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which enjoins those penalties, be suspended. 2. That the Bishops shall exercise no act of jurisdiction, nor ordination, without the consent and counsel of the Presbyters, who shall be chosen out of the clergy of each diocese, out of the most learned, and gravest ministers of that diocese. 3. That the Bishop keep his constant residence in his diocess, except when he shall be required by his Majesty to attend him on any occasion ; and that if he be not hindered by the infirmity of old age or sickness, he preach every Sunday in some church of his diocese. 4. That the ordination of ministers shall be always in a public, and solemn manner, and very strict rules observed concerning the sufficiency, and other qualifications of those men; who shall not be received into holy orders without the consent and approbation of the Presbyters, or the major part of them. 5. That competent maintenance be established by Parliament to such vicarages as belong to Bishops, Deans, and Chapters out of the impropriations, according to the value of the several parishes. 6.- That no man shall be capable of two parsonages or vicarages with cure of souls. 7. That toward the settling of the public peace, an hundred thousand pounds shall be raised by Parliament, out of the estates of Bishops, Deans, and Chapters, in such manner as the King and Parliament shall think fit, without the alienation of any of the said lands. 8. That the jurisdiction in causes testamentary, decimals, matrimonials, be settled in such manner as shall seem most convenient by the King and Parliament ; and likewise that acts be passed for regulating visitations, and against immoderate fees in ecclesiastical courts, and abuses by frivolous excommunication, and all other abuses in ecclesiastical jurisdictions, as shall be agreed upon by the King and Parliament, and if the Parliaments commissioners will insist upon any other things which they shall think necessary for religion, the King's commissioners will very wil. lingly apply themselves to the consideration thereof.
The paper of the Parliaments commissioners concerning religion was, That the bill be passed for abolishing and taking away of all archbishops, bishops, &c. That the ordinances concerning the calling and sitting of the assembly of divines be confirmed by act of parliament. That the directory for public worship already passed both houses, and the propositions concerning church government, annexed and passed both houses, be enacted as a part of reformation of religion and uniformity; that his Majesty take the solemn league and covenant, and that it be enjoyned to be taken by others; to which was annexed the following paper : That the ordinary way of dividing christians into distinct congregations, and most expedient for edification is by the
respective bounds of their dwellings; that the minister and church officers in each congregation shall join in the government of the church as it shall be established by Parliament; that many particular congregations shall be under one presbyterian government; that the church be governed by congregational, classical and synodical assemblies, to be established by Parliament; that synodical assemblies shall consist both of provincial and national assemblies; which papers took up three days of the treaty in dispute; the next three days were ordered for the militia, and the Parliament's propositions concerning it were as followeth; We desire that the subjects of England may be armed, trained, and disciplined as the Parliament shall think fit; the like for Scotland as the Parliament there shall think fit; that an act for settling the Admiralty and forces at sea, and monies thereto for maintenance, may be as the parliament shall think fit; the like for Scotland. That there be an act for settling all forces by sea and land, in commissioners to be named by the Parliament, and as both kingdoms shall confide in, and to suppress all powers and forces contrary thereunto, and to act as they shall be directed by Parliament; so for the kingdom of Scotland. That the Militia of the City of London, and of the parishes within London, &c. the liberties within the weekly bills of mortality be in the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common-council. That the Tower of London may be in the government of the City and chief officers, those to be nominated and removed by the Common-council. That the citizens and forces of London may not be drawn out of the City without their own consent, and that the example in these distracted times be no precedent for the future.
Upon February 18, began the articles about Ireland, wherein the Parliament desire, that an act be passed to make void the cessation of Ireland, and all treaties with the rebels, without consent of par. liament, and to settle the prosecution of the war of Ireland in the Parliament, to be managed by the joint advice of both kingdoms, and his Majesty to assist, and to do no act to molest or discountenance them therein; the King's commissioners would not consent to the Parliaments propositions in any of the three points; religion, militia, or Ireland ; but motioned, that if the articles proposed by them did not give satisfaction, that then so great an alteration as a total abolishment of a government established by law might be suspended, till after the disbanding of all armies, that the King may be present with the Parliament, and a national synod may be called to consider and determine of so important a business. 2. For the militia, they would condescend no farther, than that the person trusted with the militia
be nominated between them, or that an equal number, the one half by the king, and the other by the parliament should be chosen, and this to be but for three years. 3. As to Ireland, they justified the King's proceedings, and would not allow of any thing that should make against the cessation; and so the treaty ended without any thing effected of what the poor people longed for; the commissioners on both sides being so much bounded by their superiors ; yet the King was much taxed (saith the author of the continuation of Sir R. Baker, p. 548) by those who were not slack to find out occasions of cavil against him about this treaty, especially for discovering so much favour and good will to the Irish, as was discovered in that article, and also for his transacting with them, and writing two letters to the Lord Deputy to hasten the peace with them, and promising them that the penal statutes against Roman Catholics should not be put in execution, when the peace was made, provided they continued in due obedience; and further, when they gave him that assistance which they promised for his English occasions, that then he would consent to the repeal of them all hy a law, except those against appeals to Rome and Premunire; nay further it is laid to his charge as a matter of an high nature, that he had written to the lieutenant a third letter for hastening the peace, which rather than miss, he should promise to join with them against the Scots, and the Lord Inchequín. These things the Parliament did much aggravate against him, and also took such care for succour. ing their friends against the rebels, that they were never able to send over the promised supplies to the King.
