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CHRIST CAME FROM HEAVEN TO EARTH, THAT WE MIGHT GO FROM EARTH TO HEAVEN.

Jno. i. 6 There was a-man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 The-same came for

a-witness, to biva bear-witness of hep, the Light, that all men through him might-believe. 8 He was not that Light, to ows but was sent to bear-witness of that Light. 9 That 10 was the true Light, which lighteth every man that-cometh into the world. He-was in 11 the world, and the world was-made by him, and the world knew him not. He-came 12 unto his-own,eis ta idea and his-ownd óc idiot received him not. But as-many-as

received him, to-them gave-he power Fovorav to-become the-sons of-God, even to-them 13 that-believe on his name: which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of-the-flesh,

nor of the-will of-man, but of God. MARGINAL READINOS-a Grace of the Lord. So that he might' is understood in the verb bear witness.'

His own things. d Own people. Right; privilege; liberty.

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 6. sent from God-the same messenger predicted, he was sought to be slain, Mt. ii. 13-16, § 5, p. 34Mal. iii. 1-comp. here with Mt. iii. 1-4; Mk. i. 2, brought up at Nazareth, Lu. iv. 16, § 15, p. 102-from $7, p. 49; Jno. i. 33, S 10; iii. 26-.8, 13

which he was thrust out, ver. 29, ib. p. 105--his own 7. that all through him might believe In the Lord house ; his temple, Mal. iii. I-comp. Jno. ii. 1347, shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall 12 mine house, Is. lvi. 7-his authority quesglory,' Is. xlv. 25– behold, see, we beseech thee, we

tioned, Mt. xxi. 23, S 83.

his own received him not-his own brethren: preare all thy people,' lxiv. 9-see Lu. ii. 10, S4, p. 20through him, I Pe. i. 21- For through him we both

dicted, Mi. v. 1, 3; Is. liii. 3--8-fulfilment : neither

19 did his brethren believe in him, Jno. vii. 3-5, $ 514 have access by One Spirit unto the Father,' Ep. ii. 18.

his townsmen, Lu. iv. 28, .9, S 15-his nation, Mk. xv. . was not that light-John' was a burning and a 9_13. 90: Ac. u. 13_5. shining light,' Jno. v. 35, S 23-but Christ is the Light of the world,' viii. 12, S 55-as the Lamb, of

sons of God-the adoption by faith in Christ Jesus,

Ep. i. 5; Ga. iii. 26-given the spirit of his Son, Ga. whom John testified, Jno. i. 29, $ 10—he is the light

iv. 6-are led by the Spirit, Rom. viii. 14-they sepaof the glory of the heavenly city, in which light the

rate from evil, 2 Co. vi. 16-8-are unknown to the nations of them which are saved shall walk,' Rev.

world, 1 Jno. iii. 1-their future manifestation, ver. 2 xxi. 23, .4-he gives light through his people, as

-heirs of God, Ga. iv. 7-shall inherit all things, brought into oneness with him, Mt. v. 14, § 19.

Rey, xxi. 7. 9. which lighteth every man, fc.-or which, coming

13. not of blood, nor, fc.-not as being, by nature, into the world, lightech every man, as 'All flesh shall

nau descended from Abraham, Mt. iii. 9, § 7, p. 53-chil. see together.' Is. xl. 5- all the ends of the earth dren by adoption, Jno. viii. 33-.6, $ 55; Rom. ii. 28, shall see the salvation of our God,' lii. 10—when the

1.9; ix. 7-14; Ga. vi. 12-.5. eyes of man, as of all the tribes of Israel, ... toward the Lord,' Zec. ix. I-'every eye shall see him,'

I nor of the will of man-the new birth, Jno. iii. 3, 5,

7, 8 12 not of him that willeth,... but of God that Rev. i. 7.

sheweth merey,' Rom. ix. 16-For it is God which 10. was in the world, fc.-predicted, Is. vii. 14; ix.

worketh in you,' &c., Ph. ii. 13- his workmanship, 6. 7. liii. 1, 2-fulfilled, Lu. ii. 1-6, $ 4, p. 19-comp. I created in Christ Jesus unto good works,' Ep. ii. 10ver. 8-14. with He. i. 6-made the worlds, He. 1. 2 of his own will begat he us, by the word of truth, - the world knew him not,' 1 Jno. iii. 1.

