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Mk. i. 5. CONFESSING THEIR SINS:-Pr. xxviii. 13, He 15 And now, O Lord our God, that hast brought thy that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso con people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty fesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.'
hand, and hast gotten thee renown, as at this day ; 30 Job.ch. xxxiii. 27,.8. 27, He looketh upon men, we have sinned, we have done wickedly. and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which 16 O Lord, according to all thy righteousness, I beLas right, and it profited me not; 28, he will deliver seech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain : the light.'-Ps. xxxii. 5, I acknowledged my sin unto because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will fathers, Jerusalem and thy people are become a reconfess my transgressions unto the LORD; and thou for- 17 proach to all that are about us. Now therefore, O gavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah.'-- Jno. i. 8, 9. 8, our God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and his sup
If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and plications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sancthe truth is not in us. 9, If we confess our sins, he is 18 tuary that is desolate, for the Lord's sake. O my God, faithfai and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse uis incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and befrom all unrighteousness.'
hold our desolations, and the city which is called by spoken of Israel:-Le. xxvi. 402.40, If they shall thy name: for we do not present our supplications confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, before thee for our righteousnesses, but for thy great with their trespass which they trespassed against me, 19 mercies. O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, and that also they have walked contrary unto me; 41, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my and that I also have walked contrary unto them, and God : for thy city and thy people are called by thy name. have brought them into the land of their enemies; if 20 And whiles I was speaking, and praying, and conthen their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they fessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and then accept of the punishment of their iniquity : 42, presenting my supplication before the LORD my God then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also 21 for the holy mountain of my God; yea, while I was my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused land.'-Is. Ixiv. 5-9. 5, Thou meetest him that re to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evenjoiceth and worketh righteousness, those that remember 22 ing oblation. And he informed me, and talked with thee in thy ways: behold, thou art wroth; for we have me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give sinned: in those is continuance, and we shall be saved. 23 thee skill and understanding. At the beginning of thy 6. But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our right supplications the commandment came forth, and I am eousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: thereleaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us fore understand the matter, and consider the vision. away. 7, And there is none that calieth upon thy name, | 24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and that stirreth op himself to take hold of thee: for thou upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to hast hid thy face from us, and hast consumed us, be make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for cause of our iniquities. &, But now, O LORD, thou art iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint we all are the work of thy hand. 9, Be not wroth very 25 the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that sore, O LORD, neither remember iniquity for ever: be from the going forth of the commandment to restore hold, see, we beseech thee, we are all thy people.' and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince Ho. y. 15, I will go and return to my place, till they shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: acknowledge their offence, and seek my face: in their the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in affliction they will seek me early.'
26 troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks call thereto :-Joel ii. 12-.& see ch. ii. p. (57).
shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the
people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the eremplified :-Da. ix, 9–23.
city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be DANIEL IX. In the first year of Darius the son of with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations Abasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made 27 are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant 2 king over the realm of the Chaldeans; in the first with many for one week : and in the midst of the year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accom shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, plish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. 3 And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by
and in the returning prodigal :-Lu. xv. 1823, 8 68. prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth. 4 and ashes: and I prayed unto the LORD my God, and
Mt. iii. 7. PHARISEES.-See Scrip. Ilus.' page opposite. made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and SADDUCEES. dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to said there is no resurrection :-Mt. xxii. 23, S 85.
them that love him, and to them that keep his com neither angel, fc. Ac. xxiii. 8, For the Sadducees 5 mandments; we have sinned, and have committed say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor iniquiry, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, spirit: but the Pharisees confess both.' - See Scripture even by departing from thy precepts and from thy Illustrations,' page opposite. 6 judgments: neither have we hearkened unto thy serv.
Lu. iii. 7. GENERATION OF VIPERS.-See page opposite. ants the prophets, which spake in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the!.
seed of the serpent predicted :-Ge. iii. 15, And I will
i pat enmity between thee and the woman, and between 7 people of the land. O Lord, righteousness belong eth unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this
thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou
shalt bruise his heel.' day: to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near, and that 8. FRUITS WORTHY OF REPENTANCE. are far off, through all the countries whither thou represented by washing, as in baptism :-Is. i. 16, Wash
hast driven them, because of their trespass that they you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings 8 have trespassed against thee. O Lord, to us belongeth from before mine eyes; cease to do evil.'
confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to clearing of yourselves:- 2 Co. vii. 10, .1. 10. For godly 9 our fathers, because we have sinned against thee. To sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be re
the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, pented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death. 10 though we have rebelled against him; neither have lii, For behold this selfsame thing, that ye sorrowed
we obered the voice of the LORD our God, to walk in after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought in you,
his laws, which he set before us by his servants the yea, what clearing of yourselves, yea, what indignation, 11 prophets. Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, yea, what fear, yea, what vehement desire, yea, what
even by departing, that they might not obey thy zeal, yea, what revenge! In all things ye have approved voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the yourselves to be clear in this matter.'
oach that is written in the law of Moses the servant of amend your ways: Je, vii. 3, . Thus saith the LORD of 12 God, because we have sinned against him. And he hosts, the God of Israel, Amend your ways and your
hath confirmed his words, which he spake against us, doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this place.' and against our judges that judged us, by bringing works meet for repentance : Ac. xxvi. 20, ‘But shewed upon us a great evil: for under the whole heaven first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and
bath not been done as hath been done upon Jerus-throughout all the coasts of Judaa, and then to the Gen13 lem. As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil tiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do
is come upon us: yet made we not our prayer before works meet for repentance.'
the LORD our God, that we might turn from our ini- exemplified in the younger son :- Mt. xxi. 28, .9, § 84. 14 quities, and understand thy truth. Therefore hath 28, But what think ye? A certain man had two sons :
the LORD watched upon the evil, and brought it upon and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to-day us: for the LORD our God is righteous in all his in my vineyard. 29, He answered and said, I will not: works which he doeth: for we obeyed not his voice. but afterward he repented, and went.'
the same under the gospel :-Mt. xxv. 36, S 86; Lu. vi. representing the twelve tribes, &c. :-Jos. iv. 19-24. 19, 30-6, § 27.--2 Co. viii. 14, .But by an equality, that now And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day at this time your abundance may be a supply for their of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east want, that their abundance also may be a supply for border of Jericho. 20, And those twelve siones, which your want: that there may be equality.'-- Ti. vi. 17, .8. they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal. 21, 17, Charge them that are rich in this world, that they And he spake unto the children of Israel, saying, When be not high minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in your children shall ask their fathers in time to come, the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; saying. What mean these stones? 22, then ye shall let 18, that they do good, that they be rich in good works, your children know, saying, Israel came over this Jor- ready to distribute, willing to communicate,'Ja. ii. dan on dry land. 23, For the LORD your God dried up 15, .6. 15, If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute the waters of Jordan from before you, until ye were of daily food, 16, and one of you say unto them, Depart passed over, as the LORD your God did to the Red Sea, in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye which he dried up from before us, until we were gone give them not those things which are needful to the over: 24, that all the people of the earth might know body; what doth it profit?'- 1 Jno. iii. 17, But whoso the hand of the LORD, that it is mighty: that ye might hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, fear the LORD your God for ever.'
and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how and twelve were set up in the river:Jos. iv. 9. And dwelleth the love of God in him ? Joshua set up twelve stones in the midst of Jordan, in Christ the example:-Rom. v. 7, 8. 7. For scarcely the place where the feet of the priests which bare the ark for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a of the covenant stood : and they are there unto this day.' good man some would even dare to die. 8. But God 9. THE ROOT OF THE TREES.
coinmendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were Christ the root :-Rev. xxii. 16, I Jesus have sent mine yet sinners, Christ died for us.'--2 Co. viii. 9, . For ye angel to testify unto you these things in the churches, know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye and morning star.'
through his poverty might be rich.' for his sake Juda had been preserved: Is. X. 27. And 13. EXACT NO MORE. it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall Justice required, under the law, just judgment :-De. be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from xvi. 18-20. "18, Judges and officers shalt thou make off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth the anointing.'
thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the while Israel was cut down :Is. x. 15, 33, .4. 15, Shall people with just judgment. 19, Thou shalt not wrest the ax boast itself against him that he weth there with ? l judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take or shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh a gift: for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and perit ? as if the rod should shake itself against them that vert the words of the righteous. 20, That which is altolift it up, or as if the staff should lift up itself, as if it gether just shalt thou follow, that thou mayest live, and were no wood.' 33, Behold, the Lord, the LORD of inherit the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.' hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high landmarks: -De. xix. 14, Thou shalt not remove thy ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the hanghty neighbonr's landmark, which they of old time have set shall be humbled. 31, And he shall cut down the thick in thine inheritance, which thou shalt inherit in the land ets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a that the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it.' mighty one.
