparation for his appearing my God,' and then dwells upon that of his child

in glory ?-That which John preached, the gracious John, that is, grace, or what is granted or given of

manifestation of practical charity, is one of the best Jehovah.']

preparations for the coming of Him who gloried in 71, .5 ver. Let us earnestly seek to be favoured this characteristic of his ministry. To the poor the with the deliverance which is yet to be granted unto l gospel is preached.' Lu. vii. 22. S 29.

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DAYSPRING. Laur to be written in the hearts of his united people : prediction:-Mal. iv. 2, But unto you that fear my Je. xxxi. 31-3-see ch. xxxi. p (39).

name shall the Sun of righteousness,' &e.see. Notes. ne that remaineth in Jerusalem to be holy : Is. iv.3, And confirmation -Jno. viii. 12, $ 55, I am the light,' &c. it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he -Rev. xxii. 16, I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem.' the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.'

the people to be all righteous: -Is. Ix. 21, Thy people also shall be all righteous: they shall inherit the land for

79. TO GIVE LIGHT. ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands,

prediction : the light :-Is. ix. 2, The people that that I may be glorified.'

walked in darkness have seen a great light : they that confirmation - Ep. i. 4, According as he hath chosen dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath ns in him before the foundation of the world, that we

| the light shined.' should be holy and without blame before him in love.'

the darkness to become light :-xlii. 16, 'And I will bring iv. 24, 'And that ye put on the new man, which after God the blind.

the blind by a way thut they knew not; I will lead them is created in righteousness and true holiness.'-2 Ti. i. 9,

in paths that they have not known: I will make darkness · Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling,

light before them, and crooked things straight. These pot according to our works, but according to his own things WI.

things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.' purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus thy light is come :-Is. lx. 143. 1.. Arise, shine: for before the world began,'- See also p. (11), ver. 49, under thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon the saints to reflect his holiness.'

thee. 2, For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth,

and gross darkness the people : but the LORD shall arise 76. GO BEFORE THE FACE OF THE LORD.

upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee. 3. And as predicted :-Is. xl. 3, . The voice of him that crieth,' the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the &c.-Mal. iii. 1, Behold, I will send my messenger,' &c. brightness of thy rising.'

confirmation :-Mt. iii. 1-12; Mk. i. 1-8; Lu.fii. 3-17. confirmation : --Simeon's, Lu. ii. 26-32, § 4, pp. 24, .5. $ 7, pp. 43—54; vii. 27,.8; Mt. xi. 10, $ 29.

John the Baptist's :Jne. i. 9, 97, p. 47.

Paul's: Ac. xxvi. 23, That Christ should suffer, and 77. REMISSION OF SINS.

that he should be the first that should rise from the to be proclaimed Je, iii. 12..

3see ch. iii. p. (39). 12, dead, and should shew light unto the people, and to . Go and proclaim these words toward the north,' &c. the Gentiles.'-2 Co. iv. 4-6. 4, ...... the god

promised: -Je. xxxi. 31, .And they shall teach no more of this world bath blinded the minds of them which every man his neighbour, and every nian his brother, believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of sasing. Know the LORD : for they shall all know me, I Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith them. 5, For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake. remember their sin no more.'--For ch. xxxi. see p. (39). 1 6. For God, who commanded the light to shine out of

to many :Is. liii. 11, He shall see of the travail of his | darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their Christ.'--Ep. v. 8, 14. 8,. For ye were sometimes darkiniquities.'

ness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children confirmation :- Jno. i. 29, § 10. p. 69.

of light.' 14, • Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that Jesus eralted to give repentance to Israel, and forgive. sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give ness of sins:Ac. v. 31, Him hath Gorl exalted with his thee light.' right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give SHADOW OF DEATH,Ps, cvii. 10.4. 10, Such,' &c.- see repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.'

