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OF LONDON, &c.
155 Merchant Taylor's School. It hath an alderman, bis deputy, and five common council men, eight constables, five scavengers, fourteen of the wardmote inquest, and a beadle.
14. Vintry Ward, which stretcheth from the Vintry north to Tower Royal, in which are Stodies Lane, Cranes Lane, Church Lane, and divers others. This Ward was also utterly consumed by the fire, and therein these four churches, St. Michael Royal, St. Thomas Apostles, St. Martin's Vintry, and St. James Garlick Hithe, the first only is rebuilt as yet. This Ward hath an alderman, deputy and nine common council men, nine constables, four scavengers, fourteen of the wardmote inquest, and a beadle. ' In which were five halls, Vintners, Cutlers, Fruiterers, Plumbers, and Parish Clerks.
15. Cordwainers Ward, wherein there are Budge Row, Turnbase Lane, part of Wingmen Lane, Cordwainer Street, Bow Lane, Basing Lane, and St. Syths Lane, the south end of Neelders Lane, the south end of Soper Lane, part of Bow Lane, and Watling Street. This Ward was quite burnt down in 1666, and therein these three churches, St. Antholines, Aldermary Church, and St. Mary-le-Bow, the last of which is rebuilt with a magnificent steeple, and the other two rebuilding: This Ward hath an alderman, his deputy, and eight common council men, eight constables, eight scavengers, fourteen of the wardmote inquest, and a beadle.
16. Cheapside Ward, wherein is the Poultry, and the Compter, Coney-hoop Lane, part of the Old Jewry, Bucklers-bury, Neelders Lane, part of Soper Lane, now called Queen Street, Ironmonger Lane, and Cateaton Street. This Ward likewise was utterly consumed by the fire, and therein these seven churches, St. Mildred Poultry, St. Mary Cole-Church, St. Bennet Sherehog, St. Pancras Soper Lane, St. Martins · Ironmonger Lane, St. Laurence Jury, and Guildhalí Chapel are since finely rebuilt, as well as the rest of the ward. This Ward hath an alderman, deputy, and eleven common council men, eleven constables, nine scavengers, twelve of the wardmote inquest, ·and a beadle; and two halls, Grocer's and Mercer's.
17. Coleman Street Ward, wherein is part of the Old Jewry, Lothbury, Coleman Street, and the alleys thereabout; it was in part consumed by the fire, together with these three churches, St. Margarets Lothbury, St. Stephens Coleman Street, and St. Olaves Church, the two last of which are rebuilt, with the rest of the ward; in which are two halls, Armourers and Founders. It hath an alderman, his deputy, and five common council men; four constables, four scavengers, thirteen of the wardmote inquest, and a beadle.
18. Bassishaw, or Basing-hall Ward, wherein are Basing-hall Street, part of London Wall, and several other alleys; it was mostly burnt down in 1666, and therein Basing-hall, and the church of St. Michael Bassishaw. It had likewise these following halls therein, Coopers, Masons, Weavers, and Girdlers; there are an alderman, his deputy, and four common council men, two constables, two scavengers, seventeen wardmote inquest, and a beadle.
19. Cripplegate Ward, wherein are these streets, Aldermanbury, Milk Street, Gayspur Lane, part of West-cheap, Love Lane, Lad Lane, Wood Street, Addle Street, Philip Lane, Huggen Lane, Maiden Lane, the east end of Guthorn Lane, Staining Lane, Silver Street, the north end of Mugwell Street; these were the bounds within the walls; without are More Lane with all the alleys, little Morefields, more than half Grub Street, White-cross Street, to Beech Lane, Red-cross Street, with part of Golden Lane and Barbican, more than half thereof toward Aldersgate, Sion College, in which there was a stately library, and alms-houses for twenty-four people, founded by Dr. Thomas White; part of this ward was consumed by the fire, and amongst the rest Aldermanbury Church, St. Maudlin Milk Street, St. Alban's Wood Street, St. Michael Wood Street, but St. John and Cripplegate escaped. In this ward were Bewers and Scriveners Hall. This ward is of great extent, and is divided into Cripplegate within and without; within it hath an alderman, his deputy, and eight common council men, nine constables, twelve scavengers, fifteen of the wardmote inquest, • and a beadle; without the gate it hath a deputy, and three common council men, four constables, four scavengers, seventeen of the ward mote inquest, and a beadle.
