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neither find out this Passage in Scripture, nor the Reason of it; nor can I give my Assent or Negative to a Proposition, till I am well acquainted with the Terms of it. If by natural Affection is here ,meant univerfal Benevolence, and Defor-mity necessarily implies 3 want of it, a deformed Person must then be a complete Monster. But however common the Case may be, my own Senfations inform me, that it is not univerfally true. If, by natural Affection, is meant a partial Regard for Individuals; I believe the Remark is judicious, and founded in human Nature. Deformed Persons are despised, ridiculed, and ill-treated by others; are seldom Favourites, and commonly most neglected by Parents, Guardians, and Relations; and therefore, as they are not indebted for much Fondness, it is no wonder if they repay but little.. It is the Commandos Scripture, Not tofet our Affettions on Things below: it is the Voice of, Reason, not to overvalue what we must soon part with; and therefore, to be so fond of others, aj not to be able to bear the Absence, or to survive, them, is neither a religious nor moral Duty i but a childish and womanish Weakness: And I must congratulate deformed Persons, who, by Example, are early taught another Lesson. And \ will now lay open my own Heart to the Reader, that he may judge, if Lord Bactn's Position is verified in me. 'f"
I hope it proceeds not from a Malignity of Heart-; but I never am much affected with the common Accidents of Life, whether they befasl
myself myself or others. Iam little moved when I hear of Death, Loss, or Misfortune; I think the Case is common, ''" —
- i-,.-•! ,i.-' . > «. ;i .
Tritus, & e mediafortunœ duflus acervo :).
-A- L.i* • -- i , - >
And as it is always likely to.happen, I am not surprised when it does. If I see a Person cry or beat his Breast on any such Occasion, I cannot bear him Company, but am not a Democritus to laugh at hh Fouy. I. read of Battles and Fields covered with Slain; of Cities destroyed by Sword, Famine, Pestilence, and Earthquake; I do not shed a Tear: -I-suppose it is, because they are the usual Stormy to which the-Human Species are exposed, proceeding from the just Judgments of God,, or the mistaken, and false Principles of Rulers: 1 read of Persecutions, Tortures, 'Murders, Massacres; my Compassion for the Sufifereus are great, bus my Tears are stopped by Resentment and Indignation against the Contrivers and Perpetrators of such horrid Actions. But there are many Things that bring Tears into my Eyes, whether I will or no; and , when I reflect, I am often at a lose itt searching out the secret Source from'whence they; flow.' What makes me weep? (for weep I do) .when I read of Virtue and Inho-t cence in Distress; of a good Man helpless and forfaken, unmoved by the greatest Insults and Cruelties; or courageously supporting himself against Oppression in the Article of Death. I sup
-'- '-.:-?.&,. :':R#fJov. Sat.>
pose it is, to sec Vice triumphant, and Virtue so ill rewarded in this Life. May I judge by myself, I should imagine, that sew sincere Christians could read the Sufferings of their Saviour, or Englishmen those of a Cranmer, Ridley, or Latimer, without Tears; the first dying to establish his Religion, the last to rescue it from Corruption. When I read of [<•] Regului returning to Torment, and [d] John of France to Imprisonment, against the Persuasion of Friends, to keep Faith with their Enemies; I weep to think, there is scarce another Instance of such exalted Virtue. Those who ofttn hear me read, know, that my Voice changes, and my Eyes are full, when I meet with a generous and heroic Saying, Action, or Character, especially of Persons, whose Example or Command may influence Mankind. I weep when I hear a [e] Titus fay, That he had lost the Day in [(} Donee labantes consiiio patres Firmaret auctor nunquam alias dato Interque mcerentes atnicos
Egjegjus properaret exul. -
Tcrtor pararet: tanien
Dimovit obstantes propinquos,
Hor. Od. v. 1. 3.
[d] En vain ses Ministres & les plus considerable Seigneurs du Royaume firent tous leurs efforts, pour le faire changer de resolution. II repondoit a tout ce qu'on lui disoit la-dessus, que quand la bonne soy setoit bannie du reste du monde, il falloit qu'on la trovat toujours dan3 la bouchc des Rois. Histoire de France, par le P. G. Daniel.
[e] Recordatus quondam super cœnam, quod nihil cuiquam toto die præstitisset, memorabilem illam meritoque iaudatam vocem edidit: Amici, Diem Pirdidi.——
which he did no Good. When [/] Adrian tells his Enemy, That he had escaped by his being Emperor; or [g] Lewis XII. That he is not to revenge the Affront of the Duke of Orleans. These are the first Instances that happen to occur to me: I might recollect many, too many to infort in this Essay; yet all are but few, compared to instances of Cruelty and Revenge: perhaps I am concerned that they are so rare: perhaps too I inwardly grieve that I am not in a Situation to do the like.. I am entertained, but not moved, when I read Voltaire's History of Charles XII. but I melt into Tears on reading Hanways Character of his Antagonist Peter the Great. The first is the Story of a Madman; the other of a Father, Friend, and Benefactor of his People; whose Character (as the Author observes in the Conclusion of it) will command the Admiration of all succeeding Generations; and I suppose I lament, that God is pleased to advance to Royalty so few such Instruments of Good to Mankind. , Harry IV. of France had every Quality to make a Prince amiable: Courage, Humanity, Clemency, Generosity, Affability, Politeness; his Behaviour on every Occasion is charming; and I cannot read the Account of him, given us by his Prime Minister (Sully) without Emotion. I do not wonder, if what is reported is true; that [b] at least fifty
[f] Echsrd's Roman History.
si] Moreri'i Dictionary. Turkish Spy, Vol. I. B
ii. Let. ao.
Persons have written his History; and that he has been celebrated in Poems, and Panegyricks, by above five hundred: there are few such Subjects to be met with; and few Princes, who have so justly deserved the Title of Great. His Grandson had the fame Title bestowed on him ; but how little did he deserve it! He has been celebrated by as many Historiographers aad Poets ; but thsy are mostly such as he hired for that Purpose; and none of them, even Voltaire himself, will be able to pass him for a great Man on unprejudiced Posterity. Compare him with his Grandfather, you will find him the reverse. Henry was bred to Toil and Hardships; Lewis in Luxury and Effeminacy. Henry pleafant, easy, and affable; Lewis formal, haughty and reserved. Henry brave, and exposing himself to all Dangers; Lewis cautious, and always in a secure Post. The one gaining; Victories by himself, and his own personal Valour; the other by his Generals, and Superiority of Numbers. The one pleased with performing great Actions; the other with being flattered for those which he never performed. The first ambitious of true; and the last of false Glory. Henry stabbed by Jesuits ; Lewis governed by them. The one forgiving Rebels and Assassins; the other encouraging both. Henry persecuted; Lewis a Persecutor. The first granting Liberty of Conscience; the last taking it away. Henry promoting the Silk Manufacture in France; Lewis in England. One treating his Subjects as his children; the other as his Slaves. Henry bravely asserting