Notes.'-Is, ix. 2, The people that,' &c.- see above. preached to Cornelius:-Ac. x. 43, .To him give all the valley of dry bones :-Eze. Xxxvii. 1-14-see p. (30). I, prophets witness, that through his name whosoever be- The hand of,' &c.--Am. v. 8, Seek him that maketh the lieveth in him shall receive remission of sins.'

seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death proclaimed by Paul in Pisidia :-xiii. 23-39-see ch. xiii. into the morning, and inaketh the day dark with night: p. (65). 23, of this man's seed hath God according to that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them his promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus,' &c. out upon the face of the earth: The LORD is his name.'

before Agrippa :--xxvi. 18, To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of GUIDE. Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of promised :-Is. xlviii. 17-22. 17. Thus saith the LORD. sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I am the LORD by faith that is in me.'

thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee through the shedding of blood :-He. ix. 22, 'And almost by the way that thou shouldest go. 18, O that thou hadst all things are by the law purged with blood, and without hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace sbedding of blood is no remission.'

been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the by faith :-Rom. iii. 24, 5–see p. (2), ver. 6, RIGHTEOUS.' sea : 19, thy seed also had been as the sand, and the off

according to grace: Ep. i. 7, in whom we have re- spring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof; his name demption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, ac should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before cording to the riches of his grace.'

me. 20, Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chal

deans, with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter 78. TENDER MERCY.

it even to the end of the earth; say ye, The LORD hath the Lord's relentings over Ephraim:Je. Xxxi. 20, Is redeemed his servant Jacob. 21. And they thirsted not Ephraim my dear son ? is he a pleasant child ? for since when he led them through the deserts: he caused the I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: waters to flow out of the rock for thein: he clave the rock

also, and the waters gushed out. 22, There is no peace, have mercy upon him, saith the LORD.'-Ho. xiii. 14, I saith the LORD, unto the wicked.'-xlix. 10, 'They shall will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will re- not hunger nor thirsti neither shall the heat nor sun deem them from death: () death, I will be thy plagues ; smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.' hid from mine eyes.'

they shall ask this guidance with true repentance, and prayer for lender mercy :-XIV.0, Ephraim sau say, their faces Zionward :-Je. 1. 4, 5. 4,‘In those days, and What have I to do any more with idols? I have heard

in that time, saith the LORD, the children of Israel shall him, and observed him: I am like a green fir tree. From

come, they and the children of Judah together, going and me is thy fruit found.'

weeping : they shall go, and seek the LORD their God. confirmation the reception of the prodigal, Lu, xy.

5, They shall ask the way to Zion with their faces thither

The che 20, $ 68, ' And he arose, and came to his father,' &c.

ward, saying, Come, and let us join ourselves to the LORD God commendeth his love :-Rom. v. 7, 8. 7, For in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten.' scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradven

and asking they shall obtain Je. xxxi. 9_see p. (39), ture for a good man some would eveu dare to die. 8, But

They shall come with weeping,' &c. God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we taking heed according to the uord :-Ps. cxix. 1-9, were yet sinners, Christ died for us.'

Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the gare his only begotten Son :-Jno. iii. 16, § 12, p. 86.-1 law of the LORD,' &e. 1 Ino. iv. 9, In this was manifested the love of God

confirmation : the good shepherd,' Jno. X. 4-16. toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son

$ 55.-1 Pe, ii. 21-5, For even hereunto were ye called : into the world, that we might live through him.'

because Christ also,' &c.--Rev. vii. 17, For the Lamb rich in mercy :-Ep. ii. 4, 5. 4, But God, who is rich which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, in mercy, for this great love wherewith he loved us, 5, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: eveu when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.' together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved.)'

xiv. 1-5.

80. GREW.

writing of the house of Israel, neither shall they see the same of Samson Ju. xiii. 21, .5. 24, 'And the enter into the land of Israel; and ye shall know that woman bare a son, and called his name Samson : and I am the Lord God. the child crew, and the Lord blesseri him. 25, And the 10 Because, even because they have seduced my people, Spirit of the Lord began to move him at times in the saying, Peace; and there was no peace; and one built camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.'

