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times shall be buried in oblivion,' runners of his mild and happy pasa
-So fpeaks our eulogilt, and we sage from this scene to a better. have neither the courage nor the While he was amusing himself at inclination to contradict him. tea, with one of his grand-children,
Euler's knowledge was more he was struck with an apoplexy. universal than could be well ex- which terminated his illuftrious capected in one, who had pursued, reer, at the age of 76. with such unremitting ardour, ma- “ His constitution was uncom thematics and astronomy, as his fa monly frong and vigorous ; his vourite studies. He had made a health was good, and the evening very considerable progress in mcdi- of his long life was calm and lea cal, botanical, and chemical sci. rene, sweetened by the fame that ence. What was still more extra- follows genius, the public esteem ordinary, he was an excellent scho- and respect that are never with lar, and possessed what is generally held from examplary virtue, and called erudition, in a very high several domettic comforts, which he degree. He had read, with atten- was capable of feeling, and there. tion and taste, the most eminent fore deserved to enjoy. His tem. writers of ancient Rome: he was per was even, mild, and cheerful; perfectly acquainted with mathe, to whicb were added, a certain matical literature, and the ancient roughness, mixed with simplicity history of that science. The civil and good humour, and a happy and and literary hilory of all ages and pleasant knack of telling a story, all nations was familiar to him; which rendered his conversation and foreigners, who were only ac- greeable. The great activity of his quainted with his works, were asto- mind was necessarily connected with nished to find in the conversation of a proportion of vivacity and quicka man, whose long life seemed sole- ness, which rendered him suscepti. ly occupied in mathematical and ble of warmth and irritation. His physical researches and discoveries, anger, however, was never any such an extensive acquaintance with thing more than a tranfitory fash; the most interesting branches cf liand he knew no such thing as per teraturo. In this respect, no doubt, manent ill-will toward any huinan he was much indebted to a very being. His probity and integrity uncommon memory, which seemed were pure and incorruptible ; and to retain every idea that was con. the honest indignation with which veyed to it, either from reading or he inveighed against every instance meditation. He could repeat the of perfidy and injustice, w::s finguÆneid of Virgil, from the begin- larly remarkable. His piety was ning to the end, without hesitation, rational and fincere : his devotion and indicate the first and the last was fervent: he was intimately line of every page of the edition he persuaded of the truth of Chrií. used. Many other examples of his, tiany-felt its inportance to the extraordinary memory are mone dignity and happiness of human tioned in this eulogy.
nature and looked upon its de66 Several attacks of a vertigo, in tractors and opposers as the moftthe beginning of September, 1783, pernicious enemies of man. His which did not prevent his calculat. philanthrophywas great, and if ever ing the motions of the aerostarical he felt the emotions of aversion and globes, were, nevertheless, the fore- indignation, it was only when he
contemplated the malignant frenzy and mark of attention, that the of the profefied abettors and apoiwarmelt filial affection could fuge eles of Atheisın. We mall not con- geit.' We cordially join the worthy tend with such as may look upon writer in the contemplation of this this as an infirmity ; for we never respectable domestic Tcene; and felt any thing in our occasional vi- when we combine the sublime refits to Bedlam, but sentiments of searches of this great luininary of pity, and that kind of dejection that science, with the serene piety of arises from the humiliating view of his setting rays, and consider the difordered nature.
life of the philosopher in one point - 5. M. Euler had by his first mar- of view with the death of the juit, riage thirteen children, of whom we see, we feel here, an indication eicht died in infancy or early youth. ot inimortality, which confounds The other five, of which three are the puny sophiiry of the sceptic; fons, highly eminent in their re- and we behoid, in Euler, the sun fpective professions, a!igmented his setting only to rise again with a fainily with thirty-eight grand-chil- purer lustre. dren, of whom twenty-six are fill living. • It was a' most pleasing
Ille prstquam se lumine vero and affe&ting spectacle,' says our
Implevit, itella que vagas miratur et aftra
Fixa polis, videt quanta sub nocte jaceret culogist, “to fee the venerable old Hæc Wettra man, sitting (deprived of light) like a patriarch in the midtt of his nu. At the end of this instructive and merous family, all zealous in ren- interesting account of M. Euler, we dering the evening of his life serene find a complete list of his works, and pleasing, by every tender office which fills si pages.
Some Account of Sir JOHN FORTESCUE. [From the Fifth Volume of Dr. Henry's History of Great Britaip.]