Ja. i. 18—begotten us again unto a lively hope,' 11. he came unto his own his own land, Is. viii. 8 1 Pe. i. 3- of incorruptible seed, by the word of --born at Bethlehem, Lu. ii. 1-7, § 4, p. 19; where God'-see also 1 Jno. iii. 9; v. l.

NOTES. 7. or the light; i.e. of Messiah.--See Is. Ix. 1.

Sons of God. Children of God by adoption. ChrisThat all men through him might believe. Jesus was tians are called sons of God, Ist. Because they are to be regarded by all men as the author of salvation, adopted by him, I Jno. iii. 1, Behold,' dc. 20. Be9. That was the true light. Not John, but the Mes

cause they are like him; they resemble him, and

have his Spirit. 3d. They are united to the Lord siah. A true light is one that does not deceive us, as

Jesus, the Son of God--are regarded by him as his the true beacon may guide us into port, or warn us

brethren, Mt. xxv. 40, 8 86; and are, therefore, reof danger. John shone by reflection; Christ, in him

garded as the children of the Most High. self, and by his life and doctrine, was the true light.' 10. He was in the world - See ver. 11.

On his name. Name is frequently put for power.

See Ac. iii. 16; iv. 7, 10–2.
And the world was made by him.-See ver. 3, p. 46.
1. He came unto his own. These words affirm the

13. Which were born. This doubtless refers to the appearance and existence of the Logos on earth in a

new birth, or to the great change in the sinner's human form: i.e. that he became incarnate. In this

mind, called regeneration, or conversion. The term, and the preceding verse, there is a kind of climax in

to be born,' is often used to denote this change.the four particulars now presented concerning the Comp. Jno. iii. 3-8, S 12; 1 Jno. ii. 29. see 'Pr. Refl.' True Light; q.d. The only and true Saviour came Nor of the will of the flesh. Not by the individual's to, and abode in, the world--a world created by him, le

world created by my own will. but which recognised him not as such.'] 12. As many as received him. As the Messiah and

| Nor of man. Not by the power nor will of friends, Son of God, Mt. x. 40, $ 39; Jno. xiii. 20; xiv. 23,

ino. viii. 20 : xiv. 23. teacher, or parents. $ 87.

But of God. Meaning, who obtained that priviTo them gave he power, &-c. To all these he gave lege of sons, not by virtue of ancestry, nor by any the power, privilege, or divine right, by adoption, of affinity or connexion of human descent, but by the becoming the children of God.

I free grace of God.'

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 7 der. John, who proclained the grace of the Lord, unto his own-his own land, his own house, his own and who so directed that it should influence the lives throne; but his own, who might have been expected of all had this written in his very name. Let us to acknowledge his claim, received him not-fearing hence learn to look for light in every word of God. man rather than God.]

8.9 per. There is but one light to be looked to by 12 ver. Men are made the sons of God, not by what all and that light is for all, who will open their eyes is done for them of man, but by their receiving to receive it-even Jesus Christ.

Christ, who was despised and rejected of men ; as 10 ver. Let us be warned not to neglect the oppor having no trust in the flesh, but as believing in him. tunities afforded us of enjoying the light, however

ever 13 ver. No natural relationship, as being of Abrathey may be slighted by others, as Jesus was both by lhe

wyham; nor human rite, such as according to the law; Gentiles and Jews.

nor any human device, nor exercise of authority, can rurer. The secret cause of blindness is unrighteous give us to be heirs with Christ: but only the being ness, as evidenced in the case of the Jews. He came born of God, of incorruptible seed, by the Word.

BELIEVERS ARE NOT ONLY EXCELLENT CHRISTIANS; BUT DILIGENT CHRISTIANS.