up a wall, and, lo, others daubed it with untempered of Samuel :- Sa. iii. 19-21. 19, ' And Samuel grew, 11 morter: say unto them which daub it with untemand the LORD was with him, and did let none of his

pered morter, that it shall fall : there shall be an words fall to the ground. 20, And all Israel from Dan overflowing shower; and ye, O great hailstones, shall even to Beer-sheba knew that Samuel was established to 12 fall; and a stormy wind shall rend it. Lo, when the be a prophet of the LORD. 21, And the LORD appeared wall is fallen, shall it not be said unto you, Where is again in Shiloh: for the LORD revealed himself to Sa | 13 the daubing wherewith ye hare daubed it? Therefore muel in Shiloh by the word of the LORD.'

thus saith the Lord God; I will even rend it with a Jesus:--Lu. ii. 4052, S6, pp. 402.

stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overDESERTS.

flowing shower in mine anger, and great hailstones in the call to repentance and comforting promised to be 14 my fury to consume it. So will I break down the given in the wilderness :-Ho. ii. 14, . Therefore, behold,

wall that ye have daubed with untempered morter, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and

and bring it down to the ground, so that the foundaspeak comfortably unto her.'-Eze. XX. 357. 35, And

tion thereof shall be discovered, and it shall fall, and I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and

ye shall be consumed in the midst thereof: and ye shall there will I plead with you face to face. 36, Like as I

ace. 3. Like as i 15 know that I am the LORD. Thus will I accomplish pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land

my wrath upon the wall, and upon them that have of Egypt, so will I plead with you, saith the Lord GOD.

daubed it with untempered morter, and will say unto 37. And I will cause you to pass under the rod, and I

you, The wall is no more, neither they that daubed will bring you into the bond of the covenant.'-Is. xl. 1, 3. 16 it; lo wil, the prophets of Israel which prophesy con. 1, Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God.'

cerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for 3. The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Pre

her, and there is no peace, saith the Lord GOD. pare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert

17 Likewise, thou son of man, set thy face against the a highway for our God.'

daughters of thy people, which prophesy out of their confirmation :-Mt. iii. I, &c., $ 7, p. 50; zi. 7, § 29.

18 own heart; and prophesy thou against them, and

say, Thus saith the Lord God; Woe to the women 4. JOSEPH.-Mt. i. 18, S 2, p. 13.

that sew pillows to all armholes, and make kerchiefs "adding' or increase:-Ge. xxx. 24, 'And she called

upon the head of every stature to hunt souls! Will ye bis pame Joseph; and said, The LORD shall add to me

hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save the another son.

19 souls alive that come unto you? And will ye pollute Bethlehem see. Scripture Illustrations.'

me among my people for handfuls of barley and for the birth-place of David:- Sa. xvi. I, 13. 1, And pieces of bread, to slay the souls that should not die, the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn

and to save the souls alive that should not live, by for Saul, seeing I have reiected him from reigning over 20 your lying to my people that hear your lies? WhereIsrael? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee

fore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against to Jesse the Beth-lehemite: for I have provided me a

your pillows, wherewith ye there hunt the souls to king among his sons.' 13, Then Samuel took the horn

make them fly, and I will tear them from your arms, of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren:

and will let the souls go, eren the souls that ye hunt to

21 make them fly. Your kerchiefs also will I tear, and anu the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.'

deliver my people out of your hand, and they shall be -Ps. lxxviii. 70-2. 70, . He chose David also his serv.

no more in your hand to be hunted; and ye shall

22 know that I am the LORD. ant, and took him from the sheepfolds : 71, from fol

Because with lies ye have lowing the ewes great with young he brought him to

made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance. 72, So

made sad; and strengthened the hands of the wicked, he fed them according to the integrity of his heart; and

that he should not return from his wicked way, by guided them by the skilfulness of his hands.'

23 promising him life: therefore ye shall see no more David's appearance in the camp of Israel was as con

vanity, nor divine divinations : for I will deliver my veying bread to his brethren there :- Sa. xvii. 17. And

people out of your hand: and ye shall know that I am Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren

the LORD an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and ISAIAK XXXV. The wilderness and the solitary run to the camp to thy brethren.'

place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall see as to Boaz:-Ru. ii. 4, And, behold, Boaz came 2 rejoice, and blossom as the rose. It shall blossom from Beth-lehem, and said unto the reapers, The LORD abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: be with you. And they answered him, The LORD bless the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the ex. thee.'-iv. 11, 'And all the people that were in the gate, cellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make glory of the LORD, and the excellency of our God. the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and 3 Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and 4 feeble knees. Say to them that are of a fearful heart, do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Beth Be strong, fear not: bebold, your God will come with lehem.'

vengeance, even God with a recompence; he will come prediction :-Mi. v. 2, But thou, Beth-lehem Ephratah, 5 and save you. Then the eyes of the blind shall be though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, vet opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be 6 Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of tongue of the dumb sing : for in the vilderness shall old, from everlasting.'