as to servants' wages: De. xxiv. 147. 14, Thou EVERY TREE:-Is. v. 1-7. 1, Now will I sing to my shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill: are in thy land within thy gates: 15, at his day thou 2, and he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein : lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it thee. 16, The fathers shall not be put to death for the brought forth wild grapes. 3, And now, O inhabitants children, neither shall the children be put to death for of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, be the fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own twixt me and my vineyard. 4, What could have been sin. 17. Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? stranger, nor of the fatherless ; nor take a widow's raiwherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth
1, that it should bring forth ment to pledge.' grapes, brought it forth wild grapes ? 5, And now go to ;| as to weights :-De. xxv. 13-.6. 13, Thou shalt not I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small. 14, take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; | Thou shalt not have in thine house divers measures, a and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden great and a small. 15, But thou shalt have a perfect and down: 6, and I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, I just weight, a perfect and just measure shalt thou have: nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: that thy days may be lengthened in the land which the I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain | LORD thy God giveth thee. 16, For all that do such upon it. 7, For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the things, and all that do unrighteously, are an abominahouse of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: tion unto the LORD thy God.' and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for by the prophets Is. i. 17, Learn to do well; seek righteousness, but behold a cry.'-xxvii. 11,. When the judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: plead for the widow.'-Zec. vii. 9, 10-see above, ver. II, the women come, and set them on fire: for it is a people HE THAT HATH TWO COATS,' under by the prophets.' of no understanding : therefore he that made them will Am. ii. 6. Thus saith the LORD; For three transgresnot have merey on them, and he that formed them will sions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away the shew them no favour.'-See page opposite.
punishment thereof; because they sold the righteous for 11. HR THAT HATH TWO COATS.
silver, and the poor for a pair of shoes. love, practical charity, called for, fc. -De. xv. 7-10. under the gospel :-Mt. vii. 12, S 19.- Co. vi. 7-11. 7, 7. If there be among you a poor man of one of thy I'Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, bebrethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the cause ye go to law one with another. Why do ye not LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine rather take wrong? why do ye not rather suffer your. heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother: 8, but thou shalt open thine hand wide unto him, and shalt fraud, and that your brethren. 9, Know ye not that the
selves to be defrauded ? 8, Nay, ye do wrong, and desurely lend him sufficient for his need, in that which he wanteth. 9, Beware that there be not a thought in thy
unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be wicked heart, saying, "The seventh year, the year of re
not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor lease, is at hand, and thine eye be evil against thy poor with mankind, 10, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunk
adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves brother, and thou givest him nought; and he cry unto the LORD against thee, and it be sin unto thee. 10, Thou
ards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the shalt surely give him, and thine heart shall not be grieved are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in
kingdom of God. 11, And such Fere some of you: but ye when thou givest unto him: because that for this thing the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thy works, and in all that thou puttest thine hand unto.'
Christ the example: Rom. viii. 3, 4, 3,For what the by the prophets-Zee. vii. 9-11. 9, Thus speaketh the
law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew
God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh,
and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: 4, that the meroy and compassions every man to his brother: 10, righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who and oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stran. ger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil. Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us
walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. Ga i. 4, against his brother in your heart. 11. But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped I and our Father.'
from this present evil world, according to the will of God their ears, that they should not bear."
[Continued-see next page.]
IT IS A REPROACH TO MANY RICH MEN, THAT GOD SHOULD GIVE
Matt. iii. 9, 10,
LUKE ii. 8 - 14. 9 and think not to-say within yourselves, and begin * not to-say within yourselves, We have Abraham Tov Alpaqu to-our-father: We-have Abraham to-our-father: for I-say unto-you, that God is-able
for I-say unto-you, that God is-able of these stones to-raise-up children
of these stones to-raise-up children unto Abraham.
unto-Abraham. 10 And now also the axe is-laid unto the And now also the axe is-laid unto the 9 root of the trees: therefore every tree which- root of the trees : every tree therefore whichbringeth'-not-forth good fruit is
bringeth -not-forth good fruit, ishewn-down, and cast into the-fire.
hewn-down, and cast into the-fire.
we-do then? He-answereth and saith unto-them, He that- 11
Then came also publicans to-be-baptized, and said unto 12 him, Master, what shall-we-do? And he said unto them, 13 Exact pagoete no more than that which-is-appointed you.
