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SECTION 6,- THE RESIDUE OF THE HISTORY OF JESUS, BEFORE HIS APPEARANCE
IN PUBLIC, FROM THE CLOSE OF THE FIRST YEAR OF HIS AGE TO THE MIDDLE OF
15.) Luke üi. 40–52. At Jerusalem and Nazareth. 40 And the child grew, and waxed-strong in-spirit, filled with-wisdom: and the-grace of| 41 God was upon him. Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at-the feast of| 42 the passover. And when he was twelve years-old, they went-up to Jerusalem after the 43 custom of the feast. And when-they-had-fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child
HAPPY IS THE MAN THAT FINDETH WISDOM, AND THE MAN THAT GETTETH UNDERSTANDING.-Prov. iii. 13.
NOTES 40. Waxed strong in spirit. More and more mani. Al the feast of the passover. It was instituted to be fested spiritual perception and power.
observed every year, to preserve the memory among Filled with wisdom. Acquaintance with the word the children of Israel, of their deliverance from and works of God, see. Nazarene,' p. 35.
Egyptian bondage, where they had sojourned, acAnd the grace of God, fc. Great kindness; ten
cording to God's word, 400 years.-See Ge. xv. 13, .4.
The name passover was given to the feast, because derness; love; the favour of God. It is remarkable
the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites that this is all that is recorded of the infancy of
without slaying their first-born, while those of the Jesus. And this, with the short account that follows
Egyptians were cut off, Ex. xii, 21-30.-See ADDENDA, of his going to Jerusalem, is all that we know of him
Passover,' p. 43. | for thirty years of his life. The design of the Evangelists was to give an account of his public ministry,
42. Twelve years old. It is probabie that this was and not his private life. Hence they say little of the age at which males at first went up to Jerusalem. him in regard to his first years. What they do say, They were commanded to appear three times a year however. corresponds entirely with what we might before God, to attend on the ordinances of religion. expect. He was wise, pure, and deeply skilled in the in the temple; which they commenced to do at the knowledge of the divine law. He set a lovely ex
age of twelve years, Ex. xxiii. 14-7; De. xvi. 16. ample for all children ; was subject to his parents,
See ADDENDA, Twelve years old,' p. 43. and increased in favour with God and man.
To Jerusalem. Where the feasts of the Jews were 4. Every vear. Men went three times a year to all held. This was a journey from Nazareth of about Jerusalem, viz., at the feasts of the passover, pente- ! seventy miles. cost, and tabernacles, De. xvi. 16; but women were After the custom of the feast. According to the not obliged to go to the passover; this was quite a usual manner of the feast. The way in which it was voluntary thing in Mary, which discovers her piety properly observed
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. [40 ver. We should not only seek to cultivate, en- Whilst we seek to be strong and wise, let us at the large, and strengthen the natural powers of our same time earnestly desire that the grace of God may minds, but, ever remembering the word, Not by be upon us. Let us be kind, tender-hearted, for inignt, nor by power, tut by my Spirit, sailh the Lord,' giving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath Zec. iv. 6; we should especially seek to be strong in forgiven us, Eph. iv. 32 the Spirit.]
(41 ver. However individually favoured of God, as We should not only endeavour to be acquainted to communion with Him in knowledge and grace, let with the deep things of God, so as to be able to speak
us not forsake the assembling of ourselves together, of them, but we should seek to be so filled with the for the more public observance of religious ordiwisdom that cometh from above, as to be ever led by Tiances. the Spirit in all the ways of wisdom, deriving practi. 42 ver. Children should be early accustomed to the cal instruction from all God is pleased to say to us, public as well as family worship of God with their or do with us.