HGIR John Forte!cue was the plause. He was made a sericant at
great ornament of his ho- law, A. D. 1430; appointed king's nourable profeffion, and one of the ferjeant, A. D. 1441; and raised most learned and beit men of the to the high office of chief juitice age in which he flourished. Being' of the King's-bench, A. D. 1442, the third son of fir Henry Foto' in' which he presided many years tescue, lord chiet-jufice of Ireland, with gr at wisdom, dignity, and he was early intended for the lau, uprightness. As the chief justice and at a proper age entered a que' was fteady in his loyalty to his fodent in Lincoln's-inn, wliere he vereign, Henry VI. he shared in foon became famous for his supe-. hiş misfortunes, and was atrainted rior knowledge, both of the civil for high trcafon by the first parand common law. When he was liament of Edward IV. 1861, after reader in that fociety, his lectures, he had fied into Scotland with his were attended by crowded audi- unfortunate mailer. It was probaences, and specived with great apa. bly there that he was created lord
chancellor of England, an office and Lancaster ; and consideriøg the which he never had an opportunity last of these houses as now extinct, of exercising. Having retired into he frankly acknowledged the title France, A. D. 1463, with queen of Edward IV, to the erown, and Margaret, and her son Edward, wrote in defence of that title. But prince of Wales, he remained there he still retained the same political several years, affifting them with principles, and particularly his his councils, and superintending zealous attachment to a limited and the education of that hopeful.young legal government, in opposition to prince. It was for his instruction, abfolute monarchy. This is evito give him clear and just ideas of dent from his excellent treatise, on the conftitution of England, as a the difference between an absolute limited and legal, and not an ab, and limited monarchy, which, after solute monarchy, that he composed remaining long in MS. was pubhis admirable little treatise De Lau- lished by an honourable descendant dibus Legum Angliæ'; which, for of the author, A. D. 1714. This the excellence of its method, the treatife is written in English, was folidity of its matter, and the just- defigned for the use of Edward IV. ness of its views, excels every work and is valuable as a specimen of on that subject, in so small a com: the English of those times; but pass, and must endear the memory much more valuable on account of of this great and good man to every the many curious particulars ir friend of our happy constitution. contains concerning the constitu:
This excellent treatise, after re- tion of England, and the condition maining too long in obscurity, was of its inhabitants. I heartily subprinted, and hath passed through fcribe to the character given of this several editions. Sir John For- treatise by a very good judge of litescue accompanied queen Marga- terary merit. « Take it altogeret and prince Edward in their last ther, and it will appear to be a unfortunate expedition into Eng- work which affords 'as full evidence land, and was taken prisoner, after of the learning, wisdom, uprightthe defeat of their army, at Tewks. ness, public spirit, and loyal grabury, May 4, A. D. 1471. Though titude of its author, as any that is Edward IV. made rather a cruel extant in our's or in any modern use of his victory, he spared the language.” This learned judge life of this venerable fage; and, composed several other works, which after some time, restored him to are still extant in MS. and some bis liberty, and probably to his which are probably lost; and, after estate, and received him into fa- a long, active, and virtuous life, vour. Sir John, like a wise and chequered with prosperity and adgood man, acquiesced in the deci- versity, he paid the last.debe to naHon of providence in the fatal con- ture in the ninetieth year of his teft between the houses of York age."
The LITERARY CHARACTER of JAMES the FIRST, King of
Scotland. . . . . . - [From the same Work. ). . . . « TAMES I. king of Scotland And to the wyndow gan I walk in hye,
I was not only the most learn- Tu see the warld, and folk chat went for ed king, but one of the most learn
As for the tyme, though I of misthis ed men, of the age in which he
fude flourished. This ingenious and a Myt have no more, to luke it did me miable prince fell into the hands of gude. ; . . . the enemies of his country in his
* * King James was about thir. tender youth, when he was flying from the snares of his unnatural,
teen years of age when he lost his ambitious uncle, who governed his
liberty, and was kept in this in
comfortable close confinement till dominions, and was suspected of designs againit his life. The king
he was about twenty-five. In this
melancholy situation, so unsuitable of England knew the value of the prize he had obtained, and kept it
to his age and rank, books were his with the most anxious care. The
chief companions, and Atudy his prince was conducted to the Tower
He rose early in of London immediately after he
the morning, immediately applied
to reading, to divert him from paina was seized, April 12, A. D. 14051
'5: ful' reflections on his misfortunes, and there kept a clofe prifoner.