And the soldiers likewise demanded-of him, saying, And 14 what shall-we do? And he-said unto them, Do-violence-to diageconte no-man, neither accuse-any-falsely; OukopavThonte and be-content-with your wages oyWvious.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. these stones--twelve stones, representing the twelve Zec. vii. 9-11-the same under the gospel, Mt. xxv. tribes, were taken out of Jordan by Joshua, and left 36, § 86; Lu. vi. 30-.6, § 27; 2 Co. viii. 14; 1 Ti. vi. for a sign at their encampment at Gilgal, Jos. iv. 17, .8; Ja. ii. 15, .6; 1 Jno. iii. 17-Christ the example, 19-24; and twelve were set up in the river, ver. 9. Rom. v. 7,8; 2 Co. viii. 9.
9. the root of the trees-Christ the root, Rev. xxii. 13. exact no more-justice required, under the law, 16/it had been for his sake that Judah had been pre-ljust judgment, De. xvi. 18-20-landmarks, xix. 14served, Is. X. 27-while Israel was cut down by the as to servants' wages, xxiv. 14-7-as to weights, xxv. Assyrian, ver. 15, 33, .4.
13-6-by the prophets, Is. i. 17; Zec. vii. 9, 10; Am. every tree, Is. v. 1-7: xxvii. 11-the unfruitful fig 11. 6-under the gospel, Mt. vii. 12, § 19; I Co. vi. tree to be cut down, Lu. xiii. 6-9. $ 64-every branch
7-11-Christ the example, Rom. viii. 3, 4; Ga. i. 4. that beareth not fruit in Christ, Jno. xv. 2, S 87.
14. do violence to no man-peace, Ex. xxi. 12-27; 11. he that hath two coats-love, practical charity, Mi. ii. 2, 8; Mt. v. 38-42, § 19. called for under the law, De. xv. 7-20, open thine neither accuse any falsely--truth, Ex. xx. 16; De. hand wide unto thy poor brother-by the prophets, xix. 16-9-comp. Is. xxxiii. 15-7; 1 Pe. ii. 1, 2.
NOTES. Begin not to say, $c., un donte , syeur, presume He that hath turo coats, &c. It is remarkable that not to say.' Think not the Messiah will advance you one of the first demands of religion is to do good; for being the carnal seed of Abraham, without his and in this way it is that it may be shewn that the faith and holiness.
repentance is not feigned. For, Ist. The nature of These stones. The words, however, are meant to
religion is to do good. 20. This requires self-denial, shew the omnipotence of God, who can raise up
and few will in truth deny themselves who are not instruments to effect his own wise and benevolent
assisted by divine grace. And, 3d. This is to imitate purposes from the meanest subjects.
Jesus Christ, who, though he was rich, yet, &c.
12. Publicans. Collectors of the public monies or [9. The axe is laid, i.e. the axe of judgment and
taxes belonging to the Roman government, an office I punishment is now being directed at;' directing the
generally undertaken, among the Jews, by those who axe at the root of a tree denotes that it is to be cut
had not much regard for the esteem in which they down, not merely lopped. It was customary with the
were held by their fellow countrymen, who felt it prophets to represent the kingdoms, nations, and
degrading to be under a foreign yoke. There is individuals, whose ruin they predicted, under the
reason to think that the publicans or tax-gatherers notion of forests and trees doomed to be cut down.See Je. xlvi. 22, .3, of Pharaoh's overthrow. The with the people, and that, as they had every oppor
were peculiarly oppressive, and hard in their dealings Baptist follows the same metaphor, representing the
tunity of exacting more than they ought, so they Jewish nation as the tree, and the Romans as the axe. JI often did it, and thus enriched themselves. The
The root of the trees. In all the calamities that had evidence of repentance in them would be to break off befallen the Jewish nation, the line of Jesse could their sins, and to deal justly. never be rooted out or extinguished, because the pro 13. Exact no more, &c. That is, by the government. mised Messiah was to proceed from it. But now Though it was hated by the people-though often Messiah was come, and about to be cut off. When abused, and therefore unpopular-yet the ofice itself snch was the case, the Jewish nation, which until this was not dishonourable.-See Rom. xiii. 1, 6. time had been preserved-might well stand in fear.
