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Greece, employed his thoughts in contriving me thods, by, which in a small time, without much trouble, le might acquire a large stock of glory and reputation for his person and works. He foresaw that it would be a tedious and fatiguing task to go to the respective places, and recite them to the Athenians, Corinthians, Argives, and Lacedæmonians. He imagined that it would be more expedient to find them all assembled together. It happened very luckily that they were then all going to celebrate the Olympian games: he concluded this time very proper for the execution of his design, and that he had met with the opportunity which he was in quest of, for he should now find a vast concourse of the principal and most select people of all Greece. He appeared then on the theatre, not as a bare spectator, but in order to commence an actor in the Olympic games. None were ignorant of the name of Herodotus, nor was there a
single person in Greece who had not either seen · him at the Olympics, or heard those speak of him
that came from thence: so that in whạt place şoever he came, the inhabitants pointed with their finger, saying, this is that Herodotus who has written the Persian wars in the Ionic dialect, this is he who has celebrated our victories. Thus the harvest which he reaped from his histories was, the receiving in one assembly the general applause of all Greece, and the sounding his fame, not only in one place, and by a single trumpet, but in all, the cities of Greece, by as many mouths as there had been spectators in that assembly.”
The next incident of this author's life of which we have to speak, may at first sight appear inconsistent and extraordinary. Honoured as all illustrious strangers were at Athens, and favourable as the opportunity must there have been, to have prosecuted his studies, and to have indulged his ardour for science, he might reasonably have been expected to fix his residence at Athens ; but this we find was not the case. In the beginning of the following Olympiad, during the magistracy of Callimachus, he joined himself to a colony sent by the Athenians to form a settlement in Magna Græcia: whether he was prompted on this occasion by that fondness for travelling, which always distinguished him, or whether he was induced to take this step from motives of private connection and attachment, is totally unknown. It is certain that Lysias, who afterwards became so famous as an orator, was one of those who accompanied him. At Thurium', which was
© Written also Thurii and Thuriæ ; it is situated in the Tarentine Gulf, in Italy, and almost upon the spot where formerly stood Sybaris, so infamous for effeminatę manners.
the place then colonized, it is more than probable that he spent the remainder of his days, though there are some who assert that he died at Pella in Macedonia. Pella however gave no name to Herodotus, but became afterwards famous for being long the residence of Euripides, who from this circumstance has frequently been called the Bard of Pella : an appellation which our poet Collins happily introduces in his beautiful Ode to Pity:
By Pella’s Bard, a magic name,
Receive my humble rite;
And eyes of dewy light. Herodotus, in like manner, from his long continuance at Thurium, obtained the epithet of the Thurian. This appellation is no where to be found more early than in the works of Aristotle. Avienus, Julian, Pliny, and others, call him the Thurian; while Strabo, of greater antiquity than any of these, Aristotle excepted, in his fourteenth book, expressly calls him the Halicarnassian, adding however, that he was afterwards named the Thurian, because he removed with a colony to that place. The passage in Strabo is this : “ Herodotus, the
Historian, was of Halicarnassus, but afterwards he was called the Thurian, because he accompanied the colony which went to establish themselves at Thurium.” Strabo, book 14. .
Pliny has an expression relating to Herodotus, which many have misinterpreted. “ Auctor," says he, “ille Herodotus historiam condidit, Thuriis in Italiâ ;” which has been understood as asserting that he wrote his history at Thurium. But this is impossible in fact, because I have shewn, that many years before he went to Thurium at all, he had publicly recited his work, or certain portions of it, on two very memorable occasions; at the Olympic games, and at Athens. It is therefore more reasonable and consistent to understand by this expression of Pliny, that he revised, corrected, and perhaps enlarged his history at Thurium. Suidas positively declares, that Herodotus died at Thurium; and though he mentions, as I have before intimated, that some affirmed him to have died at Pella, he produces no authority, which he would probably have done, if there had been any that deserved much notice. This asser-, tion therefore appears not to claim any great degree of confidence. But an argument against his having died at Thurium rests on a passage which occurs in the Life of Thucydides, by Marcellinus,
who affirms, that the tomb of Herodotus was to be seen at Athens, amongst the monuments of Cimon The president Bouhier has from this concluded and asserted that he died at Athens. Of this the question of M. Larcher, as he has applied it from Dodwell, seems a sufficient and satisfactory refutation. How can it be proved, says the learned Frenchman, that this was not a cenotaph, one of those marks of honour frequently paid to illustrious characters, without regarding the place where they might happen to die? Stephen of Byzantium gives an inscription, said to have been
found at Thurium, which asserts unequivocally, .“ This earth contains in its bosom, Herodotus son “ of Lyxes, a Dorian by birth, but the most illus« trious of the Ionian historians.”
Of the works of Herodotus we have remaining those nine books, to which the names of The Nine Muses have been respectively annexed; upon which subject I have spoken in a note at the beginning of the third book“. Whether he ever
# Whether Herodotus conferred this name on his 'works himself, or whether it was given by any other, succeeding writers have followed the example. Æschines composed nine epistles and three orations, which were distinguished by the appellation of the Nine Muses, and the Three Graces. Photius also observes, that Cephaleon gave the name of the