[Continued from page 39.]
not asked riches, wealth, or honour, nor the life of thine of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put enemies, neither yet hast asked long life; but hast asked my law in their inward parts, and write it in their wisdom and knowledge for thyself, that thou mayest
hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my judge my people, over whom I have made thee king : 34 people. And they shall teach no more every man his 12, wisdom and knowledge is granted unto thee; and I
neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know will give thee riches, and wealth, and honour, such as th, LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least none of the kings have had that have been before thee, of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: neither shall there any after thee have the like.' for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember his description of wisdom-Pr. viii.-see p. (51). their sin no more.
the principal thing :-Pr. iv. 5-9-see eh. iv. p. (42). 35 Thus saith the LORD, which giveth the sun for a urisdom of Christ foretold :-Is. xi. 28 see ch. xi.
light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of p. (48); lii. 135—see ch. lii. p. (45). the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea confirmation : Lu. ii. 47, 52. pp. 41,.2; Mt. xili. 54, S 37.
when the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is in whom are hid, &c. :-Col. ii. 3, In whom are hid all 36 his name: If those ordinances depart from before me, | the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.'
saith the LORD, then the seed of Israel also shall cease I wisdom from above ... contrasted:-1 Co. i. 17–3137 from being a nation before me for ever. Thus saith see p. (26), ver. 34, SIGN SPOKEN AGAINST,' under both
the LORD; If heaven above can be measured, and the Jews and Greeks.'-Ja iii. 15-7. 15, This wisdom defoundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will scendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish, also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have 16, For where envying and strife is, there is confusion done, saith the LORD.
and every evil work. 17. But the wisdom that is from 38 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the city above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and ensy to
shall be built to the LORD from the tower of Hananeel be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without par39 upto the gate of the corner. And the measuring line tiality, and withont hypocrisy.'
shall yet go forth over against it upon the hill Gareb, the first of spiritual gifts :- I Co. xii. 8, For to one is 40 and shall compass about to Goath. And the whole given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another tho
valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the word of knowledge by the same Spirit.' fields unto the brook of Kidron, into the corner of compure with Is. xi. 2-see eh. xi. p. (48). the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the
GRACE OF GOD WAS UPON HIM. LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down
represented by... Aaron, &c. -EX. XXX. 30, “And thou any more for ever.
shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them,
that they may minister unto me in the priest's office. 40. STRONG IN SPIRIT.
See Le. viii. 12see p. (24), ver. 26, THE LORD's Christ.' a wise man is strong :-Pr. xxiv. 5, 'A wise man is
compare with Ps. cxxxiii. 1. 2 see ibid. ; Is. xlii. 1-4 strong; yea, a man of knowledge increaseth strength.'
-see ch. xlii. p. (16); Ixi. 1-3-see ch.lxi. p. (44). the Spirit... on Samson : Ju. xiii.---xvi.
his people ... having grace, &c. ver. 9, 10-see ibid. not by might, &c. :-Zec. iv. 6, Then he answered and
and manifesting the same:- Is. Iviii. 7-9. 7. Is it not spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto
to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by
poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the iny spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.
naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thygiden to John ;-Lu. i. 15—7, 91, p. 4.
self from thine own flesh ? 8, Then shall thy light break spirit... to test upon Christ :-Is. xi. 25 see ch. xi.
forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth of whose fulness we all receive :-Jno. i. 16, 7, p. 48.
speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the the disciples to receive power, &c. Ac. i. & see p. (1).
glory of the LORD shall be thy rereward. 9, Then shalt Kere made strong accordingly :- Ac. iv. 33.-see p. (35).
thou call, and the LORD shall answer ; thou shalt cry, prayer for being strengthened :-Ep. iii. 16, That he
and he shall say, Here I am. If thou take away from would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to
the midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man.'
finger, and speaking vanity.' WISDOM.
this after our Lord's example:-2 Co. viii. 9, 'For ye given to Bezaleel :-Ex. xxxi. 2-6. 2, See, I have
know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah: 3, and I have filled him with the
be was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye
through his poverty might be rich.' spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in
a sweet smelling savour :-Ep. v. 1, 2.1, Be ye thereknowledge, and in all manner of workmanship, 4, to de
fore followers of God, as dear children ; 2, and walk in vise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and
love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himin braas, 5, and in cutting of stones, to set them, and in
self for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet carving of timber, to work in all manner of workman
smelling savour.'Ph. iv. 8, Finally, brethren, whatsoship. 6. And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab,
ever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatthe son of Abisamach, of the tribe of Dan: and in the
soever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, what. hearts of all that are wise hearted I have put wisdom,
soever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good that they may make all that I have commanded thee.'