14. Do violence, dua ononte, signifies, to take a man Bringeth not forth. &c. This is a beautiful and very by the collar and shake him.' This forbids bullying striking tigure of speech, and a very direct threaten
conduct. Neither extort any man's goods or money ing of future wrath. John regarded them as making | by threats of violence. The Romans governed chiefly a fair and promising profession, as trees do in blos- by military force. som. But he told them, also, that they should bear Neither accuse any falsely, oukopart&lv, signifies, 'to fruit as well as howers.
| circumvent' and 'oppress.'
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 7 ver. Those who are the most familiar with the 10 ver. The repentance which John required was a forms and doctrines of religion, such as the Pharisees, real change of heart and life, from selfishness to jusare in the greatest danger of remaining unwarned; tice and benevolence. such are particularly called to self-examination.] Lu. iii. 12-.4. It becomes us to inquire into what
r9 ver. We are not to trust in what our ancestors is our own more especial duty in our particular sta. were, nor in what they may have done for us, anytion or occupation, that we may therein adorn the more than in our own Pharisaic observances or Sad-gospel of the grace of God. The repentance which ducean philosophy. Those may be manifested as the John taught is that which is taught us in the gospel, children of Abraham, yea, as the sons of God, who see 11- 3 ver., mercy and righteousness; 14 ver., peace have been the least expected to be found as such.] and truth.
* On verbal differences, &c., ADDENDA, p. 62. LOVE THE TRUTH AND PEACE.-Zech. viii. 19.
THEM SO MUCH, AND THAT THEY SHOULD GIVE THE POOR SO LITTLE. 12
NO MAN SPEAKING BY THE SPIRIT OF GOD CALLETH JESUS ACCURSED:
(G. 4.) The people beginning to doubt whether John were not the Christ, he foretells the coming of another and a greater person, after him; which is the first of his testimonies to the Messiah or Christ.*- At Bethabara, East of Jericho. Matt. iii. 11, 12..
MARK i. 7,8.
LUKE iii. 154.7. "And as the people were-in-15 expectation, IpoodoKWtos and allmen mused διαλογιζομένων in their
hearts of John, whether he were rCh. i. 6, see p.51.] the Christ, or not; John answered, 16
7 And preached, saying, saying unto-them-all, I indeed baptize
I indeed baptize
• There-cometh one
but one mightis mightier than-I,
ier than I cometh,
of whose shoes I-am
not worthy to-
you with ev water: but he shall-baptize you
he shall-baptize you
he shall-baptize you with ev the Holy Ghost, with ev the Holy Ghost.' with ev the Holy Ghost d and with fire:
and with fire: whose fan is in his hand, and
whose fan is in his hand, and he-will-throughly-purge his floor,
he-will-throughly-purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the
and will-gather the wheat into his garner; but he-will-burn-up the chaff garner; but the chaff he-will-burn with-'unquenchable-fire.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 16. baptise with water, fc.-as to the contrast be- / xxxvi. 25- pour out my Spirit upon all flesh,' Joel tween John's baptizing and that by Jesus-see their ii. 28-confirm., Ac. ii. 2-4; 1 Co. xii. 3. testimony, Jno. i. 26-33, S 10; Ac. i. 5; xi. 16.
17. throughly purge his floor-same figure used, Job
xxi. 17,.8; Ps. i. 4: XXXV. 5-prediction, Mal. iii. 2, he shall baptize with the Holy Ghost - pour my 3; iv. i-confirm., wheat and tares, Mt. xii. 30, $ 32 Spirit upon thy seed,' Is. xliv. 3 - predicted, Eze. -see also xxv. 31, 8 86; also ver. 41, 6, 8 86.
NOTES. 15. In expectation. In suspense, and looking for grace, but which are intended to consume all imthe full evidence of his being the Messias.
pure desires and unprofitable habits of thought and Mused in their hearts. Thought of his character,
action.] his preaching, and success, and anxiously inqutred whether he did not do the things which were expected
12. Whose fan. Winnowing shovel,' mentionet of the Messias.
Is. XXX. 24. It seems, they had two kinds of them;
one with teeth, where with they turned up the corn to I baptize, c.-See Baptism of repentance,' p. 50.
the wind, that the chaff might be blown away; anOne mightier, fc.-See He was before me,' p. 48. other that made wind, if the air was calm.
