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fforace and Ju.venaJ inform. you. of the PenaIjtits, and Indignities they undergo. fy] HWvi was con-i verted, by the. infatiable Mejf<t.lin.i, iuto a Huf" band; and Sfiorur, by the Monster [a] Afrrs, into a Wife. The last mentioned Poet (hew*, that praying for Beauty is praying fora Curse; and [*J Perjiui refuses to join in such a Prayer; and have not I reason to thank my Stars, that have placed I me more out of Danger,. than even Virtue could i that could not guard a [y] Joseph, an [zj Hippolytusi a Bclleropben, and others,. against the Revenge of slighted Love?

Another great Advantage of Deformity is, that; it tends to the Improvement of the Mind. A Man, that cannot shine in his Person, wilj. hav* recourse to his Understanding; and attempt tot

frfj Optiraus hic& formosislirnus idem

Gcntis Patricia: rapitur miser extinguendus
Messalinx oculij. Jav. Sat. x.

[u] Suetonius.

[x] Hunc optent generam Rex & Regina: pnellat Huncrapiant: quicquid calcaverit hie, roia fiat; Ast ego nutiici non mando vota; negate Jupiter hxc illi. i M Pers. Sat. ii. \y\ Qea. ch. xsxix.

(al ' Quid profuit olim

Hippolyto grave proppsirum ? Quid Belierophonti?
Erubuic nempehax, feu fastidita repuba:
Nec Sthenobeea minasquam Creflia exeandw't, &ie-
Concuflere amba:.—■—- Juv. Sat x.
Ut Prætum mijlieiperSda credulum
Falfis impulerit criminibus, nimia
Cafio BeHerophonti
Maturare neceni, refirt.
Narrat pene datum Pelea Tartaro,
^agnessam Hippolyten dura fugit abstrnen3.'

•i Jioij. ©d. wi. 1 y. J. 5: adorn adorn that Part of him, which alone is capable of Ornament; when- his Ambition prompts him to begin, with Cowley, to ask himself this Question,

What jhall I do to be sor ever knownv.
And make the Age to. come my o wn-?

on looking about him, he wilt find many Avenues to the Temple of Fame barred against him; but some are still open through that of Virtue; arid" those, if he has a right Ambition, he will most probably attempt to pass. The more a Man is unactive in his Person, the more his Mind will be 3t work; and the Time which others spend in Action, he will pass in Study and Contemplation :by these he may acquire Wisdom^ and' by Wisdom Fame. The Name of Socrates is as much sounded, as those of Alexander and Cæsar; and' is recorded in much fairer Characters. Ke gained Renown by Wisdom and Goodness; they by Tyranny and Oppression: He by instructing; they by destroying Mankind: and happy it is,v that. their evil Deeds. were confined to their Lives; while he continues to instruct us to this Day. A deformed Person will naturally consider, where his Strength and.his Foible lie ;. and as acquainted with the last, he will easily find out the first; and must know, that (if'it is any where) it is not, like Sarapson's, in the. Hair; but must be in the Lining of the Head. He will fay - to himself, I am weak in Person; unable to serve. my Country. in the Field; I can acquire no military Cicuty j. but I may, like Socrates, acquire Repu^ tlition tation by Wisdom and Probity; let me therefore be wise and honest. My Figure is very bad; and I should appear but ill as an Orator, either in the Pulpit or at the Bar; let me therefore pass my Time in my Study, either in reading what may improve myself, or in. writing what may entertain or instruct others. I have not the Strength of Hercules; nor can I rid the World of so man/ 1 Monsters; but perhaps I may get rid of some myself. If,I cannot draw out Cams from his Den, I may pluck the Villain from my own Breast. I cannot cleanse the Stables of Augeas; but I may cleanse my own Heart from Filth and Impurity: I may demolish the Hydra of Vices within me; andshould be careful, too, [a] that while I lop off one, I do not suffer more to grow up in its stead. Let me be serviceable in any way that I can; and if I am so, it may, in some measure, be owing to my Deformity. Which at least should be a Restraint on my Conduct, lest my Conduct make me. more deformed.

Few Persons have a House entirely to their Mind; or the Apartments in it disposed as they could wisti.. And there is no deformed Person,, -who does not wisti that his Soul had a better Habitation; which is sometimes not lodged according to its Quality. Lord Clarendon fays of Sir Charles-' Cavendish (Brother to the Marquis of Nevjcastk) that he was a\ Man of the noblest and largest Mind, though of the least and most inconvenient

Quidte exempta juvat spinis de pluribus una?

Her. Ep. ii. 1. z.


Body, that lived. And every bedy knows, that the late Prince of Orange had many amiable Qualities. Therefore, in Justice te» such Persons, I must suppose that they did not repine, that their Tenements were not in a more regular Style of Architecture. And let every deformed Person comfort himself with reflecting, that though his Soul hath not the most convenient and beautiful Apartment, yet that it is habitable; that the Accommodation will serve in an Inn upon the Road; that he is but Tenant for Life, or (more properly) at Will; and that, while he remains in it, he is in a State to be envied by the Deaf, the Dumbi the Lame, and the Blind.

When I die, I care not what becomes of th« contemptible Carcase, which is the Subject of this Essay. I wonder at the Weakness of some of the old Patriarchs, that provided burying Places> that their Bones might be gathered to their Fathers. Dothione Clod of Earth delight in the Neighbourhood of another ?' or is there any Converfation inthe Grave? It must have been: a Joke in Sir Sa7ttuei Garth, when he ordered himself and.Lady to be buried, at Harrow on the Hill: One of his Strength of Mind could have no Superstition of, that Sort. It is of no Consequence where the Body rots; whether it rots immediately, or be preserved a few Years; or whether it be devoured by Birds or Beasts, or. placed in a sumptuous Tomb. If a Man doth not provide himself a Monument by: his Actions, and embalm his Memorytry Virtue; the lying Marble will decay; and then his Memorial, (even in thatlitile Corner) will perish;

[*] ^anndnjuitkn data sunt ifss qtuque-sata sepuhbris.

The Pharaohs are stolen from their Pyramids j. and their Mummies dispersed threugh the World,. only as idle Curiosities. And though the Pyramids are more durable than common Sepulchres; yet their History is already unknown; and they must, in the End, undergo "the fame Fate. [c] Mr. Addison admire* the Humanity of Cyrus (orratherof XenopbonJ in ordering his Body to be buried in the Earth, that it might be useful in. manuring it. My Flesh will afford but little Manure; but, in another Respect, my Carcase may be of eminent Service to Mankind; and therefore, if I should die intestate, or not mention it in my Will, let the World take this as my dying Request. As shave for some Years, been afflicted with the [d] Stone, and owe the Preservation and Ease of Life since so the continued taking of great Quantities of.Soap, Ldesire my Body may be opened andexamined by eminent Surgeons; that Mankind may be informed of its Effect. And" if a Stone should be found in my Bladder (as I imagine there will) I desire it may be preserved. among Sir Hans Shane's Collection. Until that Time comes, I hope to em-.

ploy the little Remainder of Life in Pursuits not unbecoming a rational Creature,

U>] Jaw Sat x, \c] Spectator* No. 169.

, MI will here give a more particular Account of myself with regard to that Distemper, which, I hope, witt be «s more immediate Service.

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