report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, -And xxxv. 30—.5.
think on these things.' shewn in keeping God's commandments :-De. iv. 6, Keep therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom 41. WENT TO JERUSALEM. and your understanding in the sight of the nations,
this rejoiced in :-Ps. cxxii.-see p. (43). which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this
predicted of Judah and Israel :-Je. 1. 4,5—see p. (18), great nation is a wise and understanding people.'
ver. 79, Guide,' under they shall ask this guidance,' &c. possessed by David :-2 Sa, xiv. 20, To fetch about this
let us go speedily:-Zec, viii. 19-22-see ch. viii. p. (57). form of speech hath thy servant Joab done this thing:
true worship there... lo cease:-Jno. iv. 21, $ 13, p. 93. and my lord is wise, according to the wisdom of an angel
Paul went thither bound ... spirit :-Ac. xx. 22—.4. of God, to know all things that are in the earth.'
22, 'And now, behold, I go bound in the spirit unto Jeby Solomon :- Ki. iii. 28, 'And all Israel heard of the
rusalem, not knowing the things that shall befall me jadiament which the king had judged, and they feared
there : 23, save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every the king : for they saw that the wisdom of God was in | city, saying that bonds and afflictions abide me. 24, But him, to do judgment.'-iv. 29–31. 29, 'And God gave
none of these things move me, neither count I my life Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord sea shore. 30, And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wis Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.' dom of all the children of the east country, and all the PASSOVER:-Ex. xii. -see ch. xii. p. (44).-See also wisdom of Egypt. 31, For he was wiser than all men; lxxiii. 15. Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I comDarda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in ail na
manded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; tions round about. 32, And he spake three thousand for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall proverbs : and his songs were a thousand and five. 33, I appear before me empty.)'-De. xvi. 1-8, 16-see ch. xvi. And he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that is in lp. (45). Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creep
kept in the wilderness : -Nu. ix. 5, And they kept ing things, and of fishes. 34, And there came of all peo
the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month at ple to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the
even in the wilderness of Sinai: according to all that earth, which had heard of his wisdom.'
the LORD commanded Moses, so did the children of granted in answer to his pruyer :-2 Ch. i. 102. 10.
Israel.' Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go in the land :-Jos. v. 10, 'And the children of Israel out and come in before this people: for who can judge lencamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover on the fourthis thy people, that is so great? 11, And God said to teenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho.' Solomon, Because this was in thine heart, and thou hast See page opposite.
15 deemer, the Holy One of Israel. Behold, I will make Paul went up :-Ac. xviii. 21, .But bade them farewell, thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat them small, in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God 16 and shalt make the hills as chaff. Thou shalt fan will. And he sailed from Ephesus.--xxiv. 11, Because them, and the wind shall carry them way, and the that thou mayest understand, that there are yet but whirlwind shall scatter them and thou shalt rejoice twelve days since I went up to Jerusalem for to worsbip.' in the LORD, and shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
the apostles ... daily, &c. :-Ac. ii. 46, And they, con 17 When the poor and needy seek water, and there is none. tinuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking and their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will bread from house to house, did eat their meat with glad. hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them. ness and singleness of heart.'-ili. 1, Now Peter and John 18 I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the went up together into the temple at the hour of prayer, midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool being the ninth hour.'
19 of water, and the dry land springs of water. I will 45. TORNED BACK.
plant in the wilderness the cedar, the shittah tree, and so there is yet to be :-Je. iii. 12, .4-7-see p. (39).
the myrtle, and the oil tree; I will set in the desert the SEEKING HIM.
20 fir tree, and the pine, and the box tree together: that the promised return is to be of a people seeking the Lord : they may see, and know, and consider, and understand -Is.li. 1. Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteous together, that the hand of the LORD hath done this. ness, ye that seek the LORD: look unto the rock whence 21 and the Holy One of Israel hath created it. Produce ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit whence ye are your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong digged.'-Zech. viii. 22—see p. (57).