20. Aldersgate Ward, wherein are contained Lillypot Street, the west side of Guthorns Lane, Cary Lane, St. Martins, Aldersgate Street without the gate, and Little Britain; some part of this ward was also burnt by the fire, and likewise the churches of St. John Zachary, St. Olave Silver Street, St. Ann Aldersgate, and St. Mary Stayning; but St. Buttolph's without the gate escaped. There are in this ward, Peterhouse, now the seat of the Lord Bishop of London, Thanet House, now inhabited by the Lord Shaftsbury, and Goldsmith's Hall. This ward bath an alderman, his deputy, four common council men without the gate; and within eight constables, nine scavengers, fourteen of the wardmote inquest, and a beadle.
21. Farringdon Ward within, wherein are contained Foster Lane, Mugwel Street, Pentecost Lane, Butcherhall Lane, the west side of Friday Street, the Old Change, the north church-yard of St. Paul's,
St. Paul's School, Paternoster Row, the west side of Ave-Maria Lane, Creed Lane, Blackfriars, Panier Alley, Ivy Lane, Flowbladder Street, Newgate Market, and Newgate Street. The ward for the greatest part laid waste in 1666, and therein the Churches of St. Peter's Cheap at Wood Street Corner, St. Foster's in Foster Lane, Christ Church and Hospital, St. Matthew's Friclay Street, St. Austin's it. Watling Street, St. Martin's Ludgate, St. Anu Blackfriars, St. Faith's undur St. Paul's, and St. Paul's Church itself. St. Paul's is the only cathedral of that name in Christendom, seated upon the bighest part of all the City, and was more conspicuous perb aps than any cathedral church in the •world; it was a structure for length, height, and antiquity, surpass: ing all other churches, the length thereof was six-hundred and ninety feet, (therein excelling by twenty feet, St. Peter's Church in Rome, which for beauty, proportion, an I divers other things excells all other temples,) it was in height one hu»dred and two feet, and in breadth one hundred and thirty. This church was built (as other cathedrals) in a perfect cross, and in the midst of the cross upon mighty high arches, was a tower or steeple of stone, three hundred and sixty feet high, and on that a spire of timber covered with lead, in beight two hundred and sixty feet more, in all from the ground five hundred and twenty feet, above which was a bott of copper gilt of nine feet in compass, whereon stood the cross fifteen feet and a half high, and almost six feet across, made of oak, covered with lead, and another cover of copper over the lead, above all stood the eagle or cock, of copper gilt, four feet long, and the breadth over the wings three feet and a half. In the year 1561, part of this magnificent pile was much wasted, and the rest endangered by a fire begun in that stately timber spire, by the negligence of a Plumber, who left his pan of fire there while he went to dinner, as he confest of later years on his death-bed; this was then repaired in the space of five years; but afterward Archbishop Laud much repaired it with Portland stone in 1640. It was again ruined by the late dreadful fire, 1666, and a foundation is now laid again for rebuilding it in a very noble and sumptuous manner. In this ward of Farringdon, were the halls' of several companies, as Embroiderers, Sadlers, Barber Chirurgeons, Butchers, Stationers, and likewise the College of Physicians in Warwick Lane.
It hath an alderman, deputy, and fourteen common council men, seventeen constables, eighteen scavengers, eighteen of the wardmote inquest, and a beadle.
22. Bread Street Ward, wherein are Bread Street, the east part of Friday Street, Watling Street, part of Knight-Rider Street, and Distaff Lane. This ward was wholly laid waste by the fire, and therein the Chwches of Alhallows Bread Street, St. John Evangelist, and St. Margaret Moses; there were therein Cordwainers Hall, Salters Hall, Gerards Hall, and the Compter, anciently kept in Bread Street. This ward hath an alderman, his deputy, and eleven common council men, ten constables, eight scavengers, thirteeen of the wardmote inquest, and a beadle. 23. Queen Hythe Ward,
which comprehends Trinity Lane, Bread. street Hill, Fyfoot Lane, Desbourn Lane, Little
Trinity Lane, Old Fish Street, Lambert Hill, Pyel Lane, Townsend Lane, Queen Hythe, Salt Wharf, Stew Lane, Broof Wharf, Broken Wharf, Trig Lane, and Bull Wharf. The whole ward was consumed in 1666, and therein these churches, Trinity Church; St. Nicholas Cole-Abbey, St. Nicholas Olaves, St. Maudlin's Old Fish Street, St. Mary Mounthaw, St. Mary Somerset, St. Michael Queen Hythe, and St. Peter's Paul's Wharf. This ward hath an alderman, his deputy, and six common council men, nine constables, eight scavengers, thirteen of the wardmote inquest, and a beadle. In it is Painter Stainers Hall.