7 waters break out, and streams in the desert. And the confirmation :-Mť. ii. 4–6, 85, p. 32, Herod demanded parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty of the chief priests, &c.-Jno. vii. 42, $ 55.

land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, EZEKIEL XIII. And the word of the LORD camo

where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes. 2 unto me, saying, Son of man, prophesy against the

8 Aud an highway shall be there, and a way, and it prophets of Israel that prophesy, and say thou unto

shall be called The way of boliness; the unclean them that prophesy out of their own hearts, Hear ye

shall not pass over it; but it shall be for those : the 3 the word of the LORD ; thus saith the Lord GOD;

wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein. Woe unto the foolish propbets, that follow their own

9 No lion shall be there, nor any ravenous beast sball 4 spirit, and have seen nothing! O Israel, thy propbets

go up thereon, it shall not be found there, but the 5 are like the foxes in the deserts. Ye have not gone

10 redeemed shall walk there: and the ransomed of the up into the gaps, neither made up the hedge for the

LORD shall return, and come to Zion with songs and house of Israel to stand in the battle in the day of the

everlasting joy upon their heads: they shall obtain joy 6 LORD. They have seen vanity and lying divination,

and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away saying. The LORD saith: and the LORD hath not sent PSALM CXXVIII. Blessed is every one that feareth them; and they have made others to hope that they 2 the LORD ; that walketh in his ways. For thou shalt 7 would confirm the word. Have ye not seen a vain eat the labour of thine hands : happy shalt thou be,

vision, and have ve not spoken å lying divination, 3 and it shall be well with thee. Thy wife shall be as a whereas ye say, The LORD saith it; albeit I have not fruitful vine by the sides of thine house: thy children 8 spoken? Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Be- 4 like olive plants round about thy table. Behold, that

cause ye have spoken vanity, and seen lies, therefore, thus shall the man be blessed that feareth the LORD. 9 behold, I am against you, saith the Lord God. And 5 The LORD shall bless thee out of Zion: and thou mine hand shall be upon the prophets that see vanity, shalt see the good of Jerusalem all the days of the and that divine lies: they shall not be in the assembly | 6 life. Yea, thou shalt see thy children's children, and of my people, neither shall they be written in the pence upon Israel.

(G. 8.) The residue of the private history of John the Baptist. Luke i. 80.

In the Wilderness of Judæa, East of Jordan. 80 And the child grew, and waxed-strong in-spirit, and was in the deserts till the-day of-his shewing avade Fews unto Israel.

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 80. grew-see the same of Samson, Ju. xiii 24, .5- promised to be given in the wilderness, Ho. ii. 14; of Samuel, I Sa. iii. 19-21-Jesus, Lu. ii. 40–52, $ 6. Eze. xx. 35-7: Is. xl. 1, 3-confirmation, Mt. iii. I,

deserts - the call to repentance, and comforting &c., 57; Xl. 7, 5 29.

NOTES. 80. Strong in spirit. Has been supposed to mean, by the prejudices of the Jewish teachers; and would remarkable for strength of intellect and boldness of moreover approach unto God, and seek that guidance resolution, and his attainments in religious know- of the Holy Spirit, which was indispensable to enable ledge: but we are to recollect that John was to be | him to be the herald of the gospel. filled with the Holy Ghost even from his mother's

His shewing, te. (araderows The word aradoukus wornb; and it is not unlikely that the truth of this

is used for the entering upon an office to which any prediction became more and more manifest.

one has been previously appointed.] Until his mani. In the deserts. The period of his retirement was festation unto Israel, Le. viii. 33–5. Until he entered probably when he would have strength of body and on his publie ministry, as recorded in Matt. iii., $ 7. mind to bear that solitude, which for him was so That is, probably, until he was about thirty years of necessary. In that seclusion he would not be warped age.-See Luke iii. 23, § 8, of Jesus' age at baptism.

GEOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. HILL COUNTRY OF JUDEA.-See Sect. ii., p. 14. DESERTS.-See Wilderness of Judea,' Sect. vii. p. 50.



Matt. i. 1-18, 25; Luke ii. 1–38; iii. 23—38.

(G. 9.) The Messiah born. Luke ü. 1-7. At Bethlehem. 1 And it-came-to-pass in those days, that there-went-out a-decree from Cæsar Augustus, 2 that all the world OKOUMEVNy should-be-taxed. (And this taxing was-first-made 3 when-Cyrenius. was-governor of-Syria.) And all went to-be-taxed, every-one into 4 his own city. And Joseph also went-up from Galilee, out-of the city of-Nazareth, into Judæa, unto the city of-David, which is called Bethlehem ; (because he was of the house 6

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 4. Joseph, Mt. i. 18-the name means 'adding' or also the birth-place of David, who was chosen to feed increase. Ge. xxx. 24 The LORD shall add to me | Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance, 1 Sa. another son.'

xvi. 1, 13; Ps. lxxviii. 70-2-David's appearance in Bethlehem-Rachel died in the way to Ephrath. the camp of Israel was as conveying bread to his fruit bearing,' which is Bethlehem, house of bread: brethren there, I Sa. xvii. 17-see as to Boaz, Ru. ii. -there he who is the bread of life. Jno. vi. 48-51. 14; iv. Il-prediction, Mi. v. 2-confirmation, Mt. ji. 8 43. was brought forth. It appears to have been 146, 35; Jno. VI. 42, 55.

NOTES. 1. In those days. About the time of the birth of perty could have been made only where they were John and of Christ.

residing and had possessions.) A decree. A law, commanding a thing to be done. To decide upon its nature, or its object, regarded

Cæsar Augustus. [This was Caius Cæsar Octavianus as a state measure of the reigning emperor, may be Augustus, (4ugustus-i. e., august, or honourable

extremely difficult; but its use, in a providential as a compliment to his own greatness, and from him point of view, is too obvious to be mistaken. The the month August, which was before called Sextilis, safest course is to understand the words of St. Luke, received its name.) he was proclaimed Emperor of as a parenthetic admonition not to confound this Rome B.C. 29, died A.D. 14. He had received the

à moypaon at the birth of Christ, with the much later, name of Cæsar from Julius Caesar by adoption; and and much more memorable, arroypapi in the time of by that name were called, first, all those of the family

Cyrenius. Such an admonition was both necessary of Augustus, afterwards the heirs of the empire, and

in itself, and justly to be expected from the accuracy finally the emperors themselves.

of this Evangelist. In this case, the text must be Au the world. The whole commonwealth. The

rendered, This enrolment took place before Cyrenius

was governor of Syria.'-See Greswell, vol. I. Diss. Jews called Judæa the earth of all the earth.

| xiv. pp. 531-546.) should be taxed. Our word tax means to levy and 3. His own city. The city which formerly belonged raise money for the use of the government. This is

s is to his family. not the meaning of the original word here. It means rather to enrol, or take a list of the citizens, with their

4. The city of David. Bethlehem, called the city employments, equivalent to what was meant by cen- of David because it was the place of his birth. See nus. An enrolment per capita would necessarily | Mt. ii. I, § 5, p. 31. require the Jews to repair to the places where their Bethlehem. The House of Bread;' and he who genealogical records were kepti a valuation of pro- was born there is called the 'Bread of Life.'

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PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. (L .) The movements of the mightiest empires ver. That which seems to be grievous oppression. are overruled so as that the words of God shall be as, in the circumstances of Mary's being compelled faolled in tbeir season. On account of the decree to make such a serious journey, God is able to overof the Roman Emperor, Joseph and Mary were rule for the more effectual securing of our right, and brought to Bethlehem, where Jesus should be born. procuring our deliverance.



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