and continued his studies, with lita till June 10, A, D. 1407, when he was removed to the castle of
* tle interruption, till late at night. Nottingham, from whence he was. The long dayes and the nightis eke, brought back to the Tower, March 1 wold bewaile my fortune in this wife, 1, A. D. 1414, and there confined For quhichi again diftreffe confort to till August 3, in the fame year,
My custum was on niornis for to rise when he was conveyed to the cattle
Airly as day, o'happy exercile! of Windsor, where he was detained Bór flep for craftin erthnyt I no torei till the fummer of A. D. 1417; For qukich, as tho' could I no better wyle, when Henry V. for political rea. I toke a boke to rede upon a quhile: . fons. carried him with him into Myn cyne gan to smart for Audying ; France in his second expedition.
My boke Pichet, and at my hede it laido In all these fortresses, his confine “ James being naturally sensible, ment, from his own account of it, ingenious, and fond of knowledge, was fo fevéve and strict, that he and having received a good educawas not so much as permitted to tion in his early youth, under the take the air.
direction of Walter Wardlaw, bi
ir shop of St. Andrew's; by this cloro Quare as in ward full oft I wold bewaille application to ttudy, became ane My dedely lyf, full of peyne and penance,
Saing zyt thus,quhat have I gilt co faille My fredome in this warld, and my ple
and exquifite musician, That he fance ?
wrote as well as read much, we Sin every weight has thercof suffisance. have his own testimony, and that
of all our historians who lived near Bewailling in my chamber thus allone, Dispeired of all joye aud remedye,
was his time. Bowmaker, the contiFor-tirit of my thut, and wo begonc, nuator of Fordun, who was his con
temporary, and personally ac- his Latin poems were not so fault, quainted with him, spends ten less ; for though they abounded in chapters in his praises, and in la- the most sublime sentiments, their mentations on his death ; and, a- language was not so pure, owing to mongst other things, says, that his the rudeness of the times in which knowledge of the Scriptures, of he lived. From one of his English law, and philosophy, was incredi- poeins, which hath been lately refble. Hector Boyle tells us, that cued from oblivion, and preténted Henry IV. and V. furnished their to the public, by the laudable inroyal prisoner with the best teachers dustry of its lcarned editor, it in all the arts and sciences; and plainly appears, that its royal au. that, by their assistance, he made thor was pofleffed of a great variety great proficiency in every part of of learning, as well as of a genuine learning, and the fine arts; that fpirit of poetry; and if his other he became a perfect master in grain- works had been preserved, it is mar, rhetoric, poetry, mufic, and probable we thould have had still all the secrets of natural pbiloso. Itronger evidences of his erudition. phy, and was inferior to none in But the works of Jame3 l. have divinity and law. He observes been as unfortunate as their author; further, that the poems he com- and all his Latin, and many of his posed in his native tongue were so English compofitions, are, it is to beautiful, that you might easily per- be feared, irrecoverably lost.” ceive he was born a poet; but that
ACCOUNT of JOHN TIPTOFT, Earl of Worcester,
[ From the fame Work. ] ; 66 JOHN Tiptoft, earl of Wor- age prosecured his studies at Baliol
J cester, who flourished in the college in Oxford ; where, as his reigns of Henry VI. and Edward contemporary and fellow-student, IV. was greatly distinguished a- John Rous of Warwick, tells us, mong the nobility of his time, by 'he was much admired for his rapid his genius and love of learning. progress in literature. In the He succeeded to the great estates of twenty-seventh year of his age, he his family, by the death of his fa. was commiffioned, with some other ther John lord Tiptoft, 21st Henry noblemen, to guard the narrow VI. when he was about fixteen seas, and performed that service, years of age; and, fix years after, with honour to himself, and advanwas honoured by that monarch with tage to his country. But in the the higher title of earl of Wor- midst of all these honourable toils ceiter. This accomplished noble- and offices, his love of learning man was, by the famé prince, con- continu ed unabated; and he restituted lord'high treasurer of Eng- solved to travel for his improve: land, when he was only twenty- ment. Having visited the Holy five years of age. The ear! of Land, he returned to Italy, and Worcester very early discovered a fettled at Padua, where Lodovicus taste for learning, and at a proper Carbo, Guarinus, and John l'hrea, 1785.