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AS IT IS ONLY IN CHRIST THAT GOD CAN WITH COMPLACENCY LOOK UPON MAN,

Jno. i. 14 And the Word was-made flesh, and dwelta eoKNVWgEv among ev us, (and we

beheld elleagueda his glory, the-glory as of-the-only-begotten of the-Father, full of15 grace and truth. John bare-witness of him, and cried, saying, This was-he of-whom I

spake, He that-cometh after me is preferred-before me: for he-was before me. PWTOS 16 uov nv. And of his fulness have-all we'-received, and grace for avta grace. 17 For the

saw was given by Moses, but grace and truth o xapis kat o aindera came by Jesus 18 Christ. No-man hath-seen God at-any-time; the only begotten Son, which is in eis the bosom of-the Father, he hath-declared him. esnynoato. [For John i. 19, see 2 10.) MARGINAL READINGS:_a Tabernacled. b The grace and the truth.

SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 14. made flesh-of the seed of David, Rom. i. 3- 16. his fulness riches of his grace ... abounded in the likeness of sinful flesh,' viii. 3-God was toward us,' Ep. i. 6-8-all fulness,' Col. i. 19-all manifest in the flesh,' I Ti. iii. 16-see also Ga. iv. 4: the treasures of wisdom and knowledge,' ii. 3-fulPh. ii. 6-8; He. ii. 14, .8; X. 5; 1 Jno. iv. 2, 3. ness of the Godhead bodily,' ver, 9, 10-see also Ep. i. noe beheld his glory-as on the mount of Transfigu

22, 3; ii. 4-7; iv. 7, 13-comp. also Jno. xv. 4, 5, ration, Mt. xvii. 1-5, S 51-referred to. 2 Pe. i. 16. .7 | 987 ; Col. ll. 3. -- see also Jno. ii. 11; He. i. 3; iii. 1-6.

17. grace and truth came, Ro. vi. 22, .3; viii. 2-4Only-begotten. This term is never applied by John a better bope, He. vi. 18, .9. to any but Jesus Christ. It is by John five times

18. no man hath seen God at any time that is, applied to Christ, ch. i. 14, .8, supra; iii. 16, .8, S 12; 1 Jno. iv. 9.-Comp. Ge. xxii. 2, 12, .6.

apart from his only-begotten Son, who hath declared

him: as, to Adam, Ge. iii. 8-11-to Abraham, Ge. full of grace and truth-(in his tabernacling among xviii.--the Lord who appeared as a man, ver. 2-and men) went about doing good,' Ac. X. 38-the truth with whom Abram pleaded for Sodom, ver. 23-25of Scripture, Lu. xxiv. 25-7, S 94.

the man with whom Jacob wrestled at Peniel, where 15. John bare witness-as Mt. iii. 11, § 7, p. 54-re- he saw God face to face,' Ge. xxxii. 24-30--the angel ferred to, Jno. iii. 25, .6, S 13-and by Jesus, v. 33, S 23. I who was with Moses in the wilderness, Ex. iii. 2-10.

NOTES. 14. And the Word was made flesh. And (accord- ing;' correspondent to his counsel,' be, as our King, ingly) the Logos was clothed with a human body, bestows upon us 'might,' or power to do his will; and sojourned among us men.' This addition of the and, correspondent to his knowledge,' or the achuman nature to the Divine, implies that conjuncquaintance with God, into which he, as a Priest, tion by which the same person is both Son of God introduces us, he imparts the fear of the Lord,' a and Son of man.

holy reverential confidence in him; Is. xi. 2, And The glory as of the only-begotten of the Father. the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him,' &c. This glory was seen eminently on the Mt. of Trans By Moses. By Moses, as the servant of God. He figuration, $ 51, and to this John had donbtless

was the great legislator of the Jews, by whom, under special reference. It was also seen in his miracles, God, their polity was formed. The law worketh his doctrine, his resurrection, and his ascension. wrath, Rom. iv. 15, Because the law worketh wrath:

Grace and truth, sc. rápitos kai andsias, denotes for where no law is, there is no transgression.' It the largeness of the possession, and the profuseness was attended with many burdensome rites and cereof infinite liberality of communication.-See Ep. iii. monies, Ac. xv. 10, Now therefore why tempt ve God, 8, 18, .9. As the moral law pointed out the disease

to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which which Christ cures, and the ceremonial law shadowed I neither our fathers nor we were able to bear y It was forth that which Christ indeed performed, therefore

preparatory to another state of things. grace answers, by way of contrast, to the moral law,

Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. A system and truth to the ceremonial.]

of religion full of favours. The old system was one He was before me. Or, This is He of whom I said,

of law, and shadows, and burdensome rites. This was He who cometh into the world (or entereth on his full of mercy to mankind, and was true in all things. office after me, is become of greater dignity than

This excludes proud boasting, by shewing that we myself, inasmuch as by his own divine nature, he was

have nothing but what we have received; and si[always before me; i.e., more honourable than I.'

lenceth perplexing fears, for whatever we want, we Bloomfield. See Sect. x, ver. 27-30.

may receive it. [16. of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace. In the 14th verse the Evangelist had said

(18. No man hath seen God at any time.-See Jno. that Christ was full of grace and truth. Of that full

v. 37, S 23; vi. 46, $ 43; 1 Jno. iv. 12; Ex. xxxiii. 20. ness he now says that all the disciples received grace

The prophets delivered what they heard God speak; answering or correspondent to that which is in Christ

Jesus what he knew of God as his equal, and as Jesus; that is, they derive from Christ, from his

understanding fully his nature.] abundant truth and mercy, grace to understand the In the bosom of the Father. This expression is plan of salvation, to preach the gospel, and to live taken from the custom among the Orientals of relives of holiness. The declaration had not exclusive clining at their meals.-See Note on Mt. xxiii. 6. It reference probably to the apostles, but it is to be ex-denotes an intimacy of communion, not merely that tended to all Christians, for all believers have received of saints with angels, but of one who is his Son, in a of the fulness of grace and truth that is in Christ.- sense absolutely unique; intimating that the acComp. Ep. i. 23; iii. 19; Col. i. 19; ii. 9. In all these quaintance the Messiah has with the Divine nature, places our Saviour is represented as the fulness of will, and purposes, is peculiar to him, and such as God, as abounding in mercy, as exhibiting the divine could be affirmed of no other being and corresponds attributes, and possessing in himself all that is neces with ver. 2, the Word was with God.' - Pye Smith. sary to fill his people with truth, and grace, and love. -Yea of his fulness (ie., his exuberant abundance)

Declared him. Made him known. Fully declared have we all received (grace, even grace upon grace,

his nature, perfections, purposes, promises, counsels, blessings superlatively great.' - Bloomfield.)

covenant, word, and works-his thoughts and schemes

of grace his love and favour to the sons of men-his Grace for grace. Correspondent to his grace of mind and will concerning the salvation of his people. * wisdom,' he, as our Prophet, gives us understand. See Serip. Hlus.' above, No man hath, c.

PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. (14 rer. Although Jesus leads many sons into glory, personal ministry, was before him as to office-his he is himself the only begotten of the Father; and in going forth having been from everlasting. him alone can they be found complete. In taber- 16 per. The fulness which is in Christ, is that out naeling among meu, Jesus hath left us an example of the thiness of truth and grace which becomes the

of which all must be supplied, with grace answering sons of God.)

to the grace which shone forth in the only-begotten

Son of God. Those who behold and follow Jesus in humiliation, have the assurance that they will be with him in

17 ver. The law ministered by Moses was but the glory; for which, see Seet. 51, Jesus' Transfiguration,

shadow of better things to come: the grace and the

truth to which he pointed, are truly found in Jesus 15 ver. Jesus, although following John, as to his Christ.

SO IT IS ONLY IN HIM THAT MAN CAN TRULY COME TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD.

SU

WE LOVE HIM, BECAUSE HE FIRST LOVED US.- John iv. 19.