At this time the Marquis of Winchester held out his house at Basing for the King; to reduce which, Sir William Waller with his new levies, advances and storms it thrice in nine days, but was beaten off, and forced to retreat to Farnham ; Colonel Norton succeeds in that service, with whom join Colonel Morley and Sir Richard Ouslow, who fall furiously to the work, but with greater hurt to themselves; shortly after Colonel Witherhead comes to them with his regiment, the besiegers fall to battering, while necessaries fail within; Norton sends his summons, which contemned by the Marquis, the besieged sally out, and do much execution. And now comes Sir William Waller again, and with some troops faced the house, on whom the besieged played from their works. The Marquis sends to Oxford for relief, which is promised; in the mean time Waller again departs, and Colonel Gage is sent from Oxford with a regiment of bold blades, who finds Colonel Norton ready to receive them on Chinham Down. Gage makes his approach, appearing first on an hill, near the highway which leads to
Andover, whereupon Norton charges with great courage, and breaks through the others horse, who having a rescue of musketeers, with more than ordinary valour, forced Norton to retreat as far as the church, and through Basingstoke ; the same time the besieged sallying out at several. places, brought in many prisoners. The relief which Gage brought in consisted of many horse-load of powder and match, a drove of cattle, besides powder from Basingstoke. November 15, the besiegers after 24 weeks labour in vain, raised the siege, having lost about a thousand men one way or other during their stay before that house ; nor had the King's forces any better success in their long sieges before Plymouth, Lyme, and Taunton in the west, which three places cost them the lives of some thousands of their soldiers, and yet not taken at last.
April 19, 1644. The Earl of Montross entered Scotland, and seized Dumfries, expecting the assistance of some Irish to be sent him by the Earl of Antrim, who not coming according to promise, he was fain to retire into England, and from thence sends the Lord Ogilby and Sir William Rollock disguised into the heart of Scotland, who brought back uncomfortable tidings of the great power and strength of the covenanters; whereupon he sends Ogilby to the King for more men, or at least armis from beyond seas, but these messengers were surprized, and imprisoned by the covenanters. Montross with a small retinue re-enters Scotland and comes to his cousin Patrick Graham, where he lies close, until instead of ten thousand promised, Alex. ander Macdonal brings over into the north of Scotland an hundred and ten Irish from Antrim, with whom Montross meets in Athol, were eight hundred countrymen join with him; with these and some other assistance he meets with the covenanters near Perth, under the Earl of Tulliban and some other Lords, with six thousand foot, and seven hundred horse ready to fight. September 1, the Lord Drummond comes out with a forlorn hope, and at the first onset is routed back to the main body, and so Montross with a shout lets loose his whole forces upon them, and puts them to flight with the slaughter of two thousand, and many prisoners, and the city of Perth taken. After which victory, divers other lords and gentlemen, come into him, with whom he seeks out the covenanters, who lay at Aberdeen with an army of two thousand foot, and five hundred horse, commanded by the Lord Burleigh, expecting the conjunction of the Earl of Argile and his forces, which Montross means to prevent by fighting them; Montross had but 44 horse and fifteen hundred foot, all resolute men, who did their work with much courage, routing and pursuing their enemies to the gates of Dundee ; after which Montross enters Aberdeen,
but news comes post that the Earls of Argile and Lothian were at hand with a strong body of horse, which Montross unable to encounter retires to Highland Mountains, and goes to Stragbogey to try if he could persuade the Gordons to engage on bis side; but they were hindred by the Earl of Huntley their chief, who though a royalist himself yet out of meer envy to Montross, did more obstruct the king's business than the covenanters themselves ; bere Montrose sculked, but Argile and Lothian follow him, and near Fary Castle they skirmish together, and the Montrossians having the advantage of an hill, put their enemies to a disorderly retreat, after which they both treat, during which some of Montrosses followers are dealt with to betray him; wherefore to secure himself he marched away to Badenah, many of his men by Argile's means falling off from bim; and making no stay there, through unknown byways comes to Dunkeldon, and frightens Argile out of those parts; Macdonel was employed by Montross to the Mack-Renolds, with whom he used such persuasions that five hundred of them with their chief followed him to the Earl, and Patrick Graham brings some recruits from Athol; with these Montross marches into the county of Argile, where that Earl was enlisting soldiers, but Montross's coming frightens him away, and he victoriously divides bis army into three brigades, himself leading one, Macdonel another, and Macrenhold a third, and with fire and sword ruins and destroys all, and so departs to Logues, where five thousand horse and foot commanded by the Earl of Seaford were ready to oppose him; and the Earl of Argile was not far off with three thousand foot, to prevent their joining, he resolves to fall upon Argile, which he does, and after a short fight, in which fifteen hundred were slain, puts him to the rout, with such terror that they ran nine miles outright; on Montross's party were bat few killed, though many hurt, of whom Sir Thomas Ogilby dyed after of his wounds.
In England the king's forces prevail in Gloucestershire, and take Rowdon House, after stiff resistance made by the Colonels Devereux and Stephens, and Colonel Hopton having raised 60 horse and 40 foot for the parliament, is surprised and carried prisoner with all his men into Ludbury in Herefordshire ; but the parliamentarians met with Sir John Winter and routed him, and another party of theirs surprised Shrewsbury; Prince Rupert, P. Maurice, the Lord Hastings, Ashly, Langdale, and Gerrard, with the greatest part of the King's forces went into Wales to raise more soldiers, and the King by his agents abroad solicits for foreign princes aid, and the queen treats with the Duke of Lorrain, who had an indifferent army