[see p. (23) 22 reasons, saith the King of Jacob. Let them bring them the character of the generation, c.-Ps. xxiv. 3-6 forth, and shew us what shall happen: let them shew the earnest manner, &c. :-Joel ii. 12-7-see p. (57). the former things, what they be, that we may consider
the success :--ver. 18-27, ibid. - See Is. XXX. 18, And them, and know the latter end of them; or declare us therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious 23 things for to come. Shew the things that are to come unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may hereafter, that we may know that ye are gods : yea, do have mercy upon you for the LORD is a God of judg good, or do evil, that we may be dismayed, and behold ment: blessed are all they that wait for him.'
21 it together. Behold, ye are of nothing, and your work 46. AFTER THREE DAYS.
25 of nought: an abomination is he that chooseth you. I with regard to his seeking people :-Ho. vi. 2, 3. 2, 'Af have raised up one from the north, and he shall come: 1 ter two days will he revive us: in the third day he will from the rising of the sun shall he call upon my name: raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. 3, Then shall and he shall come upon princes as upon morter, and we know, if we follow on to know the LORD: his going 26 as the potter treadeth clay. Who hath declared from forth is prepared as the morning, and he shall come the beginning, that we may know ? and beforetime, unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto that we may say, He is righteous ? yea, there is none the earth.'
that she weth, yea, there is none that declareth, yea, compare with 2 Pe. iii. 8, But, beloved, be not ignorant 27 there is none that heareth your words. The first shall of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thou say to Zion, Behold, behold them: and I will give to sand years, and a thousand years as one day.'
28 Jerusalem one that bringeth good tidings. For I beas to the commencement of the time :-Is. viii. 8. And held, and there was no man; even among them, and he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go there was no counsellor, that, when I asked of them, over, be shall reach even to the neck; and the stretching 29 could answer a word. Behold, they are all vanity : out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O their works are nothing: their molten images are Immanuel.'
wind and confusion. Jesus spake of his resurrection, $c.: see page opposite. xliii. 8-12, 26—see cb. xliii. p. (27); xlv. 19-21-see ch. MIDST OF THE DOCTORs.
xlv. P: (22)
(see ch. vii. p. (28). who is wise :-Pr. xiii. 20, He that walketh with wise so also one of the twenty-four elders:-Rev, vii. 13-7men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be 47. ASTONISHED AT HIS UNDERSTANDING, &c. destroyed.'-Ps. cxix. 63, I am a companion of all them | how the scholar, &c. :-Ps. cxix. 99, 100. 99, I have that fear thee, and of them that keep thy precepts. ! more understanding than all my teachers for thy testi.
HEARING THEM:-Pr. xviii. 13, He that answereth a monies are my meditation. 100, I understand more than matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him.' the ancients, because I keep thy precepts.'
Elihu's conduct :-Job xxxii. 6. 'And Elihu the son of See also Ps. viii. 2, Out of the mouth of babes and Barachel the Buzite answered and said, I am young, and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine ye are very old; wherefore I was afraid, and durst not enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the shew you mine opinion.'
avenger.'--Is. xxix. 14, 7-24. 14, Therefore, behold, I AND ASKING THEM QUESTIONS
will proceed to do a marvellous work among this peo. so on their return, c: Is. xli. 21, .2.
ple, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisISAIAH XLI. Keep silence before me, o islands; dom of their wise men shall perish, and the understandand let the people renew their strength: let them come ing of their prudent men shall be hid.' 17, Is it not near; then let them speak: let us come near together yet a very little while, and Lebanon shall be turned 2 to judgment. Who raised up the righteous man from | into a fruitful field, and the fruitful field shall be esthe east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before teemed as a forest ? 18, And in that day shall the deaf him, and made him rule over kings ? he gave them as hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind the dust to his sword, and as driven stubble to his bow. shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness. 19, The 3 He pursued them, and passed safely; even by the way meek also shall increase their joy in the LORD, and 4 that he had not gone with his feet. Who hath the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of wrought ard done it, calling the generations from Israel. 20, For the terrible one is brought to nought,
the beginning? I the LORD, the first, and with the and the scorner is consumed, and all that watch for ini. 5 last; I am he. The isles saw it, and feared; the ends quity are cut off: 21, that make a man an offender for a 6 of the earth were afraid, drew near, and came. They word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate,
helped every one his neighbour; and every one said to and turn aside the just for a thing of nought. 22, There7 his brother, Be of good courage. So the carpenter en- fore thus saith the LORD, who redeemed Abraham, con
couraged the goldsmith, and he that smoothed with cerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be the hammer him that smote the auvil, saying, It is ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale. 23. But ready for the sodering: and he fastened it with nails, when he seeth his children, the work of mine hands, in 8 that it should not be moved. But thou, Israel, art my the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanc
servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abra tify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of 9 ham my friend. Thou whom I have taken from the Israel. 24, They also that erred in spirit shall come to
ends of the earth, and called thee from the chief men understanding, and they that murmured shall learn docthereof, and said unto thee, Thou art my servant; Il
trine.' have chosen thee, and not cast thee away.