[God's judgments are likened to a fan: he thereMk. 1.7. Whose shoes I am not worthy, Sc. At
by turns up persons and nations, and scatters and first, in order to keep the feet from the sharp stones,
es, disperses them for their wickedness; and his thus or the burning sand, small pieces of wood were
scattering and overturning them are called his fanfastened to the soles of the feet, called sandals.
ning of them, Je. xv. 7, I will fan them with a fan in Leather, or skins of beasts dressed, afterwards were
the gates of the land; I will bereave them of children, used. The foot was not covered at all; but the san
(of whatsoever is dear, MARG.) I will destroy mu dal, or piece of leather or wood, was bound by thongs.
people, since they return not from their ways.'7 The people put off these when they entered a house, and put them on when they left it. To loose and Purge. Shall cleanse, or purify, bind on sandals, on such occasions, was the business! His floor. The threshing-floor was an open space, of the lowest servants; and their office was, to loose or area, in the field, usually on an elevated part of and carry about their masters' sandals. The general the land, Ge. 1. 10; Ju. vi. 37; Ho. ix. 1. It had no sense is, I am not worthy to perform to him the covering or walls. It was a space of ground thirty or humblest offices.'
forty paces in diameter, and made smooth by rolling Mt. iii. 11. The Holy Ghost. The third person of
it, or treading it hard. A high place was selected, for the adorable Trinity, whose office it is to renew, en
the purpose of keeping it dry, and for the convenience
of winnowing the grain by the wind. It is said they lighten, change, and comfort the soul.
were formed of clay and lees of oil beaten together: [With the Holy Ghost and with fire. Flames ap- which, when once dried, no water could enter it, no peared on the heads of the apostles and first converts weed grow on it, nor any mice, rats, or ants, penetrate on the memorable day of Pentecost, when they re-into it. The grain was usually trodden out by oxen. ceived the miraculons effusion of the Spirit, of which Sometimes it was beaten with flails, as with us; and these flames were the symbols. It is also to be re- sometimes with a sharp threshing instrument, made marked, that accompanying the Holy Spirit's cleans- to roll over the grain, and to cut the straw at the ing of the soul by the application of the word, there same time, Is. xli. 15. After being threshed it was are fiery trials, (1 Pe. iv. 12, Beloved, think it not winnowed. The grain was then separated from the strange concerning the Nery trial which is to try dirt and coarse chaff by a sieve, and then still further you, as though some strange thing happened unto cleansed by a fan, an instrument to produce an artiyou.') There are painful providences, which not ficial wind. This method is still practised in eastern only give occasion to the exercise of newly-acquired nations. See Chall, next page, Notes.'
. On this first testimony of the Baptist, see Greswell, Vol. II. Diss. xix. p. 175.
AND NO MAN CAN SAY THAT JESUS IS THE LORD, BUT BY THE HOLY GHOST.-1 Cor. xii. 3.
[Continued from page 53.]
predicted :-Eze. xxxvi. 25, Then will I sprinkle clean 14. DO VIOLENCE TO NU MAN.
water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your peace :-Ex. xxi. 12-27. 12, He that smiteth a man, I filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.' so that he die, shall be surely put to death. 13, And if a pour out my spirit, fc. Joel ii. 28, And it shall come man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, 14, But if a man come presumptuously upon his neigh- your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall bour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from see visions.' mine altar, that he may die. 15, And be that smiteth confirm. :-Ac. ii. 2-4. 2, And suddenly there came his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death. a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and 16, And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he it filled all the house where they were sitting. 3, And be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death. there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, 17, And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall and it sat upon each of them. 4, And they were all filled surely be put to death. 18, And if men strive together, with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.'-1 Co. xii. he die not, but keepeth his bed : 19, if he rise again, and 3, Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: be quit: only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by shall cause him to be thoroughly healed. 20, And if a the Holy Ghost.' man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he 17. THROUGHLY PURGE HIS FLOOR. die under his hand; he shall be surely punished. 21, same figure used: Job xxi. 17, .8. 17, 'How oft is the Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall candle of the wicked put out! and how oft cometh their not be punished: for he is his money. 22, If men strive, destruction upon them! God distributeth sorrows in and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart his anger. 18, They are as stubble before the wind, and from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely l as chaff that the storm carrieth away.'--Ps. i. 4, The punished, according as the woman's husband will lay lungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.