24. Castle Baynard Ward, containing part of Creed Lane, the east part of Ave-Maria Lane, part of Paternoster Row, the east side of Warwick Lane, Peter's Hill Lane, Paul's Wharf, Addle Hill, Carter Lane, Dolittle Lane, Sermon Lane, St. Paul's Chain, and part of the south church-yard, St. Peter's Paul's Wharf, and Baynard's Castle. This ward was wholly burnt down by the fire, and therein Baynard's Castle, St. Bennet's Church near Paul's Wharf, St. Andrew Wardrobe, St. Mary Magdalen, and St. Gregory's by St. Paul's. This ward hath an alderman, his deputy, and nine common council men, ten constables, seven scavengers, fourteen of the wardmote inquest, and a beadle.
25. Farringdon Ward Without, which is very large, and contains Giltspur Street, Pye Corner, Cock Lane, Holborn Conduit, St. Bar-' tholomew's Hospital, Duck Lane, St. Bartholomew's Close, part of Long Lane, part of Chick Lane, Smithfield, Cow Lane, Snow Hill, to the Bishop of Ely's House, Furnival's Inn, Staples Inn, Bernard's Inn, Fetter Lane, Thavies Inn, Shoe Lane, the Churches of St. Sepulchre's, and St. Andrew's Holborn, the Old Bailey where the sessions are kept for London and Middlesex, Fleet River, Holborn Bridge, the streets on each side, the Fleet Prison, Fleet Lane, St. Dunstan's Church in the West, Clifford's Inn, the south end of Chancery Lane, Serjeants Inn, even to the rolls of liberty, Jackanapes Lane, part of Sheer Lane, the two Temples, White Fiars, Water
Lane, Salisbury Court, St. Bride's Church, Bridewell Lane, and Bridewell. There was some part of this ward burnt by the fire, and also Newgate. This ward hath an alderman, deputy, and sixteen common council men, fourteen constables, fifteen scavengers, fortyfour of the wardmote inquest, and three beadles.
26. Bridge Ward without, which contains long Southwark, St. George's Church, St. Olave's Church and Street, Barnaby Street, Kent Street, Blackman Street, St. Mary Overy's, formerly a priory of Canon Regulars, St. Thomas Church and Hospital for the sick and lame, the lock a Lazer House in Kent Street, in which there were five prisons, the Clink, the Compter, the Marshalsea, the King's Bench, the White Lion; here was Winchester House, Battle Bridge, the Bridge House and Bermondsey Abbey. This borough of Southwark hath an alderman, three deputies, a bailiff, no common council men, sixteen constables, six scavengers, and twenty of the wardmote inquest.
Every ward hath a peculiar Alderman, as an overseer or guardian assigned thereunto, who hath a greater latitude of power than any ordinary justice of peace. .
The Inns of Courl and Chancery, Colleges, Schools and
Hospitals in and about the City of London.
THE famous City of London may not unfitly be stiled an University, for therein are taught all liberal arts, and sciences, for not only Divinity, Civil Law and Physic, (which are usually in Universities) are read here, but also the municipal or Common Law of the nation is here taught, and other degrees taken therein, which can be said in no other nation; moreover all sorts of languages, and geography, bydrography, the arts of navigation and fortification, anatomy, chirurgery, chemistry, calligraphy, brachygraphy, or short-hand; the, arts of riding, fencing, dancing, art military, fire-works, limning, painting, enamelling, sculpture, architecture, heraldry, all sorts of music, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, grammer, rhetoric, poetry, and any other thing that may any way contribute to accomplishment of an Ingenuous nobleman, or gentleman.