as to Jesus:-Mt. vii. 28, S 19; Jno. vii. 15, 46, $ 55.- See 10 Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; also I Co. i. 20—.4-see p. (26), ver. 31, SIGN SPOKEN
for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I wili AGAINST, under both Jews and Greeks.'
help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand i 49. How ... THAT YE SOUGHT ME. 11 of my righteousness. Behold, all they that were in- Christ to be found in the sanctuary :-Ps. Ixviii. 21.
censed against thee shall be ashamed and confounded: They have seen thy goings, O God, even the goings of they shall be as nothing; and they that strive with my God, my King, in the sanctuary.'-Rev. i. 12, .
3see 12 thee shall perish. Thou shalt seek them, and shalt | ch. i. p. (25).
not find them, even them that contended with thee: FATHER'S BUSINESS.
they that war against thee shall be as nothing, and as this had been foretold :-Ps. xl. 7-10. 7.' Then said I. 13 a thing of nought. For I the LORD thy God will hold | Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me.
thy right hand, saying unto thee, Fear not; I will help 8, I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law i 14 thee. Fear not, thou worm Jacob, and ye men of within my heart. 9, I have preached righteousness,' &e.
Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy re- my meul, &c. :-see page opposite.
I HAVE MORE UNDERSTANDING THAN ALL MY TEACHERS: FOR THY TESTIMONTES ARE MY MEDITATION.-Psalm cxix. 99.
Lu. ii. Jesus tarried-behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it. 44 But they,-supposing him to-have-been in the company, went a-day's journey; and 45 they-sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance. And when-they-found him 46 not, they-turned-back-again to Jerusalem, seeking him. And it-came-to-pass, that after
three days they-found him in the temple, sitting in the-midst of the doctors, both 47 hearing them, and asking them questions. And all that heard him were astonished at 48 his understanding and answers. And when they saw him, they-were-amazed : and
his mother said unto him, Son, why hast-thou-thus:-dealt with-us? behold, thy father | 49 and I have-sought thee sorrowing. And he-said unto them, How is it that ye-sought
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 42. custom-50 Paul went up to worship at Jerusa-1 hearing them, Pr. xviii. 13-see Elihu's conduct, lem, Ac. xviii. 21; xxiv. Il-the apostles were daily | Job xxxii. 6. in the temple, ii. 46-went up together into the temple at the hour of prayer, iii. 1.
and asking them questions-so, upon their return, 45. turned back there is yet to be a turning back
the Lord will, by catechizing, instruct his people,
and all the nations around -as in Is. xli... Produce to Jerusalem, as Je. iii. 12, .4-7-unto the Lord, iv. l.