14. MADE FLESH.

18. NO MAN HATH SEEN GOD AT ANY TIME. of the seed of David: -Rom. i. 3, Concerning his Son that is, apart from his only begotten Son, who hath de. Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of clared him : as to Adam Ge. iii. & 11. 8. And they David according to the flesh.'

heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the likeness of sinful flesh :-Rom. viii. 3, For what in the cool of the day and Adam and his wife hid the law,' &e.see ver. 17, infra, 'GRACE AND TRIT.' themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst

God was manifest in the flesh: Ti. iii. 16, 'And with the trees of the garden. 9, And the LORD God called out controversy great is the mystery of godliness: Godunto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? 10 was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself. 11. And world, received up into glory.'

he said, who told thee that thou wast naked ? Hast see also Ga. iv. 4, But when the fulness of the time thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, thou shouldest not eat?' made under the law.'-Ph. ii. 6—8-see p. (36).-He. ii. to Abraham-Ge. xviii. 14.8 14. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers the Lord who appeared as a man :-Ge. xviii. 2. And of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood the same; that through death he might destroy him by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them that had the power of death, that is, the devil.' 18, from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground.' . For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, and with whom Abraham pleaded for Sodom-Ge. xviii. he is able to succour then that are tempted.'-X. 5, 2365. 23, And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou • Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, I also destroy the righteous with the wicked? 24, PeradSacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast venture there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou thou prepared me.' -- Jno. iv. 2, 3—see p. (56).

also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous WE BERELD HIS GLORY.

that are therein ? 25, That be far from thee to do after as on the mount of transfiguration :-Mt. xvii. 1-5, $ 51. this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and

referred to i-2 Pe. i. 16, 27. 16,For we have not fol. that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far lowed cunningly devised fables, when we made known. from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, the man with whom Jacob ucrestled at Peniel. dc. Ge. but were eyewitnesses of his majesty. 17. For he received xxxii. 24-30-see p. (27), ver. 36, “ASHER,' under obfrom God The Father honour and glory, when there came

tained in ansurer.' such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my

the angel who was with Moses in the wilderness :-Ex. beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.'

iii. 2-10. 2, And the angel of the LORD appeared unto see also Jno. ii. 11, 811, p. 78.-He. i. 3,. Who being the

him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he brightness of his glory, and the express image of his

looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the person, and upholding all things by the word of his

bush was not consumed. 3, And Moses said, I will now power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat

turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.'-And

burnt. 4, And when the LORD saw that he turned aside iii. 1-6-see p. (43).

to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, ONLY BEGOTTEN.

and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am l. 5, And applied by John to none but to Jesus Christ. It is by he said, Draw not nigh hither : put off thy shoes from him thus applied five times:-ch. i. 14.8.-see page oppo

off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy site_Jno. iv. 9, . In this was manifested the love of ground. 6, Moreover he said, I am the God of thy God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten

father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the Son into the world, that we might live through him.'

God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face ; for he was compare Ge. xxii. 2, 12,.6-see p. (1).

afraid to look upon God. 7, And the LORD said, I have FULL OF GRACE AND TRUTH

surely seen the affliction of my people which are in

Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their task(in his tabernacling among men), "went about doing good:

masters; for I know their sorrows; 8, and I am come Ac. X. 38, How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about

down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians,

and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.'

and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey;

unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the truth of Scripture:-Lu. xxiv. 25-7, S 94.

the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and 15. JOAN BARE WITNESS.-See page opposite.

the Jebusites. 9, Now therefore, behold, the cry of the 16. HIS FULNESS.

children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen riches of his grace, &c. Ep. i. 6 8. 6, To the praise

the oppression where with the Egyptians oppress them. of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us ac- 10. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Phacepted in the beloved. 7, in whom we have redemption raoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the chilthrough his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to dren of Israel out of Egypt.' the riches of his grace; 8, wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence.'

ISATAH XI. And there shall come forth a rod out all fulness:-Col. i. 19, . For it pleased the Father that

of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of in him should all fulness dwell.'