wind driveth away.'-XXXV. 5, Let them be as chaff 23, And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life before the wind : and let the angel of the LORD chase for life, 24, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, I them.' foot for foot, 25, burning for burning, wound for wound, prediction :- Mal. iii. 2, 3. 2, But who may abide the stripe for stripe. 26, And if a man smite the eye of his day of his coming ? and who shall stand when he apservant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall beareth ? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' let him go free for his eye's sake. 27, And if he smite sope: 3, and he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silout bis manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; ver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.'- Mi. ii. 2,8. I them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the 2. And they covet fields, and take them by violence;| Lord an offering in righteousness. iv. 1, For, behold. and houses, and take them away: so they oppress a man the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the and his house, even a man and his heritage.' 8, Even proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: of late my people is risen up as an enemy: ye pull off the and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the robe with the garment from them that pass by securely LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor as men averse from war.'-See Mt. v. 38–42, S 19.
branch.' NEITHER ACCUSE ANY FALSELY.
confirm.:-wheat and tares-see page opposite. truth :-Ex. xx. 16, . Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.'-De. xix. 16.9. 16, If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him
NOTES that which is wrong; 17, then both the men, between 12. whose fan :-Is. XXX. 24, The oxen likewise and whom the controversy is, shall stand before the LORD, the young asses that ear the ground shall eat clean probefore the priests and the judges, which shall be in those vender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and days; 18, and the judges shall make diligent inquisi- with the fan.' tion: and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and his floor :-Ge. 1. 10, 'And they came to the threshinghath testified falsely against his brother; 19, then shall floor of Atad, which is beyond Jordan, and there they ye do unto him, as he had thought to have done into his mourned with a great and very sore lamentation : and brother: so shalt thou put the evil away from among he made a mourning for his father seven days.'-Ju. vi. you.'
37, Behold, I will put a fleece of wool in the floor; and compare Is. xxxiii. 15—.7. 15, He that walketh right if the dew be on the fleece only, and it be dry upon all eously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the the earth beside, then shall I know that thou wilt save gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding Israel by mine hand, as thou hast said,'Ho. ix. 1, 'Reof bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, Jioice not, O Israel, for joy, as other people: for thou hast and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil; 16, he shall gone a whoring from thy God, thou hast loved a reward dwell on high: his place of defence shall be the muni-l upon every cornfloor.'-- Is. xli. 15, Behold, I will make tions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: shall be sure. 17, Thine eyes shall see the king in his thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat them small, beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off.' land shalt make the hills as chaff.'
- Pe. ii. 1, 2.1, Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, 2, as newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby.'
PSALM CXVI. I love the LORD, because he hath
2 heard my voice and my supplications. Because he NOTES
hath inclined his ear unto me, therefore will I call
3 upon him as long as I live. The sorrows of death 9. the axe is laid:-see Je. xlvi. 22, .3. 22, The voice
compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon thereof shall go like a serpent ; for they shall march 4 me: I found trouble and sorrow. Then called I upon with an army, and come against her with axes, as hewers
the name of the LORD; O LORD, I beseech thee, deof wood. 23, They shall cut down her forest, saith the
5 liver my soul. Gracious is the LORD, and righteous; LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are
6 yea, our God is merciful. The LORD preserveth the more than the grasshoppers, and are innumerable.'
7 simple: I was brought low, and be helped me. Re13. eract no more, sc. :-Rom. xiii. 1, 6. ), 'Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no
turn unto thy rest, O my soul; for the LORD hath
8 dealt bountifully with thee. For thou hast delivered power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.' 6, . For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for
my soul from death, mine eyes from tears, and my
9 feet from falling. I will walk before the LORD in they are God's ministers, attending continually upon 10 the land of the living. I believed, therefore have I this very thing.'
11 spoken: I was greatly afflicted : I said in my haste,
12 All men are liars. What shall I render unto the 16. BAPTIZE WITH WATER.
13 LORD for all his benefits toward me? I will take the see John's testimony :-Jno. i. 26–33, S 10, p. 69.--Ac.i. 5.For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be
cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the LORD. baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.'
ve 14 I will pay my vows unto the LORD now in the pre
15 sence of all his people. Precious in the sight of the xi. 16, . Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how
| 16 LORD is the death of his saints. O LORD, truly I am that he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost.'
thy servant; I am thy servant, and the son of thine
17 handmaid: thou hast loosed my bonds. I will offer HE SHALL BAPTIZE WITH TRE HOLY Gnost.
to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, and will call upon pour my spirit upon thy seed :-Is. xliv. 3, For I will 18 the name of the LORD. I will pay my vows unto the pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the 19 LORD now in the presence of all his people, in the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and courts of the LORD's house, in the midst of thee, O my blessing upon thine offspring.'
Jerusalem. Praise ye the LORD.