your cause,' &c., ver. 21, .2-6; xliii. 8-12, 26; xlv. seeking him-the promised return is to be of a 19-21-80 also one of the twenty-four elders excited people seeking the Lord, Is. li. 1; Zec. viii. 22--the attention to the subject, upon which he afterwards character of the generation who shall seek him suc
gave the required information, Rev. vii. 13-7. cessfully, is described Ps. xxiv. 3-6--the earnest manner in which he is to be sought, Joel ii. 12-7 47. astonished at his understanding and answers, the success of this seeking, ver. 18-27; Is. xxx. 18. how the scholar may become wiser than his teachers, 46. after three days-so in Ho. vi. 2, 3—with regard
Ps. cxix. 99, 100-see also Ps. viii. 2; Is. xxix. 14, to his seeking people: In the third day he will raise
.7-94-as to Jesus, Mt. vii. 28, S 19; Jno. vii, 15, 46, us up, and we shall live in his sight. Then shall we
$ 55-see also I Co. i. 20—.4. know, ... we follow on to know the Lord,' ver. 1-3comp. with 2 Pe. iii. 8-as to the commencement of
49. how ... that ye sought me ?-Christ to be found the time, see Is. viii. 8-Jesus spake of his resurrec
in the sanctuary, Ps. lxviii. 24; Rev. i. 12, .3. tion, Jno. ii. 19, § 12-to the Pharisees, Mt. xii. 39, 40,
| Father's business--this had been foretold, Ps. xl. $31; Xvi. 21, 950; M. IX. 01, 902; M.A. 10, Sil. 17-10-my meat is to do the will of him that sent
midst of the doctors- He that walketh with wise me,' Jno. iv. 34, § 13-see also vi. 38, S43_ finished men shall be wise,' Pr, xiii. 20; Ps. cxix. 63.
| the work the Father appointed, xvii. 4, S 87.
NOTES. [43. Had fulfilled the days. The days of the pass. In the temple. In the court of the temple. For over. Eight days in all-one day for killing the Jesus, not being a Levitical priest, could not enter paschal lamb, viz. the fourteenth of the month Abib, into the temple itself. or Nisan (April), Ex. xii. I, 3-6; and seven days for
In the midst. The doctors, teachers, and rabbis ; the observance of the feast of unleavened bread, viz.
they were the instructors of the people in matters from the fifteenth to the twenty-first, xii. 15; Le. l of religion. They sat on benches of a semi-circular xxiii. 5, 6. 5, In the fourteenth day of the first
Teenin day of the Jerse form, raised above their auditors and disciples, the month at eden is the Lord's passover. 6, And on the
0, and on the learners sitting at their feet.-See Ac. xxii. 3. Afteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must
Asking them questions. Proposing questions to eal unleavened bread.')
them respecting the law and the prophets. The
questions were doubtless proposed in a respectful 44. Supposing him to have been in the company. manner, and the answers listened to with proper « To ovvodua, means, properly, a company of travel deference to their age and rank. Jesus was a child; lers.' Those who came from a distance to attend the and religion does not teach a child to be rude or un. festivals at Jerusalem, usually travelled in large civil, even though he may really know much more companies, for greater safety against the attacks of than more aged persons. Religion teaches all-and robbers. They carried tents for their lodging at especially the young-to treat others with respect; night. In the daytime, as circumstances might to shew them the honour that is their due; to venelead them, the travellers would probably mingle with rate age; and to speak kindly of and to all. their friends and acquaintance; but in the evening, 48. Why hast thou thus dealt with us Why hast when they were about to encamp, every one would thou given us all this trouble and anxiety, in going join the family to which he belonged. As Jesus did so far, and returning with so much solicitude ? not appear, his parents first sought him where they
1 (Thy father. Joseph was legally so; and as the supposed he would most probably be, among his re secret of Jesus' birth was not commonly known, Jolations and acquaintance.
seph was called his father Mary, in accordance 46. After three days. The first day spent in their with that usage, also called him so.] journey homeward; the second, in their return to Sorrowing. Anxious, lest in the multitude he Jerusalern; and the third, in searching after Christ might not be found; or lest some accident might there.
have happened to him.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 543 ver. We should not be unnecessarily singular in was, when a child, among the doctors, both hearing the public worship of God, but observe the custom of them, and asking them questions.' the feast, so far as is allowed of God, whilst at the
[Our first duty is to hear, and then clearly to elicit same time our trust is only in Him who hath fulfilled
the truth of what has been spoken, so as to ascertain for us all righteousness.]
whether we, and those with whom we converse, un44 ver. Had the parents of Jesus sought for him at derstand the terms of discourse: otherwise we can the proper time, they would have been saved much scarcely expect to attain to a satisfactory conclusion. trouble and anxiety, let us hence learn to do every - When we have excited the spirit of inquiry in thing at the right season, taking nothing for granted others, we should endeavour to gratify it, by the that may be easily ascertained.
communication of knowledge to them, according as 45 ver. As soon as we perceive our error, let us they are able to bear it.-- We should especially encouinstantly seek to remedy it; grudging no necessary
rage the young in their searching after truth; thus labour for the purpose.
may we expect to be ourselves the more taught, as We should not expect our godly relations to love us
doubtless were the doctors in their conversing with
Jesus.] and our company, more than they love God, and his more immediate service.