2 his roots: and the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon all the treasures of wisdom, &c. :-Col. ii. 3, 'In whom him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the are bid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.'

spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge fulness of the Godhead bodily :-Col. ii. 9, 10.9, For

3 and of the fear of the LORD; and shall make him of in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. I

quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he 10, And ye are complete in him, which is the head of |

shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reall principality and power.'-And see also Ep. i. 22, .3—

4 prove after the hearing of his ears: but with rightsee p. (22); ii. 4-7, p. (49).-iv. 7, 13. 7, But unto every

eousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with one of us is given grace according to the measure of the

equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite ! cift of Christ.' 13, Till we all come in the unity of the

the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto al 5 breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked. And perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the

righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and fulness of Christ.'

6 faithfulness the girdle of his reins. The wolf also compare also Jno. xv. 4, 5, $ 87.-Col. ii. 9.

shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie 17. GRACE AND TRUTH CAME :- Rom. vi. 22, .3. 22, down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion . But now being made free from sin, and become servo and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead ants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the 7 them. And the cow and the bear shall feed: their end everlasting life. 23, For the wages of sin is death; young ones shall lie down together and the lion but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ 8 shall eat straw like the ox. And the sucking child our Lord.'-viii. 24. 2, For the law of the Spirit of shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned

life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of child shall put his hand on the cockatrice' den. I sin and death. 3, For what the law could not do, in that 9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mounI it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son tain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of 1 in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.

in the flesh: 4, that the righteousness of the law might 10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the the Spirit.'

11 Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious. And it a better hope :-He. vi. 18, .9.18, That by two im shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set mutable things, in which it was impossible for God to his hand again the second time to recover the remnant lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us: 19, from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, acd which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both surel from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil.'!

[Continued-see next page.]

(ISAIAH XI. continued.)

12 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 13, Speak 12 from the islands of the sea. And he shall set up an thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily

ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the out- my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between

casts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of me and you throughout your generations; that ye 13 Judah from the four corners of the earth. The envy may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.

also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of 14 Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore ; for it is holy

Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be 14 Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim. But they put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein,

shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philistines toward 15 that soul shall be cut off from among his people. Six the west ; they shall spoil them of the east together: days may work be done; but in the seventh is the

they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab; and sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth 15 the children of Ammon shall obey them. And the

any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to LORD shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian 16 death. Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their

hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven 17 generations, for a perpetual covenant. It is a sign be16 streams, and make men go over dryshod. And there tween me and the children of Israel for ever: for in

shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to

the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed. Israel in the day that he came up out of the land 18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of Egypt.

of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables

of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger Mk. i. 1. BEGINNING OF THE GOSPEL.

of God. good tidings of great joy :-Lu. ii. 10, S4, p. 20. had been promised :-Rom. i. 2, (Which he had pro- í

GENESIS XVII. And when Abram was ninety years mised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures.) made nesh, &c. : - Rom. i. 3, 4. 3, Concerning his Son

old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of

unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, David according to the flesh; 4, and declared to be the

2 and be thou perfect. And I will make my covenant Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holi

between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedness, by the resurrection from the dead.'-Ac. xiii. 24. 3 ingly. And Abram fell on his face: and God talked • When John had first preached before his coming the

4 with him, saying. As for me, behold, my covenant is baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel.'

with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. the fellowship of the gospel :- Jno. i. 1-4. ), That

5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, which was from the beginning, which we have heard,

but thy name shall be Abraham ; for a father of many which we have seen with our eyes, which we bave looked

6 nations have I made thee. And I will make thee exupon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;

ceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and 2, (for the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and

7 kings shall come out of thee. And I will establish my bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which

covenant between me and thee and thy seed after

thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, was with the Father, and was manifested unto lis :) 3, that which we have seen and heard declare we unto you,

8 to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. And I that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our

will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus

wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, Christ. 4, And these things write we unto you, that

for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God. your joy may be full.'

9 And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my

covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in SON OF GOD.-See Scripture Illustrations,' page op- 10 their generations. This is my covenant, which ye posite.-Rom. viii. 3, . For what the law could not do, in

shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own

thee; Every man child among you shall be circumSon in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, con.

11 cised. And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foredemned sin in the flesh.'

skin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt 2, 3. BEHOLD, I SEND :-Mal. iii. 1, Behold, I will send 12 me and you. And he that is eight days old shall be my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: circumcised among you, every man child in your and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his generations, he that is born in the house, or bought temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye de with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed. light in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.' 13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought

The voice : Is. xl. 3, The voice of him that crieth in with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting straight in the desert a highway for our God.'

14 covenant. And the uncircumcised man child whose confirm. see page opposite.

flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my cove

nant. NOTES

15 And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, Mk I 1. JESUS CHRIST : Co. xvi. 22, If any man

thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema 16 her name be. And I will bless her, and give thee a Maran-athn Jno. 11. 22,Who is a liar but he that

son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be denieth that Jesus is the ChristPHe is antichrist, that

a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her. denleth the Father and the Son. iv. 15. Whosoever 17 Then Abrabam fell upon his face, and laughed, and shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth

said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that in him, and he in God.'

is an hundred years old ? and shall Sarah, that is 18 ninety years old, bear? And Abraham said unto

19 God, o that Ishmael might live before thee! And EXODUS XXXI. And the LORD spake unto Moses, God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; 9 saying. See, I have onlled by name Bezaleel the son of and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will esta3 Uil, the son of Hur of the tribe of Judah : and I blish my covenant with him for an everlasting cove

have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and 20 nant, and with his seed after him. And as for Ish

in understanding and in knowledge, and in all man. mael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, Aner of workmanship, to devise cunning works, to and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him o work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in cut exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will

Ung of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, 0 to work in all manner of workmanship. And I, be

21 make him a great nation. But my covenant will I

establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto hold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahis. 22 thee at this set time in the next year. And he left off amach, of the tribe of Dani and in the hearts of all talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.

that are wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they | 23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that 7 y make all that I have commanded thee: the ta were born in his house, and all that were bought with

Dernele of the congregation, and the ark of the testi his money, every male among the men of Abraham's mony, and the morey seat that is thereupon, and all house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the f i re of the tabernacle, and the table and his 24 the selfsame day, as God had said unto him. And Furniture, and the pure candlestick with all his furni ture, and the altar of incense and the altar of burnt 95 circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. And Ishmael

Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was Offer hall his furniture, and the laver and his his son was thirteen years old, when he was circum

loths of service, and the holy garments 28 cised in the flesh of his foreskin. In the selfsame day Test, and the garments of his sons, to was Abraham circumcised, and Ishunnel his son. Lost's office, and the anointing oil, 27 And all the men of his house, born in the house, and or the holy place according to all bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised led thee shall they do.

with him.

[graphic]

(G. 2,) No. 7. John the Baptist enters upon his public ministry.-In the Wilderness of

Judæa, East of Jordan.
Matt. iii. 144.
Mark i. 1–4,6.

LUKE iii. 1-6.
[For Matt. ii. 23, see 1 ** The beginning of the gospel of (For Luke ii. 52, see
05, p. 35.]
Jesus Christ, the-Son of God;

86, p. 42.]

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As it-is-written in the prophets, Behold, I send (LTTOOTEXw my messenger Toy ayyelov before thy face, which shall-prepare thy way before thee,

The-voice of-one-crying in the wilderness, Prepare-ye the way of-the-Lord, make his paths straight.

6 Now in the-fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Cæsar, 1 Pontius Pilate being-governor of Judæa, and Herod beingtetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of-Ituræa and of-the-region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the-tetrarch of Abilene, Annas & Caiaphas being-the-high-priests, the-word of-2 God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.'

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NOTES. Mk. i. 1. The beginning of the gospel. The word Pontius Pilate.- See ADDENDA, P. 55. gospel literally signifies good tidings, and particularly Herod being tetrarch of Galilee. This was Herod the good tidings respecting the way of salvation by Lantipas, so

Antipas, son of Herod the Great, to whom Galilee the Lord Jesus Christ. Good tidings of the coming had been left as his part of his father's kingdom. kingdom.