48 ver. Let us not be rash or severe in our judgWe should, with Jesus, choose the society of those
ments or reproofs :--the fault we condemn may be who make it their business to obtain and communi occasioned by our own mistake or negligence. cate the knowledge of God's holy will.
May our conduct ever be such, as that, when we 46 ver. We should speak and act with becoming are missing from our families, it may be taken for modesty, according to our_station in life, as did granted that we are about our heavenly Father's Jesus, who, although the Teacher sent from God, business.
GRIEVE FOR THEM WHO CANNOT GRIEVE FOR THEMSELVES.
I UNDERSTAND MORE THAN THE ANCIENTS, BECAUSE I KEEP THY PRECEPTS.-Psalm cxix. 100.
AS THE MOUNTAINS ARE ROUND ABOUT JERUSALEM, SO THE LORD IS
Lu. ii. me? wist-ye not that I must be about my Father's business ? Ev TOIS Tov llatpos 50 Mov. And they understood not the saying which he-spake unto-them. 51 And he-went-down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject-unto them: 52 but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart. And Jesus increased in-wisdom and stature, and in-favour with God and man.
MARGINAL READING:a Age.
SCRIPTURE ILLUSTRATIONS. 50. understood not-so, afterwards, the Jews, when &c., Lu. ii. 19, S 4, p. 22-marvelled at those things he spake of his father, Jno. viii. 26, 7, S 55 and his which were spoken of him,' ver. 33, S4, p. 26-see as disciples, when he spake to them of his death, the to another Mary, the sister of Martha and Lazarus, first time, Lu. ix. 44,4.5, $ 52; and the third, xviii. 34, Lu. X. 39, 42, 561_Thy word have I hid in mine $ 77-the commandment he had received of the Fa-heart,' Ps. exix. 11-80 the exhortation, Pr. iv. 4-10, ther, Jno. x. 17, 20, $ 55.
20-2. 51. subject unto them-according to the fifth com- 52. increased in wisdom-comp. with ver. 40. p. 40mandment, Ex. xx. 12- the first commandment with and pray for the same in Christ's mystical body, as promise,' Ep. vi. 1,2-well pleasing unto the Lord,' | described Ep. iv. 13-.6. Col. iii. 20.
in favour with God-witnessed to at his baptism, kept all these sayings-cast in her mind,' Lu. i. 29, Mt. iii. 17, S 8-at his transfiguration, xvii. 5, § 51 $ 2, p. 9-kept all these things, and pondered them,' at the last passover, Jno. xii. 28, S 82.
NOTES. 49. Wist ye not. Know ye not. (You knew my de-penter. Every Jew was required to learn some trade; sign in coming into the world; and that design was and there is good reason to think that our Saviour superior to the duty of obeying earthly parents, who followed that of his reputed father. should ever be willing to give me up to the proper business for which I live.]
52. In favour with God. That is, in proportion to [My Father's business. Some think that this should
his advance in wisdom. This does not imply that he be translated in my Father's house,' that is, in the
ever lacked the favour of God, but that God regarded
him with favour in proportion as he shewed an untemple.]
derstanding and spirit like his own. In obeying his 50. They understood not, &c. It is remarkable
parents he fulfilled the fifth commandment, and God that they did not understand Jesus in this; but it
loved him; and men probably took notice of him. shews how slow persons are to believe.
Happy are those children who imitate the example 51. Was subject unto them. Performed the duty of of Jesus-who are obedient to parents who increase a faithful and obedient child; and not improbably in wisdom-are sober, temperate, and industrious ; was engaged in the trade of Joseph-that of a car- and who thus increase in favour with God and man.
PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS. 49 ver. Let the work of God be the delightfull (Let us not suppose that our natural relationship to business of our lives, and not merely our occasional | those who are highly favoured with divine wisdom or occupation.
I grace, will be any substitute for personal application Mary had spoken of his supposed earthly father. to studyi even the mother of Jesus had to ponder but Jesus gently corrected her, by referring to Himn
over his sayings.] who was really his Father-his Father in heaven. I 51 ver. Let us, after the example of Mary, observe, Men miss the meaning of the sayings of Christ by remember, and reflect upon the sayings of cur dear regarding that which merely seems to be, in place of Lord, keeping them in our hearts. apprehending that which is spiritual and true.]
52 ver. May we grow up unto the stature of a full 51 ver. Although Jesus recognised his high rela man in Christ Jesus, increasing in wisdom and in tionship, yet did he not neglect the humblest duties grace: so as to have greater access to God for blessbelonging to his meaner relationships. Let us learn ing; and to men, for the distribution thereof among obedience from Him who was Lord of all.
GEOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. JERUSALEM.-See & v. p. 36. The antiquity of the for her. The reason assigned for this change of the Holy City some have traced to Melchisedek king of Sa-queen's residence seems to intimate that Zion, uf | lem, who brought forth bread and wine to entertain out of which she was brought, was henceforth to be the patriarch Abraham, Ge. xiv. 18. It is not, how | devoted to religious uses, it having in a manner been ever, clear that this was the Salem' of which the consecrated by the presence of the ark. It would priest of the most high God' was king. With regard to thus most likely be given to the priests to dwell in ; David, it is said, 2 Sa, v. 5, In Hebron he reigned and it is worthy of observation, that the part of the over Judah seven years and six months : and in Jeru-l city which they did inhabit exactly answers to the salem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel description, and was called Ophel, or the strongand Judah. He brought the ark of God into it- hold. It lay directly south of the temple, and be see 1 Ch. xv. 1, 'And David made him houses in the tween the highest portion of the city, and the mount city of David, and prepared a place for the ark of God, I of Corruption. It lay between the Tyropæan valley and pitched for it a tent.' And of Solomon, 2 Ch. iii. and the valley of Jehoshaphat, and where these meet 1. Then Solomon began to build the house of the with the valley of the son of Hinnom. LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the LORD Ophel, or the stronghold of Zion, was at Jerusaappeared unto David his father, in the place that lem, and given to the priests; but it does not very David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornanclearly appear that this was called the mount Sion.' the Jebusite.' This was on the east of Jerusalem, Mount Sion, which is Hermon, lay at the northern north of the stronghold of Zion, 'the city of David, extremity of the land as promised under the law, and which, as well as the Temple mount, appears to De. iv. 48, and very nearly in the centre of the land have been devoted to sacred purposes-see 2 Ch. as promised to Abraham, and to be possessed by his viii. 11, 'And Solomon brought up the daughter of posterity according to the gospel covenant, Ge. xv. Pharaoh out of the city of David unto the house that 18.-Comp. with Eze. xlvii.,.viii., pp. (43, 111), where it he had built for her: for he said, My wife shall not may be seen that the house and city of the Lord are to dwell in the house of David king of Israel, because
occupy a central portion, and not to be placed in one the places are holy, whereunto the ark of the LORD of the most inaccessible corners of the land, as before. hath come.' From this passage, and ch. v. 2, it would Multitudes of passages in the Old Testament foreappear that Zion was not the higher part of the city, I told the ruin of the old Jerusalem. The Lord said as is now by many supposed; it was lower than the by his servant Isaiah, ch. iii. 8, For Jerusalem is Temple mount, so that the ark had to be brought up ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue out of it, into its place. It was lower also than the and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the less sacred part of the city, for Pharaoh's daughter eyes of his glory.' And by Jeremiah, ch. xix. 8, 9. was brought up out of the city of David, otherwise And I will make this city desolate, and an hissing; called Zion, into the house that Solomon had built every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished and
ROUND ABOUT HIS PEOPLE FROM HENCEFORTH EVEN FOR EVER.-Psalm cxxv. 2.
TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION : LET HER NOT GO.-Prov. iv, 13.