The word tetrarch properly denotes one who presides Jesus Christ. The name of Jesus so often added to | over a fourth part of a country or province; but it the name of Christ in the New Testament is, not only also came to be a general title, denoting one who that Christ might be thereby pointed out as the Sa. reigned over any part, a third, a half, &c. It was | viour, but also that Jesns might be pointed out as the this Herod who imprisoned John the Baptist, Lu. iii. 2 true Christ, or Messiah, against the unbelief of the 18-20, p. 55; and to whom our Saviour, when ar

Jews. This observation will be of great use in many | raigned, was sent by Pilate, Lu. xxiii. 8-11, S 90. 2 places of the New Testament.-See Ac. ii. 36. There. Philip. Another son of Herod, said to be of a mild 21 fore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that I disposition. He raised Bethsaida, in Decapolis, from God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye hare cruci

a poor village to be a beautiful city, and named it Ifed, both Lord and Christ.' - See Jno. v. 31, § 23; Iulia after

Julia, after a daughter of the emperor Augustus.

daughter of Co. xvi. 22; 1 Jno. ii. 22; iv. 15.

See Sect. 48, GEOGRAPHICAL NOTICE Prepare thy way, fc. When a man of rank has to 12. Annas and Caiaphas, &c. The law of Moses appass throngh a town or village, a messenger is des pointed one high priest, therefore in strict propriety patched to tell the people to prepare the way, and to there could be but one. But after the subjection await his orders. Some then sweep the road, others

of Judæa to the Roman yoke, great changes were spread garments, others form arches and festoons on

made; and the occupants of an office, in which had the way.

been vested almost regal authority, were removed 3. The voice of.-See.Came,' p. 50, also p. 51. at the will of the conquerors. Annas had held the Tiberius. He was a most infamous character-a

office eleven years, when he was deposed by the Roscourge to the Roman people. He reigned twenty

man governor, and succeeded by his son-in-law, Caia

phas. three years, and was succeeded by Caius Caligula,

Probably the authority of Annas was still whom he appointed his successor on account of his respected by the people, and he is on that account

Some notorious wickedness, and that he might be, as he mentioned here conjointly with Caiaphas. expressed it, a serpent to the Romans. And yet it is

imagine that the title is given to Annas, as being the said that Tiberius, hearing of the miracles of our

chief of Aaron's family then alive, and regarded as Saviour, was earnest to have him enrolled among

the rightful high priest of the Jews, though Caiaphas

| held the office by appointment of the Roman goverthe Roman deities, but was hindered by the senate. He so favoured the Christians, as to threaten death

centen death nor. Both of them maliciously persecuted the aposto such as molested them on account of their religion. tles for preaching Christ.-See Ac. iv. p. (35.) (La. iii. 1. Now in the fifteenth year. This was the

The word of God.-See in Jeremiah, Ezekiel, &c., thirteenth year of his being sole emperor. He was for many examples of the word of the Lord coming tuco years joint emperor with Augustus; and Luke to the prophets. reckons from the time when he was admitted to share Came John the Baptist. So named, because he the empire with Augustus Cæsar.]

I baptized those who professed to be coutrite on * This, and other superior letters, are introduced to direct to the commencement of the history; and a markas at the end of ver. 3, signifies that the reader is to find the succeeding or supplemental portion in another pospel: so that, by taking up in proper sequence each part, a continuous history may be obtained : 2. Mk. il. - The beginning of, e., going on to the end of ver. 3, indicated by after straight. -The

second portion is in Lu. iii. I, 6 Now in the, 8c., ending at ver. 2, wilderness.' -The succeeding portion is at M i. 1. c in those days, &c., concluding at Judea. Continued at Lu. iii. 3, d And he came into, &c.. to the end of the ver., the remission of sins. And is taken up at Mt. iii. 2, saying, Repent ye, c.

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WHOSOEVER DENIETH THE SON, THE SAME HATH NOT THE FATHER.-1 John ii. 23.

I AND MY FATHER ARE ONE.-Job x. 30.

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